字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 Let’s talk about TikTok and the US presidential election. The app has a lot of people talking and dancing, lip-syncing and lately even campaigning. Please go vote when November comes around so we can get him out of here. All aboard the train — Trump 2020. Owned by a company in China TikTok has 800 million users worldwide. And it’s growing — fast. But there are those who see it as a threat. So why is TikTok getting all this attention? Is our privacy at risk? And does this app like other social media platforms have the potential to influence the US election? Let’s be clear. Facebook is still the biggest and most valuable social media company in the world. But there’s a new kid on the block TikTok’s been around for only three years and it’s blowing up. Especially in America. TikTok makes it easy to upload videos, add effects choose music, switch up recording speeds. You can even change what you look like. But it’s even easier to just get lost in it. This app is essentially an endless scroll of punchy videos that are a maximum 60 seconds long. It’s also got its own TikTok celebrities. A Chinese company called ByteDance launched TikTok in 2017. Real videos that make your day. It later bought the popular Silicon Valley startup Musical.ly for $1 billion and merged the two. Today TikTok is worth more than $75 billion. It’s got an American CEO but it’s still Chinese owned. Here’s how huge. In the first three months of the year TikTok was downloaded more than 300 million times globally. That’s a record. But in terms of overall monthly active users it’s still behind Facebook’s more than 2 billion but way ahead of Twitter and Snapchat. And a lot of TikTok’s users are young. Around 40% are between 16 and 24. Ahead of a presidential election that’s millions of potential new votes. And what was once seen as just a fun app is actually getting more political. And it’s gone beyond just posting political views. And it’s gone beyond just posting political views. In the last year TikTok has demonstrated its power to mobilise. Hashtags help. They make TikTok content searchable and easier to go viral. That’s what happened in May during the protests over the killing of George Floyd by police. TikTokers have also been credited with using the app to pull off some pretty big pranks. Just before a Trump rally in Tulsa, Oklahoma thousands of Korean pop music fans had the idea of reserving free tickets without showing up. And the message went viral on TikTok. I recommend that all of those of us that want to see this 19,000 seat auditorium barely filled or completely empty go reserve tickets now and leave him standing there alone on the stage. Whaddya say? It definitely looked like they pulled it off. The Trump campaign said TikTokers and K-pop fans weren’t the reason though they did acknowledge thousands of fake phone numbers were registered. Some argue that these types of political movements are able to snowball because TikTok feeds you what you want to see and hear. The algorithm collects mountains of data on videos you like and users you follow. And it uses that data to create TikTok’s homepage that’s called For You. It’s a hyperpersonalised loop of videos it thinks you might like. But once a social media platform gets this popular people notice its power. Starting with that echo chamber and its potential to perpetuate hateful or inaccurate content. And that’s not just a problem for TikTok. That was the very criticism levelled against Facebook in 2016 during the last presidential election. The big scandal for TikTok so far though has been about security. Last year Check Point Research said it had found ways hackers could tamper with TikTok accounts by for example, making private content public. The US military has even ordered its personnel to delete the app. TikTok says it’s fixed the security issues but it’s got other problems. US officials have been investigating TikTok because even though it's an American operation it’s owned by a Chinese company. And Chinese companies by law can be forced to hand over personal data to the government. Now TikTok denies all of this. But the Trump administration is now considering a ban. The Trump campaign even took out Facebook ads to get supporters to sign a petition. Would you recommend that people download that app on their phones? Tonight, tomorrow, anytime currently? Only if you want your private information in the hands of the Chinese Communist Party. Now it’s unclear if the US can actually ban the app. Or if there is truth to reports that a US company is trying to buy TikTok which would sever Chinese control. But the prospect of a ban was enough to get its users riled up. But the prospect of a ban was enough to get its users riled up. Now I don’t think it’s a coincidence after Tulsa was a flop. Out of the blue now suddenly you wanna go ahead and ban TikTok? A bunch of TikTokers flooded the Trump campaign’s mobile app with bad reviews. If an app gets underneath one star Apple will actually delete the app. So let’s delete that thing. So aside from all the pranks, the hype and the concerns TikTok is expected to be a real player in this election. Because while older Americans in swing states won Trump the presidency in 2016 this year there are many more young voters. A third of the electorate are millenials And some studies suggest they tend to skew Democrat. That’s a lot of votes if they show up that is. Some think it could be an important tool to mobilise voters. But there’s no question that when it comes to this presidential race Facebook is still the real battleground. It’s simply a bigger platform with more users. And that means it has access to more personal information. The company makes money from all that data which we give up for free. And Facebook sells it to advertisers who tailor those ads to each of us. It’s called micro-targeting. The issue with Facebook is keeping that data secure so it’s not misused. That’s what happened the last time around. In 2018 it was revealed that the now defunct political consulting firm Cambridge Analytica has stolen the data of millions of Facebook users. That data was used to create psychological profiles target US swing voters and then attempt to manipulate them for the then presidential candidate Donald Trump, during the 2016 election. It got the head of Facebook in hot water at the time. Facebook now says it’s got better safeguards for our data. And it’s changing its settings so that users can see fewer political ads. We just have to manually opt out. It also says it’s cracking down on foreign interference. As for TikTok it’s also facing allegations of foreign interference something both TikTok and the Chinese government deny. So what about misinformation? Content that’s just plain wrong? Ahead of the elections the pressure is piling on social media companies to do more. To step in and take down fake or misleading posts. Facebook’s facing most of the heat. TikTok is feeling it too. The company says it's launching what it calls a transparency centre in California to moderate content. It’s blocked a bunch of hashtags linked to the QAnon conspiracy movement. And it’s also been taking down inaccurate videos like this one of Joe Biden appearing to endorse Trump. We can only re-elect Donald Trump. The president even tweeted it. But here’s what Biden actually said. Excuse me we can only re-elect Donald Trump if in fact we get engaged in this circular firing squad here. And the more TikTok grows the closer we get to November the more the company finds itself in the middle of a debate over how much social platforms should police content. This election is going to play out on all the social platforms. It’s just that right now TikTok’s got momentum. It’s why anyone in politics is paying attention. We’ll have a lot more on the US presidential election in the run up to the November vote. So if you don’t want to miss those episodes you can like, follow and subscribe to Al Jazeera wherever you’re watching this video. I’ll see you next week.