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  • Do you ever struggle to find the perfect description

    當你嘗試著要表達一個想法時,

  • when trying to convey an idea?

    你是否有過很難找出 最佳描述的時候呢?

  • Like a foggy picture,

    就像是一張不清楚的圖片,

  • adjectives and modifiers fail to depict

    形容詞和修飾詞無法描述出

  • what's in your mind.

    你腦袋裡想到的東西。

  • Illustrators often face a similar challenge,

    插畫家經常碰上同樣的難題,

  • especially when attempting to explain

    尤其是當企圖想要來解釋

  • complex and difficult concepts.

    複雜和困難的觀念時。

  • Sometimes the imagery is intangible

    有些時候意象是能具體化的,

  • or way too complicated to explain with a picture.

    或者可能複雜到無法 用一張圖來解釋清楚。

  • Although complex information could be relayed

    儘管複雜的訊息可以透過圖表和數據

  • using charts and stats,

    被表達出來,

  • this could get pretty boring.

    這可能會變得極其無趣的,

  • Instead, just like when writing an essay

    相反的,就像是在寫一篇文章

  • to describe, for example, emotions,

    來描述比如說是情緒的時候,

  • illustrators can use visual metaphors

    插圖家們可以用視覺性的隱喻

  • to bring to life difficult concepts.

    來把困難表達的概念 變得生動活潑起來,

  • Just as a written metaphor is a description

    就像是用寫的隱喻是一種描寫,

  • that relates one object to another,

    把一個對象跟另一個對象做上關聯一樣,

  • a visual metaphor uses imagery to suggest

    一個視覺上的隱喻使用意象來給暗示

  • a particular association or point of similarity.

    一個特別的關係或是相同之處,

  • Our lesson "Big Data" is a great example

    我們這堂課「大數據」是一個很棒的例子,

  • of a situation where visual metaphors

    有關於當視覺上的隱喻

  • played a huge role in explaining the concept.

    在解釋概念上扮演重大角色的情形。

  • What is Big Data in the first place?

    「大數據」最先是在哪裡出現的呢?

  • Good question!

    問得好!

  • Big Data is a huge amount of digital information

    「大數據」是大量的數位資料,

  • produced worldwide on a daily basis,

    以每天為基礎由全世界所產生出來的,

  • challenging us to find solutions

    考驗著我們去找出方法

  • for storing,

    來儲存、

  • analyzing,

    分析、

  • and also imagining it visually.

    並在視覺上來圖像化它們,

  • Quite an elusive concept!

    相當難懂的概念對吧!

  • How should we depict this?

    我們應該如何來描繪它呢?

  • Let's take a look at our "Big Data" script.

    讓我們來看一下 「大數據」的文字描述:

  • We start with smaller computer servers

    「我們從較小的電腦伺服器開始,

  • that branch out into bigger networks

    向外分支延展進入較大的網絡

  • to produce data,

    產生出數據,

  • then even bigger networks

    然後再透過更大的網絡,

  • and production of even more data.

    再產生出更大量的數據。」

  • You see where we're going with this --

    你知道我們記下來要做什麼了吧::

  • an object growing and branching out in many directions

    一個物體成長、分支出去很多方向,

  • and producing something as a result?

    最後造成了某種東西。

  • Does that remind you of something?

    這有讓你想起什麼東西嗎?

  • Just like those computer networks,

    就像那些電腦網路一樣,

  • a tree grows and branches out

    樹木生長、分支出去,

  • to produce more leaves each year.

    一年比一年產生更多的葉子。

  • And every year, just as the data accumulates

    而且每一年就像數據收集一樣,

  • and faces us with a challenge

    考驗著我們

  • to find storage solutions,

    找出關於儲存的解決辦法;

  • it gets harder to collect those piles of leaves

    每當葉子從樹上掉落,

  • when they fall off the tree.

    變得越來越難收集這一大堆的樹葉,

  • Aha! There's our visual metaphor!

    有了!那就是我們要找的視覺隱喻

  • Okay, so we have the script,

    好!所以現在我們有文字描述、

  • audio,

    錄音檔、

  • and a visual metaphor.

    和視覺上的隱喻,

  • The next step in visual development

    在視覺上發展的下一步

  • is to design the characters

    就是設計動畫的角色

  • and environments of the animation.

    還有情境,

  • To do so, we think

    能這樣做的話,我們認為

  • of an appropriate and appealing style

    是一個很洽當、很有說服力的方式

  • to illustrate the ideas

    來說明腦袋裡的想法,

  • and help the viewer better understand

    而且幫助觀眾更能明白

  • what they're hearing.

    他們在聽的東西。

  • Let's go back to the script

    讓我們回到文字敘述上,

  • and see if we can find any clues there.

    看我們能否從當中 找出任何線索,

  • Our story starts in the 1960s

    我們的敘述從1960年開始,

  • when the first computer networks were built.

    當時第一個電腦的網絡才剛被建立,

  • This decade will serve as a good point

    60年代可以成為有用的時間點,

  • to make the stylistic choice for our animation

    去做出關於我們動畫的 風格型態選擇,

  • as it will allow us to refer to artwork

    而且讓我們可以參考

  • from that era.

    在那個年代的圖片,

  • You may want to start

    你可能想要透過看一些

  • by looking at some art books

    藝術書籍來做開始,

  • (design, illustrations, cartoons, etc.)

    像是圖案、插圖、卡通畫..等等,

  • from that era

    來自那個時代的東西。

  • and find a style that may fit our own purpose.

    之後找出我們要用到的風格型態。

  • Look closely,

    仔細地看、

  • study the material,

    研究這些資料、

  • and try to understand the choices

    試著去瞭解那個時代

  • artists of that time made and why.

    畫家所做的選擇以及理由。

  • For example, the 1960s minimalist animation style

    舉例來說60年代的 簡約抽象主義動畫風格

  • was a significant departure

    大大脫離了

  • from the cinematic realism

    現實主義動畫風格-

  • that was popular in animated films at the time.

    當時候最常見的動畫影片

  • The choice to use limited animation techniques

    選擇要使用有限的動畫技術,

  • was originally made for budgetary reasons,

    一開始只是因為預算上的理由,

  • but it became a signature style

    不過變成一種標簽式的風格,

  • that influenced many future generations of animators.

    那影響到很多未來世代的動畫師。

  • In this stylistic approach,

    在這種風格的手法下,

  • the simplified characters,

    簡化的人物角色、

  • flat backgrounds,

    平面的背景、

  • and angular shapes come together

    有稜有角的線條放在一起

  • to create new interpretations of reality,

    創造出新的寫實表達,

  • which also sounds like a good place

    聽起來也像是一個好起點,

  • to begin visualizing our own Big Data.

    開始來視像化我們的「大數據」吧。

  • Well, let's try an experiment.

    好,讓我們來做個練習吧!

  • "In the 1980s islands of similar networks

    「在1980年代有相同網絡的數個島嶼

  • speaking different dialects

    使用著不一樣的方言,

  • sprung up all over Europe and the States,

    在歐洲和美國突然冒出來,

  • making remote access possible but tortuous."

    這讓遠距離的接觸成為可能,但卻十分折騰人。」

  • Is this better?

    這樣子會不會好一些呢?

  • "In the 1980s islands of similar networks

    「在1980年代有相同網絡的數個島嶼

  • speaking different dialects

    使用著不一樣的方言,

  • sprung up all over Europe and the States,

    在歐洲和美國突然冒出來,

  • making remote access possible but tortuous.

    這讓遠距離的接觸成為可能,但卻十分折騰人」

  • To make it easy for our physicists across the world

    為了使我們遍佈世界的物理學家

  • to access the ever-expanding Big Data

    更容易接觸不停增長的大數據,

  • stored at CERN without traveling,

    那些儲存在歐洲核子研究組織裡 不需要啟動旅程去接觸,

  • the networks needed to be talking

    這個網絡需要使用

  • with the same language."

    相同的語言」

  • As you probably observed,

    你可能有發現到了,

  • graphic representations are a great way

    圖像的表達是一個最棒的方式

  • to capture the interest of your audience.

    來吸引觀眾的興趣,

  • By depicting what you want to present and explain

    把你想要呈現跟解釋的東西描繪出來,

  • with strong, memorable visuals,

    透過強烈的、好記的影像,

  • you can communicate your idea more effectively.

    你能夠更有效地把你的想法傳遞出去。

  • So, now, challenge yourself.

    那麼現在來挑戰一下你自己,

  • Think of an abstract concept

    想個抽象的概念,

  • that cannot be explained with simple words.

    那是無法就被簡單幾個的字所來解釋,

  • Go ahead and try your hand

    再進一步試著動手,

  • at visually developing that idea.

    把想法透過視覺效果發展起來。

Do you ever struggle to find the perfect description

當你嘗試著要表達一個想法時,

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 TED-Ed 數據 隱喻 視覺 動畫 網絡

【TED-Ed】將複雜的想法具體表現 (Making a TED-Ed Lesson: Visualizing complex ideas)

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    稲葉白兎 發佈於 2014 年 12 月 06 日
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