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  • In theory, there are only four styles of parenting.

    從理論上講,只有四種育兒方式。

  • Authoritarian parents are controlling and demand obedience without considering the child's

    專制的父母是控制型的,要求孩子服從,而不考慮孩子的情況。

  • point of view.

    觀點。

  • Permissive parents are loving, but don't exert any control.

    縱容型的父母有愛心,但不施加任何控制。

  • There are no rules.

    沒有任何規則。

  • Authoritative parents who are firm but loving.

    有權威的父母,他們堅定但有愛心。

  • They encourage independence, within limits.

    他們鼓勵獨立,但要有限度。

  • Neglecting parents are uninvolved and often uninterested in their own child.

    忽視的父母不參與,往往對自己的孩子不感興趣。

  • Recently a 5th style was proposed, but we will come back to that later.

    最近,有人提出了第五種風格,但我們將在以後再來討論這個問題。

  • The styles range from controlling and demanding, to complete freedom; and from cold and unresponsive

    風格從控制和要求,到完全的自由;從冷漠和無反應,到完全的自由。

  • to loving and receptive.

    到愛和接受。

  • Each, authoritative, permissive, authoritarian and neglectful parents, have their place.

    每個人,權威的、放任的、專制的和忽視的父母,都有他們的位置。

  • To understand what it means to grow up with parents from each end of the spectrum, we

    為了瞭解與來自光譜兩端的父母一起成長意味著什麼,我們

  • can imagine the lives of four children.

    可以想象四個孩子的生活。

  • Sara's parents are Authoritarian.

    薩拉的父母是獨裁者。

  • They love their girl, but they believe that strict rules are important to make Sara become

    他們愛他們的女孩,但他們認為,嚴格的規則對使薩拉成為

  • well behaved and fit into the society.

    行為良好,適應社會。

  • If Sara cries, she's told to stop.

    如果薩拉哭了,她會被告知停止。

  • If she talks back, she is sent to the corner for timeout.

    如果她頂嘴,她就會被送到角落裡暫停訓練。

  • If she forgets to take care of her chores around the house, she is not allowed to play

    如果她忘記處理家裡的雜事,就不允許她去玩。

  • with her toys.

    與她的玩具。

  • Sara learns that suppressing her emotions and following her duties is the way to get

    薩拉了解到,壓抑自己的情緒和履行職責是獲得成功的途徑。

  • through the day.

    通過一天的時間。

  • To get the love of her parents, and to avoid making them upset, she becomes obedient.

    為了得到父母的愛,為了避免讓他們不高興,她變得很聽話。

  • However, because Sara was never allowed to decide for herself or follow her intrinsic

    然而,由於薩拉從未被允許為自己做決定或遵循她內在的

  • interests, as an adult, she doesn't know what she really wants.

    利益,作為一個成年人,她不知道自己真正想要什麼。

  • She begins living a life that seems perfect to her parents and society, but might leave

    她開始過著在父母和社會看來完美的生活,但可能會離開

  • her unhappy on the inside.

    她的內心是不快樂的。

  • Permissive parents , like those of Peter, love their little boy so much that they believe

    放任的父母,如彼得的父母,非常愛他們的小男孩,以至於他們相信

  • they should fulfill all his wishes, give him full freedom and never sayno”.

    他們應該滿足他的所有願望,給他充分的自由,永遠不要說 "不"。

  • Peter enjoys full control over his parents and gets whatever he wants.

    彼得享有對其父母的完全控制權,並得到他想要的任何東西。

  • If he doesn't want to walk, he'll be carried.

    如果他不想走,就會被抬走。

  • If he wants ice-cream, ice-cream he gets.

    如果他想吃冰激凌,就給他吃冰激凌。

  • If he wants to play games, he'll be playing them all night.

    如果他想玩遊戲,他就會整晚都在打遊戲。

  • Peter grows up completely without borders and does whatever he thinks is right.

    彼得在成長過程中完全沒有邊界,做任何他認為正確的事情。

  • He never coped with conflict and he did not learn to control his emotions.

    他從未應對過沖突,也沒有學會控制自己的情緒。

  • The fact that he always got what he wanted made him a bad loser.

    他總是得到他想要的東西這一事實使他成為一個糟糕的失敗者。

  • As he grows older he often acts inconsiderate and doesn't know his limits.

    隨著年齡的增長,他經常表現得不顧一切,不知道自己的極限。

  • Arthur's Authoritative parents respect their child's needs, but believe that kids need

    亞瑟的權威型父母尊重孩子的需求,但認為孩子需要

  • freedom within certain limits.

    在一定範圍內的自由。

  • Arthur can freely play, but when he's done, he needs to help tidy up.

    亞瑟可以自由玩耍,但當他完成後,他需要幫助整理。

  • He is allowed to eat ice cream, but only on Sundays.

    他被允許吃冰激凌,但只在週日。

  • Screen-time is limited to 30 minutes a day.

    每天的螢幕時間限制在30分鐘以內。

  • There may be conflict, but the parents listen to what Arthur has to say and then lay down

    可能會有衝突,但父母會聽取亞瑟的意見,然後躺下。

  • the rules.

    的規則。

  • However, they don't give in, nor do they use rewards or punishments.

    然而,他們並不屈服,也不使用獎勵或懲罰措施。

  • Arthur learns that some things are difficult, but his parents give him all the support he

    亞瑟瞭解到有些事情是困難的,但他的父母給了他所有的支持。

  • needs to get through it.

    需要通過它。

  • He develops the strength to endure hardships and to continue following his interests and

    他發展出忍受困難的力量,並繼續追隨他的興趣和愛好。

  • passions.

    激情。

  • In class he bravely expresses his own opinions in an appropriate manner.

    在課堂上,他勇敢地以適當的方式表達自己的觀點。

  • During breaks he can show his emotions and act freely.

    在休息時間,他可以展示自己的情緒,自由行動。

  • As an adult he agrees to rules only after they have been discussed and he feels like

    作為一個成年人,他只有在討論過規則後才會同意這些規則,而且他覺得

  • he understands them.

    他理解他們。

  • Neglectful parents are usually not present in their children's life.

    疏忽的父母通常不在孩子的生活中出現。

  • Nora often feels completely alone in the world.

    諾拉經常感到在這個世界上完全孤獨。

  • She experiences full freedom to do anything she wants to and has plenty of imagination

    她體驗到充分的自由,可以做任何她想做的事情,並且有足夠的想象力。

  • , but she never receives any feedback, affection, love or even attention.

    但她從未收到任何反饋、感情、愛,甚至是關注。

  • Nora realizes that it doesn't matter what she does, because no one cares anyway.

    諾拉意識到,她做什麼並不重要,因為反正沒有人在乎。

  • The lack of attention, leads to a lack of trust in herself and others.

    缺乏關注,導致對自己和他人缺乏信任。

  • She becomes insecurely attached, unable to form healthy relationships and develops a

    她變得沒有安全感,無法形成健康的關係,並形成了一個

  • negative image of herself.

    自己的負面形象。

  • To stop feeling unworthy of love , she tries not to feel anything at all.

    為了不再覺得自己不值得被愛,她試著不去感受任何東西。

  • In recent years, over-Involved parents, who are present in every aspect of their child's

    近年來,過度參與的父母,他們在孩子的每一個方面都有參與。

  • life, are often referred to as the 5th style.

    生活,通常被稱為第五風格。

  • These parents are also known as 'snow plows', removing obstacles out of their kids' path,

    這些父母也被稱為 "剷雪機",為他們的孩子清除障礙。

  • or 'helicopter' parents, who hover about and micro-manage every aspect of their child's

    或 "直升機 "父母,他們徘徊在孩子的每一個方面並進行微觀管理。

  • life.

    生活。

  • Since they won't let their children do anything alone, the children can't learn to overcome

    由於他們不讓孩子們單獨做任何事情,孩子們無法學會克服

  • challenges by themselves.

    自己的挑戰。

  • Research infers that these children don't like to solve difficult problems , lack perseverance

    研究推斷,這些孩子不喜歡解決困難的問題,缺乏毅力。

  • and may even procrastinate in protest when something requires a lot of effort.

    而且當某件事情需要付出大量努力時,甚至可能拖延以示抗議。

  • Since most research on parenting is based on self-reports and was done in the US and

    由於大多數關於養育子女的研究都是基於自我報告,並且是在美國和中國進行的。

  • Europe, it is not clear how strong the observed effects will hold up in controlled observational

    歐洲,目前還不清楚觀察到的效果在受控的觀察中會有多強。

  • experiments or in other parts of the word.

    實驗或在其他地方的字。

  • The four parenting styles were first introduced by Psychologist Diana Baumrind.

    這四種養育方式是由心理學家戴安娜-鮑姆林德首次提出的。

  • For good parenting she advised: “balance of demandingness and responsiveness".

    為了做好父母的工作,她建議。"平衡要求和迴應"。

  • Add to that the wise words of Maria Montessori toNever help a child with a task at which

    此外,瑪麗亞-蒙特梭利(Maria Montessori)的明智之言是:"永遠不要幫助孩子完成一項任務。

  • he feels he can succeed.”

    他覺得他能成功。"

  • and parents should probably do pretty well.

    和父母可能應該做得很好。

  • What do you think?

    你怎麼看?

  • Should parents resort to a specific style or should they decide what's best to do in

    家長應該採用特定的風格,還是應該決定什麼是最好的做法,在

  • a given situationas long as they don't neglect or abuse their child.

    在特定情況下--只要他們不忽視或虐待他們的孩子。

  • To download this video without background music and learn more about the topic, visit

    要下載這個沒有背景音樂的視頻,並瞭解更多關於這個主題的資訊,請訪問

  • sproutsschools.com

    萌芽學校.com

  • For a free masterclass on attachment parenting, see the link in the descriptions below.

    關於依戀式育兒的免費大師班,請看下面描述中的鏈接。

In theory, there are only four styles of parenting.

從理論上講,只有四種育兒方式。

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B1 中級 中文 父母 孩子 薩拉 亞瑟 自由 規則

5種教養方式及其對生活的影響 (5 Parenting Styles and Their Effects on Life)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 04 月 30 日
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