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  • China has been increasing their annual defense spending by double digit percentages year after year.

    中國以二位數百分比的幅度增加每年年度國防支出。

  • And the World Bank just reported that by the end of this year, China’s economy will pass all other nations to become the largest single-nation economy in the world.

    而世界銀行剛才報告,到了今年底,中國經濟會超越其他國家,成為世界上最大的單一國家經濟體。

  • So does that settle it? Is China now the world’s biggest super power? Well, no.

    所以就這樣論定了嗎?中國現在是世界上最大的強國嗎?恩⋯並不是。

  • First, let’s look at their military. There’s a general consensus that China has the largest active military in the world.

    首先,我們來看看他們的軍隊。普遍的共識是中國擁有世界上最大的現役軍隊。

  • But there’s also a consensus that both Russia and the US rank higher than China as far as military strength is concerned.

    但也有個共識是,俄羅斯及美國在軍事力量方面排名較中國前面。

  • And a lot of this is due to greater defense spending, better technology, or a more developed military industrial complex on the part of the US and Russia.

    而很大部分是由於美國和俄羅斯有較多的國防支出、技術比較進步、或者擁有發展更完善的軍事工業複合體。

  • China spends about 126 billion dollars a year on their military, which is more than Russia’s annual spending, but not even close to the US’s annual amount.

    中國每年在軍事上大約花費1260億美元,比俄羅斯年度支出多,但遠不及美國的年度總額。

  • And both Russia and the US far outdo China when it comes to weaponry and technical savvy.

    而俄羅斯以及美國兩國在軍備以及技術精通的程度上遠勝於中國。

  • Until recently, China was getting most of their military technology from Russia.

    直到最近,中國一直是從俄羅斯取得大部份軍事技術。

  • Theyre now developing some of their own weapons, but on the whole, they still lag far behind.

    他們正在自行開發一些自己的武器,但整體來說仍遠遠落後。

  • For example, theyre the only member of theBig Fivein the UN security council incapable of building their own aircraft carriers.

    譬如說,他們是聯合國安理會五大常任理事國中,唯一沒有能力自行建造航空母艦的成員。

  • They did retrofit a Ukrainian Aircraft carrier in 2012, but no one is sure what its military capabilities really are.

    雖然他們在2012年翻新了一架烏克蘭的航空母艦,但仍沒有人確定它真正的軍事能力如何。

  • Plus, there are widespread reports of corruption and lack of preparedness among Chinese military personnel.

    此外,關於中國軍事人力腐敗以及戰備不足也有廣泛的報導。

  • Because their forces are directly tied to the Communist Party and not a free standing professional army,

    由於他們的軍方直接受到共產黨的控制而不是一個自立的職業軍隊。

  • theyre criticized as being overly political; with bureaucracy, bribes and cronyism often trumping merit.

    他們被批評為過度政治化--像是官僚體系、賄賂、任用親信等經常蓋過功績。

  • Recently, one Lieutenant-General was accused of illegally selling hundreds of military positions, appointments and contracts.

    最近有一位中將被控告非法販售上百個軍職、官位與合約。

  • And the former head of the Chinese military was investigated for taking bribes.

    而且前任中國軍方領袖也因賄賂而被調查。

  • Their military strength is improving, but the gap is still huge.

    他們的軍事力量正在進步,但是差距仍然極大。

  • One general of the Chinese Academy of Military Science said in 2006 thatthe gap between American and Chinese forces is at least 30, maybe 50 years.”

    一名中國軍事研究院的上將曾在2006年說過:「美國與中國軍事力量的差距至少有30年,甚至是50年」。

  • Economically, there’s a similar divide. China does have the largest economy worldwide, but they also have the fourth largest land mass and the largest population.

    經濟方面也有類似的分別。中國的確是世界上最大的經濟體,但也擁有第四大的領土以及最多的人口。

  • So, yes their economy is large, but is it healthy and sustainable? Some experts say no.

    所以沒錯,他們經濟規模很大,但是是健全而且可永續發展的嗎?有些專家不這麼認為。

  • China’s population is disproportionately old and the country's birth rate is low.

    中國人口不合比例的高齡化,而且該國的生育率很低。

  • According to the International Monetary Fund: “Within a few years the working age population will reach a historical peak and then begin a sharp decline.”

    根據國際貨幣基金組織指出:「幾年之內,勞動人口會到達歷史新高,然後開始巨幅下降」。

  • This will lead to fewer workers and higher wages. So, they won’t be able to make goods as cheaply.

    這會造成勞工減少以及薪資上升,因此使得他們無法便宜地製造商品。

  • China also has a low standard of living and a low GDP per capita, ranking 93rd in the world.

    中國生活水平以及人均國內生產總值也很低,在世界排名第93名。

  • So theyre wholly reliant on exporting goods to countries with higher average annual incomes per capita.

    所以他們完全仰賴將商品出口至每年人均所得較高的國家。

  • This inhibits their ability to generate their own economy and makes them more susceptible to competition from the rest of the developing world.

    這限制了他們自行創造經濟價值的能力,使他們更容易受到來自其他發展中國家競爭的影響。

  • If India or another country can afford to pay its workforce less, manufacturers will almost certainly leave China.

    如果印度或是其他國家可以經得起更低的勞動薪資,製造商幾乎一定會撤離中國。

  • Plus, its economy isn’t necessarily benefiting its people.

    況且,中國的經濟不一定有讓人民受惠。

  • China is currently ranked 80th on the Transparency International Corruption Scale,

    中國目前在國際透明組織「清廉印象指數」排名第80名。

  • Largely due to a widespread system of bribe-taking and embezzling by their government officials.

    很大一部分是由於政府官員廣泛的賄賂與侵吞公款的情形。

  • They also have 13% of the world’s poor living inside their borders, which makes sense due to their overall size,

    同時也有世界上百分之13%的貧窮人口住在中國境內,但因為他們整體大小關係所以還算合理。

  • But it's still a strong indication of economic disparity between classes.

    但這仍然是一個階級間經濟不平等的明顯跡象。

  • China is an emerging force on the world stage. Their military and economy are growing at a record rate.

    中國是世界舞台上的新興力量。他們的軍事力量以及經濟以空前的幅度成長。

  • But their ability to maintain this growth and develop into a real super power is still an open question.

    但他們是否有能力保持成長以及發展成為真正世界強國尚無定論。

  • You might be wondering about the amount of US debt that is currently being held by China and how that affects the US’s status as a wealthy nation.

    你也許好奇中國目前握有多少美國的債務,以及這對美國作為富裕國家的地位有何影響。

  • If so, please click now to see our video on that topic.

    要是這樣的話,請點進來看我們有關這個議題的影片。

  • The U.S. deficit for this year is more than $500 billion dollars. Yet, the U.S. still regularly refers to itself as one of the most prosperous nations in the world. How is that possible?

    今年美國政府赤字超過5000億美元。儘管如此,美國仍經常自稱是世界上最富有的國家之一。怎麼會這樣呢?

  • And remember, we upload new videos five days a week, so please subscribe.

    不要忘記,我們一週會有五天上傳新影片,所以請訂閱我們的頻道。

China has been increasing their annual defense spending by double digit percentages year after year.

中國以二位數百分比的幅度增加每年年度國防支出。

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 中國 軍事 俄羅斯 美國 經濟 賄賂

中國到底有多強? (How Powerful Is China?)

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    阿多賓 發佈於 2014 年 10 月 19 日
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