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  • In 2019, after years of waiting, 5G wireless networks and devices finally became a reality.

    2019年,經過多年的等待,5G無線網絡和設備終於成為了現實。

  • And even then, it took some time for the technology to become widespread, well, widespread in some parts of the world, like the US and China.

    而即便如此,該技術也花了一些時間來普及,嗯,在世界的一些地方,如美國和中國普及。

  • But now, at last, I can look at my phone screen and see a little 5G icon in the corner and, feels good.

    但現在,我終於可以看著我的手機螢幕,看到角落裡的一個5G小圖標,而且,感覺不錯。

  • Okay so, when are we getting 6G already, let's go. I'm bored!

    好吧,那麼,我們什麼時候已經有了6G,我們走吧。我覺得很無聊!

  • Now to state the obvious, 6G doesn't exist yet, but that doesn't mean people aren't already thinking about how to make it a reality.

    現在要說明的是,6G還不存在,但這並不意味著人們還沒有考慮如何使它成為現實。

  • 6G, short for the sixth generation of wireless technology, promises to be incredible.

    6G是第六代無線技術的簡稱,有望成為不可思議的技術。

  • The numbers that get thrown around when industry leaders theorize about what it could do are mind boggling.

    當行業領導者對它的作用進行理論研究時,所拋出的數字是令人難以置信的。

  • Numbers like download speeds up to a terabyte per second, and latency as low as 0.1 milliseconds.

    諸如下載速度高達每秒一兆字節,而延遲低至0.1毫秒的數字。

  • Basically, the idea is that devices will be able to move a ludicrous amount of data with almost no delay.

    基本上,這個想法是,設備將能夠在幾乎沒有延遲的情況下移動大量的數據。

  • And that's great news if you're a mobile gamer and lag keeps losing you matches.

    如果你是一個移動遊戲玩家,而延遲一直讓你輸掉比賽,這是個好消息。

  • The possibilities 6G opens up are truly in the realm of sci-fi.

    6G所帶來的可能性確實屬於科幻領域。

  • A 6G network could support life-sized holograms, finally making it possible to send a distress call to Obi-Wan Kenobi.

    6G網絡可以支持真人大小的全息圖,最終使向歐比旺-克諾比發出求救信號成為可能。

  • Or it could be how chips implanted in our brains communicate with other devices,

    或者它可能是植入我們大腦的芯片如何與其他設備進行溝通。

  • like artificial limbs or remotely controlled avatars in dangerous environments.

    如人造肢體或在危險環境中的遙控化身。

  • It could connect a web of smart devices, and not just a phone and a smartwatch and maybe augmented reality glasses.

    它可以連接一個智能設備的網絡,而不僅僅是一個手機和一個智能手錶,也許還有增強現實眼鏡。

  • One vision of the 6G future imagines flexible screens all over the place, from tables to clothing to water bottles.

    對6G未來的一個設想是,從桌子到衣服到水瓶,到處都是柔性螢幕。

  • Each of these little devices wouldn't just use the 6G network to function, they might in fact make up the network itself.

    這些小設備中的每一個都不只是使用6G網絡來運作,它們事實上可能構成了網絡本身。

  • Rather than the system we use today where our phones connect to towers in a hub and spoke model,

    而不是我們今天使用的系統,我們的電話以樞紐和輻條的模式連接到塔臺。

  • each of these little smart devices could be a node in a mesh network.

    這些小的智能設備中的每一個都可以成為網狀網絡的一個節點。

  • Their proximity to each other and ubiquity would make it possible to send data at terahertz frequencies, which can't travel very far.

    它們彼此接近且無處不在,這將使以太赫茲頻率發送數據成為可能,而太赫茲頻率無法傳播很遠。

  • Experts think because of how much unused bandwidth is available in this Terahertz range, it's going to be the secret sauce that makes all this 6G goodness possible.

    專家們認為,由於太赫茲範圍內有很多未使用的帶寬,它將成為使所有這些6G美好事物成為可能的祕密醬汁。

  • But that's pretty much the only thing we're sure of at the moment, because work to explore the possibilities of 6G is in its very early stages

    但這幾乎是我們目前唯一確定的事情,因為探索6G的可能性的工作處於非常早期的階段。

  • and the technology isn't expected to arrive until about 2030.

    而該技術預計要到2030年左右才會到來。

  • Heck, the standards for 5G were only just hammered out.

    哎呀,5G的標準才剛剛被敲定。

  • Like 6G, 5G requires the use of much higher frequencies than older networks to meet its potential.

    與6G一樣,5G需要使用比舊網絡高得多的頻率來滿足其潛力。

  • 5G uses, or at least plans on using, the 24GHz to 100 GHz range.

    5G使用,或至少計劃使用24GHz到100GHz的範圍。

  • These frequencies have wavelengths measured in millimeters and can enable download speeds as fast as multiple gigabits per second.

    這些頻率的波長以毫米為組織、部門,可以使下載速度快達每秒多個千兆位。

  • But the same frequencies that make shifting that much data possible, don't travel very far and can be blocked by windows or even leaves on a tree.

    但是,使轉移這麼多數據成為可能的同樣的頻率,不會傳播得很遠,可能被窗戶甚至樹上的葉子擋住。

  • Because of this and our unwillingness to get rid of all windows and trees, millimeter wave networks have only been deployed in dense urban areas

    由於這一點以及我們不願意擺脫所有的窗戶和樹木,毫米波網絡只在密集的城市地區部署。

  • where they provide the most return for the cost of installation, and even then they only cover tiny patches.

    他們為安裝成本提供了最多的回報,即使如此,他們也只能覆蓋很小的補丁。

  • One report from the first few months of 2021 found that users of America's big 3 networks with compatible phones

    2021年頭幾個月的一份報告發現,美國三大網絡中使用兼容手機的用戶

  • were getting the most out of 5G just 0.5 to 0.8 percent of the time.

    僅有0.5%至0.8%的時間能從5G中獲得最大收益。

  • The rest of the time they're getting performance that's almost identical, or sometimes slightly worse, than 4G.

    其餘時間,他們得到的性能幾乎與4G相同,或有時略差。

  • So, if implementing mobile technology that operates at a 100 gigahertz maximum has been slow-going so far,

    是以,如果實施以最大100千兆赫工作的移動技術,到目前為止是緩慢的。

  • you can imagine the hurdles that will arise when technology that uses Terahertz frequencies is introduced.

    你可以想象,當使用太赫茲頻率的技術被引入時,會出現怎樣的障礙。

  • But that's far in the future. Mobile phone circuitry that can even use this spectrum doesn't exist yet.

    但那是在遙遠的未來。甚至可以使用這種頻譜的行動電話電路還不存在。

  • Neither do the mathematical models for how to best route data through a mesh network.

    關於如何在網狀網絡中進行最佳數據路由的數學模型也沒有。

  • For telecom companies, 6G is still a distant problem that they're not too focused on while they race to deliver on the promise of 5G right now.

    對於電信公司來說,6G仍然是一個遙遠的問題,他們並不太關注,而他們現在正競相兌現5G的承諾。

  • And when the day finally comes and all the ads for phones and carriers have a giant 6 emblazoned across them,

    當這一天終於到來,所有的手機和運營商的廣告上都印著一個巨大的6字。

  • just remember how 5G was an incremental change at first and be ready for the next generation to follow the same pattern.

    只要記住5G起初是一個漸進的變化,並準備好讓下一代遵循同樣的模式。

  • If you want to know how we got to 5G, check out Amanda's episode on it here.

    如果你想知道我們是如何到達5G的,請在這裡查看阿曼達關於它的一集。

  • So, what about you? Have you noticed a difference in 5G yet?

    那麼,你呢?你注意到5G的不同了嗎?

  • Let us know in the comments, don't forget to subscribe, and I will see you next time on Seeker!

    請在評論中告訴我們,別忘了訂閱,我們下次在Seeker上再見吧!

In 2019, after years of waiting, 5G wireless networks and devices finally became a reality.

2019年,經過多年的等待,5G無線網絡和設備終於成為了現實。

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5G剛剛到來,但6G在哪裡? (5G Just Got Here, But Where Is 6G?)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 07 月 16 日
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