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  • We've all heard of the 12 days of Christmas.

    我們都聽說過聖誕節的12天。

  • But what about 12 words of Christmas?

    但聖誕節的12個字呢?

  • Here's the story behind a few of them.

    下面就給大家講講其中幾個背後的故事。

  • OneXmas.

    一個...

  • Xmas has been contentious over the years, 

    多年來,聖誕節一直存在爭議, 。

  • with some arguing it's a term designed

    有人認為,這是一個專有名詞。

  • to remove the religious importance of Christmas.

    以消除聖誕節的宗教重要性。

  • In fact, X is the symbol forchi” -

    其實, X是 "氣 "的象徵----------。

  • the first letter in the Greek word for Christ, 

    希臘語中基督的第一個字母, 。

  • and that is why Christmas, or Christ's Mass, became Xmas.

    這就是為什麼聖誕節,或者說基督的彌撒,變成了Xmas。

  • TwoSanta.

    二...

  • Santa Claus comes from the Dutch, Sinterklass,

    聖誕老人來自荷蘭語,Sinterklass。

  • which literally translates as Saint Nicholas.

    字面翻譯為聖尼古拉斯。

  • Before Saint Nicholas was even born though,

    雖然在聖尼古拉斯出生之前。

  • the Norse god, Odin,

    北歐之神,奧丁。

  • was believed to lead a hunting party through the sky during Yule,

    據信,在尤利期間會帶領一支狩獵隊在天空中穿梭。

  • and he even delivered presents to children.

    他甚至給孩子們送禮物。

  • Threecarol.

    三... 卡羅爾。

  • Coming from the Latin "carula", meaning circular dance,

    來自拉丁語 "carula",意為圓舞曲。

  • carols used to be pagan songs, sung all throughout the year.

    頌歌過去是異教歌曲,一年四季都在唱。

  • They were swiftly adopted by the Romans, and then by the church,

    它們迅速被羅馬人採用,然後被教會採用。

  • as they were so popular.

    因為它們是如此受歡迎。

  • Fourbauble.

    四... 小玩意

  • This used to be the term for a baton carried by court jesters,

    以前是指宮廷小丑所攜帶的指揮棒。

  • or bauble bearers, in Tudor England.

    或者說是小飾物持有者, 在都鐸王朝的英格蘭。

  • Back in the 17th Century,

    早在17世紀。

  • to give the baubleto someone actually meant to make fun of them.

    把小飾品送給某人,其實是想取笑他們。

  • Fivetinsel.

    五... 錦上添花。

  • Coming from France, étincelle, meaningsparkleorspark”,

    來自法國,étincelle,意為 "火花 "或 "火花"。

  • it became part of our Christmas tree decorations

    它成為我們聖誕樹裝飾的一部分

  • thanks to a Ukrainian fairytale

    感謝烏克蘭的童話故事

  • all about a generous spider who took pity on a poor family,

    都是關於一隻慷慨的蜘蛛可憐了一個貧窮的家庭。

  • choosing to spend the night decorating their tree

    選擇在晚上裝飾他們的樹

  • with a web of gold and silver.

    與金銀網。

  • Sixstockings.

    六... 絲襪。

  • Originating from an old English word, stocc,

    源於一個古老的英語單詞,stocc。

  • meaning trunk of a tree,

    意思是樹幹。

  • our Christmas stockings also have their own Christmas tale behind them.

    我們的聖誕襪背後也有自己的聖誕故事。

  • In it, St Nicholas wanted to help a poor man and his daughters.

    其中,聖尼古拉斯想幫助一個窮人和他的女兒。

  • Knowing they wouldn't accept charity,

    知道他們不會接受施捨。

  • he threw three golden balls through their window at night,

    他在晚上從他們的窗口扔了三個金球。

  • each one landing in a different stocking.

    每個人都落在不同的襪子裡。

  • The balls were sometimes represented as oranges,

    球有時被代表為橘子。

  • which is why we get oranges in our stockings today.

    這就是為什麼我們今天的襪子裡會有橘子。

  • Sevenchestnuts.

    七個... 栗子

  • We can trace the wordchestnutback to "kastaneia",

    我們可以把 "栗子 "一詞追溯到 "kastaneia"。

  • which means "nut from Castana" – a town in Greece.

    意思是 "來自卡斯塔納的堅果"--希臘的一個小鎮。

  • From here, our chestnuts trees were imported to the rest of Europe.

    從這裡開始,我們的栗子樹被進口到歐洲其他國家。

  • Roman soldiers used to roast them over an open fire,

    羅馬阿兵哥曾經用明火烤過它們。

  • or eat porridge out of them before they went into battle.

    或在他們上戰場前,從他們身上吃粥。

  • EightNativity.

    八...

  • The wordNativitycomes from the Latin wordnativus”,

    "誕辰 "一詞來自拉丁語 "nativus"。

  • meaning 'born'.

    意為'出生'。

  • It's thought the first Nativity scene

    人們認為第一個耶穌誕生的場景

  • was created by Saint Francis of Assisi in 1223.

    是由聖方濟各於1223年創建的。

  • Mary and Joseph are usually placed on either side of the manger.

    馬利亞和約瑟通常被放在馬槽的兩邊。

  • Then you have the shepherds.

    然後你有牧羊人。

  • And don't forget the three kings. They're traditionally added last.

    別忘了三王。他們傳統上是最後加的。

  • Ninereindeer.

    九隻... 馴鹿

  • Santa's reindeer technically come from New York,

    聖誕老人的馴鹿技術上來自紐約。

  • and a poem called A Visit from St Nicholas.

    和一首名為《聖尼古拉斯來訪》的詩。

  • Rudolph is also American,

    魯道夫也是美國人。

  • first appearing in a series ofcolouring books

    繪本系列

  • promoting the Christmas goods of a department store.

    推銷一家百貨公司的聖誕商品。

  • His red nose was nearly removed,

    他的紅鼻子幾乎被摘掉了。

  • as the store manager was concerned there'd be links drawn

    因為店長擔心會被牽扯進來

  • between it and heavy drinking.

    它和大量飲酒之間。

  • 10… mistletoe.

    10... 槲寄生

  • The latter half of mistletoe evolved out oftanmeaningtwig”.

    槲寄生的後半部分由 "tan "演變而來,意為 "樹枝"。

  • Themistle part was another word for

    霧的部分是另一個詞... ...

  • dung. Bird dung to be exact,

    糞便。確切地說,是鳥糞。

  • named as it is because mistletoe sprouted out of trees

    槲寄生

  • wherever birds congregated.

    凡是鳥類聚集的地方。

  • Kissing under the bird poo twig

    吻在鳥糞樹枝下

  • doesn't really sound as romantic, does it?

    聽起來並不浪漫,不是嗎?

  • 11… mince pies.

    11... 餡餅。

  • Starting out as a large oblong,

    開始是一個大長方形。

  • mince pies were originally a mixture of suet, fruit, cinnamon,

    餡餅原本是由羊脂、水果、桂皮混合而成。

  • cloves, nutmeg and

    丁香,肉豆蔻和... ...

  • meat.

    肉。

  • Served around Christmas,

    聖誕節前後食用。

  • the mince pie evolved throughout the Victorian era,

    碎肉派在維多利亞時代不斷髮展。

  • with the meat eventually being removed.

    而肉最終會被去除。

  • 12… mulled wine.

    12... 熱酒

  • Created by the Romans

    由羅馬人創建

  • when they'd heat wine to defend their bodies against the cold winter,

    當他們把酒加熱,以抵禦寒冷的冬天。

  • mulled wine spread across their empire

    杯酒釋兵權

  • and the regions they traded with.

    以及與他們進行貿易的地區。

  • Its popularity continued throughout the Middle Ages,

    它的流行一直持續到中世紀。

  • as we mixed heated wine with spices,

    當我們把加熱的酒和香料混合在一起時。

  • believing it would promote health and prevent sickness.

    認為可以促進健康,預防疾病。

  • And what better drink to sit back and toast

    還有什麼比這更好的酒可以坐下來幹呢?

  • to this world of culture and history we've surrounded ourselves with.

    到我們所包圍的這個文化和歷史的世界。

  • Merry Christmas, one and all!

    祝大家聖誕快樂

We've all heard of the 12 days of Christmas.

我們都聽說過聖誕節的12天。

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B2 中高級 中文 基督 樹枝 羅馬人 栗子 襪子 橘子

12個聖誕詞彙和傳統背後的故事|BBC創意網 (The story behind 12 Christmas words and traditions | BBC Ideas)

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    Summer 發佈於 2020 年 12 月 24 日
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