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  • Greg: Today we are going to try and charge our cell phones using human urine.

    格雷格:今天我們將嘗試用人類的尿液為手機充電。

  • - Oh! - Oh!

    - 哦!------。

  • Mitch: And we'll be working up a sweat

    米奇。我們將在工作中大汗淋漓

  • as we try to bike enough to make our entire home off-grid.

    因為我們試圖騎自行車足以使我們的整個家庭離網。

  • I'm scared 'cause I have to pee,

    我很害怕,因為我必須要小便。

  • and it's so dark outside.

    而外面是如此的黑暗。

  • Greg, this is way too scary.

    格雷格,這太嚇人了。

  • Greg: Strobe light.

    Greg: 頻閃燈。

  • Mitch: I hate going outside in the dark.

    米奇。我討厭在黑暗中外出。

  • Mitch: We're feeling the heat,

    米奇。 我們正在感受到熱度。

  • and it's not just our sexy good looks.

    這不僅僅是我們性感的外表。

  • - It's climate change. - Oh.

    - 這就是氣候變化。- 哦。

  • Mitch: So we're taking our passion for the environment

    米奇。 所以我們把我們對環境的熱情

  • out of the classroom and into the country.

    走出教室,進入鄉村。

  • Greg: We are going off the grid.

    格雷格:我們要離開電網了。

  • Mitch: One by one, we'll shut off our basic necessities.

    米奇。一個接一個,我們將關閉我們的基本生活用品。

  • - Aah! - Oh, my God.

    - 啊! - 哦,我的上帝。

  • Greg: And with help from our team, we will use science...

    格雷格:在我們團隊的幫助下,我們將利用科學...

  • Mitch: For a little self-reliance.

    米奇。 對於一個小的自力更生。

  • Yes! It works!

    是的!它是有效的。

  • Mitch: See ya, city, because...

    米奇。 再見,城市,因為...

  • Mitchell and Greg: This is "Shut It Off Asap!"

    米切爾和格雷格:這是 "儘快關閉它!"

  • Mitch: Our power has officially been shut off.

    米奇。我們的電源已經正式被切斷了。

  • We're off the grid now, which means that we can't use our lights in this cabin,

    我們現在已經脫離了電網,這意味著我們不能在這個小屋裡使用我們的燈。

  • we can't use our phones or our laptops.

    我們不能使用我們的電話或我們的筆記本電腦。

  • I am also gonna go on airplane mode.

    我也將進入飛行模式。

  • I mean, we can until they run out of juice.

    我的意思是,我們可以直到他們耗盡果汁。

  • Honestly, I'm a little nervous, 'cause I don't think we realize

    說實話,我有點緊張,因為我認為我們沒有意識到

  • just how much we use electricity in everyday devices around us.

    只是我們在周圍的日常設備中使用了多少電力。

  • Canadians alone use 30 kilowatt hours a day.

    僅加拿大人每天就使用30千瓦時。

  • That's enough energy to wash 13 1/2 loads of laundry.

    這足夠洗13件半的衣服的能量。

  • We're hoping to power our cabin and the devices that we're using in it.

    我們希望為我們的小屋和我們在其中使用的設備供電。

  • We have four light bulbs,

    我們有四個燈泡。

  • we want to be able to charge a laptop,

    我們希望能給筆記本電腦充電。

  • and Greg has an addiction to his phone.

    和格雷格對他的手機有癮。

  • I like my phone more than most of my friends and family.

    我比我的大多數朋友和家人更喜歡我的手機。

  • It is my escape from the existential dread that is life on this planet.

    它是我對這個星球上的生命的存在恐懼的逃避。

  • Mitch: At this point, everybody knows that wind and solar are failsafe ways

    米奇。在這一點上,每個人都知道,風能和太陽能是失敗的安全方式

  • to make power off-grid,

    以使電力離網。

  • but we want to explore some more unique options first.

    但我們想先探索一些更獨特的選擇。

  • We do love renewables here at AsapSCIENCE though.

    不過,在AsapSCIENCE,我們確實熱愛可再生能源。

  • #LeaveFossilFuelsintheGround.

    #將化石燃料留在地面上。

  • We are in our absolutely pitch black cabin.

    我們在絕對漆黑的船艙裡。

  • Where's anything that I need?

    哪裡有我需要的東西?

  • We have our flashlight, but sadly it's in here somewhere,

    我們有手電筒,但遺憾的是它在這裡的某個地方。

  • but it's so dark, we can't find it.

    但它是如此黑暗,我們無法找到它。

  • We literally can't find our flashlight.

    我們真的找不到我們的手電筒。

  • Mitch: Now, let's be clear, individuals are not responsible

    米奇。現在,我們要清楚,個人不負責任

  • for the vast majority of emissions.

    絕大多數的排放。

  • Just 5% of the world's power plants

    世界上只有5%的發電廠

  • produce 73% of electricity emissions,

    產生73%的電力排放。

  • but we believe that making individual change where you can

    但我們相信,在你能做到的情況下,做出個人改變。

  • is the first step towards impacting the bigger picture,

    是影響大局的第一步。

  • both socially and politically.

    在社會上和政治上都是如此。

  • Plus, it can be fun.

    此外,它可以是有趣的。

  • I am obsessed with pee.

    我對小便很著迷。

  • I'm doing something real bonkers.

    我正在做一些真正的蠢事。

  • I want to charge my cell phone with pee.

    我想用小便給我的手機充電。

  • And the way I'm gonna do that

    而我要做的是

  • is by creating a microbial fuel cell

    是通過創建一個微生物燃料電池

  • using my urine as a fuel source.

    用我的尿液作為燃料來源。

  • Now in here we have anaerobic bacteria

    現在在這裡我們有厭氧菌

  • whose waste is electrons.

    其廢物是電子。

  • Oh, for real?

    哦,是真的嗎?

  • Yes, and if we can feed it our urine...

    是的,如果我們能把我們的尿液餵給它...

  • - Oh, ew, is that yours? - Literal urine as a food source

    - 哦,呃,這是你的嗎?- 字面意思是尿液作為食物來源

  • for bacteria in this mud-- anaerobic bacteria.

    對於這種泥漿中的細菌--厭氧細菌。

  • The breakdown of the nutrients in our urine,

    我們尿液中營養物質的分解。

  • like the glucose and the potassium, will release electrons.

    像葡萄糖和鉀,將釋放電子。

  • If we can harness that in a direct circuit,

    如果我們能在一個直接的電路中駕馭它。

  • I think I could power my phone.

    我想我可以給我的手機供電。

  • That's cool though if that works.

    如果這行得通,那就很酷。

  • It just seems really disgusting right now,

    只是現在看起來真的很令人厭惡。

  • and I'm doubting myself and whether we'll air this.

    我在懷疑自己,懷疑我們是否會播出這個節目。

  • Now my project is something I have been dreaming of doing for a long time.

    現在我的項目是我夢寐以求的事情,已經做了很長時間。

  • Honestly, for two years he's been talking about this, so I hope it works there, bud.

    老實說,兩年來,他一直在談論這個問題,所以我希望它在那裡發揮作用,萌芽。

  • So my dream is hook in some bicycles and use that as a power source.

    是以,我的夢想是在一些自行車上掛鉤,並將其作為一種動力源。

  • I'm basically gonna be using the kinetic motion of their wheels

    我基本上要利用他們車輪的動能運動。

  • into a generator, and collecting that power as you can see here.

    進入發電機,並收集這些電力,你可以在這裡看到。

  • Hopefully we can get enough to charge our home.

    希望我們能得到足夠的資金來為我們的家充電。

  • Good luck, hons.

    祝你好運,Hons。

  • Before we get started on our projects,

    在我們開始做項目之前。

  • we need to talk about what electricity actually is.

    我們需要談一談電力到底是什麼。

  • The secret to understanding how electricity works

    瞭解電力工作原理的祕密

  • is understanding atoms.

    是理解原子。

  • Now, atoms make up everything you see or touch,

    現在,原子構成了你看到或接觸到的一切。

  • and in fact, you are only just a complex conglomeration of atoms.

    而事實上,你只是一個複雜的原子集合體而已。

  • Sorry, hon.

    對不起,親愛的。

  • In simple terms, every atom has a nucleus

    簡單地說,每個原子都有一個原子核

  • that contains positively charged protons and neutral neutrons

    含有帶正電的質子和中性的中子。

  • which are surrounded by negatively charged electrons.

    被帶負電的電子所包圍。

  • These electrons "orbit" the protons and neutrons

    這些電子 "繞 "著質子和中子旋轉

  • as seen here.

    正如這裡所看到的。

  • And there's a lot more complexity to this,

    而且這裡面還有很多複雜的東西。

  • but we're gonna keep it quite simple for now

    但我們現在要保持它的簡單性

  • and not try to enter the quantum realm.

    而不是試圖進入量子領域。

  • Now electrons, in particular the outer electrons,

    現在,電子,特別是外層電子。

  • can move between atoms.

    可以在原子之間移動。

  • Generally that movement is in all directions,

    一般來說,這種運動是在各個方向。

  • but if we can make them move collectively in one direction,

    但如果我們能使它們集體向一個方向移動。

  • that becomes an electric current.

    變成電流。

  • What's, like, the hottest way to hold a shovel?

    什麼是,比如說,最熱的拿鏟子方式?

  • Like, over your back?

    比如,在你的背上?

  • So we're on our way to get some anaerobic bacteria.

    是以,我們正在獲取一些厭氧菌的路上。

  • Mitch: In some mud!

    米奇。在一些泥漿裡!

  • Greg: We're looking for Geobacter bacteria

    Greg: 我們正在尋找Geobacter細菌

  • as well Shewanella bacteria.

    以及Shewanella細菌。

  • Basically, anaerobic bacteria exists in environments

    基本上,厭氧菌存在於環境中

  • where there is no oxygen,

    在沒有氧氣的地方。

  • so not only do we have water covering this here,

    是以,我們不僅有水覆蓋在這裡。

  • we're gonna dig down under the stream, pull up a bunch of that mud,

    我們要在溪流下面挖,把那些泥巴拉上來。

  • and hopefully we'll be finding anaerobic bacteria.

    並希望我們能找到厭氧菌。

  • - Imagine we found, like... - A terrifying animal?

    - 想象一下,我們發現,比如......--一個可怕的動物?

  • Or treasure of sorts.

    或者說是寶藏的種類。

  • Like all living cells,

    像所有的活細胞一樣。

  • microorganisms like bacteria need energy to live.

    細菌等微生物需要能量來生存。

  • They generate energy by consuming nutrients,

    它們通過消耗營養物質產生能量。

  • in this case supplied by our urine.

    在這種情況下,由我們的尿液提供。

  • Greg: Bacteria that live in the presence of oxygen

    Greg: 生活在氧氣中的細菌

  • go through aerobic respiration.

    通過有氧呼吸。

  • This means they create energy by using oxygen

    這意味著它們通過利用氧氣創造能量

  • as an electronic accepter, ultimately creating ATP,

    作為一個電子接受器,最終產生ATP。

  • the energy molecule.

    能量分子。

  • But the absence of oxygen,

    但是沒有氧氣。

  • some special anaerobic bacteria

    一些特殊的厭氧菌

  • are able to transport their electrons

    能夠運輸它們的電子

  • to other substances like metals or even graphite

    到其他物質,如金屬甚至石墨

  • to create their own energy.

    來創造他們自己的能量。

  • If we can provide them with that metal

    如果我們能向他們提供這種金屬

  • and harness those electrons,

    並駕馭這些電子。

  • then we might be able to create our own bioelectricity.

    那麼我們也許能夠創造我們自己的生物電。

  • Heave ho.

    呵。

  • I really hope that you guys are in there.

    我真的希望你們在裡面。

  • Oh, if you look real close, you can kind of see them.

    哦,如果你看得很近,你可以看到他們。

  • Totally kidding.

    完全是在開玩笑。

  • It's too bad. We won't really know

    這真是太糟糕了。我們不會真正知道

  • until we start our experiment if we got them.

    直到我們開始我們的實驗,如果我們得到他們。

  • Now that Greg has his mud,

    現在,格雷格有了他的泥巴。

  • it's time for me to start my experiment.

    現在是我開始實驗的時候了。

  • The average Canadian household uses around

    加拿大家庭平均使用約

  • 30 kilowatt hours of electricity per day.

    每天30千瓦時的電力。

  • We only have a few light bulbs and a laptop in our bunky though.

    雖然我們的鋪位上只有幾個燈泡和一臺筆記本電腦。

  • So I only need to generate a fraction of that,

    所以我只需要產生其中的一小部分。

  • about 0.6 kilowatt hours with my bike generator experiment.

    用我的自行車發電機實驗,大約0.6千瓦時。

  • But to pull it off, I need help from our buildmaster Paul.

    但要完成它,我需要我們的建造師保羅的幫助。

  • Thank you so much, Paul.

    非常感謝你,保羅。

  • For our bike experiment, we have built this rig here

    對於我們的自行車實驗,我們已經在這裡建立了這個裝置

  • to hold onto the back wheel,

    來抓緊後輪。

  • and we have it connected down here to a little skateboard wheel,

    我們把它連接到下面的一個小滑板輪上。

  • and that skateboard wheel is actually spinning our generator.

    而那個滑板輪實際上是在旋轉我們的發電機。

  • Generators use magnetic fields to move electrons through metals such as copper.

    發電機利用磁場使電子在金屬(如銅)中移動。

  • This principle is tied to Faraday's law of induction,

    這一原則與法拉第的感應定律相關聯。

  • which states that when you move or change a magnetic field

    其中指出,當你移動或改變一個磁場時

  • in the vicinity of a coil wire,

    在線圈線的附近。

  • it induces an electrical current in that wire.

    它在該導線上感應出電流。

  • Greg: And copper is a very conductive material

    Greg: 而銅是一種很好的導電材料

  • 'cause there's only one little measly electron

    因為只有一個小小的電子

  • here in the outer shell that can be easily moved.

    這裡的外殼,可以很容易地移動。

  • That's why copper wire is so good at having electrons

    這就是為什麼銅線在擁有電子方面如此出色的原因

  • move in one direction along it

    沿著它的一個方向移動

  • and having electricity flow, and we'll be using it today.

    並有電力流動,我們今天將使用它。

  • For my experiment, I'm going cutting edge.

    在我的實驗中,我走的是前沿路線。

  • Few people in the world have successfully built

    世界上很少有人能成功地建立

  • a fuel cell with microbes that can charge a mobile phone.

    一個帶有微生物的燃料電池,可以為手機充電。

  • The guy credited for doing it first

    被譽為第一個做這個的人

  • is Professor Yannis Ieropoulos.

    是揚尼斯-伊羅普洛斯教授。

  • It took him close to 20 years to make it work.

    他花了近20年的時間才使之成功。

  • I'm attempting to do it in less than a week.

    我正試圖在不到一週的時間內完成。

  • Okay, wait, there's a lot going on here.

    好吧,等等,這裡發生了很多事情。

  • I thought you were just trying to figure out how to charge your phone with pee.

    我以為你只是想知道如何用小便給手機充電。

  • I know. We got carried away.

    我知道。我們得意忘形了。

  • So in this first urinal is funnel where you will pee.

    是以,在這第一個小便池中有一個漏斗,你將在那裡撒尿。

  • Your pee will come through down here into this jar.

    你的尿液會從這裡流到這個罐子裡。

  • This jar will fill up with urine.

    這個罐子裡會裝滿尿液。

  • Okay.

    好的。

  • - And then you get on here. - What is this?

    - 然後你就上了這裡。- 這是什麼?

  • Put this up, wash your hands.

    把這個放上去,洗洗手。

  • - What? - You get off.

    - 什麼 你下車。

  • - Boom! We're watering our kale, first of all. - Beautiful.

    - 轟!轟!轟我們正在給甘藍澆水,首先。- 漂亮。

  • But our pee now has the force of gravity

    但我們的小便現在有了重力的作用。

  • - to come down into our fuel cell. - Oh, my gosh.

    - 下來進入我們的燃料電池。- 哦,我的天啊。

  • Here's a good place to explain

    這裡是一個解釋的好地方

  • how the fuel cells harness the electrons

    燃料電池如何利用電子

  • being expelled from the bacteria.

    正在從細菌中排出。

  • We'll do this chamber with two electrodes.

    我們將用兩個電極做這個試驗室。

  • Electrodes are conductors inserted into a substance

    電極是插入物質中的導體

  • where electricity can enter or exit.

    電力可以進入或離開的地方。

  • The electrons move in one direction

    電子向一個方向移動

  • from the negative electrode to the positive one,

    從負極到正極。

  • and then that creates an electric current.

    然後就會產生電流。

  • Well, I'm so excited. Like, when do we put the pee in?

    嗯,我太興奮了。比如,我們什麼時候把小便放進去?

  • I mean, I have to pee.

    我的意思是,我得去尿尿。

  • 'Tis a coffee pee. Don't judge any coloration.

    這是一泡咖啡尿。不要判斷任何顏色。

  • So I'm in here.

    所以我在這裡。

  • - It should be coming! - Oh, there's pee!

    - 它應該來了!- 哦,有小便!

  • Oh, it's not too yellow.

    哦,這不是太黃。

  • This is kinda gross, Greg.

    這有點噁心,格雷格。

  • Boom, boom, boom. Pee.

    轟隆隆,轟隆隆,轟隆隆。小便。

  • Okay.

    好的。

  • Greg: Here we go! We're filling her up.

    我們來了!我們正在給她加油。

  • How was it?

    情況如何?

  • It was a bit of a mess in there.

    那裡面有點亂。

  • Okay, so we got some leakage.

    好的,所以我們有一些洩漏。

  • So already we are getting electrons

    是以,我們已經在獲得電子

  • passing through our direct circuit,

    通過我們的直接電路。

  • which we can tell from this volt meter.

    我們可以從這個電壓表看出。

  • And you're gonna see that it went from zero to two volts.

    你會看到,它從零變成了兩伏。

  • So that's power coming from here?

    所以那是來自這裡的力量?

  • Yes, and hopefully the bacteria's gonna go absolutely ham

    是的,而且希望細菌會完全變成火腿。

  • - and release those electrons. - Okay.

    - 並釋放這些電子。- 好的。

  • The pee construction is really cool.

    小便的構造真的很酷。

  • The question remains, okay, Greg, does it work?

    問題仍然是,好吧,格雷格,它有用嗎?

  • Hopefully we can pull it off,

    希望我們能把它拉下來。

  • and hopefully we'll get some phone power.

    並希望我們能得到一些電話的電量。

  • It's "Blair Witch." Aah!

    是 "布萊爾女巫"。Aah!

  • Mitch: It actually looks way scarier in here

    米奇。其實在這裡看起來更可怕

  • - without daylight outside. - I know.

    - 外面沒有日光。- 我知道。

  • Mitch: This is what we have to live with.

    米奇。這就是我們必須忍受的。

  • This is our gorgeous bedroom.

    這就是我們華麗的臥室。

  • But I am actually excited to go to bed, like, out here.

    但我實際上很高興能上床睡覺,比如,在這裡。

  • Like, it's cozy. Like, it's horror vibes, but it's cozy.

    就像,它是舒適的。就像,它是恐怖的氛圍,但它是舒適的。

  • Do you want me to tell you a story?

    你想讓我給你講個故事嗎?

  • Mitch: He looks like just a pure ghost.

    米奇。他看起來就像一個純粹的鬼魂。

  • ( wolf howls )

    ( 狼嚎聲 )

  • The one part I didn't fully count on in the beginning

    我在開始時沒有完全指望的一個部分

  • was just how much I personally would have to bike.

    就是我個人要騎多少自行車。

  • Greg's gonna charge a phone, but I'm tasked with all the light bulbs, the laptops,

    格雷格要給手機充電,但我的任務是負責所有的燈泡和筆記本電腦。

  • like, everything else in our cabin.

    就像,我們機艙裡的其他東西。

  • As it's spinning, we're generating electrons

    在它旋轉的過程中,我們產生了電子

  • that come through these wires and enter into a rectifier,

    通過這些電線並進入整流器。

  • which is essentially pushing the electrons in one direction.

    這實質上是將電子推向一個方向。

  • And then they hit our charger or regulator,

    然後他們撞上了我們的充電器或調節器。

  • and this is gonna help us stabilize the voltage.

    這將幫助我們穩定電壓。

  • 'Cause I might be pedaling slow when I'm lazy...

    因為我可能在偷懶的時候踩得很慢......。

  • Or fast when I have a lot of energy.

    或者在我精力充沛的時候快速行動。

  • So those electrons are gonna be coming at all different speeds.

    所以這些電子會以各種不同的速度出現。

  • So what this little device does

    是以,這個小裝置的作用是

  • is it outputs electrons at a consistent rate.

    是它以穩定的速度輸出電子。

  • So the voltage comes out of the regulator

    是以,電壓來自於調節器

  • and into three ten milliamp batteries.

    並進入三個10毫安培的電池。

  • When we're ready to use it,

    當我們準備使用它時。

  • we can turn on our inverter,

    我們可以打開我們的變頻器。

  • and that's basically changing the DC current,

    而這基本上是在改變直流電流。

  • or direct current, into alternating current,

    或直流電,變成交流電。

  • and that's because most of our devices use alternating current.

    這是因為我們的大多數設備都使用交流電。

  • So we can plug in our devices, and we'll have electricity

    是以,我們可以插入我們的設備,我們會有電。