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  • Aww yeah, today we are talking about one of the most frustrating parts of

    哦,是的,今天我們談論的最令人沮喪的部分之一的

  • learning English and that is phrasal verbs.

    學習英語,那就是短語動詞。

  • So learners from all over the

    所以,來自各地的學習者

  • world find phrasal verbs really confusing and difficult to learn and remember.

    世界發現短語動詞真的很混亂,很難學習和記憶。

  • And there are several reasons why it can be so frustrating to learn phrasal verbs.

    而在學習短語動詞的過程中,有幾個原因會讓人很沮喪。

  • Tthe first one is that there are so many of them if you type

    第一個是有這麼多的人,如果你輸入

  • phrasal verbs into Google you will come up with dozens of lists teaching you 100

    短語動詞進入谷歌,你會發現有幾十個列表,教你100個

  • or 200 or 500 of the most important phrasal verbs so even if we wanted to,

    或200或500個最重要的短語動詞,所以即使我們想。

  • we could not possibly teach you all of these in one single video but that's why

    我們不可能在一個視頻裡教你所有這些,但這就是為什麼

  • in this video we want to give you some of the tools that you need to be able to

    在這個視頻中,我們想給你一些工具,你需要能夠

  • learn these on your own when you encounter them.

    遇到這些就自己學習。

  • Second, phrasal verbs are really common in informal English

    第二,短語動詞在非正式英語中真的很常見。

  • and this is really important because I see

    這是非常重要的,因為我看到

  • that English learners all the times overuse alternatives that are way too

    英語學習者一直都在過度使用太過複雜的替代品。

  • formal in everyday speech so these are not only important to be able to

    在日常的言語中是很正式的,所以這些不僅是很重要的,要能。

  • understand native conversations but also for you to sound more natural in your speaking.

    聽懂母語對話,同時也讓你的口語聽起來更自然。

  • As you probably know there are many videos on YouTube teaching about

    你可能知道,在YouTube上有很多關於教學的視頻。

  • phrasal verbs but I find that most of these make it way too complex explaining

    短語動詞,但我發現大多數這些使它太複雜的解釋。

  • all of the little details about the grammar of phrasal verbs which probably

    所有關於短語動詞文法的小細節,這可能是

  • leaves you feeling even more confused than when you started out so while I'm

    讓你感覺甚至比你開始的時候更困惑,所以當我。

  • not saying that grammar is not important I want you to focus on learning phrasal

    不是說文法不重要 我希望你把重點放在學習短語上

  • verbs like a native would and most natives don't even know about any of

    動詞,而大多數本地人甚至不知道任何的。

  • these grammar rules they don't know what transitive or intransitive is they don't

    這些文法規則 他們不知道什麼是轉折詞或不轉折詞 他們不知道

  • know what a particle is, some of them might not even know what a verb is or

    他們中的一些人可能甚至不知道什麼是動詞或

  • whether you can put a pronoun in the middle and separate the particle from

    是否可以把代詞放在中間,把粒子和

  • the verb or if it comes after.

    的動詞,或者如果它在後面。

  • So if this sounds like gibberish to you that's okay

    所以如果你覺得這聽起來像胡言亂語,那也沒關係

  • it's not so important for you to know all these little details and we're going

    對你來說,知道這些小細節並不那麼重要,我們將

  • to look a little bit at how you can learn phrasal verbs more intuitively.

    來看看如何能更直觀地學習短語動詞。

  • So for all of these reasons we created this lesson to give you a method to be able

    是以,基於以上原因,我們創建了這一課,給你提供一個方法,使你能夠

  • to learn as many phrasal verbs as you want and we will be giving you eight

    學習儘可能多的短語動詞,我們將為你提供八個

  • different examples to kind of show you this and by the way if you want to

    不同的例子來展示給你看,順便說一下,如果你想了解更多的資訊。

  • actually be able to use these phrasal verbs in your speech it's really

    其實能夠在你的言語中使用這些短語動詞,這真的是。

  • important that you not forget them so I highly recommend using a spaced

    重要的是,你不能忘記它們,所以我強烈建議使用間隔式的。

  • repetition system tool like Memrise or Anki which will help you to learn

    重複系統工具,如Memrise或Anki,它將幫助你學習。

  • scientifically and never forget them and remember to always learn collocations so

    科學地對待它們,永遠不要忘記它們,並記住永遠要學會拼讀,這樣才能

  • this means that you don't just look for a list of phrasal verbs and try to

    這意味著,你不只是尋找一個短語動詞的列表,並嘗試

  • memorize all them, this means that you actually take them from the context just

    牢牢記住它們,這意味著你實際上是從上下文中提取它們,只需。

  • like we're going to do in this video today using some of your favorite TV

    就像我們今天要做的這個視頻一樣,使用一些你最喜歡的電視。

  • series and this way you will sound much more natural when you use them because

    系列,這樣一來,當你使用它們時,你會聽起來更自然,因為...。

  • you'll be learning in a natural way whether you should be using a phrasal

    你會自然而然地學會你是否應該使用短語。

  • verb with an object or not whether it's okay to separate the particle and the

    動詞與對象是否可以分開

  • verb and so on.

    動詞等。

  • And finally if you stick around until the end we are going to

    最後,如果你堅持到最後,我們將。

  • also be looking at the tricky pronunciation of phrasal verbs so that

    同時也要注意短語動詞的棘手發音,以便於

  • you can sound more natural when you speak them and so that you can recognize

    當你說這些話的時候,你可以聽起來更自然,這樣你就可以識別出

  • them easily in your favorite media and finally at the end we will have a fun

    他們很容易在你最喜歡的媒體,最後在最後我們將有一個有趣的。

  • quiz prepared so you can test your knowledge!

    準備了測驗,讓你可以測試你的知識!

  • By the way before we get into

    對了,在我們進入

  • the rest of the lesson I want to let you know that if you're new here every week

    剩下的課程,我想讓你知道,如果你是新來的每週

  • we make fun lessons so that you can understand fast speaking natives without

    我們製作了有趣的課程,讓你能聽懂說得快的本地人,而不需

  • getting lost, without missing the jokes and without subtitles

    迷途知返,不失笑料,不打字幕。

  • just like Ardgnam who told us that he was able to raise his English

    就像阿德格南告訴我們,他能夠提高自己的英語水平

  • by two levels in just a few months watching our videos.

    看我們的視頻,短短几個月就提升了兩個級別。

  • So if you want to get confident fluent English too

    所以,如果你也想獲得自信的流利英語

  • it's really simple, just as that subscribe

    其實很簡單,就像那個認購

  • button and the bell down below so you don't miss any of our new lessons.

    按鈕和下面的鈴鐺,這樣你就不會錯過我們的任何新課程。

  • All right, so we will start out with a little bit of simple grammar so the first part

    好了,我們先從簡單的文法開始,所以第一部分是

  • of learning about phrasal verbs is being able to identify them, right?

    學習短語動詞的目的是為了能夠識別它們,對嗎?

  • So a phrasal verb consists of as it sounds like a verb plus a particle now a particle is

    所以一個短語動詞由它聽起來像一個動詞加上一個粒子組成,現在一個粒子是

  • either a preposition or an adverb and when these two parts of speech come

    當這兩個詞出現時

  • together they can actually create an entirely new meaning so to illustrate

    其實它們可以共同創造一個全新的意義,所以要說明的是

  • this let's take a look at how this happens with the verb come when we

    讓我們來看看當我們用動詞come時是如何發生的。

  • change a couple different prepositions so we have "come at" which means to

    改變幾個不同的介詞,所以我們有 "來在 "的意思是要

  • attack "come by" meaning to briefly visit someone and "come across" mean to find a

    襲來

  • piece of information by chance.

    偶然得到的資訊。

  • So as you can see the meaning

    所以,你可以看到的意思

  • of these changes completely there really is no easy logic that can help you to

    這些變化完全沒有一個簡單的邏輯可以幫助你去做。

  • understand what it means by just looking at the words that it's comprised of.

    光看它組成的字就明白它的意思。

  • So my first piece of advice for you is to not learn too many of these at once like

    所以,我給你的第一個建議是,不要一下子學太多,就像

  • I said you can find lots of lists of phrasal verbs but this is not

    我說過,你可以找到很多短語動詞的列表,但這不是。

  • necessarily so useful in being able to use them naturally because you probably

    在能夠自然地使用它們的時候,不一定那麼有用,因為你可能會

  • will easily forget them or you will not be using them correctly.

    會很容易忘記它們,或者你不會正確使用它們。

  • It is much more effective to think about creating goals for example that you want to learn one

    思考制定目標會更有效,比如你想學一門技術,你想學一門技術,你想學一門技術,你想學一門技術。

  • new phrasal verb per day or that you want to learn three new phrasal verbs

    每天一個新的短語動詞,或者說您想學習三個新的短語動詞。

  • each week and that you're actually proactive about learning these and then

    每個星期,你都會積極主動地學習這些知識,然後

  • creating some sentences to play around with them second I recommend that you

    創建一些句子來玩弄它們 第二,我建議你

  • don't try to think of phrasal verbs by the words that compose them if you're

    不要試圖通過組成短語動詞的單詞來思考它們,如果你是...

  • trying to remember which verb plus which preposition or adverb creates which

    唸唸有詞

  • different meaning you're just going to be lost and confused so instead what you

    不同的意義,你只會迷失和困惑,所以代替你的是

  • should do is each time you encounter a phrasal verb think of it as a completely

    應該做的是,每次遇到短語動詞時,把它當作一個完全的

  • new expression and it's also very recommendable that you learn these

    新的表達方式,同時也非常建議你學習這些。

  • through context just like we're going to do in today's lesson.

    通過上下文,就像我們在今天的課程中要做的那樣。

  • My third piece of advice which will be very useful beyond just learning phrasal verbs is to

    除了學習短語動詞之外,我的第三條建議也非常有用,那就是

  • immerse yourself in the English language as much as you possibly can,

    儘可能多地沉浸在英語語言中。

  • read books in English, watch series, watch the news, do anything that you love doing in your

    讀英文書,看連續劇,看新聞,做任何你喜歡做的事情,在你的生活中,你可以做任何事情。

  • own language in English and spend as much time doing this per day as possible

    用英語說自己的語言,並儘可能每天花更多的時間來做這件事。

  • and really play with it, don't get really scared or intimidated when you find a

    和真正的玩法,不要真的害怕或恐嚇,當你發現一個。

  • new phrasal verb first see if you can understand it through the context and

    新的短語動詞,首先要看你能不能通過上下文來理解它,並把它理解為

  • maybe you won't always be able to do this but then you can actually look it

    也許你不一定能做到這一點,但你可以真正地看看它。

  • up on Google or in a dictionary and try to guess which of the different meanings

    在谷歌上或字典中,嘗試猜測其中的不同含義。

  • that it has is the one that you're looking for and then actually write it

    它所擁有的就是你要找的那個,然後實際寫出來。

  • down take notes and add the phrasal verb to your Anki or your Memrise or any

    筆記下來,並將該短語動詞添加到你的Anki或你的Memrise或任何

  • other app that you're using to remember these, create sentences with them and

    其他你正在使用的應用程序來記住這些,用它們來創建句子,並。

  • actually use them in your speaking if you don't have anyone to speak with then

    如果你沒有人和你說話,你就會在你的口語中使用它們。

  • record yourself and listen back and give yourself feedback so to get you started

    錄下自己的聲音,然後回聽,並給自己反饋,這樣你就可以開始了。

  • we have selected eight of the most important and most useful phrasal verbs

    我們選擇了八個最重要和最有用的短語動詞。

  • that we don't think you'll know yet and we will be learning them the most fun

    我們會用最有趣的方式來學習它們。

  • way with some favorite TV series.

    方式與一些喜歡的電視劇。

  • So, let's get into it!

    那麼,讓我們開始吧!

  • So you need to be careful because

    所以你要小心,因為

  • sometimes a phrasal verb can have more than one particle as is the case with this one.

    有時,一個短語動詞可以有一個以上的粒子,就像這個例子一樣。

  • So if someone invents an idea or a plan we would say that that person

    所以,如果有人發明了一個想法或計劃,我們會說,這個人

  • CAME UP WITH that idea or plan.

    提出了這個想法或計劃。

  • So as we saw this one has both up and with in order to create that meaning.

    所以我們看到這個有上有下,有與才會產生這個意思。

  • Let's look at some more examples!

    我們再來看看一些例子吧!

  • The next phrasal verb we are going to look at is

    接下來我們要看的短語動詞是

  • is BREAK OUT, do you know when we use this one?

    是BREAK OUT,你知道我們什麼時候用這個嗎?

  • So phrasal verbs get even

    所以短語動詞變得更加

  • more complicated because sometimes they can have more than one meaning as is the

    更加複雜,因為有時它們可以有一個以上的含義,就像 "我 "一樣。

  • case with this one.

    的情況下,這個。

  • So let's take a look at an example with the first meaning

    那麼,讓我們來看看第一個意思的例子吧

  • which is for something to suddenly start like a fire or a war.

    這是為某件事情突然啟動,如火災或戰爭。

  • And the second meaning of BREAK OUT means to escape

    而BREAK OUT的第二個意思是逃跑的意思。

  • for example, from prison.

    例如,從監獄裡。

  • Next, another very common phrasal verb is GIVE UP.

    接下來,還有一個很常見的短語動詞是GIVE UP。

  • Let's watch some examples and try to get the meaning through context.

    我們看一些例子,試著通過上下文來理解意思。

  • You might have seen that people use this phrasal verb to

    你可能已經看到,人們用這個短語動詞去

  • admit defeat or in other words to surrender or to stop trying something.

    認輸或換句話說,投降或停止嘗試的東西。

  • Let's see another example would GIVE UP.

    我們再看另一個例子會GIVE UP。

  • Now don't you give up on your English, you can learn phrasal verbs

    現在你不要放棄你的英語,你可以學習短語動詞。

  • the fun and natural way with our Fluent with Friends course!

    通過我們的Fluent with Friends課程,以有趣而自然的方式學習!

  • In this 48 week course you will learn alongside the first two seasons of the TV series Friends

    在這48周的課程中,您將與電視劇《朋友》的前兩季一起學習。

  • which various studies show is the best series out there to learn English with.

    各種研究表明,這是最好的系列學習英語。

  • Plus you get PDF power lessons, vocabulary memorization software,

    另外,你還可以獲得PDF動力課、詞彙記憶軟件。

  • access to our Fluency Circle global community and so much more!

    進入我們的 "流利圈 "全球社區,還有更多的內容。

  • What are you waiting for?

    你還在等什麼?

  • You can try it for free with our three-part masterclass just click up

    您可以通過我們的三部分大師班免費試用,只需點擊上面的鏈接

  • here or down description below to learn more and sign up.

    點擊這裡或點擊下面的描述瞭解更多資訊並註冊。

  • The next phrasal verb on our list is HANG OUT.

    我們列表中的下一個短語動詞是hang out。

  • and this one is extremely common, natives use it all the time

    而這個是非常常見的,當地人一直在用它。

  • when they want to say that they're spending a lot of time in a place or with someone.

    當他們想說,他們在一個地方或與某人花了很多時間。

  • All right, let's continue with another really

    好吧,讓我們繼續與另一個真正的。

  • common one: RUN OUT.

    共同的一個。RUN OUT.

  • Like we did before we'll take a look at some examples and I

    就像我們之前所做的那樣,我們會看一些例子,我

  • want you to try to guess what the meaning is from the context.

    想讓你試著從上下文中猜測其含義。

  • So, based on these examples when would you use RUN OUT?

    那麼,根據這些例子,你什麼時候會使用RUN OUT?

  • All right so so far we have learned five of the phrasal verbs and we're going to

    好了,到目前為止,我們已經學會了5個短語動詞,我們要去

  • learn three more but I just wanted to take a quick interruption to remind you

    再學三個,但我只想打斷一下,提醒你。

  • that while it is really important that you can identify these and understand

    雖然真正重要的是,你可以識別這些,並瞭解。

  • them that is also crucial that you actually use them so even if you don't

    他們也是至關重要的,你真的使用他們,所以即使你不

  • have anyone to speak to right now I want you to try actually taking note of these

    有任何人說話,現在我希望你能嘗試真正注意到這些

  • creating some example sentences, even recording yourself and thinking about

    創作一些例句,甚至記錄自己,思考一下

  • how you would use these speaking with someone you could even just try this

    你會如何使用這些與人說話,你甚至可以只是試試這個。

  • when you're stuck in traffic in your car on your way to work as one of my students did.

    當你在上班的路上堵在車裡的時候,就像我的一個學生一樣。

  • All right now let's continue with the last three phrasal verbs

    好了,現在讓我們繼續最後三個短語動詞。

  • The next one is SCREW UP.

    下一個是SCREW UP。

  • Now SCREW UP can mean to make a serious mistake or to spoil something.

    現在SCREW UP的意思是犯了一個嚴重的錯誤或者是破壞了一些東西。

  • Now if you've recently moved to a new city or neighborhood you'll find the

    如果你最近搬到了一個新的城市或社區,你會發現,你會發現

  • next phrasal verb really useful.

    下一個短語動詞真的有用。

  • It means that you become comfortable in a new

    這意味著你在一個新的

  • environment and you start to feel confident in it,

    環境,你開始對它充滿信心。

  • Do you know which of these three I'm talking about?

    你知道我說的這三個人是哪一個嗎?

  • So SETTLE DOWN means that you become comfortable in a new environment,

    所以,SETTLE DOWN的意思是,你在新的環境中變得舒適。

  • it can also be used for example to say that you want to get married and settled down

    譬如說,你想結婚,想安定下來

  • that means that you're kind of doing things that are putting roots down in a

    這意味著你正在做的事情,是一種把根紮在一個

  • place like having kids or adopting a dog, buying a house so for example I have

    的地方,比如生孩子或者領養狗,買房子,所以比如我有

  • settled down here in Barcelona.

    在巴塞羅那定居下來。

  • Let's look at some other examples with TV series.

    讓我們看看其他一些有電視劇的例子。

  • Now SETTLE DOWN is another phrasal verb that has more than one meaning.

    現在SETTLE DOWN又是一個短語動詞,它有不止一個意思。

  • Do you know which of these phrasal verbs it can have the same meaning as?

    你知道它可以和這些短語動詞中的哪一個意思相同嗎?

  • In fact we have many ways to express the same meaning all three of these phrasal verbs

    其實我們有很多方法來表達同樣的意思,這三個短語動詞都是這樣的

  • can be used to tell someone to relax especially when they are reacting

    可以用來告訴別人放鬆,尤其是當他們有反應的時候。

  • in an exaggerated manner.

    以誇張的方式。

  • Okay last but not least is LOOK UP.

    好吧最後但不是最不重要的是LOOK UP。

  • Now we use this one when we want to

    現在,當我們想要

  • search for some information.

    搜索一些資訊。

  • For example, you would LOOK UP

    例如,你會查找

  • the meaning of a certain word in English.

    某詞在英語中的含義。

  • All right we have just a little bit more to go in the

    好了,我們還有一點要去的地方。

  • lesson as promised we're going to teach you about pronunciation with phrasal verbs.

    課上如約而至,我們要教你用短語動詞發音。

  • Now as we've explained earlier in this lesson phrasal verbs consist of a

    現在,正如我們在本課前面所解釋的那樣,短語動詞包括一個

  • verb and a particle now verbs are content words, natives stress them and

    動詞和一個粒子現在動詞是內容詞,本地人強調它們和

  • particles are function words this means that they are unstressed and by the way

    粒子是函數詞,這意味著它們是不受力的,順便說一下

  • if you are unfamiliar with content and function words they are extremely

    如果你對內容和功能詞不熟悉,它們是極其

  • important if you want to sound natural speaking English and if you want to

    重要的是,如果你想聽起來很自然的英語口語,如果你想讓你的英語口語變得更自然,你就必須要有一個好的英語環境。

  • understand natives no matter how fast we speak so if you don't know about those I

    無論我們說得多快,都能聽懂當地人的話,所以如果你不知道那些我

  • highly recommend you check out this lesson after you finish this video.

    強烈建議你在看完這個視頻後,再來看看這堂課。

  • Now one thing that can make your speech sound really unnatural is when you over

    有一件事可以讓你的語言聽起來非常不自然,那就是當你過度的

  • stress function words like the particles in phrasal verbs alright so I'm sure

    重音功能詞,如短語動詞中的粒子,好吧,所以我敢肯定。

  • this all sounds a little bit confusing but when we look at some examples it

    這一切聽起來有點混亂,但當我們看一些例子,它是

  • will become much clearer so let's look at COME UP, now which of these do you think

    將會變得更加清晰,所以我們來看一下COME UP,現在你覺得哪一個是

  • should be stressed? So COME the verb should be stressed; UP that the particle

    應該強調?所以,COME這個動詞應該強調;UP這個粒子應該強調

  • should be de-stressed and furthermore when this happens we actually connect them

    應該去掉壓力,而且當這種情況發生時,我們實際上是把它們聯繫起來了。

  • most the times

    大多時候

  • Now of course this

    現在,當然這

  • is one of the reasons that it can seem like natives speak so fast but when you

    是一個原因,它可以看起來像本地人說話這麼快,但當你。

  • know how to identify it it suddenly becomes much easier to understand fast speaking natives.

    懂得如何辨別它,突然間就會變得更容易理解說快話的本地人。

  • Let's look at some other ones like SCREW UP which becomes

    讓我們看看其他的一些,比如SCREW UP,它變成了

  • [SCROO-wup]

    [SCROO-wup]

  • and LOOK UP which becomes [LOO-kup]

    和LOOK UP,成為[LOO-kup]。

  • Now let's practice this a little bit

    現在我們來練習一下

  • more with some of the clips that we've already watched but this time instead of

    更多的是我們已經看過的一些片段,但這一次而不是

  • focusing just on the meaning I also want you to focus on the pronunciation.

    只關注意思,我還想讓你關注發音。

  • Awesome job today guys!

    今天的工作真棒,夥計們!

  • But we're not quite done yet now we have a fun quiz prepared to test your knowledge

    但我們還沒有完全完成現在我們有一個有趣的測驗準備測試你的知識。

  • Let's get into it!

    我們開始吧!

Aww yeah, today we are talking about one of the most frustrating parts of

哦,是的,今天我們談論的最令人沮喪的部分之一的

字幕與單字
自動翻譯

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 動詞 短語 學習 粒子 英語 例子

如何輕鬆學習短語動詞(+8例)|英語語法與電視連續劇 (How To Learn Phrasal Verbs Easily (+8 Examples) | English Grammar with TV Series)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 23 日
影片單字