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  • Renae Moran: Hello. My name is Renae Moran and I'm the tree fruit specialist at the University

    Renae Moran:你好,我叫Renae Moran我叫Renae Moran,我是大學的樹果專家。

  • of Maine. We're here at the Agricultural Experiment Station in Monmouth. We call it the Highmoor

    緬因州的。我們在這裡的農業實驗站 在蒙茅斯。我們稱它為 "Highmoor

  • Farm.

    農場。

  • Today we're going to have a demonstration on pruning apple trees. It is the dormant

    今天我們'要進行蘋果樹的修剪示範。這是休眠期的

  • season, the best time of the year to do the majority of pruning for our fruit trees. You

    季節,是一年中為我們的果樹進行大部分修剪的最佳時期。你

  • want to prune your fruit trees between January and before growth starts in spring. We're

    想要在1月和春季開始生長之前修剪果樹。我們'是

  • in the month of April right now, which is an ideal time for pruning because a lot of

    在現在的4月份,這是一個理想的修剪時間,因為許多的

  • the snow has gone, but growth has not yet started.

    積雪已去,但生長還未開始。

  • Before pruning, it's important to know why you are pruning your fruit trees. There are

    在修剪之前,知道自己為什麼要修剪果樹很重要。有

  • several reasons for pruning fruit trees that are part of a hobby orchard.

    修剪屬於愛好果園的果樹的幾個原因。

  • Today we're going to prune this fruit tree to improve fruit production. But some people

    今天我們'要對這棵果樹進行修剪,提高果實產量。但是有些人

  • have apple trees that are a part of a landscape. In that case, you would prune fruit trees

    有蘋果樹,是景觀的一部分。在這種情況下,你會修剪果樹。

  • for aesthetic reasons, because of the shape of the tree and because of the flowers of

    出於美學的原因,因為樹的形狀,因為花的形狀

  • the tree.

    的樹。

  • But this tree, we'll prune for improved fruit production. To do that, we're going to prune

    但這棵樹,我們'將修剪以提高果實產量。為了做到這一點,我們將修剪

  • it so that it gets the most amount of sunlight throughout the tree canopy.

    使其在整個樹冠上獲得最多的陽光。

  • The tree behind me has already been pruned. When we pruned this tree, the first thing

    我身後的這棵樹已經被修剪過了。當我們修剪這棵樹的時候,第一件事...

  • we did was to select which limbs to keep, and then to prune the rest of the tree so

    我們做的是選擇要保留的樹枝,然後修剪其餘的樹,這樣一來

  • that each limb gets the most amount of sunlight as possible, without over-pruning the tree.

    儘可能讓每個樹枝都能得到最多的陽光,而不至於過度修剪。

  • This tree has a typical shape for a semi-dwarf apple tree. It's a cone-shaped tree, where

    這棵樹具有半矮化蘋果樹的典型形狀。它是一棵圓錐狀的樹,其中

  • the lower limbs are the longest limbs on the tree and the upper limbs are shorter than

    下肢是樹上最長的肢體,上肢短於

  • the tree. There's only one main trunk or leader to the tree.

    的樹。有'的只有一個主幹或上司的樹。

  • This type of training gets the most amount of sunlight throughout the entire tree canopy.

    這種訓練在整個樹冠上獲得的陽光量最多。

  • You'll notice that the lower limbs don't have other limbs growing right on top of them.

    你'會注意到,下肢沒有其他肢體長在它們的正上方。

  • Those were pruned out or were not allowed to grow, and the upper limbs have been shortened

    那些被修剪掉的或不允許生長的,上肢已經被縮短了

  • so that they're not growing down and into the lower limbs.

    以免他們'長到下肢。

  • The tree is pruned back in the top to be a certain height. The height would be a personal

    樹的頂部修剪回一定的高度。這個高度將是個人

  • preference, usually based on how tall your ladder is or how high you're willing to reach

    喜好,通常基於你的梯子有多高或你願意達到多高'。

  • into the tree.

    到樹上。

  • You'll also notice that the limbs have been pruned so that things growing underneath or

    你還會注意到,四肢已經被修剪過,所以,生長在下面的東西或

  • growing in a downward fashion have been pruned off, and shoots that are growing straight

    向下生長的嫩枝被修剪掉了,而直生的嫩枝則被修剪掉了。

  • up are no longer in this tree. This vertical or hooked-downward growing orientation cuts

    了都不在這棵樹上了。這種垂直或鉤狀向下的生長方向削減了它的生長空間。

  • out a lot of sunlight, and these types of branches don't produce the best fruit. So

    出了很多的陽光,這些類型的枝條不'產生最好的水果。所以

  • they get pruned out.

    他們得到修剪出來。

  • Then at some point, you have to know when to stop pruning to prevent yourself from over-pruning

    那麼在某些時候,你必須知道什麼時候停止修剪,以防止自己修剪過度

  • the tree. You don't want to prune out any more than one-third of the total tree canopy.

    的樹。你不'想修剪掉任何超過三分之一的總樹冠。

  • Otherwise, you could end up overly invigorating the remaining growth on the tree so that the

    否則,你可能最終會過度地激發樹上剩餘的生長,從而使

  • tree produces too many water sprouts the following season.

    樹木在下一季產生過多的水芽。

  • Woman: There are two basic types of pruning cuts, heading cuts, and thinning cuts. To

    女人。有兩種基本的修剪方式,頭狀剪和疏剪。要

  • make a thinning cut you would remove the shoot or limb at its base where it joins the previous

    疏剪時,你會在它的基部與前一棵樹連接的地方去除嫩枝或枝條。

  • growth like this.

    這樣的增長。

  • When you're making a thinning cut it's best to prune back as much of it as possible into

    當你'正在進行疏剪時,最好將其儘可能地修剪成。

  • the crown or the circles surrounding the base of that shoot, this prevents the regrowth

    嫩枝的冠部或基部周圍的圓圈,這可以防止重新生長。

  • of water sprouts. The smaller the stump you leave, the fewer water sprouts you should

    的水芽。留出的樹樁越小,水芽越少,應該是

  • have next year. Pruning back into the crown or the collar of the branch helps the pruning

    有明年。修剪回到樹冠或枝條的領部,有助於修剪。

  • cut to heal.

    割來醫治。

  • The other type of pruning cut is a heading cut and in this case you're pruning into the

    另一種類型的修剪剪裁是標題剪裁,在這種情況下,你'修剪為

  • growth, leaving behind the part of that shoot. This would be a one-year-old shoot. A heading

    生長,留下該嫩枝的部分。這將是一個一歲的嫩枝。一個標題

  • cut into that would be like that. When you remove the tip of that shoot it releases these

    切入會是這樣的。當你拿掉那個筍尖的時候,它就會釋放出這些。

  • buds from growth inhibition and you get a bushy type of regrowth the following season.

    芽的生長抑制,你會得到一個灌木型的再生季節。

  • We rarely make this type of pruning cut when we're pruning fruit trees. So in this case

    我們在修剪果樹的時候,很少會進行這種類型的修剪切割。所以在這種情況下

  • I'm going to head it back into the two-year-old section like that. But a more severe type

    我'要把它頭回兩歲這樣的部分。但更嚴重的類型

  • of heading cut would be to be pruning into this section of the limb. We already have

    的標題切割將是被修剪到這部分的肢體。我們已經有

  • branches that have developed. By making a heading cut into this part of the branch we're

    已經發展起來的分支。通過將標題切入這部分分支,我們'。

  • not likely to stimulate the growth of new shoots. So we don't get a profusion to follow.

    不可能刺激新芽的生長。所以我們沒有得到一個豐滿的後續。

  • This type of pruning cut is very useful for making the branches shorter where you have

    這種類型的修剪是非常有用的,使枝條更短的地方,你有。

  • trees growing into each other. A heading cut into the older sections of the branch will

    樹木之間相互生長。在枝條的較老部分切入一個標題,將

  • make it shorter and it's also useful in the top part of the tree to bring the height down.

    使其更短,它也有用在樹的頂部部分,使高度下降。

  • It's also important to pay attention to how many flower buds are on the apple tree when

    在蘋果樹上有多少花蕾的時候,也要注意。

  • you're pruning it to prevent yourself from pruning out too many. Flower buds on an apple

    你'修剪它,以防止自己修剪掉太多。蘋果上的花蕾

  • tree have a characteristic shape that is very different from leaf buds. Flower buds are

    樹木的特徵形狀與葉芽截然不同。花芽是

  • found at the tips of short shoots and spurs. Spurs are just shoots that grew a few inches

    發現在短芽和馬刺的尖端。馬刺是隻是芽,長了幾英寸

  • or less in one season.

    或在一個季節內減少。

  • Flower buds are fat in contrast to leaf buds which are much smaller and shorter or more

    花芽肥大,而葉芽則小得多,短得多,或更多。

  • pointed. Laterally along the shoots and spurs apples normally form leaf buds, in rare instances

    尖。沿著芽和刺的側面蘋果通常會形成葉芽,在極少數情況下

  • they'll form flower buds. So pay attention to how many flower buds the tree has. If it

    他們'會形成花蕾。所以要注意這棵樹有多少花芽。如果它

  • has a lot of flower buds in this year it's OK to prune off a number of these shoots that

    有很多花芽在今年它'的確定修剪關閉一些這些嫩枝,

  • have flower buds.

    有花蕾。

  • We've reached a point where the tree is nearly finished pruning especially on this side.

    我們'已經到了樹快修剪完的時候,尤其是這邊。

  • There's still a lot of shoots on that side that can be pruned out. If you like to have

    那一邊還有很多嫩芽可以修剪掉。如果你喜歡有

  • a lot of flowers on your fruit trees then this would be a great place to stop pruning

    如果你的果樹上有很多花,那麼這將是一個停止修剪的好地方。

  • it. But if you're pruning it to get the best colored, largest fruit this tree could still

    它。但如果你'修剪它得到最好的顏色,最大的果實這棵樹仍然可以。

  • use more pruning.

    多用修剪。

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B2 中高級 中文 修剪 果樹 生長 花蕾 標題 類型

【生活常識】教你如何修剪蘋果樹 Pruning Apple Trees

  • 195 3
    Furong Lai 發佈於 2012 年 12 月 14 日
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