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  • Hello. Welcome to News Review from BBC Learning English. I'm Neil.

    大家好,歡迎來到BBC英語學習網的新聞評論。歡迎收看BBC英語學習頻道的新聞評論。我是尼爾。

  • Joining me is Catherine. Hi Catherine!

    和我一起的是凱瑟琳嗨,凱瑟琳!

  • Hello Neil and hello everybody! Yes, today

    尼爾你好,大家好!是的,今天

  • we've got a story about protests.

    我們有一個關於抗議的故事。

  • If you want to test yourself on

    如果你想測試自己在

  • any of the vocabulary you learn in today's programme, there's a quiz on our

    在今天的節目中,你所學到的任何詞彙,都可以在我們的網站上進行測驗。

  • website bbclearningenglish.com.

    網站bbclearningenglish.com。

  • Now, let's hear more about that story

    現在,讓我們來聽聽這個故事吧

  • from this BBC news report:

    從BBC的這則新聞報道中。

  • Yes, we're in the Eastern European country of Belarus for this one.

    是的,我們是在東歐國家白俄羅斯進行的。

  • There are protests because people feel

    有抗議,因為人們覺得

  • that the elections that happened recently were not counted fairly.

    最近舉行的選舉沒有得到公平的計算。

  • They're demanding the resignation of the president,

    他們要求總統辭職。

  • Alexander Lukashenko, who's been in power for 26 years.

    亞歷山大-盧卡申科,他已經執政26年。

  • You've been checking out the headlines on this story:

    你一直在查這個故事的頭條新聞。

  • what are the three words and expressions that will

    何謂三言兩語,將

  • help people talk about it?

    幫助人們談論它?

  • Yes, we've got three great words and

    是的,我們有三個偉大的詞和

  • expressions for you this week.

    本週為您提供的表情。

  • They are: 'eclipses', someone or something's 'moment' and 'embattled'.

    他們是。"食",某人或某事的 "時刻 "和 "爭鬥"。

  • 'Eclipses', someone or something's 'moment' and 'embattled'.

    '黯然神傷',某人或某事的'時刻'和'困頓'。

  • OK. Let's have your first headline, please.

    好的讓我們有你的第一個標題,請。

  • Yes. In the UK for this onewe are

    是的,在英國,我們是...

  • looking at BBC News. The headline:

    看著BBC新聞。的頭條。

  • 'Eclipses' – makes something seem less important.

  • That's right: E-C-L-I-P-S-E-S – 'eclipses'.

    沒錯,E-C-L-I-P-S-E-SE-C-L-I-P-S-E-S - "日蝕"。

  • Now, you know what an eclipse is, don't you Neil?

    你知道日蝕是什麼吧,尼爾?

  • Yeahso an eclipse, for example,

    是啊,比如說,日食。

  • is when during the daytime it's lovely and sunny

    是指白天,天氣晴朗,陽光明媚

  • and then suddenly the moon goes in front of the sun

    忽如一夜月,忽如一夜日

  • and it goes dark.

    然後就黑了。

  • That's exactly right, yes. So, the sun is shining on you:

    完全正確,是的。所以,陽光照耀著你。

  • it's bringing you lots of lightit's very important, isn't it?

    它給你帶來了很多光亮--這很重要,不是嗎?

  • And then suddenly you can't see the sun: it is no longer

    然後你突然看不到太陽了:它不再是...

  • important. Your attention now is drawn to the moon

    重要的。你的注意力現在被吸引到月亮上

  • something normally smaller, but in this case

    小東西,但在這裡

  • it seems like it's dominating the sun. Is that right?

    它好像在支配太陽。是這樣嗎?

  • That's right. So, this is about

    是的 That's right.所以,這是關於

  • a change of emphasisof importance.

    重點的改變----重要性的改變。

  • Exactly that, yes. When one thing becomes more important,

    正是如此,是的。當一件事變得更重要的時候。

  • and actually dominates so much that the original thing

    並且實際上佔據了很大的優勢,以至於原來的東西

  • is no longer attracting any attention: that's the way we use 'eclipse' here.

    是不再引起任何注意:這是我們在這裡使用 "食 "的方式。

  • So, President Lukashenko's rally is

    所以,盧卡申科總統的集會是。

  • dominated by the protests... the protests are becoming more important,

    由抗議活動主導... 抗議活動變得越來越重要。

  • according to this headline, than Lukashenko's rally.

    根據這個標題,比盧卡申科的集會。

  • Yes, that's right.

    是的,是這樣的

  • Nowused here obviously as a verb as well.

    現在--在這裡顯然也用作動詞。

  • Yes, that's right. It can be a verb:

    是的,這就對了。它可以是一個動詞。

  • you can eclipse something or something can be eclipsed.

    你可以蝕掉一些東西,或者一些東西可以被蝕掉。

  • Now, if we look at the recent coronavirus outbreak,

    現在,如果我們看看最近冠狀病毒的爆發。

  • that has eclipsed pretty much every other news story for quite a long time now.

    這已經黯然失色 幾乎所有其他新聞故事 很長一段時間了。

  • The coronavirus is the most important: nothing else

    冠狀病毒是最重要的:沒有其他的。

  • is really getting any significance because coronavirus is eclipsing

    真正得到任何意義,因為冠狀病毒正在黯然失色。

  • every other item of importance at the moment.

    目前所有其他重要的項目。

  • Absolutely. And we also hear it quite often in a sporting context,

    當然,我們也經常在體育比賽中聽到這句話。而且我們也經常在體育比賽中聽到這句話。

  • for example, when somebody's record is broken.

    例如,當某人的記錄被打破時。

  • Yes. So, Lewis Hamilton is a very successful

    是的,所以,劉易斯-漢密爾頓是一個非常成功的。

  • Formula 1 driver, but he's still not got as many Drivers' Championships as

    一級方程式賽車手,但他仍然沒有獲得那麼多的車手冠軍。

  • Michael Schumacher, but if he does

    邁克爾-舒馬赫,但如果他做

  • he will eclipse Schumacher's record.

    他將超越舒馬赫的記錄。

  • Very good example, yes.

    非常好的例子,是的。

  • OK. let's have a summary of that:

    好了,我們來總結一下。

  • If you want to learn more about the word 'eclipse' or see a story

    如果你想了解更多關於 "食 "字的知識,或者看一個故事。

  • about eclipses we've got one for you, haven't we Catherine?

    關於日蝕,我們已經為你準備了一個,不是嗎,凱瑟琳?

  • We have! Words in the Newsand click the link

    我們有!新聞中的話語--點擊鏈接。

  • and you can watch the story.

    你可以看這個故事。

  • OK. Let's hear your next headline.

    好吧,讓我們聽聽你的下一個標題。讓我們聽聽你的下一個標題。

  • Most certainly. Now we're looking at The Times again, here in the UK.

    當然了現在我們又在看《泰晤士報》,在英國。

  • An opinion piece this time and the title is:

    這次是一篇評論文章,標題是。

  • Something or someone's 'moment' – an opportunity

    某事或某人的 "時刻"--一個機會。

  • to achieve something significant.

    以取得重大成就。

  • That's right. And the key word here is 'moment'.

    是的,沒錯。而這裡的關鍵詞是 "時刻"。

  • It's a noun – M-O-M-E-N-T – 'moment'.

    這是一個名詞--M-O-M-E-N-T--"時刻"。

  • Now – 'moment' – why are we talking about moment?

    現在--"時刻"--我們為什麼要談時刻?

  • Everybody knows what moment means.

    大家都知道什麼叫時刻。

  • It just means a little period of time, so why is it being used here?

    就是指一小段時間,為什麼用在這裡呢?

  • That's right a moment is a few seconds.

    沒錯,一瞬間就是幾秒鐘。

  • When we say 'just a moment' or 'wait a moment'

    當我們說 "等一下 "或 "等一下 "的時候。

  • we mean wait a few seconds and then something will happen. So, a moment is a few seconds in time.

    我們的意思是等待幾秒鐘,然後就會發生一些事情。所以,片刻就是幾秒鐘的時間。

  • But here we're talking aboutnot so much time,

    但在這裡我們說的是--沒有那麼多時間。

  • but opportunity: when the circumstances

    惟機

  • are right for a change or for a big achievement,

    是適合改變或取得大成就的。

  • we can say: 'This is your moment.'

    我們可以說:"這是你的時刻。

  • You need to do this thing you've been waiting to do for a long time

    你需要做這件事,你已經等了很久了。

  • because the circumstances are right.

    因為環境是合適的。

  • You can do this, but you have to do it now.

    你可以這樣做,但你必須現在就做。

  • That's when we say: 'This is something's moment,

    這時我們就會說:"這是某件事的時刻。

  • or somebody's moment, or your moment.'

    或別人的時刻,或你的時刻。

  • Yeah. And it's a brief opportunity, isn't it?

    是啊。這是個短暫的機會,不是嗎?

  • Yeah. It's something that, if you don't take now,

    是的,如果你現在不接受的話

  • it's gonna vanish.

    它要消失了。

  • That's right. That's exactly right, yes.

    是的,沒錯這是完全正確的,是的。

  • It has to happen now... or it won't – it may not happen at all.

    現在就必鬚髮生... 否則就不會發生--可能根本不會發生。

  • So, there is general widespread agreement that there is a problem

    所以,人們普遍認為,存在一個問題。

  • with the environment and that this is the climate's moment:

    與環境,而現在是氣候的時刻。

  • the moment when people can take the opportunity to make a change.

    人們可以藉此機會做出改變的時刻。

  • It's now or never.

    要麼現在,要麼永遠。

  • Exactly, yeah. A very good example, yes.

    沒錯,是的。一個非常好的例子,是的。

  • And we can use it for things like the climate or you can use it

    我們可以用它來處理氣候等問題,也可以用它來處理...

  • for individual people. You can say, if a sportsperson has been

    對於個別的人來說。你可以說,如果一個運動員已經被

  • training and training and training, for years and years and years,

    訓練、訓練、訓練,年復一年,年復一年。

  • and finally they get to the Olympic Games,

    最後他們到了奧運會。

  • and they win, and they're on that podium getting the gold medal, you can say:

    他們贏了,他們在那個領獎臺上 得到金牌,你可以說。

  • 'this is her moment' or 'this is his moment'.

    '這是她的時刻'或'這是他的時刻'。

  • Absolutely. Let's now have a summary:

    當然可以。現在我們來做個總結。

  • So, we've been talking about the climate and the fact that it is

    所以,我們一直在談論氣候,以及它是一個事實。

  • a moment now for something to be done about the climate.

    現在就為氣候問題做點什麼。

  • And we have a story about pollution and a possible

    我們有一個關於汙染和可能的故事。

  • solution, don't we Catherine?

    解決辦法,不是嗎,凱瑟琳?

  • That's right. You know what to do:

    沒錯,你知道該怎麼做:你知道該怎麼做。

  • if you want to watch it, the link's there. Just click it.

    如果你想看,鏈接在那裡。只要點擊它。

  • OK. Our next headline, please.

    好了,下一個標題,請。我們的下一個標題,請。

  • And in the UK againthis time, The Independent.

    而在英國又是如此--這次是《獨立報》。

  • The headline:

    頭條。

  • 'Embattled' – experiencing a lot of difficulties.

    '困頓'--遇到很多困難。

  • Yes. E-M-B-A-T-T-L-E-D – 'embattled'.

    是的,E-M-B-A-T-T-L-E-DE-M-B-A-T-T-L-E-D--"陷入困境"。

  • Now, the key part of this word is in the middle and it's 'battle'.

    現在,這個詞的關鍵部分在中間,是 "戰鬥"。

  • Now, you know what a battle is, don't you Neil?

    現在,你知道什麼是戰鬥了吧,尼爾?

  • Yes. A battle is a fight, often between armies.

    是的。戰鬥就是一場戰鬥,往往是軍隊之間的戰鬥。

  • Yes. A war is often made up of individual battles.

    是的。一場戰爭往往是由個別戰役組成的。

  • Now, when we use the word 'embattled'

    現在,當我們用 "陷入困境 "這個詞的時候。

  • we're not talking about actual fighting with weapons and guns,

    我們不是在談論實際的戰鬥 與武器和槍支。

  • but the idea of a lot of fighting – a big struggle – is this idea

    但是,很多戰鬥的想法 - 一個大的鬥爭 - 是這個想法

  • in this word here now:

    在這個詞裡,現在。

  • if somebody is embattled, a lot of people are attacking them.

    如果有人陷入困境,很多人都在攻擊他們。

  • There are lots of issues and they're having

    有很多問題,他們有--。

  • they must defend themselves and fight back in lots of different areas,

    他們必須在很多不同的領域進行自我保護和反擊。

  • often for a long time. They're struggling and it's not looking good for them, to be honest.

    常常很長一段時間。他們在苦苦掙扎,說實話,他們的情況並不樂觀。

  • If something's – if someone's embattled, they're in a bad situation

    如果有什麼事情... ...如果有人陷入困境,他們的處境就會很糟糕。

  • because of a lot of attacks from different people.

    因為有很多不同人的攻擊。

  • Yeah. And we use this to talk about people and

    是啊,我們用這個來談論人和人之間的關係我們用這個來談論人和

  • things in a position of authority.

    處於權威地位的事物。

  • Yeahthat's right. It's not something we talk about

    是的--沒錯。這不是我們談論的東西

  • in our kind of everyday life:

    在我們這種日常生活中。

  • I wouldn't say, 'Leave Rob alone. He's embattled

    我不會說 "別管羅布了他是爭論不休的

  • at the moment. He's got too much to do and people are getting to him.'

    此刻,他有太多的事情要做,人們都在影響他。他有太多的事情要做,人們都在找他'。

  • Yeahnot so much. Not so much for your personal circumstances.

    是啊--不那麼多。對於你的個人情況來說,就不是那麼回事了。

  • We can talk about football managers or football teams being embattled,

    我們可以談論足球經理人或足球隊被壓制的問題。

  • as you could say for poor Barcelona at the minute,

    就像你可以為可憐的巴塞羅那說的那樣。

  • who lost 8-2 to Bayern Munich the otherjust last weekend.

    誰8-2輸給了拜仁慕尼黑的另一個--就在上週末。

  • That team is embattled: it's got lots of problems. They're going on for a long time.

    那支球隊陷入了困境:它有很多問題。他們要持續很長時間。

  • Excellent example, yes. OK. Let's have a summary:

    優秀的例子,是的。好吧,我們來總結一下:我們來做個總結。

  • Time now for a recap of the vocabulary please, Catherine.

    現在是時候回顧一下詞彙了,凱瑟琳。

  • Yes. We had: 'eclipses' – makes something seem less important.

    是的,我們有:我們有。"日蝕"--讓一些事情看起來不那麼重要。

  • We had: something or someone's 'moment' – an opportunity to achieve something significant.

  • And we had: 'embattled' – experiencing a lot of difficulties.

    而我們曾。"陷入困境"--遇到了很多困難。

  • If you want to continue improving your

    如果你想繼續提高你的

  • English with us, we are all over social media:

    和我們一起英語,我們在社交媒體上都有。

  • BBC Learning English. Find us!

    BBC學習英語。找到我們!

  • Thank you for joining us and see you next time. Goodbye.

    謝謝你的加入,我們下次再見。再見。

  • Bye!

    再見!

Hello. Welcome to News Review from BBC Learning English. I'm Neil.

大家好,歡迎來到BBC英語學習網的新聞評論。歡迎收看BBC英語學習頻道的新聞評論。我是尼爾。

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A2 初級 中文 時刻 標題 困境 凱瑟琳 陷入 新聞

白俄羅斯:抗議活動蔓延 - BBC新聞評論 (Belarus: Protests spread - BBC News Review)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 11 月 03 日
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