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  • Winter is coming and we've all been told to put a jacket on outside, or you'll catch a cold!


  • Of course, the common response to today has become, "Don't be silly, being cold can't give you a cold!"


  • Or can it? Who wins in this battle of the beliefs?


  • The correlation between cold weather and sickness does stand out.


  • Between 5 to 20 percent of Americans catch a cold or flu every year around late fall and winter.

    大約 5-20% 的美國人在晚秋和冬天染上流感。

  • Not to mention, it's called a cold. But there are some important things to consider.

    更不用說這個字本身就叫 「著涼」 (感冒),但還有一些重要因素要考慮。

  • First and foremost: colds and the flu are caused by viruses. If there aren't any around, you won't catch a cold, no matter how cold you get. It's as simple as that.


  • So why the correlation with decreasing temperatures? Well, for one, people tend to stay indoors much more often during the winter, which in turn, puts them in contact with more people.

    那為什麼會跟氣溫下降有關? 一方面,冬天人們傾向待在室內,因此,使他們和更多人接觸。

  • More people, means more exposure opportunities for the pathogens to spread.


  • On top of this, humidity plays a role in the spread of some viruses.


  • As the humidity decreases in the winter, not only does the virus spread more readily, but the mucus in your nose dries out.


  • Mucus which would otherwise act as a protective barrier to pathogens.


  • Finally, the lack of Vitamin D, which we get from the sun, can affect our immune system adversely.

    最後,缺乏來自太陽的維生素 D,會使我們的免疫系統下降。

  • Both being inside more often, and the fact that winter has shorter days makes this a big factor for your health.


  • So you've proven your parents wrong... right? Not so fast!


  • While some past studies have shown no correlation to temperature, recent evidence suggests otherwise.


  • One study which put test subjects feet into ice water found that they were, indeed, more likely to develop common cold symptoms in the following days than those who didn't.


  • The developing hypothesis behind these results is that cold temperatures cause blood vessel constriction,


  • which slows the white blood cells from reaching the virus, ultimately inhibiting the immune response.


  • Cortisol levels, which suppress the immune system, are also increased with temperature and induce stress.


  • Furthermore, studies on both mice and human airway cells found that immune reaction to the common cold virus is in fact, temperature dependent.


  • Warm-infected cells are more likely to undergo programmed cell death to limit the spread of infection.


  • Finally, studies of the virus itself have revealed a secret weapon of sorts.


  • In winter temperatures, the virus' outer layer or envelope becomes much harder and acts like a shield.


  • This allows it to spread from person to person much more easily.


  • But at warm temperatures, this layer is more of a gel, which is not quite tough enough to protect the virus against the elements.


  • As a result, its spreading ability is compromised.


  • So, maybe your parents weren't so wrong after all. A happy compromise of going outside more often, bundled up, is likely to get you through the winter unscathed.


  • New to AsapSCIENCE? We've put together a couple playlists to make watching our videos a little easier.

    第一次看 AsapSCIENCE? 我們建了幾個讓你更方便看我們影片的播放清單。

  • The first is a mix of our favourite and most popular videos, and the other contains every single AsapSCIENCE video in a row... because why not.

    第一個清單是我們最喜歡和最受歡迎的影片,其他則包含所有來自 AsapSCIENCE 的影片,因為... 何嘗不可呢?

  • Also make sure you're following us FB, Twitter, Google plus, Tumblr, Instagram, Vine, and any other social media you can think of.

    還有,確定你已經有在 FB、Twitter、Google+、Tumblr、Instagram、Vine 和其他你想得到的社交媒體追蹤我們。

  • Links in the description.


  • As always, ask away any burning questions, and subscribe, for more weekly science video!


Winter is coming and we've all been told to put a jacket on outside, or you'll catch a cold!


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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 感冒 病毒 免疫 影片 溫度 氣溫

寒冷會讓我們感冒嗎? (Does Being Cold Make You Sick?)

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    姚易辰 發佈於 2020 年 12 月 24 日