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  • if someone is arrogant and bossy, you may think that they're likely to be a narcissist.

    如果某人傲慢和專橫,你可能認為他很可能是一個自戀者。

  • But what about someone who's reserved, anxious and quiet?

    但是,一個矜持、焦慮和安靜的人怎麼辦?

  • There's a difference between narcissism and narcissistic tendencies after all, just because someone is arrogant and bossy doesn't necessarily mean they're a narcissist and having these certain personality traits does not constitute a diagnosis, but narcissism actually comes in two forms overt narcissism and covert narcissism.

    自戀和自戀傾向之間畢竟是有區別的,僅僅因為某人傲慢和專橫不一定意味著他們是自戀者,有這些特定的人格特徵並不構成診斷,但自戀實際上有兩種形式公開的自戀和隱蔽的自戀。

  • At first glance, you probably wouldn't even realize someone is a covert narcissist because of how much more reserved in nature they seem to be remember, this video is not made to attack anyone who may display these signs or anyone diagnosed with NPD, but rather to understand them and bring more awareness to the topic.

    乍一看,你可能甚至不會意識到某人是一個隱蔽的自戀者,因為他們在本質上似乎要矜持得多。記住,這個視頻不是為了攻擊任何可能顯示這些跡象的人或任何被診斷為NPD的人,而是為了理解他們,讓人們更多地瞭解這個話題。

  • This video is also not made to diagnose anyone with NPD With that said, these are seven signs.

    這段視頻也不是用來診斷任何人是否患有NPD的。說到這裡,這些是七個跡象。

  • Someone is secretly a narcissist.

    有人暗地裡是個自戀狂。

  • Number one, they often act passive aggressive.

    第一,他們經常表現出被動的攻擊性。

  • Do you know anyone maybe a friend, family member or colleague who often acts passive aggressively to manipulate others and get what they want.

    你是否認識這樣的人,也許是朋友、家人或同事,他們經常採取被動攻擊的方式來操縱他人,獲得他們想要的東西。

  • A covert narcissist can't take no for an answer, but they also won't confront you about it because they want to make you look like the bad guy.

    隱蔽的自戀者不能接受拒絕,但他們也不會與你對峙,因為他們想讓你看起來像壞人。

  • So instead they'll give you the cold shoulder, tell you backhanded compliments or whisper snide remarks about you under their breath.

    是以,他們會給你一個冷漠的肩膀,告訴你反手的恭維,或在他們的口中悄悄地說關於你的冷笑話。

  • All the while insisting that nothing is wrong and that they're not mad at you covert Narcissists have an unrealistic sense of entitlement and want to demand special treatment from others without actually asking for it.

    一邊堅持說沒有什麼不對,他們沒有對你生氣,一邊說隱蔽的自戀者有一種不切實際的權利感,想要求別人給予特殊待遇,而實際上並沒有要求。

  • Number two, they're easily envious of others.

    第二,他們很容易羨慕別人。

  • Whether we like to admit it or not, the truth is a lot of us struggle with feelings of jealousy and envy towards others, but for most people this is because we can't help but compare ourselves to those around us and feel down when we don't think we measure up for narcissists.

    無論我們是否願意承認,事實是我們很多人都在與嫉妒和羨慕他人的情緒作鬥爭,但對大多數人來說,這是因為我們忍不住要與周圍的人進行比較,當我們認為自己不符合自戀者的要求時,就會感到沮喪。

  • However, their feelings of envy are excessive and rooted in the idea that they are superior to everyone else, so no one should ever outshine or outperform them.

    然而,他們的嫉妒情緒是過度的,根植於他們比其他人優越的想法,所以任何人都不應該超過或勝過他們。

  • They resent other people for having the things they feel that they deserve more like wealth, power, success and popularity.

    他們怨恨其他人擁有他們覺得自己更應該得到的東西,如財富、權力、成功和受歡迎程度。

  • And because seeing others succeed, gives them feelings of inadequacy.

    而且因為看到別人成功,讓他們有不足的感覺。

  • A narcissist will often try to downplay the accomplishments of others.

    自戀者往往會試圖淡化他人的成就。

  • Number three, they hold a lot of grudges.

    第三,他們有很多怨恨。

  • Narcissists tend to hold a lot of grudges against others because they hold themselves in such high regard.

    自戀者往往對他人有很多怨恨,因為他們對自己的評價很高。

  • So anyone who treats them with anything short of worship and unending praise is going to end up on their blacklist.

    是以,任何對待他們的人,如果沒有崇拜和無盡的讚美,就會落入他們的黑名單。

  • Now, a narcissist might not say anything at the moment, but they may already be seething with rage on the inside.

    現在,自戀者可能暫時不說什麼,但他們內心可能已經怒火中燒了。

  • Number four, they are highly sensitive to criticism.

    第四,他們對責備高度敏感。

  • Remember what we said about narcissists having a superiority complex and holding themselves at an unrealistically high regard.

    記得我們說過,自戀者有優越感,對自己的評價高得不切實際。

  • Well, another way this can manifest is by being overly sensitive to criticism, especially for introverted narcissists as introverts tend to internalize their feelings more than extroverts.

    那麼,這種情況的另一種表現是對責備過於敏感,特別是對於內向的自戀者來說,因為內向的人往往比外向的人更能將自己的感受內化。

  • And while there are a number of reasons why someone would be highly sensitive to criticism, such as being highly sensitive person or struggling with low self esteem.

    雖然有很多原因導致某人對責備高度敏感,例如是高度敏感的人或與低自尊作鬥爭。

  • Or narcissists, it's because any criticism can damage their perfect idealized view of themselves.

    或者自戀者,那是因為任何責備都會損害他們對自己的完美理想化看法。

  • They can't come to terms with the fact that they have laws and make mistakes too.

    他們不能接受這樣一個事實:他們也有法律,也會犯錯誤。

  • Number five, they have false modesty.

    第五,他們有虛假的謙虛。

  • Narcissists need and desire lots of admiration from others.

    自戀者需要並渴望得到他人的大量讚美。

  • And covert narcissists might try to get this by putting on a false sense of modesty.

    而隱蔽的自戀者可能會試圖通過裝出虛假的謙虛感來達到這個目的。

  • They put themselves down as a way of fishing for compliments and try to downplay their skills and successes in ways they don't really believe.

    他們把自己放低,作為釣取讚美的一種方式,並試圖以他們並不真正相信的方式淡化他們的技能和成功。

  • Number six, they have self serving empathy.

    第六,他們有自我服務的同理心。

  • A narcissist might seem like they're your friend, comforting you when you're down and cheering you on when you're happy.

    自戀者可能看起來像你的朋友,在你沮喪的時候安慰你,在你高興的時候給你加油。

  • However, narcissists are self serving and masters of emotional manipulation, they're only empathizing with you because they want others to see them as someone kind, caring and compassionate towards others.

    然而,自戀者是為自己服務的,是情感操縱的大師,他們之所以同情你,只是因為他們希望別人把他們看成是一個善良、有愛心、對他人有同情心的人。

  • For example, they give money and food to the homeless only when there is someone else there to admire them doing it.

    例如,只有當有其他人在那裡欣賞他們的行為時,他們才會給無家可歸者提供錢和食物。

  • They don't really care about other people except for what they think of them.

    除了別人對他們的看法,他們並不真正關心其他人。

  • And number seven they think no one understands them last, but certainly not least playing once again into their ideas of superiority and Specialness, covert narcissists will often complain about no one else being able to understand them and while you might feel bad for them at first, what they really mean is that they see everyone else's beneath them and struggle with being so much better than those around them.

    第七,他們認為沒有人理解他們,最後,但肯定不是最不重要的,再次發揮他們的優越性和特殊性的想法,隱蔽的自戀者經常會抱怨沒有人能夠理解他們,雖然你一開始可能會為他們感到難過,但他們真正的意思是,他們看到其他人都在他們之下,併為自己比周圍人好得多而掙扎。

  • They will often remark about things like how they're so ahead of their time that no one else could ever appreciate their genius.

    他們經常會說一些事情,比如他們是如此領先於他們的時代,以至於沒有人能夠欣賞他們的天才。

  • So did anyone in particular come to mind?

    那麼,有沒有特別想到的人呢?

  • Do you think someone you know might be a covert narcissist?

    你認為你認識的人可能是一個隱蔽的自戀者嗎?

  • While we're definitely not saying that any of the signs we've talked about here, like feeling jealous of other people, feeling misunderstood or being sensitive to criticism automatically make you a narcissist.

    雖然我們絕對不是說我們在這裡談到的任何跡象,如對其他人感到嫉妒,感到被誤解或對責備敏感,會自動使你成為自戀者。

  • It's important to understand that narcissism is so much more complex than what it's often made out to be spotting A narcissist isn't always easy, especially when they're masquerading as someone who loves and cares about you.

    重要的是要明白,自戀比它通常被認為的要複雜得多,發現一個自戀者並不總是容易的,特別是當他們偽裝成一個愛你和關心你的人。

  • Did you enjoy this video please like and share it with friends that might find insight in this video to make sure to subscribe to like to go and hit the notification bell for more content.

    你喜歡這段視頻嗎?請喜歡並與可能在這段視頻中找到洞察力的朋友分享,以確保訂閱喜歡去,並點擊通知鈴以獲得更多內容。

  • All the references used are added in the description box below.

    所有使用的參考文獻都添加在下面的描述框中。

if someone is arrogant and bossy, you may think that they're likely to be a narcissist.

如果某人傲慢和專橫,你可能認為他很可能是一個自戀者。

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某個人祕密地自戀的7個跡象 (7 Signs Someone is Secretly Narcissistic)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2022 年 11 月 16 日
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