字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 Hi. I'm Vanessa from SpeakEnglishWithVanessa.com. Let's talk about how to pronounce 100 jobs. When you first meet someone, talking about your job is one of the first topics that comes up in conversation. This phrasal verb "come up" means that it easily arises in conversation, so I want to help you learn a simple, clear way to describe your job. It looks like we have a little friend who is here to help us explain these job titles. I don't know how long he's going to stay. We'll see. It's pretty perfect because I'm wearing this cat shirt today. Well, when someone asks me, "Vanessa, what do you do?" I say, "I'm an English teacher. I teach online." Simple and clear. And usually they ask, "How does that work? Can you do that?" I explain, "Yes, people from around the world who want to learn English find my lessons, and I help them." Great. This is a simple, clear way to explain this. So today, we're going to practice pronouncing a lot of job titles, and I hope that yours is one of them. It's great for introducing yourself, but it's also useful to understand other job titles so that when people say that that's what they do, you can have a little conversation about it or at least understand the word that they said. So, I hope this will help to build your vocabulary and also help you to meet other people. There are a couple ways to describe your job. You could say, "I'm a teacher," or you could say the full sentence, "I work in education." This is the field that you work in. I work in management. I work in construction. You're not saying your specific job title, but you're just generally saying, I work in plus that field. Or you could say, "I work for Google. I work for Apple. I work for a local pizza restaurant." Here, you're talking about the company. As long as it's something well known or maybe well known in your area, you can say the company that you work for as well. Now that we've talked about these two helpful sentences for describing your job, I work in management. I work for Google. Let's get onto some specific job descriptions. I've broken these into different categories. Some of these are general, some of these are medical or food or creative type jobs. There's a couple overlapping type jobs, so we're just going to try to stick with those categories to help you remember them. Let's start with some general job descriptors. I'm the director of the marketing team. I'm the director of the design team, to be the director, or you could say, "I'm the manager. I'm the manager of the sales department. I'm the owner of a local restaurant." Or you can make this complete sentence and say, "I run the local restaurant." That means that you're in charge. I run the local restaurant. I run my own business. I run a jewelry business. I run some kind of business because I'm the owner. The next category deals with jobs that include words of some sorts. The first one is teacher. I'm a teacher, or you could say, "I'm a kindergarten teacher. I'm an elementary school teacher. I'm a middle school teacher. I'm a high school teacher." You could be more specific. I'm a math teacher. I'm an English teacher. I'm a piano teacher. I'm a music teacher. Excellent. I'm a professor at the local university. I'm a professor at the local college. This means that you are a teacher at the university or at the college. We don't say teacher for this higher level of education. We say professor. You might also say, "I work in the school system." This means that you generally have a job that deals with education, but you don't really want to say specifically what you do. You could just say, "I work in the school system. I'm a student. I'm a philosophy student. I'm a student of biology. I'm a biology student." I'm a daycare worker. I help little kids have fun all day. I'm a daycare worker. I'm a translator. I'm a translator. Do you notice how I added a D in the middle of this word? That's because in American English, that T often changes to a D. So make sure that you say that correctly, especially if you're a translator and you deal with words, translator. Or you might be an interpreter, interpreter. Do you notice that same thing happening at the end of this word? It sounds like D-E-R, interpreter. I'm a writer. Again, we have that T in the middle of the word changing to a D. I'm a writer, or I'm a journalist. I work for the National Geographic. This is a well-known company, so you might say, "I work for National Geographic," or we could add "the" if you'd like. I work for the National Geographic. Excellent. I'm a lawyer, lawyer. Even though the root of this word is law, the vowel is different when we're talking about the person loy, loy. It sounds like it rhymes with boy, toy. Lawyer, lawyer. Or maybe you're a judge, a judge. Like we mentioned before with the school system, you might say, "I work in the court system." Maybe you're not a lawyer, you're not a judge, but you generally work in the court system. This is excellent. You can say, "I work in the court system." I'm a tour guide, or I work in tourism. You might not be the guide to yourself, but you could say, "I work in tourism." If it's just a simple chit-chat with somebody else, they'll get the general idea that you work with tourism instead of the specific job, giving all these details about what you do. I work in tourism. The next category of jobs have to do with medical related jobs. The first one is doctor. I'm a doctor. You might say, "I'm a heart doctor. I'm an eye doctor. I'm a bone doctor." There are some technical terms related to each of these fields. For example, you might say, "I'm an optician," instead of, "I'm an eye doctor." But in daily conversation, we usually keep it simple and just say, "I'm a bone doctor. I'm an eye doctor," something like this. I'm a surgeon. You might be a neurosurgeon. You could add some more specific related words to this, but make sure that when you say the word surgeon, surgeon, the end of that word is beautifully pronounced. It's kind of swallowed surge. Surgeon, surgeon. Or if you're not a surgeon, but you have to go to the doctor, you might say, "Oh, I have to see the surgeon today. I'm worried about what he's going to say." Make sure that you pronounce it correctly. Surgeon. I'm a nurse, or I'm a pediatrician. This is a doctor who deals with kids. You could combine these words and say, "I'm a pediatric nurse." This is a nurse who works with children. I'm a nurse. I'm a pediatrician, or I'm a pediatric nurse. A lot of these jobs, you can combine them to be more specific for your field so that way you can expand your vocabulary even more. I'm a dentist, dentist, or I'm a dental hygienist. This is the person who checks your teeth and usually aids the dentist. I'm a dentist, or I'm a dental hygienist. Great. I'm a pharmacist. Break down this word with me. I'm a pharmacist. Or maybe I had to talk with the pharmacist today because I think they got my prescription wrong. I talked with the pharmacist. If you help to work in the pharmaceutical field, you might be a pharmaceutical scientist. Let's break down this word. Pharma. That's the first part. Pharmaceutical. Pharmaceutical scientist. I'm a pharmaceutical scientist. I'm a scientist. This is quite general. You couldn't make it more specific. I'm a neuroscientist. This deals with the brain. I'm a neuroscientist, or I'm a biologist. I'm a chemist, or I'm a physicist. There's different syllables here, so say it with me. Physicist. I'm a physicist. I'm a researcher. Makes sure that the vowels in this word are the same. Er, and then, er again. I'm a researcher, researcher. I'm an occupational therapist, or I'm a physical therapist. Sometimes in the field, those are shortened to OT or PT. I'm a PT. But if you're talking to someone just on the street or someone you met who isn't familiar with the field, I recommend saying the full term. I'm an occupational. Make sure that you use "tion" in the middle of that word. Occupational therapist, or I'm a physical therapist. I'm a psychologist. I'm a therapist. If you're feeling a little bit down, you're feeling some depression. You might go see a therapist, or you might say a psychologist. I feel like it's a little more common to say therapist for these types of people. I'm a veterinarian. Veterinarian, veterinarian. But you can also say, "I'm a vet." Just to let you know, if you say, "I'm a vet, someone might think that you used to be in the military," because the word vet can be short for veterinarian, or it can be short for veteran, which is someone who has served in the military. So sometimes people who used to be in the military might say, "Oh, I'm a vet." This means that you used to be in the military. But if you're a veterinarian, you could also say, "I'm a vet." If that person generally has an idea that you're some kind of doctor, you could just say, "I'm a vet," but you can specify and say, "I'm a veterinarian." Great word. And finally in our medical category is Dietitian. Diet is the root word here. Dietitian, dietitian, dietitian. This is someone who helps to create healthy meals maybe for a nursing home, maybe for a school system. They are a dietitian. The next category are jobs that deal with offices or stores. The first job is secretary. I'm a secretary. Let's break down this word. Secretary, secretary, secretary. I'm an office worker. This is quite general, but you might want to be general and just say, "I'm an office worker." I'm an engineer. You might be more specific and say, "I'm a mechanical engineer." That's what my dad is. Or you might say, "I'm a civil engineer. I'm a software engineer." Notice that the T in the middle of software is cut out. Software. The F and the W are right beside each other when we pronounce it, software engineer, or you might say, "I'm an environmental engineer." This great word, environmental. Let's break it down. Environmental, environmental. Environmental engineer. I'm an insurance broker. I work in insurance. I'm an insurance broker. I work in insurance. I'm an accountant, or you could be more specific and say, "I'm a tax accountant," or sometimes this job is referred to as a tax adviser. Make sure that when you say the word adviser, there's a Z sound there where the S is. Adviser. I'm a tax adviser. I'm an account manager, account manager. What if you work in marketing? Would you say I'm a marketer? Not really. It's okay, but it's not that common. I feel like it's more natural to just say, "I work in marketing." I work in marketing. I'm a human resources manager, or I work in human resources. What if you have a technical job maybe like this, human resources manager, and you don't really want to explain it to someone when you talk to them? You could say simply with a smile, maybe with a little laugh, "Oh, you know, I work in an office." This means that you don't really want to explain your job in detail. It's not rude. It's kind of funny.