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  • - Poppers are liquid inhalants,

    - Poppers是液體吸入劑。

  • occasionally sold as air fresheners

    偶爾作為空氣清新劑出售

  • or VHS cleaner.

    或VHS清潔器。

  • And many of us gay men sniff them.

    而我們許多男同性戀者都在聞他們。

  • A survey found that 69% of gay men in Toronto,

    一項調查發現,在多倫多,69%的男同性戀者。

  • where I happen to live,

    我碰巧住在那裡。

  • have used poppers at least once,

    至少使用過一次爆裂物。

  • with a newer study finding that 1.5%

    一項較新的研究發現,1.5%的

  • of American adolescents use poppers,

    的美國青少年使用poppers。

  • irregardless of sexual orientation.

    不考慮性取向。

  • Straight people are sniffing poppers too,

    直人也在吸食罌粟。

  • the future is now.

    未來就是現在。

  • So what exactly is happening

    那麼到底發生了什麼

  • to your body when you sniff these chemicals

    當你聞到這些化學品時,會對你的身體產生影響

  • and why are gay men huffing air freshener?

    為什麼男同性戀者要吸食空氣清新劑?

  • - Gay rights!

    - 同志權利!

  • - One to three seconds after you sniff poppers

    - 在你聞到poppers後的一到三秒

  • and the physical effects have already set in,

    而身體的影響已經開始了。

  • as the chemicals go right into your bloodstream.

    因為這些化學物質會直接進入你的血液中。

  • Sniffing drugs causes chemicals

    吸食毒品導致化學品

  • to pass through the nasal cavity,

    以通過鼻腔。

  • right into the bloodstream,

    直接進入血流。

  • where they go to your heart

    在那裡,他們去了你的心臟

  • and your brain first.

    和你的大腦第一。

  • This is why sniffing drugs can be so dangerous.

    這就是為什麼吸食毒品會如此危險。

  • When you drink or eat drugs,

    當你喝酒或吃藥時。

  • they get digested and absorbed

    它們被消化和吸收

  • into your blood through the GI tract,

    通過消化道進入你的血液。

  • where they then go to the liver

    在那裡它們會進入肝臟

  • to be metabolized first.

    要先進行代謝。

  • When you sniff something,

    當你聞到什麼東西時。

  • it doesn't get to go

    它不能去

  • to your liver to be metabolized,

    到你的肝臟進行代謝。

  • it goes right to your heart and your brain,

    它直接進入你的心臟和大腦。

  • which are v important organs.

    這是五重要的器官。

  • Your brain has an integral blood brain barrier.

    你的大腦有一個完整的血腦屏障。

  • This is a membrane that

    這是一種膜,可以

  • only lets certain things in.

    只允許某些東西進入。

  • Poppers can not pass through

    Poppers不能通過

  • your blood-brain barrier,

    你的血腦屏障。

  • which is a very good thing,

    這是一個非常好的事情。

  • but they still have an effect on your brain.

    但它們仍然對你的大腦有影響。

  • The chemical in poppers

    罌粟花中的化學物質

  • is known as isobutyl nitrate,

    被稱為硝酸異丁酯。

  • and for all you org chem heads,

    而對於所有組織化學家來說。

  • the chemical looks like this.

    該化學品看起來像這樣。

  • This chemical can affect your blood vessels.

    這種化學物質會影響你的血管。

  • Normally, blood vessels maintain a state

    正常情況下,血管保持一種狀態

  • halfway between contraction and dilation,

    在收縮和擴張的中間。

  • but neuronal or chemical stimuli can change this.

    但神經元或化學刺激可以改變這一點。

  • For example, vasopressin is a natural hormone

    例如,血管加壓素是一種天然激素

  • that constricts blood vessels.

    能使血管收縮。

  • Histamine can vasodilate.

    組胺可以擴張血管。

  • Poppers, when sniffed,

    Poppers,當聞到時。

  • use their chemical properties

    利用其化學特性

  • to dilate blood vessels in your body.

    來擴張你體內的血管。

  • Now, the concept of sniffing nitrites

    現在,嗅出亞硝酸鹽的概念

  • was invented by this horny French guy in 1844.

    是由這個好色的法國人在1844年發明的。

  • Not sure if he was horny,

    不知道他是否有性慾。

  • but he did (snaps) kind of invent poppers.

    但他確實(啪)發明了爆竹。

  • Gay rights.

    同志權利。

  • He found out that amyl nitrites

    他發現,亞硝酸戊酯

  • could treat angina.

    可以治療心絞痛。

  • Now, angina is a constriction

    現在,心絞痛是一種收縮

  • of blood vessels around the heart,

    心臟周圍的血管。

  • which causes a lot of pain.

    這導致了大量的痛苦。

  • So what he got people to do in the late 1800s

    所以他在19世紀末讓人們做的是

  • was literally pop the casing of amyl nitrates,

    是從字面上看,彈出了硝酸戊酯的外殼。

  • that's where the word "pop" comes from,

    這就是 "流行 "這個詞的來源。

  • huff the amyl nitrites,

    吸取亞硝酸戊酯。

  • which would call vasodilation around the heart,

    這將叫心臟周圍的血管擴張。

  • and decrease the pain from the angina attack.

    並減少心絞痛發作時的疼痛。

  • Yes, these olden day people were huffing poppers.

    是的,這些舊時代的人在吸食罌粟。

  • I said it, now I'll say that again,

    我說過了,現在我再說一遍。

  • say gay rights.

    說同志權利。

  • But now back to modern day poppers,

    但現在回到現代的Poppers。

  • which are isobutyl nitrite, not amyl nitrite.

    其中是亞硝酸異丁酯,而不是亞硝酸戊酯。

  • 10 to 20 seconds after sniffing

    聞後10至20秒

  • and now the isobutyl nitrites

    而現在是亞硝酸異丁酯

  • have traveled through the nasal cavity

    已穿過鼻腔

  • to some cerebral vessels in the brain,

    到大腦中的一些腦血管。

  • where they chemically cause vasodilation.

    在那裡它們以化學方式引起血管擴張。

  • Vasodilation of the cerebral vessels

    大腦血管的擴張

  • causes increased intracranial pressure

    導致顱內壓升高

  • that produces a euphoric high,

    產生欣快感。

  • leading to feelings of loosened inhibitions,

    導致抑制力鬆動的感覺。

  • warmth, and calmness.

    溫暖,和平靜。

  • 10 to 30 seconds after a huff, huff,

    10至30秒後,鬍鬚,鬍鬚。

  • and the isobutyl nitrites are now passing easily

    和亞硝酸異丁酯現在很容易通過

  • into your smooth muscle cells.

    進入你的平滑肌細胞。

  • Once in the smooth muscle cells,

    一旦進入平滑肌細胞。

  • they activate enzymes that cause relaxation

    它們能激活導致放鬆的酶

  • and vasoilation.

    和血管擴張。

  • Since there are smooth muscle cells

    由於有平滑肌細胞

  • in your throat, vagina, also known as vagine,

    在你的喉嚨,陰道,也被稱為陰道。

  • and the anuse, also known as anus,

    和肛門,也被稱為肛門。

  • the vasodilation of these specific

    這些特定的血管舒張

  • smooth muscle cells is why poppers

    平滑肌細胞是Poppers的原因

  • are used to aid in sex.

    是用來幫助性生活的。

  • The vasodilation of the internal

    血管擴張的內部

  • and external sphincters of the anus

    和肛門外括約肌

  • are one of the reasons why gay men use poppers.

    是男同性戀者使用poppers的原因之一。

  • Because famously,

    因為著名的是。

  • us gay men like to have anal sex.

    我們男同性戀者喜歡進行肛交。

  • Just one minute after sniffing the poppers

    在聞到爆米花後的短短一分鐘內

  • and the euphoric feeling in your brain is gone

    和大腦中的興奮感消失了

  • and you now have a body with low blood pressure.

    而你現在有一個低血壓的身體。

  • Your heartbeat may start to increase

    你的心跳可能開始加快

  • to make up for the low blood pressure.

    以彌補低血壓的不足。

  • People say that they feel very flushed

    人們說,他們感到非常臉紅

  • around their neck and face.

    在他們的脖子和臉上。

  • They get headaches.

    他們會感到頭疼。

  • It honestly doesn't sound that fun

    老實說,這聽起來並不那麼有趣

  • and this is only one minute later.

    而這僅僅是一分鐘後。

  • Two to three minutes after sniffing,

    聞後兩到三分鐘。

  • and most of the biochemical effects are fully over.

    和大部分的生化影響已經完全結束。

  • It all happens so fast.

    這一切發生得太快了。

  • Some people now experience nausea,

    現在有些人出現了噁心的症狀。

  • weakness, or even a yellow spot

    虛弱,甚至出現黃斑

  • in front of their eyes,

    在他們的眼前。

  • which are common symptoms

    哪些是常見的症狀

  • of the low blood pressure strain

    低血壓的症狀

  • your body is now under.

    你的身體現在在。

  • I keep thinking about people

    我一直在想人們

  • watching this on YouTube

    在YouTube上看這個

  • and being like, "What the heck

    並說,"這到底是怎麼回事?

  • is this guy talking about?

    這傢伙在說什麼?

  • Is he speaking jibberish?

    他在說胡言亂語嗎?

  • Is it dangerous?"

    它有危險嗎?"

  • And sadly, there is not much research

    而可悲的是,沒有多少研究

  • on the danger of this,

    關於這一點的危險。

  • because like most of scientific history,

    因為像大多數科學史一樣。

  • the queer community is getting ignored.

    同志群體正被忽視。

  • Whether it's about our own sexual health,

    無論是關於我們自己的性健康。

  • like in this case, or the history of HIV,

    像本案中,或HIV的歷史。

  • where scientists just ignored it

    在那裡,科學家們只是忽略了它

  • 'cause it was only affecting gay men.

    因為它隻影響男同性戀者。

  • Or just the fact that queer experiences

    或者僅僅是同志經歷的事實

  • get left out of mostly all of social science.

    被排除在所有社會科學的大部分之外。

  • In this long tradition,

    在這個漫長的傳統中。

  • there are not very many studies

    研究不多

  • about the longterm effects of poppers.

    關於poppers的長期影響。

  • And we need more research on this

    而且我們需要在這方面進行更多的研究

  • because it can be very dangerous,

    因為這可能是非常危險的。

  • because people are actually using these drugs

    因為人們確實在使用這些藥物

  • with increasing popularity.

    越來越受歡迎。

  • And now there might be studies on it

    而現在可能會有這方面的研究

  • because the straights are coming for it.

    因為直系親屬要來找它。

  • Thank you straights.

    謝謝你們這些直人。

  • Whenever you swoop in,

    無論什麼時候,你都會撲過來。

  • the scientists seem to listen.

    科學家們似乎在聽。

  • Ding.

    鼎。

  • So, too high a concentration

    是以,太高的濃度

  • of nitrites in the bloodstream

    血液中的亞硝酸鹽

  • can cause a fatal condition

    可導致致命的情況

  • where hemoglobin in red blood cells

    紅細胞中的血紅蛋白在哪裡?

  • is unable to carry oxygen to the rest of the body,

    無法將氧氣輸送到身體的其他部分。

  • including the brain, leading to brain failure.

    包括大腦,導致大腦衰竭。

  • This is why it's very dangerous

    這就是為什麼它非常危險

  • to combine vasodilators

    聯合使用血管擴張劑

  • like Viagra and Cialis with poppers.

    像偉哥和犀利士一樣,有啪啪啪。

  • And these are all drugs

    而這些都是毒品

  • that people are using during sex,

    人們在性生活中使用的。

  • so I think the likelihood

    所以我認為可能性是

  • of them happening together is increased

    他們一起發生的可能性會增加

  • and that freaks me out.

    而這讓我感到害怕。

  • Drinking poppers is also extremely dangerous

    飲用Poppers也是非常危險的

  • and when it touches your skin

    而當它接觸到你的皮膚時

  • it can burn and cause a rash,

    它可能會燃燒並導致皮疹。

  • which makes me just think

    這讓我想到

  • from like a biochemical perspective,

    從像生物化學的角度來看。

  • that sniffing the stuff can't be good.

    嗅到這些東西不會是好事。

  • I personally would appreciate

    我個人非常感謝

  • a lot more studies on this,

    在這方面還有很多研究。

  • as we are now seeing surveys,

    正如我們現在看到的調查。

  • including one done in Toronto,

    包括在多倫多完成的一個項目。

  • that this is been becoming

    這已經成為

  • a very culturally popular drug to do.

    是一種在文化上非常流行的毒品。

  • On top of that,

    在此基礎上。

  • these are sold mostly as air fresheners,

    這些產品主要作為空氣清新劑出售。

  • VHS cleaner, like do people use VHS's anymore?

    VHS清潔器,就像人們現在還在使用VHS嗎?

  • Like, come on.

    就像,來吧。

  • And legalizing it is important,

    而使其合法化是很重要的。

  • because unregulated poppers

    因為不受管制的Poppers

  • can be extremely dangerous.

    可能極其危險。

  • And it is a very contested issue in queer sex.

    而且這在同志性行為中是一個非常有爭議的問題。

  • With all aspects of sex

    隨著性的各個方面

  • it's very important that we speak openly

    我們公開說話是非常重要的

  • and proudly about it.

    並對此感到自豪。

  • And sex, life, you know, they're intertwined.

    而性、生活,你知道,它們是交織在一起的。

  • They're very important. I don't know what this is,

    他們是非常重要的。我不知道這是什麼。

  • but it's kinda a little bit sexy.

    但它有點兒小性感。

  • (mumbling)

    (喃喃自語)

  • Thank you so much for watching.

    非常感謝您的觀看。

  • We will see you next week for a new video.

    我們將在下週的新視頻中見到你。

  • Peace (click tongue).

    和平(點擊舌頭)。

- Poppers are liquid inhalants,

- Poppers是液體吸入劑。

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吸食毒品如何改變你的身體 (How Sniffing Drugs Changes Your Body)

  • 46 5
    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 07 月 08 日
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