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  • We've officially seen trained astronauts and billionaires go up to space. But what about the rest of us?

    我們都看過訓練有素的太空人和億萬富翁上過太空。但是像我們一樣的一般人呢?

  • Well, SpaceX is set to make history again.

    這個嘛,SpaceX 將再次創造歷史。

  • This time with its Inspiration4 mission launching the first all-civilian crew to orbit, marking the first step in a brand new chapter of human spaceflight.

    這一次 SpaceX 的靈感 4 號任務將會把全員皆為平民百姓的機組員送到地球軌道中,為人類的太空飛行歷史譜寫下新篇章。

  • So Inspiration4 is about advancing humans in space, and what that looks like, and bringing all of humanity along with us.

    靈感 4 號任務的目標是要推動人類在太空中的發展,描繪出未來的樣貌,讓所有人類一同見識。

  • I never imagined that I would be part of the first all civilian crew to orbit, and that I'm going to be the first Black female pilot of a spacecraft.

    我從來未曾想像過自己會成為史上第一批進入地球軌道的全平民太空船機組員的一員,而且我還會成為首位駕駛太空船的黑人女性。

  • And that's far from the only firsts the mission hopes to achieve.

    而這還不只是這次任務所達成的唯一幾個「史上首次」而已。

  • Inspiration4 will be SpaceX's first free flight of its Dragon capsule, meaning it won't dock to the ISS.

    靈感 4 號任務將會是 SpaceX 天龍號太空船的首次自由航行,意思是它將不會停靠到國際太空站 (ISS) 上。

  • And unlike Virgin Galactic or Blue Origin's launches, Inspiration4 will be heading up much higher than Branson and Bezos, to an altitude of roughly 579 kilometers above Earth.

    維珍銀河公司或藍色起源公司的發射任務不同的是,靈感 4 號的發射目標將比布蘭森和貝佐斯兩人公司的目標還高得多,直達離地球表面約 579 公里的高度。

  • So who exactly is heading up there?

    那麼,究竟是哪些人會飛上太空中呢?

  • The first crewmember is mission benefactor, Jared Isaacman.

    第一位船員是任務贊助人傑瑞德·艾薩克曼。

  • He'll be the commander onboard the Dragon capsule, issuing orders and managing communications with the ground controllers.

    他將會是天龍號上的指揮官,負責發佈命令和管理與地面控制人員之間的通信。

  • Dr. Proctor is a geologist and was a finalist in NASA's 2009 astronaut program.

    普羅克特博士是一名地質學家,曾在 NASA 2009 年的太空人計劃中保留到決選圈。

  • For Inspiration4, she'll be the mission's pilot, and will be trained to take over in an emergency situations.

    她將會是靈感 4 號任務的飛行員,並將接受能在緊急情況下接管任務的訓練。

  • Then there's Hayley Arceneaux, a childhood cancer survivor, who will be joining as the mission's medical officer.

    然後兒童癌症倖存者海莉·阿塞諾則將作為任務的醫療官加入。

  • She'll also be making history as the first to fly with a prosthesis and as the youngest American to reach space.

    她還將成為第一個裝著假肢進入太空的人類,並且是史上最年輕便進入太空的美國人。

  • And lastly, Chris Sembroski, a Lockheed engineer, will be the payload specialist, responsible for doing the experiments and managing the onboard cargo.

    最後,洛克希德公司的工程師克里斯·賽布洛斯基將擔任酬載專家,負責進行實驗與管理船上的貨物。

  • Since being named back in February 2021, the crew has been through an intensive training process.

    自 2021 年 2 月被指名以來,船員們經歷了密集的培訓過程。

  • Usually NASA astronauts take roughly two years to train for their missions, but for the Inspiration4 crew, that window was shrunk from April to September 2021.

    通常 NASA 的太空人大約需要兩年的時間來為他們的任務進行訓練,但對於靈感 4 號的船員們來說,他們僅有 2021 年 4 月 到 9 月的時間。

  • I have been working really hard along with the rest of my crew members to get prepared for this historic flight.

    我和其他船員們都為了這個歷史性的飛行任務竭盡所能地做好了準備。

  • So I'm learning a lot about systems engineering and how everything works for the Dragon spacecraft.

    我正在學習很多系統工程相關,以及天龍號太空船裡裡外外的各項功能如何運作的知識。

  • Training started with trips to a human centrifuge, which tests pilots and astronauts ability to withstand the gravitational forces they'll experience during flight.

    整個訓練從前往人體離心機開始。這是個用來測試飛行員和太空人抵禦飛行途中所產生 G 力到什麼程度的機器。

  • To get a taste of this reality, SpaceX engineers plugged in data from previous spaceflights to help simulate a Dragon ride during launch, re-entry, and splashdown.

    為了讓船員們能體會一下實際上的狀況,SpaceX 的工程師們將過去的空間飛行數據匯入至機器中,模擬出天龍號在發射過程、重新回到地球與降落時會有的狀況。

  • During those phases, the crew can experience anything from four to six G's.

    在這些階段中,船員必須承受 4 到 6 G 的 G 力。

  • The crew also hiked up the majority of Mount Rainier as a part of a team building exercise to be comfortable with being uncomfortable.

    船員們還徒步登上了瑞尼爾山的大部分路段作為團隊建設練習的一部分,藉此來習慣令人不適的環境。

  • On top of all of this, there were hours and hours of in-person training at the SpaceX facility to spend time in the simulator and learn about the Dragon capsule.

    除此以外,他們還各自在 SpaceX 設施中花上了數不盡小時的時間自行訓練,在模擬器中花時間摸索並熟悉天龍號太空艙。

  • Our Dragon has some modifications.

    我們的天龍號上面有一些改裝。

  • So first of all, when the nose cone opens, it normally will dock to the ISS through the forward hatch, but that is going to be replaced with a beautiful cupola here.

    首先,當頂部艙門開啟時,它通常會從前端的艙門與國際太空站對接,但這個部分被替換成了一個漂亮的穹頂。

  • So we'll still have the forward hatch, that we'll have to open to access the cupula, but we'll have this beautiful glass dome that we can look back on Earth with.

    所以我們仍然有前艙門,然後我們能從那裡來到穹頂,接著從這個美麗的玻璃圓頂看向地球。

  • As for launch day, the flight is expected to lift off on September 15 on a flight-proven SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket from NASA's Kennedy Space Center.

    至於發射日,飛行船將預計在九月十五日搭載於通過飛航測試的 SpaceX 獵鷹九號火箭上,從 NASA 的甘迺迪太空中心升空。

  • And like the rocket, they'll be flying in a flight-proven Dragon capsule, Resilience.

    而船員們則會搭乘也經過飛航測試的天龍號座艙「堅韌號」一同升空。

  • After liftoff, the team will spend roughly 3 days free floating in orbit, where they'll participate in a number of scientific experiments.

    在升空之後,團隊將會花上大約三天的時間在軌道中自由漂浮,並在此時進行數個科學實驗。

  • On orbit, we'll be doing microbial swabs and things like that, so that we can advance science.

    在軌道上,我們將會進行微生物拭子和諸如此類的實驗,藉此推動科學發者。

  • And the reason why is because we're going to be further out from the earth than any humans have been since Hubble was last serviced. So that was a while ago.

    而這麼做的原因是因為我們是從上次哈伯望遠鏡維修以來,第一次有人類身處和地球那麼遠的距離。也就是說已經隔了很久了。

  • And so we're going to be well above the International Space Station. So it's a different radiation profile.

    我們的高度會比國際太空站的高度還要來得高上許多。所以太空中的輻射狀況完全不同。

  • They'll be sharing their results with the same research team who conducted the twin study on astronauts Mark and Scott Kelly back in 2019.

    他們會與之前進行過雙胞胎太空人:馬可與史考特·凱莉實驗的同一個研究團隊分享他們的實驗結果。

  • Inspiration4 is going to be historic for many reasons, but it also marks a new era for spaceflight, where ordinary civilians like you or me could one day head up to space.

    靈感 4 號任務將會因為許多原因而成為留名青史的太空任務,但它同時也標誌了太空飛行新時代的開始,代表者像你我一樣的平凡一般人有一天也有機會前往太空。

  • I mean there's still the issue of the current prices costing thousands and even millions of dollars, but Inspiration4 is a small step towards making space a bit more accessible than it's ever been before.

    雖然現在太空旅行仍然所費不貲,一次要價將近數萬甚至數百萬美元,但靈感 4 號任務是讓太空旅行變得更加貼近常人的向前一步。

  • The future of human spaceflight is transforming rapidly right now, before our eyes.

    人類太空飛行的未來正在我們的眼前快速轉變。

  • And the opportunity for people just like you to go on these magical journeys to space and maybe even to the moon and beyond Mars is a reality.

    而就像你我這樣的人也能前往太空踏上奇異旅程,最後到達月亮或甚至是火星的機會已經成為了可見的現實。

  • And, and we're building that future right now, and together, if we're thoughtful, we can create a JEDI space—a Just, Equitable, Diverse, and Inclusive space for all of humanity.

    而我們正在努力建構出這樣的未來。只要我們足夠深思熟慮,攜手合作我們便能創造出一個「絕地武士」太空:一個為全人類所共有的公正、公平、多元、包容的太空環境。

  • To learn more about SpaceX dragon capsule, check out our Countdown to Launch episode here.

    若想了解更多關於 SpaceX 天龍號太空艙的資訊,請在這裡觀看我們的《發射倒計時》節目。

  • Is there another rocket launch that you'd like to see us cover? Let us know in the comments below. Thanks so much for watching, and I'll see you next time.

    你還有其他想要我們報導的火箭發射任務嗎?在下面的評論欄中告訴我們吧。非常感謝你的收看,我們下次再見。

We've officially seen trained astronauts and billionaires go up to space. But what about the rest of us?

我們都看過訓練有素的太空人和億萬富翁上過太空。但是像我們一樣的一般人呢?

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SpaceX 即將再次創造歷史,素人也能前往太空 (SpaceX Is About To Make History Again, Here’s How)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 11 月 17 日
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