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  • stare at this image for five seconds and without realizing it, the photo receptors at the back of your eyes will start to become fatigued.

    盯著這個影像看五秒鐘,在不知不覺中,你眼睛後面的光感受器將開始變得疲憊。

  • So much so that when this image turns white you see the green birds as red and the red background is green.

    以至於當這個影像變成白色時,你看到綠色的鳥是紅色的,而紅色的背景是綠色的。

  • All of this happens because of biological processes in your eyes that link you to the lives of pollinating insects.

    所有這些都是由於你眼睛中的生物過程,將你與授粉昆蟲的生活聯繫起來。

  • Can help you design bedrooms or rooms in your house to be more satisfying.

    可以幫助你設計臥室或家裡的房間,使其更加令人滿意。

  • And can also explain why women can see better than men seeing colors.

    而且還可以解釋為什麼女性比男性看顏色更清楚。

  • So fricking cool kind of mixes science with sensation.

    這麼酷的一種混合了科學與感覺的東西。

  • And over millions of years our eyes have evolved to see wavelengths on the electromagnetic spectrum roughly between 380 nanometers to around 700 nanometers.

    數百萬年來,我們的眼睛已經進化到可以看到電磁波譜上大致在380納米到700納米左右的波長。

  • That's it, wavelengths longer than this.

    就是這樣,波長比這個長。

  • You get into radio waves and microwaves, which our eyes cannot see.

    你進入了無線電波和微波,我們的眼睛看不到。

  • But they can send a text wavelengths shorter than this.

    但他們可以發送比這更短波長的文本。

  • You get into UV rays and gamma rays.

    你進入了紫外線和伽馬射線。

  • Again, your eyes cannot see, but they can damage your cells and cause cancer.

    同樣,你的眼睛看不到,但它們可以損害你的細胞並導致癌症。

  • But if we hone in on the wavelength of color, there are specific patterns that our eyes pick up.

    但是,如果我們專注於顏色的波長,我們的眼睛會發現一些特定的模式。

  • Most people see less than 450 nanometers as violet.

    大多數人把小於450納米的波長看作是紫色。

  • 450 to 485 nanometers.

    450至485納米。

  • As blue.

    如同藍色。

  • 500 to 550 nanometers.

    500至550納米。

  • As green.

    作為綠色。

  • 572 590 nanometers as yellow 5 92 6 25 nanometers.

    572 590納米為黃色5 92 6 25納米。

  • You got gold, 625 nanometers and above you get rid.

    你得到了黃金,625納米和以上你得到了擺脫。

  • Now no object actually possesses any color Which is so weird to say, all an object does is absorb certain wavelengths of light and then reflect others.

    現在,沒有任何物體實際上擁有任何顏色,這說起來很奇怪,一個物體所做的只是吸收某些波長的光,然後反射其他波長的光。

  • For example this gorgeous teal, seafoam, coral blue is absorbing all the colors except for that seafoam teal, gorgeous blue which is being reflected to your eye and your brain is interpreting this that's color.

    例如,這個華麗的茶色、海泡石、珊瑚藍正在吸收所有的顏色,除了那個海泡石茶色、華麗的藍色被反射到你的眼睛,你的大腦正在解釋這就是顏色。

  • For example if you're looking at one of my favorite flowers, the golden rod which blooms in august.

    例如,如果你在看我最喜歡的花之一,在8月盛開的金杆。

  • The flowers are absorbing every wavelength of light.

    花朵正在吸收各種波長的光。

  • Except for the ones between 590 to 625 nanometers again as we said earlier which most people see as gold.

    除了我們之前說過的590至625納米之間的那些,大多數人認為是黃金。

  • This light is sent to your cornea which bends it towards the pupil that controls the amount of light hitting the lens which focuses the wavelengths onto the back of your eye.

    這種光被送到你的角膜上,角膜將其彎曲到瞳孔上,瞳孔控制著進入晶狀體的光量,晶狀體將波長聚焦到你的眼睛後面。

  • Called the retina.

    叫做視網膜。

  • At the back of your eye.

    在你的眼睛後面。

  • The retina is covered in photo receptor cells called cones.

    視網膜上覆蓋著稱為錐體的光受體細胞。

  • You have around six million cone cells which absorb light and pass it on to the brain's visual cortex to be interpreted as color.

    你有大約六百萬個錐體細胞,它們吸收光線並將其傳遞給大腦的視覺皮層,以解釋為顏色。

  • This is a biological process that's happening all the time.

    這是一個生物過程,一直在發生。

  • You're looking at this screen.

    你現在看到的是這個螢幕。

  • I'm looking at this blue sky, you're looking at me.

    我在看這藍天,你在看我。

  • I'm looking at you one.

    我在看著你一個。

  • Oh this is what connection my friends now.

    哦,這就是我的朋友們現在的聯繫。

  • Your cone cells at the back of your are divided into three different types.

    你後面的錐體細胞分為三種不同類型。

  • You got red cone cells, green cone cells and blue cone cells, R.

    你有紅色錐體細胞、綠色錐體細胞和藍色錐體細胞,R。

  • G.

    G.

  • B.

    B.

  • Since you have three types, you are visually try chromatic.

    因為你有三種類型,所以你在視覺上要嘗試色差。

  • So you can walk around order your coffee and say by the way you were try chromatic.

    所以你可以走來走去,點你的咖啡,順便說一下你試過半音符。

  • Some other animals, for example are tetra chromatic and can even see within the UV wavelengths.

    例如,其他一些動物是四色性的,甚至可以看到紫外線波長內的東西。

  • Some birds, some fish which I'm sorry are cooler than mess.

    有些鳥,有些魚,我很抱歉,它們比混亂更酷。

  • That's a wrap thing to do.

    這是個包裝的事情。

  • They are superheroes.

    他們是超級英雄。

  • We are um usually try crow mats.

    我們是嗯通常嘗試烏鴉墊。

  • Sit down folks because the science is complicated but the red cone, optimal for perceiving the color red, the blue cone optimal for receiving the color blue and you guessed it.

    坐下來吧,夥計們,因為科學是複雜的,但紅色錐體是感知紅色的最佳選擇,藍色錐體是接受藍色的最佳選擇,你猜對了。

  • The green cone, optimal for perceiving the color green.

    綠色錐體,是感知綠色的最佳選擇。

  • But these cells work in combination for you to see over 10 million different colours unless you're 12% of women who can see way more than that more on that later.

    但這些細胞的組合工作使你能看到超過1000萬種不同的顏色,除非你是12%的女性,她們能看到比這更多的顏色,這一點稍後再談。

  • But the nature of these cone cells are what creates complementary colors that we perceive as satisfying.

    但這些視錐細胞的性質是創造出我們認為滿意的互補顏色。

  • Now a compliment is something that lacks a whole.

    現在,讚美是缺乏一個整體的東西。

  • So for example, this circle is a complement of this rectangle with the missing section together, they make a hole.

    是以,舉例來說,這個圓是這個矩形的補充,有缺失的部分在一起,它們構成一個洞。

  • That's a whole W.

    那是一個完整的W。

  • H.

    H.

  • O.

    O.

  • L.

    L.

  • E.

    E.

  • Not a whole like here here here are a couple down here.

    不是整個像這裡,這裡有一對夫婦在這裡。

  • If I showed you the ones down here, we'd be on a different tube site according to the physics of light, a complementary color for your I.

    如果我給你看這下面的,根據光的物理學,我們會在一個不同的管子網站上,對你的I來說是一個互補的顏色。

  • R.

    R.

  • Two colours that when combined produce white light.

    兩種顏色結合後產生白光。

  • It's a law of nature.

    這是一個自然法則。

  • It's fascinating.

    這很吸引人。

  • That's why we have complementary colors for our eyes.

    這就是為什麼我們的眼睛有互補的顏色。

  • And it has to do with how our cones work.

    而這與我們的錐體如何工作有關。

  • Look at this black and white image if we put on the complementary colors of the original picture and you stare at this dot for a few seconds due to the specific stimulus on your eye.

    看看這張黑白圖片,如果我們把原圖的補色放上去,由於對眼睛的特殊刺激,你盯著這個點看了幾秒鐘。

  • The background we used and the perception of your red, green and blue cone receptors.

    我們使用的背景和你的紅、綠、藍錐體感受器的感知。

  • When we put back this black and white image, you see the color.

    當我們把這個黑白影像放回去的時候,你會看到顏色。

  • I do this all the time.

    我經常這樣做。

  • Just for fun.

    只是為了好玩。

  • I'm like gosh, dang on my eyes and brain are insane.

    我就像天哪,當我的眼睛和大腦都瘋了。

  • The reason that this happens is because your eyes are so sensitive to these wavelengths that the cones become overused and oversaturated when looking at the same color.

    發生這種情況的原因是你的眼睛對這些波長非常敏感,以至於錐體在看同一顏色時變得過度使用和過度飽和。

  • The stimulus can start to spread to other cones nearby.

    刺激可以開始擴散到附近的其他錐體。

  • And when the stimulus has taken away the tired cones and your visual cortex default to seeing the complementary colors.

    而當刺激消失後,疲憊的錐體和你的視覺皮層就會默認看到互補的顏色。

  • This is why we love looking at complementary colors beside each other.

    這就是為什麼我們喜歡看相鄰的互補色。

  • They have energetic reciprocity going back to this image when staring at the green, your green and blue cone cells become fatigued.

    他們有能量的相互作用,回到這個影像,當盯著綠色時,你的綠色和藍色錐體細胞變得疲勞。

  • But the red isn't really being used in these sections.

    但是紅色並沒有真正被用於這些部分。

  • So when you switch to white, your brain reads these sections as red.

    是以,當你切換到白色時,你的大腦會把這些部分讀成紅色。

  • The red cones start to trigger your brain to see red.

    紅色錐體開始觸發你的大腦看到紅色。

  • It's all just about perception.

    這一切都只是關於感知。

  • It's wild because it's like through these two little things that I'm seeing everything.

    這很瘋狂,因為就像通過這兩件小事,我看到了一切。

  • And living my life, purple and gold are a reciprocal pair that are try chromatic eyes and the eyes of bees see very similarly golden rod and purple asters grow together so that bees find them attractive and this increases their pollination.

    而在我的生活中,紫色和金色是一對對等的,是試色的眼睛,蜜蜂的眼睛看到非常相似的金杆和紫色的花草生長在一起,這樣蜜蜂就會發現它們的吸引力,這就增加了它們的授粉量。

  • These flowers evolved to grow together to help pollination with bees.

    這些花進化到一起生長,以幫助與蜜蜂授粉。

  • They weren't for us.

    他們並不適合我們。

  • But because of the energetic reciprocity of our cones being similar to that of bees, we get to reap the benefits of this energetic beauty when looking at flowers when you see gold and you see purple and it feels good.

    但由於我們的錐體的能量互惠性與蜜蜂的相似,當你看到金色和紫色的花朵時,我們可以收穫這種能量美,感覺很好。

  • Thank the bees when designing a room.

    在設計房間時要感謝蜜蜂。

  • Take a look at this light complementary color wheel.

    看看這個淺色互補色輪。

  • If you focus on the compliments of each other throughout your room, you're going to be designing pleasing scenarios for the cones of your eye.

    如果你專注於整個房間的相互恭維,你就會為你的眼睛的錐體設計出令人愉悅的場景。

  • This can really help you make decisions about how you're going to design your room.

    這確實可以幫助你對如何設計你的房間做出決定。

  • Just think about the physiology of your fricking brain.

    只要想想你那該死的大腦的生理結構就知道了。

  • Now for men, seeing color can be more of an issue.

    現在對於男性來說,看到顏色可能是更大的問題。

  • This is because the genes that encode red and green cones show high sequence symbology on the X chromosome.

    這是因為編碼紅色和綠色錐體的基因在X染色體上顯示出高序列的符號學。

  • So although gender and sex can fall on a spectrum.

    是以,儘管性別和性可以落在一個光譜上。

  • For the most part, people who identify as women have X.

    在大多數情況下,認定為女性的人有X。

  • X chromosomes and people who identify as men have Xy chromosomes and it's this Y chromosome.

    X染色體,而認定為男性的人有Xy染色體,就是這個Y染色體。

  • For people like me who have a Y chromosome, we are more likely to not be able to see red and green as well.

    對於像我這樣擁有Y染色體的人來說,我們更有可能無法看到紅色和綠色。

  • This is why statistically men are much more likely to be colorblind.

    這就是為什麼在統計學上,男性更有可能成為色盲。

  • But on top of this, there's a lot of new research but it is starting to be found out that 12% of women are actually Tetra chromatis.

    但在此基礎上,有很多新的研究卻開始發現,12%的女性實際上是四色人。

  • They have an extra cone and can see 100 times more color than the rest of us have gone to a rabbit hole of all this research after being in nature and just looking at all these beautiful colors that were so soothing to my I my brain, my perception and it almost just looks like what is beauty science has a hard time defining beauty.

    他們有一個額外的錐體,可以看到比我們其他人多100倍的顏色,已經進入了所有這些研究的兔子洞,在大自然中,只是看著所有這些美麗的顏色,對我的我的大腦,我的感知是如此舒緩,它幾乎只是看起來像什麼是美科學很難定義美。

  • Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.

    美是在看者的眼中。

  • But when you look at these complementary light color wheels, you start to realize there are some things we can do in our lives to better understand the physics of light, our eyes and our brain and utilize this thinking to benefit our lives essentially.

    但是當你看到這些互補光色輪時,你開始意識到我們在生活中可以做一些事情,以更好地理解光的物理學、我們的眼睛和我們的大腦,並利用這種思維從本質上有利於我們的生活。

  • This is just a video enticing you to get out there and of course stop and smell the flowers but also stop and look at those flowers.

    這只是一個引誘你出去的視頻,當然要停下來聞聞花香,但也要停下來看看那些花。

  • Thank you to skill share for sponsoring this video and they are giving a free one month premium membership of skill share to the 1st 1000 people who click the link below.

    感謝skill share贊助這段視頻,他們為點擊以下鏈接的前1000名用戶免費提供了一個月的skill share高級會員資格。

  • So you've got to click a fast ball skills shares an online learning community where you can learn new things from the safety and comfort of your own home.

    是以,你必須點擊快速球技能分享一個在線學習社區,在那裡你可以從你自己的家裡安全舒適地學習新的東西。

  • My biggest passion in life is learning and skill share is a huge asset to me.

    我生活中最大的激情是學習,技能分享對我來說是一筆巨大的財富。

  • I cannot recommend skill share enough.

    我對技能分享的推薦是不言而喻的。

  • This video exists because I was spending more time in nature because of a skill share course called Urban Nature Journaling, seven days of artistic problems, essentially what it taught me to do was look around at nature in a new way.

    這個視頻的存在是因為我花了更多的時間在大自然中,因為一個名為 "城市自然日誌 "的技能分享課程,七天的藝術問題,本質上它教我做的是以一種新的方式來觀察周圍的自然。

  • It's a beautiful course that honestly kind of changed my life and my perspective of the city that I live in.

    這是一個美麗的課程,說實話,它改變了我的生活和我對我所居住的城市的看法。

  • It also got me journaling, which has made me feel better essentially, skill share literally changed my life.

    它還讓我開始寫日記,這讓我在本質上感覺更好,技能分享實際上改變了我的生活。

  • Again, it's an online learning community with tons of new class is great for curious people who want to feel inspired.

    同樣,它是一個在線學習社區,有大量的新課對於想感受靈感的好奇者來說是非常好的。

  • They're also always updating new premium classes, so depending on what your interests are, you can find something for you, skill share is dedicated to learning.

    他們也一直在更新新的高級課程,所以根據你的興趣,你可以找到適合你的東西,技能分享是專門用來學習的。

  • So lucky for you, for me, there are no ads.

    所以對你來說很幸運,對我來說,沒有廣告。

  • So again, be one of the 1st 1000 people to click the link below And you'll get a free skill share premium membership for one month.

    是以,請再次成為第一個點擊以下鏈接的1000人之一,你將獲得一個月的免費技能分享高級會員資格。

  • Also by clicking this link, you're able to help our show here at a sub science, thanks for watching and we'll see you next week for a new science video.

    另外,通過點擊這個鏈接,你能夠幫助我們的節目在這裡的一個子科學,感謝你的觀看,我們將在下週看到一個新的科學視頻。

stare at this image for five seconds and without realizing it, the photo receptors at the back of your eyes will start to become fatigued.

盯著這個影像看五秒鐘,在不知不覺中,你眼睛後面的光感受器將開始變得疲憊。

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B1 中級 中文 波長 顏色 眼睛 納米 紅色 細胞

這就是為什麼女性的視力比男性好 (This Is Why Women See Better Than Men)

  • 9 0
    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 09 月 16 日
影片單字