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  • Hmm-hmm-hmm.

    嗯哼哼。

  • Hey, my phone's ringing.

    嘿,我的電話在響

  • I wonder who it could be.

    不知道會是誰呢?

  • Hey, there's E and Mini E. Let's listen in on the conversation.

    嘿,那是E和小E,我們來聽聽他們的對話吧

  • But before we do, I want to explain today's lesson is on the short forms of some auxiliary

    但在這之前,我想先解釋一下今天的課程是關於一些助詞的簡寫形式。

  • verbs, such as the verb: "have", "would", and "will", and how we use...

    動詞,如動詞:"有"、"會"、"會",以及我們如何使用... ...

  • how you can tell when you should use a contraction or what the contraction means when you see it.

    當你看到收縮詞時,你如何判斷何時應該使用收縮詞或收縮詞的含義。

  • If you don't know what I mean, don't worry; we'll go to the board and we'll figure it out.

    如果你不明白我的意思,別擔心,我們去董事會,我們會想辦法的。

  • First off, let's listen to this conversation.

    首先,我們來聽聽這段對話。

  • "I would call James again but he is not home."

    "我想再給詹姆斯打電話,但他不在家。"

  • Well, I have my phone on me.

    嗯,我有我的手機在我身上。

  • "Well, I'd call him again if I were you."

    "好吧,如果我是你,我會再給他打電話。"

  • Now, this video is brought to you for... this is for Vanessa from Peru.

    現在,這段視頻是為... 這是為祕魯的Vanessa帶來的。

  • She's Mini E because she's short; she's short.

    她是迷你E,因為她很矮,她很矮。

  • It's kind of... don't get angry, Vanessa.

    這是一種... 不要生氣,凡妮莎。

  • Anyway, so this is a contraction.

    總之,所以這是一個收縮。

  • Now, is this: "I would" or "I had"?

    現在,這是。"我會 "還是 "我有"?

  • If you don't know, it's okay; our lesson today will teach you how.

    如果你不知道,沒關係,我們今天的課程會教你怎麼做。

  • So, let's do a quick overview of what we're talking about.

    那麼,讓我們對我們正在談論的內容做一個快速的概述。

  • We're going to talk about the verb "to have", the verb "to be", and a couple of modal verbs,

    我們要講的是動詞 "有",動詞 "是",還有幾個情態動詞。

  • and what the contractions are.

    以及收縮的內容是什麼。

  • I've put the contractions up here, and as you can see: "had" becomes "'d", "has" becomes

    我把這些收縮詞放在這裡,你可以看到,"了 "變成了 "了","了 "變成了 "了"。"had "變成了"'d", "has "變成了. .

  • "'s", the contraction for "have" is "'ve".

    "'s","有 "的縮略語是"'ve"。

  • The apostrophe tells us that the beginning part of the verb is missing, so this is what

    撇號告訴我們,動詞的起始部分缺失了,所以這才是

  • is left over.

    是剩餘的。

  • When we look over at the verb "to be", the same thing is here.

    當我們把 "被 "這個動詞看過去,這裡也是一樣的。

  • We have the verb... you know, we have "are" becomes "'re", "is" becomes "'s", and "am"

    我們有動詞... 你知道,我們有 "are "變成"'re","is "變成"'s","am"。

  • becomes "'m".

    變成"'米'"。

  • If you were paying close attention, I have "'s" and "'s", and you might say: "Well, if

    如果你密切注意,我有 "的 "和 "的", 你可能會說,"嗯,如果...

  • you have both, how do I know the difference?"

    你兩樣都有,我怎麼知道區別?"

  • We're going to get there.

    我們會到達那裡的

  • The last one for the modal verbs are: "would" and "will".

    最後一個為情態動詞的是。"會 "和 "會"。

  • And once again, "'d" and you'll say: "Hey, you've done it again.

    再一次,"'d",你會說,"嘿,你又來了。

  • There are two of these."

    有兩個這樣的。"

  • I go: Yeah, I know, and so will you shortly, and how to tell the difference and use it.

    我去。是的,我知道,所以你會很快, 以及如何區分和使用它。

  • And the "'ll".

    還有那個"'會"。

  • I'm not talking LL Cool J. Sorry.

    我不是在說LL Cool J,對不起。

  • [Laughs] Anyway, so how do we identify or use these in the correct form?

    [笑]無論如何,我們如何識別或使用這些正確的形式?

  • So, let's go... start off with the verb "have" to start off with.

    那麼,我們就從 "有 "這個動詞開始說起吧。

  • We've got the "'d", "'s", "'ve".

    我們已經得到了"'d","'s","'ve"。

  • Well, what you want to find after you have this added to any pronoun, like: "I've", "you've",

    好吧,你想找到什麼後,你有這個添加到任何代詞,如:"I've", "you've",

  • or what have you, is look for a past participle.

    或什麼的,就是找一個過去分詞。

  • A past participle is a word that indicates a past... that the past is attached to it.

    過去分詞是一個表示過去的詞... ...表示過去的東西附在上面。

  • Some are easy.

    有些人很容易。

  • With regular verbs they're exactly the same; irregular verbs, they can be changed.

    有規律的動詞,它們完全一樣;不規律的動詞,它們可以改變。

  • So: "see" becomes not "saw", but "seen".

    所以,"見 "就變成了不是 "見",而是 "見"。"看見 "不是 "看見",而是 "看見"。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • "Be" becomes "been"; or "gone" instead of "went".

    "被 "變成了 "被";或者是 "去 "而不是 "去"。

  • So, sometimes they're different than the past... the past verbs, and other times they're exactly

    所以,有時候他們和過去的... 過去的動詞不一樣,有時候又完全一樣。

  • the same.

    同樣的。

  • So let's look an example in this case for the "have".

    所以我們看一個例子,在這種情況下,"有"。

  • "I'd seen the movie before."

    "我以前看過這部電影。"

  • Well, we know this... how do we know this is: "I had seen"?

    好吧,我們知道這一點... 我們怎麼知道這是。"我看到了"?

  • This is a past participle.

    這是一個過去分詞。

  • So: "I'd seen", this is a past participle, and we look this, we know this is: "I had

    所以,"我見過"。"我見過",這是一個過去分詞, 我們看這個,我們知道這是,"我曾

  • seen the movie before."

    以前看過電影。"

  • Good.

    很好啊

  • Let's look at the next one.

    我們來看下一個。

  • Is it: "He is gone home" or "He has gone home"?

    它是:"他回家了 "還是 "他回家了"?

  • Well, "is" this is a past participle: "gone", so then we know this is "has", so: "He has

    嗯,"是 "這個是過去分詞:"走了",那麼我們就知道這個是 "已",所以。"他已經

  • gone home."

    回家了。"

  • Good.

    很好啊

  • And then what about this one?

    那這個呢?

  • It's almost easy because it's "'ve", so we know it's going to be "have", but: "I've always

    這幾乎很容易,因為它是"''過",所以我們知道它會是 "有",但。"I've always

  • loved"... remember I said this is a regular past tense?

    愛過",記得我說過這是一個普通的過去式嗎?

  • So, this past participle is a regular verb, so it's easy to see here.

    所以,這個過去分詞是一個常規動詞,所以這裡很容易看出。

  • "I have always loved these flowers; they are beautiful".

    "我一直很喜歡這些花,它們很美"。

  • "I've loved", past participle.

    "我愛過",過去分詞。

  • Good.

    很好啊

  • All right.

    好吧,我知道了

  • So now that we've looked at that example, let's look at the other one that might be

    那麼現在我們已經看了這個例子,讓我們看看另一個可能是

  • a bit confusing with the verb "to be" because we have the "'s" and the "'s".

    與動詞 "被 "有點混淆,因為我們有 "的 "和 "的"。

  • What can we do to identify it so we know the correct form to use?

    我們該如何鑑別,才能知道正確的使用形式?

  • Well, we have: "'re", "'s", and "'m".

    嗯,我們有。"'re", "'s", 和"'m".

  • And the first thing it says here is: If you see any of this and it's followed by a verb

    而這裡說的第一件事就是。如果你看到這些東西,而且後面跟著一個動詞...

  • with an "ing", then it's probably the verb "to be".

    帶 "ing "的,那麼它可能是動詞 "被"。

  • Or if it's followed by an adjective, it's the verb "to be"; not the verb "to have".

    或者如果後面是形容詞,那就是動詞 "被";而不是動詞 "有"。

  • What are the examples?

    有哪些例子?

  • Well, we're going to take the same sentences we have here, and redo them in a fashion that

    好了,我們要採取同樣的句子 我們在這裡,並重新做他們的方式,

  • we can see the difference.

    我們可以看到區別。

  • So, here, it says: "I'm seeing that movie later".

    所以,在這裡,它說:"我以後要看那部電影"。

  • "I am" is followed by a verb "to be", "ing", "that movie".

    "我 "後面是動詞 "被"、"ing"、"那部電影"。

  • Good.

    很好啊

  • Now, let's look at the second sentence: "He's going home."

    現在,讓我們看看第二句話。"他要回家了"

  • Now, before we didn't know if it was: "He has going home" or "He is going home", but

    現在,以前我們不知道它是。"他要回家了 "還是 "他要回家了",但是。

  • we notice there is a verb-"ing" here, which makes this the verb "to be".

    我們注意到這裡有一個動詞 "ing",這就使得這裡是動詞 "被"。

  • "He is going home."

    "他要回家了。"

  • And if we compare over here: "He has gone", we can see the past participle versus the

    如果我們在這裡比較一下,"他已經走了",我們可以看到過去分詞與...

  • verb with "ing" to make it clear.

    動詞加 "ing",使之明確。

  • Good.

    很好啊

  • And now let's look at the last one.

    現在我們來看最後一個。

  • I played a little trick here to make it a little bit more interesting.

    我在這裡玩了一個小把戲,讓它變得更有趣一些。

  • "I love these flowers; they're beautiful."

    "我喜歡這些花,它們很美。"

  • We see the "'re" is here, and you're going to say: "I don't see an 'ing'.

    我們看到"'re'"在這裡,你會說,"我沒看到'ing'"。"我沒有看到一個 "ing"。

  • Well, what is that?"

    嗯,那是什麼?"

  • Do you remember what I said?

    你還記得我說的話嗎?

  • It also can be followed by an adjective, because: "I am happy", "happy" is an adjective.

    也可以在後面加個形容詞,因為。"我很快樂","快樂 "是一個形容詞。

  • In this case, it is: "The flowers are beautiful", so the flowers, they are beautiful.

    在這種情況下,是這樣的。"花很美",所以花,很美。

  • So it's showing an adjective following this contraction to explain it's the verb "to be".

    所以它在這個收縮詞後面顯示了一個形容詞,來解釋它是動詞 "被"。

  • Good?

    好嗎?

  • You're doing a good job.

    你做得很好

  • Now let's go to the third and final one before we go to our, you know... the stage where

    現在,讓我們去第三個,也是最後一個 之前,我們去我們的,你知道... 的階段,在那裡,你知道

  • I like to check to make sure you understand and sort of, like, a little test, but really

    我喜歡檢查,以確保你的理解和排序,喜歡,一個小測試,但真的。

  • it's to finalize your learning.

    是為了最後的學習。

  • Let's look at the modal verbs: "would" and "will".

    我們來看看情態動詞。"會 "和 "會"。

  • As I said before, the "'d" might be confusing for you because we have it on the verb to...

    我之前說過,"'d'"可能會讓你感到困惑,因為我們的動詞是...

  • verb to... verb "to have".

    動詞to... 動詞 "有"。

  • So, how do we identify it so that we know that they're not the same?

    那麼,我們該如何鑑別,才能知道它們不一樣呢?

  • Well, let's take a look.

    好吧,讓我們來看看。

  • "I'd see that movie if it were free."

    "如果那部電影是免費的,我一定會去看。"

  • Now, when we said it was the verb "to have", you need a past participle.

    現在,我們說是動詞 "有",你需要一個過去分詞。

  • A rule for modals are: When you... is when you have a modal it's followed by the base

    模態的一個規則是:當你..:當你... 當你有一個模態的時候,它的後面會有一個基本的...

  • form of the verb.

    動詞的形式。

  • Right?

    對吧?

  • So, an example: "I can do it", "You could go", "We will"...

    所以,舉個例子。"我能做到","你可以去","我們會"... ...

  • I'll say: "We will do something", "We will... we will buy it".

    我會說:"我們會做點什麼","我們會..:"我們會做一些事情","我們會... 我們會買下它"。

  • So, the verb that follows a modal has to be in the base form, versus the verb that follows

    所以,跟在情態後面的動詞必須是基礎形式,與跟在動詞後面的

  • the verb "have", which is a past participle.

    動詞 "有",是過去分詞。

  • So, let's look here: "I'd seen the movie", "I'd see the movie".

    所以,我們看這裡。"我看過電影","我會看電影"。

  • This is the base form.

    這是基本形式。

  • So, because we had the base form, we know it cannot be a past participle, therefore

    所以,因為我們有基本形式,我們知道它不可能是過去分詞,所以

  • it's not the verb "have".

    它不是動詞 "有"。

  • So, it means: "I would see", and that's what it is.

    所以,它的意思是。"我會看到",這就是它。

  • "I would see that movie".

    "我會看那部電影"。

  • And I'll give you another little thing that I didn't mention.

    我再給你一件小事,我沒說。

  • We're talking about conditional here because "I'd", here, this is imaginary.

    我們這裡說的是條件,因為 "我會",這裡,這是想象的。

  • "I would see if..."

    "我想看看是否..."

  • So: "I would if..."

    那就..:"我會,如果..."

  • That'll be helpful sometimes, if you look for this "if" that follows, and that would

    這有時候會很有幫助,如果你找一找後面的這個 "如果",那會

  • give you: "I would do this if..."

    給你。"我會這樣做,如果..."

  • Cool?

    酷嗎?

  • All right.

    好吧,我知道了

  • But just sticking to the basic rule, anyway: "I" followed by a verb in the base, it's easy

    但無論如何,只是堅持基本規則。"我 "後面跟著一個動詞,這很容易。

  • enough to remember.

    足以讓人記住。

  • This is just a little extra hint for you.

    這只是給你一個小小的額外提示。

  • All right?

    好嗎?

  • Now let's look over here.

    現在讓我們看看這裡。

  • The next one: "He'll go home."

    下一個。"他要回家了"

  • The verb is in the base, so we know this, the "'ll" is: "He will go home."

    動詞在基礎上,所以我們知道,這個"'會 "是。"他要回家了"

  • Future tense, right?

    未來時態,對吧?

  • "He will go home in five minutes", or what have you.

    "他5分鐘後就會回家",或者什麼的。

  • And let's look at the final one: "I'll always love these flowers; they are beautiful".

    而我們來看最後一朵。"我永遠愛這些花,它們很美"。

  • "I'll", apostrophe, we know this... we're using a contraction.

    "I'll",撇號,我們知道... ... 我們用的是收縮詞。

  • And "love" is in the base form; not: "loved" or...

    而 "愛 "是基礎形式;不。"愛 "或...

  • I don't know.

    我不知道。

  • Yeah.

    是啊。

  • I'm trying to think of something funny, like... to put in the past participle, but "loved"

    我在想一些有趣的事情,比如... 放在過去分詞裡,但是 "愛"。

  • would be it.

    會是它。

  • So: "I'll", "love" base form, this way we know that this is a modal verb and we're using

    所以。"I'll","love "的基本形式,這樣我們就知道這是一個情態動詞,我們用的是... ...

  • "will".

    "將"。

  • Pretty good?

    很好嗎?

  • Got it so far?

    到現在為止明白了嗎?

  • I want to do something, but we're going to take a small break before we go to the quiz

    我想做一些事情,但我們要在去測驗前稍作休息。

  • at the end where we can actually compare and just make sure you really solidified that

    在最後,我們可以實際比較,只是確保你真的鞏固了,

  • answer.

    回答:

  • So, I'm going to give you a double-click, and we'll go there, and then we'll come back

    所以,我要給你一個雙擊, 我們會去那裡,然後我們會回來。

  • at the end for our little quiz.

    在最後進行我們的小測驗。

  • Are you ready?

    你準備好了嗎?

  • [Snaps twice]

    [啪啪兩聲]

  • Okay.

    好吧,我知道了

  • So, I'm just a little casual because we're going to do a quick, little review; and then,

    所以,我只是有點隨意,因為我們要做一個快速的、小的回顧;然後。

  • you know, when my sweater's back on, it'll be the regular lesson.

    你知道,當我的毛衣的背上, 這將是正常的教訓。

  • Are you ready?

    你準備好了嗎?

  • Let's