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  • Hi again. I'm Adam. Welcome back to Today's lesson is about reciprocal nouns.


  • This is something that gives people trouble often it seems, so I'm here to explain it a little bit


  • and show you when to use it, when not to use it.


  • First of all, what does this word mean: "reciprocal"? "To reciprocate"-that's the verb-"to reciprocate"

    第一點,「reciprocal」這個字是什麼意思?「To reciprocate」是動詞-「to reciprocate」

  • means to return an action. So I do something for you, you do something for me. The action


  • is reciprocal; goes one way, goes the other way. Doesn't have to be the same action, but


  • it's some sort of... Returning a favour basically or returning help.


  • So we can use: "each other" or "one another" to show a reciprocal action. These are called

    所以,我們可以用到「each other」或是「one another」,讓人知道是一個動作的往來。這兩個字(each other/one another)

  • reciprocal pronouns. Okay? "Each" is a pronoun, "one" is a pronoun, "another" is a pronoun.


  • These are in groups, they are reciprocal pronouns. Now, quite often, people mix these... They

    each other和one another是一組的,稱為相互代名詞 。現在,人們時常會搞混這兩個用法。他們

  • mix the use of this with "themselves". Okay? "Themselves" is not a reciprocal pronoun.

    會混淆「themselves」和他們(each other/one another)的用法。「Themselves」不是相互代名詞

  • "Themselves" is called a reflexive pronoun. I won't get into too much detail about reflexive here,


  • but a "reflexive pronoun" is a pronoun when you have the subject acting on the object, and the object is the same as the subject.

    但,一個「reflexive pronoun」是代名詞,表示一個句子中的主詞對受詞有所動作,而主詞和受詞指的是同一對象

  • So: "I hit myself." I am the subject, I am also the object.


  • I hit myself, it's reflecting back to me.


  • Reciprocal, there's always somebody else or other people involved besides myself. Okay? Besides me.


  • "Tom and Jerry hated each other." Now, I'm not sure how old some of you are.

    像是「Tom and Jerry hated each other(Tom和Jerry討厭彼此)」。我不知道你們幾歲

  • I know I'm maybe giving away my age a little bit, but Tom and Jerry were very popular cartoon characters when I was a kid.


  • Tom... Tom was the cat I believe, Jerry was the mouse,


  • and they always used to hate each other. Near the end, when I got older, they became friends;


  • it was very disappointing. It was better when they hated each other and always used to do bad things to each other because they were... It was kind of funny.


  • "Tom and Jerry hated each other."


  • Tom hated Jerry, Jerry hated Tom; the feeling was reciprocal. Okay?


  • Here, it's not an action, it's a feeling, but we can use it in the same way. We use it like an action verb.


  • "Tom and Jerry hated one another." Basically, the meaning is the same.


  • Now, there's an argument between grammarians, people who study grammar, who think that "each other"

    但,在文法學者之間有個爭論,他們認為「each other」

  • should only involve two characters, "one another" should involve more than two characters. Realistically though,

    指的是兩者,而「one another」指的是三者或三者以上。在實際情況中

  • they're interchangeable; you can use one or the other.

    他們是可以互換的。你們可以用each other或one another,都可以

  • Everybody will get the exact same meaning, regardless which one you use. Okay?


  • Now: "Tom and Jerry hated themselves."


  • Does this mean the same as these two? No, it does not. If we say: "Tom and Jerry hated themselves."

    這個意思和他們兩個(each other/one another)一樣嗎?意思是不一樣。如果我們說:「Tom和Jerry討厭themselves」

  • means Tom hated Tom, Jerry hated Jerry. No relation between the two. Tom hated himself,


  • Jerry hated himself. Okay? So this is not a reciprocal action; this is a reflexive.


  • Now, another situation we have is with the apostrophe. Okay?

    另一個有關的是撇號(' )

  • "Linda and Kate were bridesmaids at each other's weddings."

    「Linda和Kate為彼此婚禮中的伴娘(each other's)」

  • "Linda and Kate were bridesmaids at one another's weddings."

    「Linda和Kate為彼此婚禮中的伴娘(one another's)」

  • "Wedding", I'm going to have to look that one up. "Each other's weddings" though for sure. Okay?

    還是「Wedding」沒s,我要去再去查看看。不過,「Each other's weddings」是對的

  • It basically means the same idea. One to you, one back to me; reciprocal actions. And you can use it.


  • Now, some people put these together, especially language learners who are a little bit new to the language, they say: "Each other".

    另外,特別對於一些英文學習者而言,會誤寫成eachother。因為他們會分開兩個英文單字發成「each other」

  • Now, keep in mind, a native speaker will take the "ch" sound with the "o" and mix it - " "eachother",


  • but they are two separate words, you can't mix them.


  • And some people also think you can put the apostrophe

    再來,有一些人也會認為,你可以把撇號(' )

  • after the "s", this is also not the case because we're talking about one person to one person,


  • so the "s" always comes... The apostrophe-sorry-always comes before the "s" to show possession. Okay?

    所以,這個「s」會在‧‧‧不好意思,是撇號(' )會在「s」前面,擁有某件事物的意思

  • It's a little bit confusing, but very useful to know how to use these. Actions going two-way.


  • If you're not sure, go to, there'll be a quiz there where you can try out these examples.


  • And if you have any questions, please ask; I'll be very happy to answer them.


  • See you again.


Hi again. I'm Adam. Welcome back to Today's lesson is about reciprocal nouns.



單字即點即查 點擊單字可以查詢單字解釋

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 代名詞 動作 撇號 受詞 主詞 動詞

【英文文法】each other和one another到底怎麼分?(Learn English Grammar: EACH OTHER & ONE ANOTHER)

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    Man 發佈於 2014 年 10 月 09 日