Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

由 AI 自動生成
  • Hello, everyone. This is Mike from Shaw English

    大家好。我是邵氏英語的麥克。

  • In today's basic English video,

    在今天的基礎英語視頻中。

  • I'm going  to be teaching you about the active and passive voice in English.

    我將教你英語中的主動和被動語態。

  • Now many of  you know how to use the active voice,

    現在你們中的許多人知道如何使用主動語態。

  • but you might have a tough time switching over using the passive voice.

    但使用被動語態時,你可能會有一個艱難的轉換。

  • It's okay. No worries

    沒關係的。不用擔心。

  • By the end of today's video, you're  going to understand it all very well

    在今天的視頻結束時,你會很好地理解這一切。

  • Make sure you keep watching  until the end of the video 

    請確保你一直看下去,直到視頻結束。

  • because there will be a quiz and some homework

    因為會有一個小測驗和一些家庭作業。

  • You ready? Let's go

    你準備好了嗎?我們走吧。

  • So before we can start switching our  sentences from active to passive

    是以,在我們可以開始將我們的句子從主動轉向被動之前。

  • it's very important for us to understand  the different parts of a sentence

    對我們來說,理解句子的不同部分是非常重要的。

  • Let's look at our board.

    讓我們看一下我們的董事會。

  • We have a sentence written, 'The boy opened the door.'

    我們有一個句子是這樣寫的:"那個男孩打開了門。

  • This is an example of an active sentence

    這是一個主動句子的例子

  • which usually follows the pattern of subject verb object.

    這通常遵循主語動詞賓語的模式。

  • Our subject the 'doer' is 'the boy'. But what did the boy do

    我們的主體 "行動者 "是 "那個男孩"。但這個男孩做了什麼?

  • 'The boy opened…' 'open' is the example of an action

    '男孩打開......''打開'是一個動作的例子。

  • What did the boy open? The boy opened the door

    那個男孩打開了什麼?那個男孩打開了門。

  • 'the door' is the receiver or the direct object

    門 "是接受者或直接賓語。

  • So again, before we can really switch  our sentences from active to the passive

    是以,在我們能夠真正將我們的句子從主動轉換為被動之前,再次強調。

  • it's very important for us to understand  the different parts of a sentence

    對我們來說,理解句子的不同部分是非常重要的。

  • And the more that we understand  different parts of a sentence

    而且,我們越是瞭解一個句子的不同部分。

  • the easier it will be to switching  active sentences to passive sentences

    將主動句子轉換為被動句子就越容易。

  • So now let's switch our active  sentence over to a passive one

    是以,現在讓我們把我們的主動句換成被動句。

  • Here's our sentence from before: 'The boy opened the door.' 

    這裡是我們之前的句子:"那個男孩打開了門。

  • Now, we have, 'The door was opened by the boy.'

    現在,我們有了,'門是由男孩打開的'。

  • Like I mentioned earlier, for active sentences, they follow the subject verb object pattern

    就像我之前提到的,對於主動句子,它們遵循主語動詞賓語模式。

  • Well it's a little bit different  from the passive sentence

    嗯,這與被動句有點不同。

  • Before we had the receiver  at the end of the sentence

    以前我們在句子的末尾有一個接收器。

  • now we have the receiver in  the beginning of the sentence

    現在,我們在句子的開頭有一個接收器。

  • 'The door was opened…' Wow. Our verb is the same

    '門被打開了......'哇。我們的動詞是一樣的。

  • Or the action is the same. But we have a 'to be' verb added on

    或者說,動作是一樣的。但我們有一個'要'的動詞加在上面。

  • 'was opened' is our 'to be' verb  plus the past participle of 'open'. 

    被打開 "是我們的 "要 "的動詞加上 "打開 "的過去分詞。

  • Now, it could also be these 'to be' verbs as well.

    現在,它也可能是這些'要'的動詞。

  • But, we're going to use 'was'.

    但是,我們要用'是'。

  • And this will change depending on the  tense that we're using in our sentence

    這將根據我們在句子中使用的時態而改變。

  • We also have 'the door being opened by the boy'.

    我們也有'被男孩打開的門'。

  • Now, the reason why we have it in brackets is because

    現在,我們之所以把它放在括號裡,是因為

  • sometimes we don't need to know who is the 'doer'.

    有時我們不需要知道誰是 "行動者"。

  • In this sense, the boy is the 'doer'. And this 'by' helps us understand that  

    在這個意義上,男孩是'行動者'。而這個'由'有助於我們理解

  • it is the boy who is opening the door.

    是那個男孩在開門。

  • Let's look at some more examples.

    讓我們再看一些例子。

  • Okay, so now we have examples of active sentences  that we're going to change to passive sentences.  

    好了,現在我們有了主動句子的例子,我們要把它改成被動句子。

  • Let's look at our first one.

    讓我們看一下我們的第一個。

  • 'The woman helped the man.'

    '那個女人幫助了那個男人。

  • We learned earlier that whenever we're  changing active sentences to passive sentences

    我們之前學過,每當我們把主動句子改為被動句子時。

  • we are going to need to switch  our doer and our receiver

    我們將需要轉換我們的行動者和接受者。

  • In this one, the doer, who is the woman, is  going to switch places with the receiver,  

    在這一章中,行動者,也就是那個女人,要和接受者交換位置。

  • who is the man, because now the man is  the focus of the sentence and will now  

    誰是這個人,因為現在這個人是句子的重點,現在將是

  • come to the front - the man.

    走到前面來--男人。

  • But what's our action?

    但我們的行動是什麼?

  • Well in our sentence beforeour action is 'helped'. 

    那麼在我們之前的句子中,我們的動作是'幫助'。

  • We're going to now change this  to the past participle which,  

    我們現在要把它改成過去分詞which。

  • luckily for us the past participleis 'helped'.

    幸運的是,我們的過去分詞,是 "幫助"。

  • Now, we're going to add our 'to be' verb which is 'was'.

    現在,我們要加上我們的 "要 "字動詞,也就是 "是"。

  • So the man was helped. By whom?

    所以這個人得到了幫助。被誰幫助?

  • The woman.

    那個女人。

  • Which is now at the end of the sentence.

    現在是在句子的末尾。

  • 'The man was helped by the woman.'

    '這個男人得到了這個女人的幫助。

  • Let's look at our next one.

    讓我們來看看我們的下一個問題。

  • 'The cat bit the girl.'

    '貓咬了那個女孩。

  • Just like we learned before, we're going to switch our doer and our receiver.

    就像我們以前學過的那樣,我們要把我們的執行者和接受者換一下。

  • So now the girl is in the front of the sentence.

    所以現在這個女孩在句子的前面。

  • 'The girlbit…' The past participle of bit

    '那個女孩......位......'位的過去分詞?

  • This one's a little bit different.

    這個人有點不同。

  • 'bit' is going to change to 'bitten'

    'bit'要改成'bitten'了

  • When we add our 'to be' verb 'was',

    當我們加入我們的'to be'動詞'was'。

  • 'The girl was bitten...'

    '那個女孩被咬了......'

  • By what?

    通過什麼?

  • The cat.

    那隻貓。

  • 'The girl was bitten by the cat.'

    '那個女孩被貓咬了。

  • 'The knife cut the bread.' 

    '刀切面包'。

  • 'The bread was cut by the knife.'

    '麵包是被刀切的。

  • I think we're getting this.

    我認為我們正在得到這個。

  • 'The student answered the question.'

    '學生回答了這個問題。

  • 'The question was answered by the student.'

    '該問題由學生回答。

  • In our last one, 'The teacher taught the class.' 

    在我們的最後一篇文章中,"老師教課"。

  • 'The class was taught by the teacher.'

    '班上的同學都是由老師教的。

  • Wow. I think we're getting better.

    哇。我認為我們正在變得更好。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • So earlier we changed some sentences from the active to the passive voice.

    所以前面我們把一些句子從主動語態改為被動語態。

  • Well now, let's practice recognizing sentences in the active and passive voice.

    好了,現在我們來練習識別主動語態和被動語態的句子。

  • Our first one, 'The bat hit the ball.'

    我們的第一個作品,'球棒打到了球'。

  • hmm,

    嗯。

  • well, I can see that the doer of my action

    好吧,我可以看到,我的行動的實施者

  • is the 'bat'.

    是 "蝙蝠"。

  • What did the bat do?

    那隻蝙蝠做了什麼?

  • The action is 'hit'. 'The bat hit…' 

    這個動作是'打'。'球棒打了......'

  • What's the receiver?

    什麼是接收器?

  • 'the ball'

    '球'

  • 'The bat hit the ball.'

    '球棒擊中了球。

  • Oh, this is definitely

    哦,這絕對是

  • a sentence written in the active voice

    一個用主動語態寫的句子。

  • 'The food was cooked by the man.'

    '食物是由這個人煮的。

  • Now, there are some big clues in this sentence.

    現在,這句話裡有一些大的線索。

  • '…by the man.' Oh, yeah

    '......由人。哦,是的。

  • That's a clue.

    這是個線索。

  • Also, 'was cooked'.

    還有,"被煮了"。

  • Well here's our past participle  and our 'to be' verb

    這裡是我們的過去分詞和我們的 "要 "字動詞。

  • This sentence, for sure, issentence written in the passive voice

    這個句子,可以肯定,是一個用被動語態寫的句子。

  • 'The floor was cleaned.'

    '地板被打掃乾淨了。

  • Okay, so I see I have my 'to be' verb 'was'.

    好的,所以我看到我有我的'to be'動詞'was'。

  • And my past participle 'cleaned'.

    還有我的過去分詞'清潔'。

  • But it seems like I'm missing something.

    但我似乎錯過了什麼。

  • I have the receiver but not the doer.

    我有接受者,但沒有行動者。

  • It's okay.

    沒關係的。

  • Like we mentioned before, for some  sentences, you may not have the doer

    就像我們之前提到的,對於一些句子,你可能沒有做的人。

  • This is an example of a passive  sentence without the doer

    這是一個沒有行動者的被動句子的例子。

  • 'The essay about the economy  was written by the student.' 

    '關於經濟的文章是由學生寫的。

  • Now, it's okay. I know this is a big sentence

    現在,沒關係了。我知道這是個大句子。

  • But I know we can do it.

    但我知道我們可以做到。

  • Because “boom” 'by the student'.

    因為 "繁榮"'由學生'。

  • There's our clue.

    這就是我們的線索。

  • Also 'was written'.

    也是'被寫'。

  • We have our past participle and our 'to be' verb.

    我們有我們的過去分詞和我們的 "to be "動詞。

  • This is a sentence written in passive voice.

    這是一個用被動語態寫的句子。

  • And our last one. We're almost there. Stay with me

    還有我們的最後一個。我們快到了。跟著我。

  • 'The best team won the football game.' Good job team

    '最好的團隊贏得了足球比賽。好樣的團隊。

  • Our team is our doer.

    我們的團隊是我們的行動者。

  • What did the team do?

    該團隊做了什麼?

  • What's the action?

    有什麼行動?

  • The team won.

    團隊贏了。

  • What did they win? They won the football game

    他們贏得了什麼?他們贏得了足球比賽。

  • This is definitely a sentence  written in the active voice

    這絕對是一個用主動語態寫的句子。

  • Ah, good job. That's some good practicing - recognizing  

    啊,幹得好。那是一些很好的練習--認識到

  • sentences written in the active and passive voice.

    用主動和被動語態寫的句子。

  • Now, let's move on.

    現在,讓我們繼續前進。

  • You now have a basic understanding  of active and passive voice

    你現在對主動語態和被動語態有了基本瞭解。

  • But you're not done yet.

    但你還沒有完成。

  • Because you have homework.

    因為你有家庭作業。

  • You are going to change this active voice  

    你要改變這個主動語態

  • sentence into a passive one.

    句子變成了一個被動的句子。

  • 'Mike taught the passive voice.'

    '邁克教的是被動語態。

  • Again, change this sentence into a passive voice  sentence and write it in the comments below

    同樣,把這個句子改成被動語態句子,並寫在下面的評論中。

  • Also, you have a quiz.

    另外,你有一個小測驗。

  • You will find a link for the quiz in the description.

    你會在描述中找到一個測驗的鏈接。

  • Please make sure that you 'like' the video as well as subscribe if you want to see more videos by me.

    如果你想看到我的更多視頻,請確保你 "喜歡 "這個視頻,並訂閱。

  • Until then, I'll see you in the next video.

    在那之前,我們將在下一個視頻中見。

Hello, everyone. This is Mike from Shaw English

大家好。我是邵氏英語的麥克。

字幕與單字
由 AI 自動生成

單字即點即查 點擊單字可以查詢單字解釋

A2 初級 中文 句子 被動 動詞 男孩 行動 團隊

PASSIVE VOICE | 學習如何在英語語法中從主動語態變為被動語態 (PASSIVE VOICE | Learn How To Change From Active to Passive Voice in English Grammar)

  • 0 0
    Summer 發佈於 2022 年 05 月 17 日
影片單字