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  • - Fancy plane rides, pink Lamborghinis,

    - 乘坐花式飛機,粉色蘭博基尼。

  • and giant homes in California.

    和加州的巨型住宅。

  • Influencers love to flaunt a lavish lifestyle

    影響者喜歡炫耀奢侈的生活方式。

  • but what would actually happen to the planet

    但實際上地球會發生什麼

  • if everybody lived like an influencer?

    如果每個人都像一個有影響力的人一樣生活?

  • - Better yet, how many Earths would we need

    - 更好的是,我們需要多少個地球?

  • to sustain the lifestyle of everyone saying,

    來維持大家的生活方式說。

  • "Make sure you give this video a thumbs up.

    "一定要對這個視頻豎起大拇指。

  • "Make sure you like, subscribe,

    "請您務必點贊、訂閱。

  • "and you comp that merch below, bro."

    "和你comp下面的商品,兄弟。"

  • - Let's start with-

    - 讓我們從...

  • - Driving, the thing I hate most on Earth.

    - 開車,是我在地球上最討厭的事情。

  • The most famous influencers live in America

    最著名的影響者住在美國

  • where 6 million cars are purchased each year.

    在那裡,每年有600萬輛汽車被購買。

  • And in the year 2015, Americans' combined driving length

    而在2015年的時候,美國人的綜合駕駛長

  • was from Earth to Pluto and back 500 times.

    是從地球到冥王星來回500次。

  • Most specifically though, influencers live here

    不過最特別的是,影響者住在這裡

  • in the epicenter of the entertainment industry, La La Land.

    在娛樂業的中心,拉拉樂園。

  • You might be a romantic and think of L.A.

    你可能是一個浪漫的人,想到洛杉磯。

  • as the city of leading men swinging their arms

    揮舞著手臂的城市的上司

  • and dancing on the big screen.

    和大屏幕上的舞蹈。

  • But now it's more like beefcake men swinging something else

    但現在更像是牛肉餅人在揮舞別的東西

  • on this small screen.

    在這個小螢幕上。

  • In L.A., on average people drive 9.3 miles per day,

    在洛杉磯,人們平均每天開車9.3英里。

  • which feels insane when you're from a place like Toronto,

    當你來自多倫多這樣的地方時,感覺很瘋狂。

  • but it's actually 54% less

    但實際上卻少了54%。

  • than the rest of Southern California.

    比南加州其他地區。

  • This is because many Angelenos,

    這是因為很多天使人。

  • which is what you're called when you live in L.A.

    你住在洛杉磯的時候就叫這個名字了

  • which is kind of amazing, take public transit.

    這是一種驚人的,採取公共交通。

  • But when is the last time you saw a vlogger

    但是,你最後一次看到一個vlogger是什麼時候?

  • or YouTuber on a bus?

    還是優步在公車上?

  • They'd be like, "Oh my God, is this on?

    他們會說,"哦,我的上帝,這是怎麼回事?

  • "Do I look okay? (gasps)

    "我看起來還好嗎?(喘氣)

  • "It's taking a lot for me to tell you this,

    "我花了很多時間才告訴你這些。

  • "and you know how much I love you guys.

    "你知道我有多愛你們,

  • "Something really crazy happened to me.

    "我身上發生了一件很瘋狂的事情。

  • "Like story time, okay.

    "像故事時間,好吧。

  • "I had to take a bus."

    "我只好坐公車。"

  • (dramatic instrumental music)

  • - And the cream of the crop celebrities or influencers

    - 還有那些精英名人或有影響力的人。

  • live here in the West L.A. hills, aka the Hollywood Hills.

    住在這裡的西洛杉磯山,也就是好萊塢山。

  • According to public data, people who live here

    據公開數據顯示,生活在這裡的人

  • drive the most out of everyone in all of L.A.,

    開車的人最多,在整個洛杉磯。

  • and things add up quickly as any employee or friend

    物以類聚,人以群分

  • also needs to drive up into these hills

    也要開進這些山裡

  • to get to your house,

    去你的房子。

  • leading to an average of 11.1 vehicle miles

    導致平均每輛車行駛11.1英里。

  • traveled per day.

    每天的旅行。

  • This is why we constantly see influencers making videos

    這就是為什麼我們不斷看到有影響力的人制作視頻的原因

  • in their car like this.

    在他們的車上這樣。

  • - Hi, sisters. - Hi.

    - 嗨,姐妹們- 嗨,姐妹們

  • (group laughing)

    (組笑)

  • - Oh my gosh, that was kind of scary.

    - 哦,我的天哪,那是一種可怕的。

  • - Also, did you know that 20% of meals in America

    - 還有,你知道美國有20%的飯菜

  • are actually eaten in the car?

    其實都是在車上吃的?

  • (sighs) The American dream.

    (嘆氣)美國夢。

  • - I feel guilty. (crunches)

    - 我感到內疚。(仰臥起坐)

  • - But if we're all rich influencers,

    - 但如果我們都是有錢的影響者。

  • we can afford to buy an electric vehicle

    我們有能力購買電動車

  • like a Tesla, right?

    像特斯拉,對吧?

  • Let's assume we can.

    我們假設可以。

  • Buying a Tesla is still actually worse for the environment

    買特斯拉其實對環境還是比較惡劣的。

  • than taking public transit,

    比乘坐公車。

  • and charging it still relies on the current power grid.

    而充電還是要靠現在的電網。

  • Also, I am aware of the irony of me filming this in our car.

    另外,我也意識到我在我們的車裡拍這個的諷刺。

  • I mean, we're influencers after all.

    我的意思是,我們畢竟是有影響力的人。

  • Nobody's perfect

    沒有人是完美的

  • - And since we're in Cali, it's not that bad.

    - 因為我們是在卡利,它不是那麼糟糕。

  • California has amazing renewable energy sources.

    加州擁有驚人的可再生能源。

  • In 2018 only 3.3% of the power grid came from coal

    2018年,電網中只有3.3%的電力來自煤炭

  • and 0.16 came from crude oil,

    而0.16來自原油。

  • compared to the rest of America where 13.1% comes from coal

    與美國其他地區相比,13.1%來自於煤炭。

  • and 36.4 from crude oil.

    和36.4來自原油。

  • So charging a Tesla in L.A. is pretty green

    所以,在洛杉磯給特斯拉充電是非常環保的。

  • compared to the rest of America and even the world.

    與美國其他地區乃至世界相比。

  • But California still relies pretty heavily on natural gas,

    但加州仍然相當依賴天然氣。

  • not to mention the raw materials

    何況是原料

  • it takes to make a Tesla in the first place.

    它需要在第一時間製造特斯拉。

  • When you add it all up,

    當你把所有的事情加起來。

  • it starts taking a toll on the Earth.

    它開始對地球造成傷害。

  • Based on eco footprint calculations,

    基於生態足跡的計算。

  • we would need 4.3 Earth to sustain a world

    我們需要4.3個地球來支撐一個世界

  • where everyone had the same driving lifestyle

    在那裡,每個人都有同樣的駕駛生活方式

  • as an influencer.

    作為一個影響者。

  • That's just based off of driving

    這只是基於駕駛

  • in some pretty ideal conditions.

    在一些相當理想的條件下。

  • But what about their- - Mansions?

    但是他們的---豪宅呢?

  • Huge houses require a lot of energy and electricity.

    巨大的房子需要大量的能源和電力。

  • To start, Americans consume 15% of the world's energy

    首先,美國人消耗了全球15%的能源

  • and 20% of the world's electricity,

    和全球20%的電力。

  • but make up only 4% of the world's population.

    但只佔世界人口的4%。

  • For context, the people of India and Sub-Saharan Africa

    就背景而言,印度和撒哈拉以南非洲的人民

  • consume only 10% of the world's electricity

    耗電量僅佔世界的一成

  • but make up 33% of the world's population.

    但佔世界人口的33%。

  • Influencers tend to flaunt these large, gorgeous,

    影響者往往會炫耀這些大而華麗的。

  • costly homes, but the true cost is on the Earth.

    昂貴的房子,但真正的代價是在地球上。

  • Take just air conditioning for example.

    僅以空調為例。

  • More than half of the air conditioning units in the world

    世界上一半以上的空調機都是如此

  • are in China and the U.S.,

    是在中國和美國。

  • and keeping them running uses 2.5 times more electricity

    而維持它們的運行則需要2.5倍的電力。

  • than the whole continent of Africa uses in a year.

    比整個非洲大陸一年的用量還要多。

  • One study I found calculated that 6% of all electricity

    我發現的一項研究計算出,6%的電

  • in the U.S. is used for air conditioning,

    在美國是用於空調的。

  • and air conditioning our homes causes

    導致我們的家庭和空調

  • more than 100 million tons

    億噸以上

  • of carbon dioxide emissions every year.

    每年的二氧化碳排放量。

  • Not to mention the cement or concrete that's needed

    更不用說要用水泥或混凝土了。

  • to build these large homes as, surprisingly,

    以建造這些大型住宅為,竟然。

  • concrete accounts for 5% of global carbon dioxide emissions

    混凝土佔全球二氧化碳排放量的5%

  • and is the second most consumed substance

    並且是第二大消費的物質

  • on Earth after water.

    在地球上水後。

  • But a lot of these influencers do their best.

    但這些影響者很多都是盡力而為。

  • They carpool.

    他們拼車。

  • They don't always eat meat.

    他們並不總是吃肉。

  • They are minimalists.

    他們是極簡主義者。

  • Is that what this is?

    是這樣的嗎?

  • This looks like an evil villain's lair in a Disney movie.

    這看起來像迪士尼電影裡的邪惡反派的巢穴。

  • Even if we assume that these influencers never eat meat

    即使我們假設這些有影響力的人從來沒有吃過肉。

  • and that they have some energy efficient appliances

    和他們有一些節能電器

  • in their home, you can run a calculation to find out

    在他們的家中,你可以進行計算,以找出

  • that if we all drove and had mansions like L.A. influencers

    如果我們都開著車,有豪宅 像洛杉磯的影響者。

  • we would need 10.9 Earths to sustain the lifestyle.

    我們將需要10.9個地球來維持生活方式。

  • - So hold up.

    - 所以,等一下。

  • How are we calculating the amount of Earths?

    我們如何計算地球的數量?

  • Using geographical locations and behavioral averages

    使用地理位置和行為平均數

  • for income and neighborhood information,

    以獲取收入和鄰里資訊。

  • we can measure an influencer's global hectares.

    我們可以衡量一個影響者的全球公頃數。

  • This measurement looks at how much land, sea,

    這種測量方式看的是陸地、海洋的多少。

  • and other resources are needed to produce

    和其他資源的需要

  • what each person's global hectare will be per year.

    每個人每年的全球公頃數是多少;

  • And there's many online calculators where you can figure out

    而且有許多在線計算器,你可以計算出。

  • your own eco footprint.

    你自己的生態足跡。

  • But we're actually gonna need a lot more Earths

    但我們實際上需要更多的地球。

  • because influencers, and us right now, are using a service

    因為影響者,和我們現在,正在使用的服務。

  • that emits a lot more carbon dioxide than you might think,

    排放的二氧化碳比你想象的要多得多。

  • and that is- - Online video platforms.

    那就是--在線視頻平臺。

  • The energy needed to store, deliver, distribute,

    儲存、輸送、分配所需的能量。

  • and even watch online video leads to 0.4 kilograms

    甚至看在線視頻導致0.4公斤的體重

  • of CO2 emissions per hour.

    每小時的二氧化碳排放量;

  • In 2018, 228.8 million people in the U.S.

    2018年,美國有228.

  • watched digital content for 82 minutes each day,

    每天觀看數字內容82分鐘。

  • adding 1.3 billion kilograms of CO2

    增加13億公斤的二氧化碳

  • to the atmosphere per year.

    每年對大氣層的影響。

  • So if we all became online influencers,

    所以,如果我們都成為網絡影響者。

  • our CO2 release would be astronomical.

    我們的二氧化碳釋放將是天文數字。

  • Plus, we'd be uploading so much

    另外,我們要上傳這麼多的東西

  • and then downloading so much,

    然後下載這麼多。

  • so the servers and energy to cool the servers

    所以服務器和能源冷卻服務器

  • would be insane.

    將是瘋狂的。

  • Did you know that they're trying to put servers

    你知道嗎,他們正試圖把服務器。

  • up in the Arctic so we don't have to spend as much money

    在北極,所以我們不必花那麼多錢。

  • trying to cool them and as much energy trying to cool them?

    試圖冷卻他們,並儘可能多的精力試圖冷卻他們?

  • Either way, uploading and downloading all this video

    不管是哪種方式,上傳和下載這些視頻

  • would be really bad for the planet.

    將是非常糟糕的地球。

  • Not to mention- - The closet.

    更不用說衣櫃了

  • (sighs) Back in the closet, I see.

    回到衣櫃裡,我明白了。

  • Hello darkness, my old friend

    你好,黑暗,我的老朋友

  • - The fashion industry is the second most polluting industry

    - 時尚行業是第二大汙染行業

  • in the world,

    在世界上。

  • responsible for 10% of greenhouse gas emissions.

    佔溫室氣體排放量的10%。

  • MIT calculated that the global impact

    麻省理工學院計算出,全球影響

  • of producing polyester alone was somewhere around

    僅生產聚酯的成本就約為1.5億美元。

  • 706 million metric tons of carbon dioxide,

    7.06億公噸二氧化碳;

  • or about what 185 coal-fired power plants emit in a year.

    或約185家燃煤電廠一年的排放量。