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  • a dormant volcano in Iceland has come back to life for the first time in nearly 800 years.

    冰島的一座休眠火山近800年來首次復活。

  • The night sky lit up near the capital Reykjavik late on Friday.

    週五深夜,首都雷克雅未克附近的夜空亮了起來。

  • The eruption came after thousands of small earthquakes in the region in recent weeks.

    這次噴發是在最近幾周該地區發生數千次小地震後發生的。

  • The area is a seismic hotspot and all air traffic has been halted.

    該地區是地震熱點地區,所有的空中交通都已停止。

  • Iceland is home to Europe's most active volcanic region.

    冰島是歐洲最活躍的火山地區的所在地。

  • So let's go to Iceland's capital Reykjavik and bring in seismologist Dr Thornburg August daughter from Iceland.

    所以我們去冰島首都雷克雅未克,從冰島請來地震學家索恩伯格-奧古斯特博士女兒。

  • Geo.

    Geo.

  • Sorry.

    對不起,我不知道

  • Thanks for joining us.

    謝謝你加入我們的行列。

  • Um, what kind of threat level are we looking at here?

    嗯,什麼樣的威脅水準 我們正在尋找在這裡?

  • Is anybody's life in danger?

    有人有生命危險嗎?

  • No, not at the moment.

    不,目前沒有。

  • What we're looking at is a very, very small eruption.

    我們看到的是一個非常非常小的噴發。

  • And this is a fissure eruption.

    而這是一個裂縫噴發。

  • So we, um the last evening and throughout the night we had some lava fountain ning.

    所以,我們,嗯,最後一個晚上,整個晚上我們有一些熔岩噴泉。

  • Um and you have some lava flowing you can maybe see in the pictures.

    嗯,你有一些熔岩流,你也許可以看到在圖片。

  • Um, but it's a very small eruption.

    嗯,但這是一個非常小的爆發。

  • Threat levels are very low, and the experts are saying that this is happening in the best possible place.

    威脅程度很低,專家們都說這是發生在最好的地方。

  • Excuse me.

    對不起,請原諒

  • Best possible place in the in the peninsula, um, regarding, um infrastructure and people so at the moment.

    最好的地方在半島,嗯,關於,嗯基礎設施和人,所以目前。

  • Since the eruption is very small, nobody is, uh, in danger.

    由於噴發量很小,沒有人有危險。

  • Luckily, and the area of Iceland, where you are, as you know, better better than anyone is listed as one of the most seismological e active areas in the world.

    幸運的是,和冰島的地區,你是,你知道,比任何人都好被列為世界上最地震e活躍地區之一。

  • Are you able to learn anything from what's going on now?

    從現在的情況來看,你能學到什麼嗎?

  • Yeah, we're learning by every hour.

    是啊,我們每小時都在學習。

  • Um, so, as you mentioned, there's 800 years since we have the last eruption in this peninsula.

    正如你所說,這個半島最後一次噴發已經有800年了。

  • Um, this, uh, eruption type is completely different to what you experience in 2010.

    嗯,這個,呃,噴發類型是完全不同的 你在2010年的經驗。

  • It will not close to European airspace or for a period of time.

    它不會靠近歐洲空域,也不會在一段時間內。

  • Firstly, is very small.

    首先,是非常小的。

  • The second is it's a completely different type of corruption.

    二是它是一種完全不同的腐敗類型。

  • Um, what we're learning is that we can have a seismic activity in this case outlining, uh, intruding magma at depth.

    我們正在學習的是,我們可以有一個地震活動 在這種情況下,勾勒出岩漿入侵的深度。

  • Uh, and then you can have the magma to use this time to go to the surface.

    呃,然後你可以讓岩漿利用這個時間去地表。

  • Uh, it could have stopped them.

    呃,它可以阻止他們。

  • Froze.

    愣住了。

  • Uh, the news from yesterday was was maybe is it dying down or will we have an eruption?

    呃,昨天的新聞是,也許是它正在消退,還是我們會有一個爆發?

  • Um, so what?

    嗯,那又怎樣?

  • You see what happened last night?

    你看到昨晚發生了什麼嗎?

  • We had the eruption.

    我們有火山爆發。

  • Okay, listen.

    好吧,聽著。

  • So It's quite uncertain, in a way.

    所以從某種程度上說,這是很不確定的。

  • Okay.

    好吧,我知道了

  • I think the last time many of us paid attention to volcanoes in Iceland was in that 2010 event.

    我想我們很多人上一次關注冰島的火山是在2010年的那次事件中。

  • I'm going to try to say the name of the volcano.

    我要試著說出火山的名字。

  • I think it was, uh uh uh.

    我想是,呃呃呃。

  • Correct me if I'm wrong.

    如果我說錯了,請糾正我。

  • I'm sure.

    我確定

  • Okay.

    好吧,我知道了

  • Um, how is this different?

    嗯,這有什麼不同?

  • What's happening now?

    現在是什麼情況?

  • How is this different from then?

    這和當時有什麼不同?

  • You were saying It's It's It's a completely different type of event.

    你說這是一個完全不同類型的事件。

  • Yes, so, in a obviously, you're good.

    是的,所以,在一個明顯的,你是好的。

  • You had this more like a starter volcano.

    你的這個更像是一個啟動的火山。

  • Um, you had a glacier on top.

    嗯,你有一個冰川在頂部。

  • You had a different chemistry in the magma, which meant you had more explosive activity was enhanced by the glacier.

    你在岩漿中的化學成分不同,這意味著你有更多的爆炸性活動被冰川增強。

  • If the hot magma touching the the ice, you will have an explosive eruption.

    如果熾熱的岩漿接觸到冰層,就會發生爆炸性的噴發。

  • Um, and that the chemistry of this, uh, magma meant that there was very fine grained.

    岩漿的化學成分意味著有很細的顆粒。

  • So you flew very far, far with the with the ash and the wind.

    所以你飛得很遠,很遠,帶著灰和風。

  • And but in this case, in drunkenness, what we have is a very small fissure eruption.

    而但在這種情況下,在醉酒的情況下,我們有的是一個非常小的裂縫爆發。

  • It's only about 700 m.

    只有700米左右。

  • It's flowing quite gently.

    它的流動很溫柔。

  • The lava fountains reached maximum 100 m.

    熔岩噴泉最高達到100米。

  • Okay, yesterday evening, and so it's completely different.

    好吧,昨天晚上,所以完全不同。

  • You don't have a 10 kilometer eruption column, so, yeah, it's a totally different scenario, but it's very beautiful.

    你沒有10公里的噴發柱,所以,是的,這是一個完全不同的場景,但它非常美麗。

  • It is beautiful.

    它是美麗的。

  • Less spectacular, perhaps, but, uh, certainly still interesting to observe.

    也許沒有那麼壯觀,但是,呃,當然還是很有趣的觀察。

  • Scientifically, I'm sure.

    科學上,我肯定。

  • Dr.

    博士

  • Thornburg Algotsdotter from Reykjavik.

    Thornburg Algotsdotter從雷克雅未克。

  • Thanks so much for that.

    非常感謝你

  • Don't worry.

    別擔心

  • Thanks.

    謝謝你

  • Thank you.

    謝謝你了

  • Mm.

    嗯。

  • So the situation in green Topic is quite uncomfortable right now.

    所以現在綠色主題的情況很不樂觀。

  • Everyone is sleep deprived because the earth is constantly moving all day, all night.

    每個人都睡眠不足,因為地球一天到晚都在不停地運動。

  • Some earthquakes are bigger than others.

    有些地震比其他地震大。

  • Some are 3.1 summer, 4.2 Today we had a big 15.4.

    有的是3.1夏天,4.2今天我們有一個15.4的大。

  • Things fell down on the shelves in the house, even though I had laid many things down.

    家裡的架子上的東西都掉了下來,儘管我已經放下了很多東西。

  • Mm hmm.

    嗯哼。

  • Mhm.

  • Mhm.

  • Right now, it's about one kilometer depth.

    現在,它的深度大約是一公里。

  • And all of this pressure from the magma is causing a lot of earthquakes.

    岩漿的壓力導致了大量的地震。

  • I think the guys at the Meteorological Office has recorded 40,000 events in almost three weeks, so it's a pretty strong activity.

    我想氣象局的人在近三週內記錄了4萬個事件,所以它的活動非常強大。

  • And we've never seen anything like this on readiness before.

    而且我們從來沒有見過這樣的準備工作。

  • Nothing written and recorded history.

    沒有任何文字和歷史記錄。

  • So it's quite unusual activity.

    所以這是很不尋常的活動。

  • Mm.

    嗯。

a dormant volcano in Iceland has come back to life for the first time in nearly 800 years.

冰島的一座休眠火山近800年來首次復活。

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B1 中級 中文 地震 岩漿 冰島 噴發 火山 地區

火山噴發照亮了冰島的天空,經過數週的地震後,冰島的天空被照亮了。 (Volcano eruption lights up Iceland sky after weeks of earthquakes | DW News)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 03 月 20 日
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