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  • Hello and welcome back to the Skills 360 podcast.

    大家好,歡迎回到技能360播客。

  • I'm your host, Tim Simmons, and today I want to finish off our look at

    我是你的主人,蒂姆-西蒙斯,今天我想結束我們的觀察,在

  • the top 10 essential business English skills.

    十大必備商務英語技能。

  • In our last lesson, I focused on small talk and English conversation skills such as expressing

    在上一節課中,我重點講解了小語種和英語會話技巧,如表達

  • opinions, asking questions, rejecting ideas, and getting action.

    意見,提出問題,拒絕想法,並獲得行動。

  • Of course, “conversationis what comes to mind when someone talks about language skills.

    當然,"對話 "是人們在談論語言技巧時想到的。

  • But a lot of our English communication is not conversation, per se.

    但我們的很多英語交流,本身就不是對話。

  • Your skill set has to include a lot more than expressing opinions, agreeing, disagreeing,

    你的技能組合必須包括很多東西,不僅僅是表達意見,同意,不同意。

  • and making small talk.

    並進行閒聊。

  • Imagine for a second that you're delivering a presentation in English or conducting a

    想象一下,你正在用英語做一個演講,或者進行一個

  • training session.

    訓練課。

  • What kind of skills do you need in those situations?

    在這些情況下,你需要什麼樣的技能?

  • Well, one thing you need to master is talking about how something happens or how something

    好吧,你需要掌握的一件事是,談論某件事情是如何發生的,或者某件事情是如何的

  • is done.

    已完成。

  • By that I mean describing a process or giving instructions.

    我的意思是描述一個過程或給出訓示。

  • The key skill here is what we call sequencing, or putting your ideas in a logical order and

    這裡的關鍵技巧就是我們所說的排序,或者說把你的想法按邏輯順序排列,並且

  • making that order clear to your audience.

    讓你的聽眾清楚這個順序。

  • To do this, you might use simple words likefirst,” “second,” “third,” “next,”

    要做到這一點,你可以使用簡單的詞,如 "第一"、"第二"、"第三"、"下一個"。

  • andfinally.”

    和 "終於"。

  • But you might also use expressions likeat this point,” “meanwhile,” andsubsequently.”

    但你也可以使用 "此時"、"同時"、"隨後 "等表達方式。

  • Using this kind of language helps you organize your ideas, and you'll be less likely to

    使用這種語言可以幫助你組織你的想法,你就不容易出現

  • lose your audience.

    失去你的觀眾。

  • Connecting words aren't limited to processes and instructions.

    連接詞並不限於過程和指令。

  • Adept English speakers will use all sorts of words to connect their ideas and structure

    善於使用英語的人將使用各種詞彙來連接他們的想法和結構。

  • a good argument.

    一個好的論點。

  • Think about proposing an idea to your boss.

    想想向你的老闆提出一個想法。

  • Will you rattle on and hope he picks up the thread of what you're trying to say?

    你會喋喋不休,希望他能接上你想說的話題嗎?

  • Or will you present a cohesive and persuasive argument using expressions likebecause

    或者你會用 "因為 "這樣的表達方式,提出一個有凝聚力和說服力的論點。

  • of this,” “therefore,” “nevertheless,” andfurthermore?”

    的","是以","然而 "和 "進一步"?

  • Now I am not suggesting that you pepper your speech with these kinds of words just to sound

    我並不是建議你在講話中加入這類詞語,以便讓人聽起來... ...

  • intelligent.

    聰明的。

  • There's a time and place for these formal expressions.

    這些形式上的表達是有時間和地點的。

  • But the importance of organizing your ideas holds true in any situation.

    但整理思路的重要性在任何情況下都是適用的。

  • And in more casual circumstances, you can simply rely more on simpler words likeand,”

    而在比較隨意的情況下,你可以簡單的多依靠一些比較簡單的詞語,比如 "和",。

  • but,” andso.”

    "但是 "和 "所以"。

  • Besides presentations or training, another important situation with a special skill set

    除了演講或培訓,另一個重要的情況下,有特殊的技能設置

  • is bargaining, or negotiating in English.

    是討價還價,或英語中的談判。

  • And I'm not just talking about high-level talks on corporate partnerships or negotiating

    我說的不僅僅是關於企業合作關係的高層會談,也不僅僅是談判

  • a major business deal.

    一個重大的商業交易。

  • Any situation that involves give and take, cooperation, or compromise involves a kind

    任何涉及到付出和收穫、合作或妥協的情況都涉及到一種。

  • of bargaining.

    討價還價的。

  • Maybe you and a colleague are trying to design a website together.

    也許你和一個同事正想一起設計一個網站。

  • Or you and your boss are trying to figure out a work schedule.

    或者你和你的老闆正試圖制定一個工作時間表。

  • Or you are trying to get two of your employees to agree on a project budget.

    或者你正試圖讓你的兩個員工就項目預算達成一致。

  • These are all situations that demand bargaining skills.

    這些情況都需要討價還價的技巧。

  • You need to acknowledge both sides and propose trade-offs.

    你需要承認雙方的觀點,並提出取捨。

  • Often this requires you to make conditional sentences, using words likeif,” “unless,”

    通常這需要你做條件句,使用 "如果"、"除非 "等詞語。

  • andas long as.”

    和 "只要"。

  • And if those statements are hypothetical, you'll have to make sure you get a handle

    如果這些說法都是假設性的,你得確保你能處理好。

  • on important helping verbs likewouldandcould.”

    在重要的幫助動詞上,比如 "會 "和 "能"。

  • Okay, I've talked a lot today about organizing your ideas, and about situations that require

    好吧,我今天談了很多關於組織你的想法,以及關於需要組織的情況。

  • clarity of information.

    資訊的清晰度;

  • This brings me to another essential skill: summarizing.

    這讓我想到了另一個基本技能:總結。

  • What happens after you've presented a clear and logical argument, or you've negotiated

    當你提出了一個清晰而有邏輯的論點,或者你已經協商好了,會發生什麼?

  • a compromise in a meeting?

    會議上的妥協?

  • Well, you need to ensure everyone can latch on to the main ideas.

    那麼,你需要確保每個人都能抓住主旨。

  • That's when you summarize.

    那就是你總結的時候。

  • You might hear a summary introduced with expressions liketo sum up,” orlet's recap

    你可能會聽到用 "總結 "或 "讓我們回顧一下 "這樣的表達方式來介紹總結。

  • briefly.”

    短暫的。"

  • But the real skill is figuring out what those main ideas or points are and then stating

    但真正的技巧是弄清楚這些主要觀點或要點是什麼,然後說明。

  • them concisely.

    他們簡明扼要。

  • You can't repeat everything that was said verbatim.

    你不能一字不差地重複所有說過的話。

  • You need to distill only what is essential and paraphrase ideas appropriately.

    你需要只提煉出最本質的東西,並適當地轉述觀點。

  • Now before I do exactly that with my own ideas for this lesson, I've got one more essential

    現在,在我以自己的想法來完成本節課的具體操作之前,我還有一個必不可少的工作就是

  • but challenging skill for you: speaking clearly.

    但對你來說是一項具有挑戰性的技能:講清楚。

  • You probably know some people who seem to just have a knack for clear speech.

    你可能認識一些人,他們似乎只是有一個清晰的語言的訣竅。

  • But it's not just innate talent.

    但這不僅僅是天生的天賦。

  • You can learn to sound clear too, if you put in the time and effort.

    只要你肯花時間和精力,你也可以學得很清楚。

  • So practice correct pronunciation.

    所以要練習正確的發音。

  • Try to enunciate clearly, even when it doesn't feel natural for your mouth to make certain

    試著清晰地發音,即使你的嘴感覺不自然,也要做出一定的發音。

  • shapes or sounds.

    形狀或聲音。

  • It gets easier with practice.

    練習後會變得更容易。

  • But if you mumble, or don't make the effort to try to produce the right sounds and intonation,

    但如果你喃喃自語,或者不努力嘗試發出正確的聲音和音調。

  • then it doesn't matter what you say, because people won't be able to understand you.

    那你說什麼都無所謂了,因為人們不會理解你。

  • Now how about that summary?

    現在,這個總結怎麼樣?

  • I've covered five essential skills for every ace English speaker.

    我介紹了每一個英語高手必備的五個技能。

  • First, there's the ability to present a sequence or step-by-step instructions.

    首先,是能夠呈現出一個序列或步驟的說明。

  • Next is the skill of connecting your ideas logically.

    其次是將自己的想法進行邏輯連接的技巧。

  • Then there's bargaining and summarizing.

    然後是討價還價,總結。

  • And finally, you need to work on your pronunciation and intonation.

    最後,你還需要鍛鍊自己的發音和語調。

  • That's all for today.

    今天就到這裡吧。

  • So long.

    再見

  • And happy learning!

    並快樂學習!

Hello and welcome back to the Skills 360 podcast.

大家好,歡迎回到技能360播客。

字幕與單字
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B1 中級 中文 技能 總結 英語 技巧 表達 想法

商務英語--商務英語交流--十大技能(2) (Business English – Business English Communication - Top 10 Skills (2))

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 02 月 08 日
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