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  • you're watching.

    你在看。

  • Video vote cap by business English part dot com Macroeconomics relates to economic trends on a national and international scale.

    視頻投票上限由商務英語部分點com宏觀經濟學涉及國內和國際範圍內的經濟趨勢。

  • In this lesson, we'll look at some key macroeconomic terms, such as GDP and GNP.

    在這節課上,我們將學習一些關鍵的宏觀經濟術語,如GDP和GNP。

  • We'll explore the natural business cycle, which includes periods of expansion, recession and sometimes even depression.

    我們將探索自然商業週期,其中包括擴張期、衰退期,有時甚至是蕭條期。

  • We'll also look at the idea of trade balance between countries, which can be described as either a trade surplus or a trade deficit.

    我們還要看一下國與國之間貿易平衡的概念,可以說是貿易順差,也可以說是貿易逆差。

  • GDP, gross domestic product GDP or gross domestic product is the value of all goods and services produced within a country's borders.

    國內生產總值,國內生產總值或國內生產總值是指一個國家境內生產的所有商品和服務的價值。

  • In 2012 the United States had the world's highest GDP at over $15 trillion.

    2012年,美國的GDP超過15萬億美元,位居世界第一。

  • GNP gross national product GNP, or gross national product, is the value of all goods and services produced by a country's people wherever they are located.

    GNP 國民生產總值 GNP,或國民生產總值,是一個國家的人民所生產的所有商品和服務的價值,無論他們在哪裡。

  • The Philippines has a significantly higher GNP than it's GDP, as it has a large number of overseas workers Business cycle business cycle.

    菲律賓的國民生產總值明顯高於它的GDP,因為它有大量的海外工人 商業週期 商業週期。

  • The business cycle refers to changes in the economy or the rise and fall of GDP over time.

    商業週期是指經濟的變化或GDP隨時間的漲落。

  • The business cycle includes five stages growth, peak recession, trough and recovery.

    商業週期包括增長、衰退高峰、谷底和復甦五個階段。

  • Central banks often adjust interest rates to help the economy avoid huge swings in the business cycle.

    央行經常調整利率以幫助經濟避免商業週期的巨大波動。

  • EXPANSION Expansion expansion is the part of the business cycle when GDP increases, expansion continues until the economy reaches a peak.

    擴張 擴張是指商業週期中GDP增加的部分,擴張一直持續到經濟達到頂峰。

  • The 19 fifties was a period of great expansion for the US economy.

    1950年代是美國經濟大擴張的時期。

  • RECESSION recession A recession is the part of the business cycle.

    RECESSION 衰退 衰退是商業週期的一部分。

  • When GDP falls.

    當GDP下降時。

  • By most definitions, a recession happens when GDP decreases for two consecutive quarters, government spending may be increased to help a country recover from a period of recession.

    根據大多數定義,當GDP連續兩個季度下降時,就會發生經濟衰退,政府可能會增加支出,以幫助一個國家從衰退期中恢復。

  • DEPRESSION, DEPRESSION A depression is a serious recession that lasts two or more years.

    抑鬱症,DEPRESSION 抑鬱症是指持續兩年或兩年以上的嚴重衰退。

  • A depression usually involves high unemployment and low output and investment.

    蕭條通常涉及高失業率、低產出和低投資。

  • Unemployment in Germany during the Depression of the 19 thirties reached nearly 30%.

    30年代經濟大蕭條時期,德國的失業率達到近30%。

  • TRADE BALANCE.

    貿易平衡:

  • BALANCE OF TRADE A country's trade balance is the difference between how much it imports and how much it exports.

    貿易平衡 一個國家的貿易平衡是指它的進口量和出口量之間的差額。

  • Several economists have suggested restricting oil imports as a way of improving the balance of trade trade deficit.

    一些經濟學家建議限制石油進口,以此來改善貿易平衡和貿易逆差。

  • TRADE DEFICIT A country has a trade deficit when it imports more than it exports.

    貿易逆差 當一個國家的進口量大於出口量時,就會出現貿易逆差。

  • TRADE SURPLUS TRADE SURPLUS A country has a trade surplus when it exports more than it imports, with a boom in the export of natural resources, Australia is enjoying a trade surplus.

    TRADE SURPLUS 貿易順差 當一個國家出口大於進口時,就會出現貿易順差,隨著自然資源出口的蓬勃發展,澳洲正享受著貿易順差。

  • Now it's your turn to practice some of the words we have studied in this lesson.

    現在輪到你們來練習我們這節課學過的一些單詞了。

  • In a moment you'll hear a Siris of sentences with the word replaced with a beep.

    一會兒你就會聽到一個Siris的句子,用嗶嗶聲來代替這個詞。

  • Repeat each sentence, including the missing word.

    重複每個句子,包括缺失的單詞。

  • For example, if you here central banks often adjust interest rates to help the economy avoid huge swings in the business.

    例如,如果你在這裡央行經常調整利率,以幫助經濟避免業務的巨大波動。

  • You can say central banks often adjust interest rates to help the economy avoid huge swings in the business cycle.

    你可以說央行經常調整利率來幫助經濟避免商業週期的巨大波動。

  • We'll play the correct answer after each question ready, Let's give it a go.

    我們會在每道題準備好後播放正確答案,讓我們一試。

  • The recession in Greece has now become a full scale mhm answer.

    希臘的經濟衰退現在已經成為一個全面的hm答案。

  • The recession in Greece has now become a full scale depression.

    希臘的經濟衰退現在已經變成了全面的蕭條。

  • Before the problems of 2000 and eight, the world economy had a great period of answer.

    在2000年和8年的問題之前,世界經濟有一個偉大的答題期。

  • Before the problems of 2000 and eight, the world economy had a great period of expansion.

    在2000年和8年的問題之前,世界經濟曾有過一段偉大的擴張期。

  • We need to increase our exports to improve our trade.

    我們需要增加出口來改善我們的貿易。

  • Mhm answer.

    嗯,回答。

  • We need to increase our exports to improve our trade balance.

    我們需要增加出口來改善貿易平衡。

  • That's all for this episode of video vocab.

    這期視頻詞彙就到這裡了。

  • Be sure to check out our website at www dot video vocab dot tv.

    一定要看看我們的網站,www dot video vocab dot tv。

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B2 中高級 中文 貿易 經濟 週期 衰退 總值 生產

經濟學英語詞彙VV33 - 宏觀經濟學(第1課)|金融英語詞彙表 (English Vocabulary for Economics VV 33 - Macroeconomics (Lesson 1) | Financial English Vocabulary)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 24 日
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