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自動翻譯
  • Laughter is a social emotion,

    笑是一種社會情感。

  • so we're 30 times more likely to laugh

    所以我們笑起來的可能性是原來的30倍。

  • if there is somebody else with us than if we're on our own.

    如果有別人和我們在一起比如果我們在我們自己的。

  • And we'll laugh more if we know those people,

    如果我們認識這些人,我們會笑得更開心。

  • and we'll laugh more if we like those people.

    如果我們喜歡這些人,我們會笑得更開心。

  • Why do humans laugh?

    人類為什麼會笑?

  • We laugh to show that we agree with what someone said.

    我們笑是為了表示我們同意某人所說的話。

  • That we remember the same thing that they're alluding to.

    我們記得他們所暗示的同樣的事情。

  • People will also use laughter to try and mask other emotions.

    人們也會用笑聲來試圖掩蓋其他情緒。

  • People will laugh to try and pretend they're not upset

    人們會笑著裝作不生氣的樣子。

  • or to cover up being angry or embarrassed or in pain.

    或掩飾生氣、尷尬或痛苦。

  • People will use laughter to get other people to do things.

    人們會用笑聲來讓別人做事。

  • If you get someone laughing,

    如果你讓別人笑了。

  • they will tell you more intimate details about themselves.

    他們會告訴你更多關於自己的親密細節。

  • There are two main kinds of laughter, according to Sophie.

    蘇菲認為,笑聲主要有兩種。

  • The first is sort of spontaneous laughter,

    第一個是那種自發的笑聲。

  • if you think about laughter that happens

    如果你想到發生的笑聲

  • and you cannot stop laughing, it can sound like this:

    而你不能停止笑,它可以聽起來像這樣。

  • The laughter just overwhelms you

    歡聲笑語讓你無法自拔

  • and then you're just going to have to ride it out.

    然後你就只能硬著頭皮上了。

  • That's quite a different kind of laughter

    這是相當不同的笑聲。

  • from the sort of laughter you find in conversations,

    從談話中發現的那種笑聲。

  • which is of course most of the laughter you encounter,

    當然這也是你遇到的大部分笑聲。

  • and that sounds more like this.

    而這聽起來更像是這樣。

  • There laughter is really brief and it's shared,

    有笑聲真的很短暫,而且是分享。

  • people tend to laugh together,

    人們往往會一起笑。

  • and they laugh together in a very coordinated way.

    他們一起笑得很協調。

  • People laugh at the ends of sentences.

    人們在句子的結尾處笑了。

  • And that's actually quite interesting,

    而這其實很有意思。

  • because it's even the case

    因為就算是

  • if somebody's having a sign language conversation

    如果有人在說手語

  • where they could laugh all the way through,

    在那裡他們可以笑到最後。

  • they don't, they still laugh together at the ends of sentences.

    他們沒有,他們還在句子的最後一起笑。

  • So why can laughter sometimes feel contagious?

    那麼,為什麼笑聲有時會讓人覺得有傳染性呢?

  • You can probably think of occasions

    你可能會想到一些場合

  • when you've been watching television or listening to the radio,

    當你一直在看電視或聽收音機的時候。

  • maybe it's been broadcast live,

    也許已經直播了。

  • and the presenter or presenters start to get the giggles.

    而主持人或主持人開始發笑。

  • The award-winning screenwriter, Abby Mann, has died at the age of 80.

    獲獎編劇艾比曼去世,享年80歲。

  • He won an Academy Award in 1961 for Judgement at Nuremberg.

    1961年,他憑藉《紐倫堡審判》獲得奧斯卡獎。

  • Ab-- Excuse me, sorry.

    Ab -- 對不起,對不起。

  • Abby Mann also won several Emmys, including--

    艾比曼還獲得了多項艾美獎,包括----。

  • Including one in 1973 for--

    包括1973年的一個...

  • For a film which featured a-- (giggling)

    對於一部電影,其中有一個 - (傻笑)。

  • A police detective called-- (laughter)

    一個警察偵探叫--(笑)。

  • If you chuckled while listening to that clip, here's why.

    如果你在聽這段話的時候笑了,這就是原因。

  • It's called behaviourally contagious phenomena,

    這就是所謂的行為傳染現象。

  • which are things you can catch from somebody else

    隔行如隔山

  • just because they're doing them.

    只是因為他們在做這些事情。

  • You might have noticed this happens with yawning,

    你可能已經注意到,打哈欠也會出現這種情況。

  • it happens a lot with laughter.

    這種情況在笑聲中經常發生。

  • Babies don't show any behaviourally contagious phenomena,

    嬰兒沒有任何行為上的傳染現象。

  • and effectively we teach them to.

    並有效地我們教他們去。

  • So if you look at babies and parents,

    所以如果你看寶寶和父母。

  • parents will try and make babies laugh,

    家長會想方設法逗寶寶笑。

  • and babies do laugh and it's lovely.

    寶寶們都在笑,很可愛。

  • If the parent laughs, the baby doesn't join in.

    如果家長笑了,寶寶就不會加入。

  • But if the baby laughs, the parent does join in,

    但如果寶寶笑了,家長也會加入進來。

  • because the contagion is working.

    因為傳染在起作用。

  • And effectively that seems to be the root

    而實際上,這似乎是根

  • whereby we start to teach babies

    我們開始教嬰兒

  • that this is something that we do together.

    這是我們一起做的事情。

  • Laughter isn't exclusive to humans.

    笑聲並不是人類的專屬。

  • We know that laughter is extremely easily observed in other apes.

    我們知道,在其他猿類身上極易觀察到笑聲。

  • So gorillas laugh, chimpanzees laugh, orangutans laugh,

    所以大猩猩笑了,黑猩猩笑了,猩猩笑了。

  • and they laugh in a very, very similar way to humans.

    它們的笑聲和人類非常非常相似。

  • The main difference is that chimpanzees, for example,

    主要區別是,比如黑猩猩。

  • laugh on an exhalation and an inhalation,

    一呼一吸都在笑。

  • so we just laugh ha-ha-ha, breathing out,

    所以我們就哈哈大笑,呼氣。

  • chimpanzees do more like a ha-ah-ha-ah,

    黑猩猩做的更像一個哈哈哈。

  • sounds a bit like he-eh-he-eh.

    聽起來有點像he -eh -heh。

  • So chimpanzees use laughter in a pretty complex way

    所以黑猩猩使用笑聲的方式非常複雜。

  • much as we do, and it happens in the same situations.

    和我們一樣,在同樣的情況下也會發生。

  • It's associated with tickling, with play,

    它與癢癢有關,與遊戲有關。

  • with trying to make play last longer.

    與試圖讓遊戲持續更長時間。

  • And it's not just primates.

    不僅僅是靈長類動物。

  • Laughter-like behaviour has also been described in rats and parrots.

    大鼠和鸚鵡也有類似笑聲的行為。

  • Unfortunately laughter can also have a darker side.

    不幸的是,笑聲也會有黑暗的一面。

  • These big squeezes that you do with your ribcage when you laugh,

    當你笑的時候,你用你的肋骨做的這些大擠壓。

  • particularly if you're laughing really hard,

    尤其是當你笑得很開心的時候。

  • it's quite stressful for your heart and your lungs

    對你的心臟和肺部都是相當大的壓力。

  • and that can mean if you have some sort of problem

    這可能意味著,如果你有某種問題。

  • maybe with your heart or your lungs or your blood vessels,

    也許是你的心臟或肺部或血管。

  • you can put them under more strain.

    你可以讓他們承受更大的壓力。

  • And throughout history there are examples of people

    而在歷史上,也有一些人的例子

  • who have died laughing.

    笑著死去的人。

  • And I think, if you're going to have to go somehow,

    我想,如果你要去,不知何故。

  • probably going while you're laughing, there could be worse ways.

    可能會在你笑的時候,還有更糟糕的方式。

  • Luckily there are lots of health benefits to laughing too.

    幸運的是,笑對健康也有很多好處。

  • You are more relaxed when you laugh.

    你笑的時候會更放鬆。

  • So as soon as you start laughing, you get a reduction in adrenaline.

    所以只要你開始笑,你的腎上腺素就會減少。

  • You also get an increased uptake

    你也會得到一個增加的吸收

  • of the body's naturally circulating endorphins.

    身體自然循環的內啡肽的。

  • Now that is because you do quite a lot of exercise at your ribcage

    那是因為你在肋骨處做了大量的運動。

  • when you laugh.

    當你笑的時候

  • It's exactly the same as a runner's high

    這和跑者的高點是完全一樣的

  • or the good feeling you get after exercising.

    或運動後的良好感覺。

  • And interestingly that's true of laughter

    有趣的是,笑聲也是如此

  • even if you've completely faked the laughter,

    即使你已經完全偽造了笑聲。

  • so it does suggest that it's something to do

    所以,它確實表明,它的東西做的

  • with the ha-ha-ha movements.

    與哈哈哈的動作。

  • So if you want to get your endorphins going,

    所以,如果你想讓你的內啡肽去。

  • you can start by laughing out loud.

    你可以從大笑開始。

  • And if you're by yourself and have no one to laugh with,

    如果你一個人,沒有人陪你笑。

  • here's something that might help.

    這裡的東西,可能會有所幫助。

  • Oh my god.

    哦,我的上帝。

  • Oh!

    哦!

  • Where did you find that?

    你在哪裡找到的?

  • What is that?

    那是什麼?

  • (laughing)

    (笑)

Laughter is a social emotion,

笑是一種社會情感。

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B1 中級 中文 笑聲 黑猩猩 寶寶 傳染 肋骨 肺部

人類為什麼會笑?| 英國廣播公司的理念 (Why do humans laugh? | BBC Ideas)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 04 月 15 日
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