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  • MICHAEL: Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

    嗨,我是ETS的邁克爾。嗨,我是ETS的邁克爾。

  • Today on Inside the TOEFL Test,

    今天的《托福考試內參》。

  • we're going inside the TOEFL iBT Reading section.

    我們要進入托福iBT閱讀部分的內部。

  • Specifically, the Sentence Simplification questions.

    具體來說,就是句子簡化題。

  • Sentence Simplification questions

    句子簡化題

  • ask you to identify a sentence

    請你找出一句

  • that has essentially the same meaning

    大同小異

  • as a sentence from the reading passage.

    作為閱讀段落中的一句話。

  • The correct answer choice contains the main ideas

    正確的答案選擇包含的主要觀點是

  • from the sentence in the passage

    語段中的句子

  • but may leave out minor or unimportant details.

    但可能會遺漏一些次要或不重要的細節。

  • It should restate the most important information

    它應該重申最重要的資訊

  • in a simpler way.

    以更簡單的方式。

  • Sentence Simplification questions are easy to recognize

    句子簡化題容易識別

  • because the wording of the question

    因為問題的措辭

  • is always exactly the same:

    總是完全一樣的。

  • "Which of the sentences below best expresses

    "下面哪句話最能表達出

  • the essential information in the following sentence?

    下面句子中的基本資訊?

  • Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways

    錯誤的選擇在重要的方面改變了意義

  • or leave out essential information."

    或遺漏基本資訊"。

  • The highlighted sentence will have both essential

    突出顯示的句子將同時具備以下兩個基本

  • and non-essential information.

    和非必要的資訊。

  • Your job is to pick the answer choice

    你的任務是選擇答案

  • that best includes the essential information

    的基本資訊

  • and leaves out the non-essential information.

    而忽略了非必要的資訊。

  • Answering this type of question will require you

    回答這類問題需要你

  • to understand the relationship

    以瞭解

  • between the pieces of information in the sentence.

    句子中的資訊片段之間。

  • Often, there is an important cause/effect relationship,

    往往有一個重要的因果關係。

  • or there may be a conclusion based on some evidence.

    或有可能根據一些證據得出結論。

  • So look for those same ideas in the answer choices.

    所以在答題選擇中也要找這些思路。

  • Here's an example of a sentence simplification question

    下面是一個句子簡化題的例子。

  • from a passage about meteorite impacts and dinosaur extinction.

    從一個關於隕石撞擊和恐龍滅絕的段落。

  • This type of question can be challenging,

    這種類型的問題是很有挑戰性的。

  • because all of the answer choices

    因為所有的答案選擇

  • will contain words or phrases

    將包含以下字詞或短語

  • that are similar to ones in the given sentence.

    與給定句子中類似的。

  • For example,

    例如:

  • 3 of the answer choices talk about the explosion...

    其中3個答案選擇談到了爆炸... ...

  • ... 3 talk about fires

    ...3談火災

  • ... and 3 mention the destruction of plant life

    ......有3個提到了對植物生命的破壞。

  • So, can you identify the correct answer?

    那麼,你能確定正確答案嗎?

  • It's A, because all of the important information is aligned

    是A,因為所有的重要資訊都是一致的。

  • with the given sentence.

    與所給句子。

  • Both the given sentence and choice A talk about the large

    給定的句子和選擇A都談到了大的

  • amounts of nitric acid and melted rock...

    大量的硝酸和融化的岩石... ...

  • ...that were the result of the explosion...

    ...是爆炸的結果... ...。

  • ...and that started fires that destroyed plant life.

    ........並引發大火,摧毀植物生命。

  • The other responses have content

    其他答覆的內容

  • that contradicts the highlighted sentence,

    與強調的句子相矛盾的。

  • or just isn't there.

    或只是不在那裡。

  • Choice B looks like a good answer at first,

    選擇B一開始看起來是個不錯的答案。

  • because it talks about the fires spreading and burning forests...

    因為它說的是火勢蔓延,燒燬森林... ...

  • But choice B says that it was the fires

    但選擇B說是火災的原因

  • that released the nitric acid,

    釋放出了硝酸。

  • which is different from the highlighted sentence,

    這與強調的句子不同。

  • which says that the nitric acid, along with the melted rock,

    其中說到硝酸,以及融化的岩石。

  • caused the fires.

    引起了火災。

  • Choice C can be eliminated

    選擇C可以排除

  • because it leaves out essential information

    因為它遺漏了重要資訊

  • about the fires and the destruction of forests

    火災和森林破壞的情況

  • and plant life.

    和植物生命。

  • Finally, choice D is incorrect because again,

    最後,選擇D不正確,因為又。

  • the cause and effect are reversed.

    因果倒置。

  • This one says that the fires caused the explosions,

    這個說的是火災引起的爆炸。

  • when it was really the other way around.

    而實際情況恰恰相反。

  • One tip to build your reading skills,

    一個小竅門,培養你的閱讀能力。

  • which will also help you answer

    這也將幫助你回答

  • sentence simplification questions,

    句子簡化題。

  • is to look at complex sentences or paragraphs,

    是看複雜的句子或段落。

  • and separate the main ideas from less important information.

    並將主要觀點與不太重要的資訊分開。

  • Non-essential information can be things like examples,

    非必要的資訊可以是例子之類的東西。

  • or text in parentheses, or very specific information

    或括號內的文字,或非常具體的資訊。

  • like numbers or dates.

    如數字或日期。

  • There are lots of ways to improve your English skills.

    有很多方法可以提高你的英語能力。

  • Whatever you do, keep practicing.

    不管你做什麼,都要繼續練習。

  • And good luck on your TOEFL test.

    並祝你托福考試順利。

MICHAEL: Hi, I'm Michael from ETS.

嗨,我是ETS的邁克爾。嗨,我是ETS的邁克爾。

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B1 中級 中文 句子 資訊 選擇 火災 段落 托福

託福®閱讀題 - 句子簡化 │托福考試內幕 (TOEFL® Reading Questions - Sentence Simplification │Inside the TOEFL® Test)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 27 日
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