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  • Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I'm Neil.

    你好,這裡是BBC學習英語的6分鐘英語。這是BBC學習英語的6分鐘英語。我是尼爾。

  • And I'm Georgina.

    我是喬治娜

  • Have you finished writing that report yet, Neil?

    你寫完報告了嗎,尼爾?

  • Err, not quiteit's almost done.

    呃,不完全是--就快完成了。

  • Well, finish it this morning please, then make sure you've planned all the

    好了,今天早上完成它,請,然後確保你已經計劃好了所有的。

  • studio sessions for the week and show me so I can double check, OK?

    本週的工作室會議,並告訴我,所以我可以仔細檢查,好不好?

  • [Sigh] OK. Has this ever happened to you?

    [嘆氣]OK。這曾經發生在你身上嗎?

  • Being micromanaged by someone?

    被人微觀管理?

  • That's what it's called when your boss wants to control everything, down to the smallest detail.

    這就是所謂的當你的老闆想要控制一切,甚至是最小的細節。

  • and I notice you've written the report in font size 11

    ...我注意到你把報告寫成了11號的字體

  • when I told you to use size 12!

    我告訴你用12號的時候!

  • [Sigh] If this keeps up I'm might go on strike.

    [嘆氣]如果這樣下去,我可能會去罷工。

  • It wouldn't be the first time someone has refused to continue working

    這已經不是第一次有人拒絕繼續工作了

  • because of an argument with their boss.

    因為和老闆吵架。

  • Hmm, maybe I'd better go easy on Neil.

    嗯,也許我最好對尼爾好一點。

  • After all, I don't want a repeat of what happened on the

    畢竟,我不希望重蹈覆轍。

  • American spaceship, Skylab - the subject of this programme.

    美國的宇宙飛船 "天空實驗室"--本節目的主題。

  • In 1973, three US astronauts on board the Skylab space station

    1973年,三名美國太空人登上了 "天空實驗室 "空間站。

  • had a disagreement with mission control over their workload

    與特派團控制部門在工作量問題上發生了分歧

  • in an incident that has, incorrectly, been called the Skylab space 'strike'.

    在這起事件中,被錯誤地稱為Skylab太空 "罷工"。

  • But before we find out more, let me ask you my quiz question

    但在我們瞭解更多之前,讓我來問你我的測驗題--------。

  • if that's OK, boss?

    如果可以的話,老闆?

  • Go ahead.

    去吧

  • Well, the Skylab astronauts felt they had been given too much work

    天空實驗室的太空人覺得他們被賦予了太多的工作。

  • to complete during the space flight.

    要在太空飛行期間完成。

  • But how did they protest to their bosses at ground control?

    但他們是如何向地面控制中心的老闆抗議的呢?

  • Did they… a) pretend the radio had broken? b) stop shaving and grow beards?,

    他們是不是... a)假裝收音機壞了? b)停止刮鬍子,留鬍子?

  • or, c) fake the results of their experiments?

    或者,c)偽造他們的實驗結果?

  • I guess, a) pretending the radio had broken,

    我想,一)假裝收音機壞了。

  • would show them who's bossalthough floating in

    會讓他們知道誰是老大--雖然漂浮在

  • space without radio contact sounds a bit dangerous to me!

    沒有無線電聯繫的空間對我來說有點危險!

  • OK, Georgina, we'll find out what really happened later.

    好吧,喬治娜,我們稍後會知道到底發生了什麼。

  • Now, Skylab was planned to be the fourthand final -

    現在,天空實驗室計劃成為第四個,也是最後一個。

  • crewed flight to orbit the Earth.

    載人飛行到地球軌道。

  • For scientists it was the last chance to test out their theories

    對科學家來說,這是檢驗他們理論的最後機會。

  • in space and the Skylab crew were asked to study everything

    天空實驗室的工作人員被要求研究所有的事情

  • about space travel, from its effects on the human body

    從空間旅行對人體的影響來看,空間旅行的意義是什麼?

  • to how spiders make webs.

    到蜘蛛如何結網。

  • Here's one of the Skylab astronauts, Ed Gibson, telling Lucy Burns,

    這是天體實驗室的太空人之一,艾德-吉布森,告訴露西-伯恩斯。

  • presenter of BBC World Service programme, Witness History,

    英國廣播公司世界服務節目《見證歷史》的主持人。

  • how they communicated with ground control:

    他們是如何與地面控制中心溝通的。

  • We got our instructions over a teleprinter.

    我們在電傳機上得到了我們的訓示。

  • One morning we had about 60 feet of teleprinter message

    有一天早上,我們有大約60英尺的電報機資訊。

  • to cut up and divide up and understand before we even get to work.

    要先切磋,再分化,還沒開始工作就明白了。

  • All space missions run to a tight schedule all the way down to

    所有的空間飛行任務都是按照嚴格的時間表進行的,直到...。

  • exercise times and meal breaks but the Skylab 4 astronauts

    鍛鍊時間和用餐時間,但Skylab 4太空人

  • felt their ground control team was being particularly bossy.

    覺得他們的地控團隊特別霸道。

  • I don't know if any of you have ever had to work

    我不知道你們中是否有人曾經工作過... ...

  • do something under the conditions of micromanagement

    管中窺豹

  • it's bad enough for an hour, but try 24 hours a day

    一個小時已經夠糟了,但一天24小時試試... ...

  • we're just not constructive that way, we're not getting things

    我們只是沒有建設性的方式,我們沒有得到的東西。

  • done the way we should because we couldn't use our own judgment.

    做了我們應該做的事情,因為我們不能用自己的判斷。

  • With so many experiments to carry out and a limited time in space,

    由於要進行的實驗太多,空間時間有限。

  • the Skylab crew had a tight schedule - a small amount of time to finish a job.

    天空實驗室的工作人員時間很緊--完成一項工作的時間很少。

  • Bosses at ground control sent radio messages every morning,

    地面控制中心的老闆們每天早上都會發來無線電資訊。

  • detailing exactly their duties for that day.

    詳細說明他們當天的具體職責。

  • They sound like real micromanagers, Neil!

    他們聽起來像真正的微觀管理者,尼爾!

  • Absolutely! Or in other words, bossy - always telling people what to do!

    絕對是!或者換句話說,專橫跋扈--總是對別人指手畫腳!

  • Astronaut, Ed Gibson, wanted to use his professional judgement

    太空人艾德-吉布森想用他的專業判斷力

  • to complete the work, not be bossed around by ground control

    完成工作,而不是被地面控制指揮

  • 24 hours a dayan expression meaning, all day and night.

    一天24小時--表達的意思是,一天到晚都是這樣。

  • When one of the astronauts got sick, it was decided that

    當其中一名太空人生病時,人們決定

  • they would take turns talking to ground control.

    他們會輪流和地面控制人員交談。

  • But one day, all three of them missed the daily radio meeting

    但是有一天,他們三個人都錯過了每天的廣播會議

  • and some Nasa bosses thought they'd gone on strike!

    一些NASA的老闆還以為他們罷工了呢!

  • In the crisis talks that followed, both crew and ground control

    在隨後的危機會談中,無論是機組人員還是地面控制部門

  • agreed better ways of working and communicating

    商定更好的工作和交流方式 -- --

  • and less micromanagement!

    而少了微觀管理!

  • But the newspapers had already got hold of the story,

    但報紙已經掌握了這個故事。

  • and to this day the incident is misremembered as the 'strike' in space.

    直到今天,該事件被誤認為是太空中的'罷工'。

  • Here's Ed Gibson again, speaking to BBC World Service's,

    又是艾德-吉布森,對BBC世界服務的。

  • Witness History, on what he learned from the experience:

    見證歷史,講述他從這段經歷中得到的啟示。

  • We all conclude that we learned something from it

    我們都得出結論,我們從中學到了一些東西--。

  • micromanagement does not work, except when you're

    微觀管理是行不通的,除非你是

  • in a situation that demands it like a lift-off or a re-entry

    在需要它的情況下,比如升空或重返... ...

  • and fortunately I think that's been passed down to the

    幸運的是,我認為這已經傳到了我的身上

  • space station people and they learned that that's the way to go.

    空間站的人,他們瞭解到這是要走的路。

  • In the end Nasa agreed that trusting people to do their jobs was

    最後,Nasa也認為,相信人們的工作是。

  • the way to gothe best method for doing a particular thing.

    途徑------做某件事的最佳方法。

  • I told you, Georginano-one likes being bossed around!

    我告訴過你,喬治娜--沒人喜歡被人指揮!

  • Including the Skylab astronauts!

    包括天體實驗室的太空人!

  • But was my answer correct? About how they protested?

    但我的回答正確嗎?關於他們如何抗議?

  • Ah yes, in my quiz question, I asked how the Skylab astronauts

    啊,對了,在我的問答題中,我問天體實驗室的太空人是如何

  • protested to their bosses. What did you say?

    向他們的老闆抗議。你怎麼說?

  • I thought the astronauts, a) pretended the radio had broken.

    我以為太空人,一)假裝收音機壞了。

  • Ah, good guess, Georgina, but actually the answer was

    啊,猜得好,喬治娜,但實際上答案是... ...

  • b) they stopped shaving and grew beards.

    b)他們不再刮鬍子,而是留起了鬍子。

  • Unless that was just another experiment?!

    除非那只是另一個實驗?

  • Let's recap the vocabulary, starting with micromanage

    我們先來回顧一下詞彙,從微觀管理開始------。

  • control everything, down to the smallest detail.

    控制一切,直到最小的細節。

  • If you're bossy, you're always telling people what to do.

    如果你很霸道,你總是告訴別人該怎麼做。

  • But be careful, because your workers might go on strikerefuse to work.

    但要小心,因為你的工人可能會罷工--拒絕工作。

  • The Skylab astronauts had a tight schedule

    天空實驗室的太空人日程安排得很緊湊----------。

  • a small amount of time to complete their jobs.

    少量的時間來完成他們的工作。

  • They felt their bosses were watching them twenty-four hours a day,

    他們覺得老闆一天二十四小時都在監視他們。

  • or all the time.

    或一直都在。

  • But in the end, trusting people is the way to go

    但歸根結底,相信人是要走的路--。

  • the best method of doing something.

    最好的方法

  • That's all for now, but watch this space for more trending topics

    暫時就到這裡,但請關注本空間,瞭解更多熱門話題。

  • and useful vocabulary, here at BBC 6 Minute English.

    和有用的詞彙,在BBC 6分鐘英語這裡。

  • And if you like topical discussions and want to learn how

    如果你喜歡話題性的討論,並想了解如何進行。

  • to use the vocabulary found in headlines, why not try out

    要使用標題中的詞彙,為什麼不嘗試一下

  • our New Review podcast?

    我們的新評論播客?

  • Don't forget you can also download the app for

    不要忘了你也可以下載應用程序,用於

  • free from the app store.

    免費從應用商店。

  • And remember to check us out on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

    記得在Facebook、Twitter和Instagram上查看我們。

  • Over and out!

    完畢!

  • Bye!

    再見!

Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. I'm Neil.

你好,這裡是BBC學習英語的6分鐘英語。這是BBC學習英語的6分鐘英語。我是尼爾。

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B1 中級 中文 太空人 實驗室 老闆 天空 控制 喬治娜

太空人罷工?6分鐘英語 (Astronauts on strike? 6 Minute English)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 03 月 25 日
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