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  • Back in 2017, Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo reinforced one thing in the city's final push to host the 2024 Summer Olympics.

    早在 2017 年,巴黎市長安妮-伊達爾戈(Anne Hidalgo)就在巴黎舉辦 2024 年夏季奧運會的最後衝刺階段強調了一點。

  • That its famous river, the Seine, would be a key fixture of the Games, including an historic

    著名的塞納河將成為奧運會的一個重要組成部分,包括一個具有歷史意義的

  • Olympics opening ceremony.

    奧運會開幕式。

  • The first held outside of a stadium, for which French officials initially said there is no plan B.

    第一次是在體育場外舉行的,法國官員最初表示沒有 B 計劃。

  • And that open water swimming events would be held in it.

    並在其中舉行公開水域游泳比賽。

  • It's not hard to see why.

    這就不難理解了。

  • The Seine runs along some of Paris' most famous landmarks, like the Eiffel Tower and

    塞納河沿岸是巴黎最著名的地標性建築,如埃菲爾鐵塔和巴黎歌劇院。

  • Notre Dame.

    聖母大學

  • The thing is, swimming has been banned in the Seine for a century.

    塞納河禁止游泳已有一個世紀之久。

  • And that's because the river Seine has human s*** in it.

    這是因為塞納河裡有人類的糞便。

  • Like many urban waterways around the world, the Seine takes on sewage overflow during heavy rain.

    與世界各地的許多城市河道一樣,塞納河在暴雨期間也會出現汙水溢流。

  • And the city's underground sewer systems get overwhelmed with stormwater.

    而城市的地下下水道系統也被雨水淹沒。

  • Hidalgo even said she would take a swim in the Seine herself ahead of the Games.

    伊達爾戈甚至表示,她將在奧運會前親自到塞納河游泳。

  • French President Emmanuel Macron promised the same thing.

    法國總統埃馬紐埃爾-馬克龍也做出了同樣的承諾。

  • They say they're confident because of an enormous underground infrastructure project they've built near the river.

    他們說,他們之所以有信心,是因為他們在河邊修建了一個巨大的地下基礎設施項目。

  • To ensure, as much as possible, that it won't s*** on their parade.

    儘可能確保不會影響他們的遊行。

  • This isn't the first time Olympic open water swimming eventsthe triathlon, paratriathlon and marathon swimmingwere at risk of being canceled last minute due to water quality issues.

    這已經不是奧運會公開水域游泳比賽(鐵人三項、準鐵人三項和馬拉松游泳)第一次因水質問題在最後一刻面臨被取消的風險了。

  • We saw some of the same headlines during the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo and the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.

    在 2020 年東京奧運會和 2016 年裡約熱內盧奧運會期間,我們看到了一些同樣的標題。

  • In both cases, they pulled it off.

    在這兩種情況下,他們都成功了。

  • And Paris hopes to do the same.

    巴黎也希望這樣做。

  • But the journey to clean up the Seine hasn't come without a few setbacks.

    但是,在清理塞納河的過程中也遇到了一些挫折。

  • A preliminary event in the river scheduled for August 2023 was canceled when water analysis showed an unacceptable amount of E. coli in the water.

    原定於 2023 年 8 月在河中舉行的初步活動因水質分析顯示水中大腸桿菌含量超標而取消。

  • E. coli are bacteria that originate in the intestinal tracts of warm-blooded animals.

    大腸桿菌是一種起源於溫血動物腸道的細菌。

  • Presence of them in water is a strong indicator of recent fecal contamination, which can make you very, very, very sick.

    水中出現這種物質是近期糞便汙染的強烈信號,會讓人非常、非常、非常難受。

  • In order for an open water swim event to be given the go-ahead, water analysis reports must be submitted no more than 48 hours prior to competition.

    公開水域游泳比賽要獲得準許,必須在比賽前 48 小時內提交水質分析報告。

  • Those samples cannot exceed more than 1,000 CFU colony-forming units of E. coli per 100 milliliters of water and 400 CFU of Enterococci, another bacteria associated with feces.

    這些樣本中,每 100 毫升水中大腸桿菌的菌落形成組織、部門不能超過 1000 CFU,腸球菌(另一種與糞便有關的細菌)的菌落形成組織、部門不能超過 400 CFU。

  • Test results published just four months ahead of the Games showed that river samples taken at this bridge, the site of open water swimming events, still failed to get under that crucial 1,000 number for permissible levels of E. coli.

    就在奧運會開幕前四個月公佈的檢測結果顯示,在這座橋--公開水域游泳比賽的舉辦地--採集的河水樣本中,大腸桿菌含量仍未達到允許水準的關鍵數字 1,000。

  • You can see where this contamination is coming from by taking a look at this 1852 map, showing how the original Paris sewer system was built.

    看看這幅 1852 年的地圖,您就能知道汙染從何而來,該地圖顯示了巴黎最初的下水道系統是如何建造的。

  • It dumps right into the Seine.

    它直接傾入塞納河。

  • Which is gross, but it's not a problem that's unique to Paris.

    這很噁心,但這並不是巴黎獨有的問題。

  • Many urban sewer systems work this way.

    許多城市的下水道系統都是這樣運行的。

  • Before I get into that, though, I want to tell you about the sponsor of today's video,

    不過,在談這個問題之前,我想先介紹一下今天視頻的贊助商、

  • BetterHelp.

    BetterHelp.

  • I don't know about you, but this year feels like it has flown by, and I can't believe we're halfway through the summer already.

    我不知道你們怎麼想,但今年的時間好像過得飛快,真不敢相信夏天已經過了一半。

  • Therapy is a great way to ground yourself in the present and help you set achievable goals for your mental health for the next six months.

    治療是一種很好的方式,它能讓你立足於當下,並幫助你為未來六個月的心理健康設定可實現的目標。

  • But finding time to talk to a therapist can be hard.

    但要抽出時間與治療師交談可能很難。

  • That's where BetterHelp comes in.

    這就是 BetterHelp 的用武之地。

  • It's entirely online, designed to be flexible, convenient, and suited to your schedule.

    該課程完全在線,設計靈活、方便,適合您的日程安排。

  • Just fill out a brief questionnaire to get matched with a licensed therapist, and switch therapists anytime at no additional charge.

    只需填寫一份簡短的問卷,就能與持證治療師配對,並可隨時更換治療師,不收取額外費用。

  • Talk therapy has definitely been helpful for me, and if it's something that you want to try out too, get started with BetterHelp.

    談話療法肯定對我有幫助,如果您也想嘗試,就從 BetterHelp 開始吧。

  • Take a moment.

    請稍等片刻。

  • Visit betterhelp.com slash voxvideo to get 10% off your first month.

    訪問 betterhelp.com slash voxvideo,即可享受首月九折優惠。

  • Many cities that built sewer systems in the mid-1800s to early 1900s, like Paris did, installed what's known as a combined sewer system.

    許多在 19 世紀中葉至 20 世紀初建造下水道系統的城市,如巴黎,都安裝了所謂的聯合下水道系統。

  • In a combined sewer system, the same pipes that handle wastewater also handle stormwater, which gets collected through storm drains in the street.

    在聯合下水道系統中,處理廢水的管道同時也處理雨水,雨水通過街道上的雨水管道收集。

  • Everything gets sent along to be processed at water treatment facilities, and then cycles out to the natural environment.

    所有的東西都被送往水處理設施進行處理,然後循環到自然環境中。

  • When it rains a lot, the sewers can get too full.

    雨水多的時候,下水道會變得太滿。

  • When this happens, rather than flooding back into the street, the excess combined wastewater and stormwater gets partially redirected to a nearby waterway.

    當發生這種情況時,多餘的廢水和雨水不會再湧入街道,而是會部分地重新流向附近的水道。

  • Which is why E. coli levels in water can spike dramatically in the hours following heavy rain.

    這就是為什麼在大雨過後的幾個小時內,水中的大腸桿菌含量會急劇上升。

  • It's because that water was recently contaminated with s**t.

    那是因為水最近被汙染了。

  • So you'll see signs near combined sewer outfalls that prohibit swimming after heavy rain.

    是以,您會在合流排汙口附近看到禁止在大雨後游泳的標誌。

  • If that happens during the Olympics, it could mean canceling open water swimming events.

    如果奧運會期間發生這種情況,可能意味著取消公開水域游泳比賽。

  • So Paris built a giant tank.

    於是,巴黎建造了一輛巨型坦克。

  • This 13.2 million gallon capacity underground reservoir and tunnel is part of a $1.5 billion

    這座容量為 1320 萬加侖的地下水庫和隧道是耗資 15 億美元的

  • U.S. dollar infrastructure project that aims to clean up the Seine.

    旨在淨化塞納河的美元基礎設施項目。

  • It's called the Austerlitz Basin, built near the Austerlitz metro station right by the

    它被稱為奧斯特里茨盆地,建在奧斯特里茨地鐵站附近,就在

  • Seine, with the tunnel running under the river to the sewers.

    塞納河,河下有隧道通往下水道。

  • French officials opened the basin less than three months ahead of the Olympics opening ceremony, which is scheduled for July 26th.

    法國官員在距離定於 7 月 26 日舉行的奧運會開幕式不到三個月的時間裡開放了該盆地。

  • I'll let this guy explain how it works.

    我會讓這個人解釋它是如何工作的。

  • Basically, the system will hold excess water so the sewers don't get overwhelmed in a heavy rainstorm.

    基本上,該系統可以容納多餘的水,這樣下水道就不會在暴雨中不堪重負。

  • And then it will methodically release the water back through the sewer system.

    然後,它會有條不紊地通過下水道系統將水排放回去。

  • Reservoirs like this have worked in other cities with big populations, like the Thornton

    這樣的水庫在其他人口眾多的城市也發揮了作用,比如桑頓

  • Composite Reservoir outside of Chicago, which can hold nearly 8 billion gallons of wastewater.

    芝加哥郊外的複合水庫,可容納近 80 億加侖的廢水。

  • And this combined sewer outflow facility in the Perdigat Basin in New York, designed to prevent contamination of the basin and nearby Jamaica Bay.

    紐約佩爾迪加特盆地的汙水合流設施,旨在防止盆地和附近的牙買加灣受到汙染。

  • The Austerlitz Basin isn't designed to clean the Seine.

    奧斯特利茨河流域並不是為了淨化塞納河而設計的。

  • That's an ongoing, multi-pronged process.

    這是一個持續的、多管齊下的過程。

  • This project was built to prevent further, and sudden, contamination of the Seine from combined sewer overflow.

    該項目的建設是為了防止塞納河因下水道合流而突然受到進一步汙染。

  • The goal, according to French officials, is to resort to opening the sewer overflow gates that dump into the Seine no more than twice a year, compared to the current rate of 10 to 15 times per year.

    根據法國官員的說法,目標是每年打開排入塞納河的下水道溢流閘門不超過兩次,而目前是每年 10 到 15 次。

  • Paris will continue testing as the Olympics rapidly approach, but Hidalgo and Macron have yet to swim in the Seine.

    隨著奧運會的迅速臨近,巴黎將繼續接受考驗,但伊達爾戈和馬克龍還沒有在塞納河中游泳。

  • If it all goes perfectly according to plan, a significant rainstorm could still contaminate the Seine, forcing open-water swimming events to be postponed.

    如果一切按計劃完美進行,一場大暴雨仍可能汙染塞納河,迫使開放水域游泳活動延後。

  • The idea of making the Seine swimmable again goes beyond just the 2024 Olympic Games.

    讓塞納河再次成為可以游泳的河道的想法不僅僅侷限於 2024 年奧運會。

  • It seems to be a good thing to start last in this annual race through Paris, because the River Seine gets so full you could almost walk over the swimmers in front.

    在這場一年一度穿越巴黎的比賽中,最後一個出發似乎是件好事,因為塞納河的水會變得非常滿,你幾乎可以從前面的游泳者身上跨過去。

  • It brings the city back to a time when the river was a place for Parisians to cool off in the summer instead of a biohazard.

    它讓這座城市回到了那個時代,河水不再是生化武器,而是巴黎人夏季納涼的好去處。

  • Once the Olympics are over, that becomes the next phase of this project.

    奧運會結束後,這將成為該項目下一階段的工作。

  • According to Mayor Aaron Hidalgo, three swimming sites in the Seine will open to the general public in 2025, thanks to the Games.

    據市長亞倫-伊達爾戈(Aaron Hidalgo)介紹,由於奧運會的舉辦,塞納河上的三個游泳場地將於 2025 年向公眾開放。

  • As for the plan to host the opening ceremony along the Seine, French President Emmanuel

    至於在塞納河畔舉辦開幕式的計劃,法國總統埃馬紐埃爾

  • Macron has now said that there are backup plans if the security risk is too high.

    馬克龍現在表示,如果安全風險過高,還有備用計劃。

  • Whether or not open-water swimming will be possible can only be determined hours before the events and will be at the mercy of rain.

    能否進行公開水域游泳只能在比賽前幾個小時才能確定,而且還要看雨水的情況。

  • Meaning, making the Seine swimmable in time for the Olympics is going to take a lot of work and a lot of luck.

    這意味著,要想在奧運會前讓塞納河變成可以游泳的河道,需要付出大量的努力和運氣。

  • For more UN videos visit www.un.org

    欲瞭解更多聯合國視頻,請訪問 www.un.org

Back in 2017, Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo reinforced one thing in the city's final push to host the 2024 Summer Olympics.

早在 2017 年,巴黎市長安妮-伊達爾戈(Anne Hidalgo)就在巴黎舉辦 2024 年夏季奧運會的最後衝刺階段強調了一點。

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