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  • MICHAEL: Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

    嗨,我是ETS的邁克爾。嗨,我是ETS的邁克爾。

  • Today on Inside the TOEFL Test,

    今天的《托福考試內參》。

  • we're going inside the TOEFL iBT Listening section.

    我們要進入托福iBT聽力部分。

  • Specifically, the Function questions.

    具體來說,函數題。

  • Function questions ask you to identify the particular meaning

    功能題要求你確定特定的意義

  • of a statement in a given context,

    在某一特定的語境中,一個聲明的。

  • because a statement can have different meanings

    因為一言堂可以有不同的含義

  • depending on the situation.

    視情況而定。

  • In other words, the real meaning is different

    換句話說,真正的意義是不同的

  • from the surface or literal meaning.

    從表面或字面意思看。

  • For example, if you are in a room with other people

    例如,如果你和其他人在一個房間裡。

  • and someone says, "It's getting chilly in here,"

    有人說:"這裡越來越冷了"

  • what they might really be saying is,

    他們真正想說的是:

  • "Could someone close the window?"

    "誰能把窗戶關上?"

  • You can recognize function questions

    你可以認識函數問題

  • because they include phrases like:

    因為它們包括以下短語:

  • "What does the professor mean when he says...?"

    "教授說...... "是什麼意思?

  • or "Why does the student say ... ?"

    或 "學生為什麼說......?"

  • Now let's look at a sample question from a conversation

    現在讓我們來看一個對話中的問題示例

  • between a coach and a student who are catching up

    青出於藍而勝於藍

  • on what happened while the student was away.

    關於學生外出時發生的事情。

  • Here is an excerpt from the conversation:

    以下是對話的節選。

  • MALE COACH: Hi, Elizabeth.

    嗨,伊麗莎白。

  • FEMALE STUDENT: Hey, Coach.

    嘿,教練。

  • I just thought I'd stop by to see what I missed

    我只是想來看看我錯過了什麼。

  • while I was gone.

    我不在的時候

  • MALE COACH: Well, we've been working real hard on our plan

    我們一直在努力制定我們的計劃。

  • for the next game ...

    為下一場比賽...

  • I've asked Susan to go over it with you

    我已經讓Susan和你一起去看了一遍了

  • before practice this afternoon,

    今天下午練習前。

  • so you'll know what we're doing.

    所以你會知道我們在做什麼。

  • FEMALE STUDENT: Okay.

    女學生:好的。

  • MALE COACH: By the way, how did your brother's wedding go?

    男教練:對了,你弟弟的婚禮辦得怎麼樣?

  • FEMALE STUDENT: Oh, it was beautiful.

    女學生:哦,真漂亮。

  • And the whole family was there.

    而且全家人都在那裡。

  • I saw aunts and uncles and cousins I hadn't seen in years.

    我看到了多年未見的叔叔阿姨和表哥表姐。

  • MALE COACH: So it was worth the trip.

    男教練:所以這趟旅行是值得的。

  • FEMALE STUDENT: Oh definitely.

    女學生:哦,當然。

  • I'm sorry I had to miss practice, though.

    我很抱歉我不得不錯過練習,雖然。

  • I feel bad about that.

    我感覺很不好。

  • MALE COACH: Family's very important.

    家庭是非常重要的。

  • FEMALE STUDENT: Yep.

    女學生:對。

  • Okay, I guess I'll see you this afternoon at practice, then.

    好吧,我想我會看到你 今天下午在練習,然後。

  • MICHAEL: Here's an example of a function question:

    MICHAEL: Here's an example of function question:這是一個函數問題的例子。

  • What does the man mean when he says "Family's very important."

    這個男人說 "家庭很重要 "是什麼意思?

  • When looking at the answer options,

    在看答案選項時。

  • think about the context of the conversation.

    思考談話的背景。

  • So when the coach asks about the wedding, and says things like,

    所以,當教練問起婚禮的事情,說了這樣的話。

  • "so it was worth the trip" and "family is very important,"

    "所以這趟旅行是值得的","家庭是非常重要的"。

  • you can conclude that the coach understands

    你可以得出結論,教練明白

  • and agrees with her decision to miss practice.

    並同意她缺席訓練的決定。

  • So D is the correct answer.

    所以D是正確答案。

  • Here's a tip for building your listening skills

    這裡有一個培養你傾聽能力的小竅門。

  • that can also help with function questions:

    這也可以幫助解決功能問題。

  • When listening to a passage,

    在聽一段話的時候。

  • ask yourself what the speaker is really doing

    捫心自問,說話人到底在做什麼

  • by saying certain things.

    通過說某些話。

  • The speaker may be doing things like: Directing; Recommending;

    演講者可能會做這樣的事情。指揮;推薦。

  • Complaining; Agreeing or Disagreeing; Questioning;

    抱怨;同意或不同意;質疑。

  • or Confirming.

    或確認。

  • When you know these types of intentions

    當你知道這些類型的意圖

  • and that they often happen "beneath the surface"

    而且它們往往發生在 "表面之下"

  • of what is said, they can help you identify the function

    他們可以幫助你識別功能。

  • of what is said more easily.

    的說法更容易。

  • There are lots of ways to improve your English skills.

    有很多方法可以提高你的英語能力。

  • Whatever you do, keep practicing.

    不管你做什麼,都要繼續練習。

  • And good luck on your TOEFL test.

    並祝你托福考試順利。

MICHAEL: Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

嗨,我是ETS的邁克爾。嗨,我是ETS的邁克爾。

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A2 初級 中文 學生 教練 練習 托福 函數 婚禮

託福®聽力題--功能 │ 託福®考試內涵 (TOEFL® Listening Questions - Function │ Inside the TOEFL® Test)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 27 日
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