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  • Today we're going to continue to teach you the best English vocabulary words to know, the most useful.

    今天,我們將繼續教大家認識最好的英語詞彙,最有用的詞彙。

  • We're using the Academic Word List.

    我們用的是《學術字表》。

  • You need to know these words if you're preparing for the IELTS or the TOEFL exam,

    如果你正在準備雅思或托福考試,你需要知道這些單詞。

  • or just even for more sophisticated conversation,

    甚至只是為了更復雜的對話。

  • even if you're not preparing for an exam.

    即使你不準備考試。

  • These words are for intermediate students.

    這些詞是為中學生準備的。

  • As we study the words and definitions, we're going to go to Youglish

    在學習單詞和定義的同時,我們要去優衣庫看一看

  • so we can see lots of examples of these words being used in real life

    所以我們可以看到很多這些詞在現實生活中使用的例子。

  • so you can better understand the meaning.

    以便你能更好地理解其含義。

  • And don't forget, if you enjoy this video, or learn something new,

    不要忘了,如果你喜歡這個視頻,或學習新的東西。

  • please like it and subscribe with notifications. It means a lot to me.

    請喜歡它並訂閱通知。 這對我來說意義重大。

  • These are words you can expect to encounter on a daily basis in everyday life,

    這些都是你在日常生活中每天都能遇到的詞語。

  • newspapers, on TV, and so on.

    報紙、電視等。

  • You're going to learn, REALLY LEARN, 5 words today.

    今天你要學習,真正的學習,5個字。

  • We're pulling words from Band 1 of the Academic Word list, in alphabetical order, this is the second five.

    我們從學術單詞表的Band 1中抽出單詞,按字母順序排列,這是第二個五個。

  • And we're going to do something important here,

    我們要在這裡做一些重要的事情。

  • we're going to give you the definition in English.

    我們要給你英文的定義。

  • And then you'll hear examples in English.

    然後你會聽到英文的例子。

  • So you'll learn this as an English word, not just as a translation of a word in your own language,

    所以你會把這個作為一個英語單詞來學習,而不僅僅是作為自己語言中的一個單詞的翻譯。

  • and that will help you to think in English and integrate this word into your use of English.

    而這將幫助你用英語思考,並將這個單詞融入到你的英語使用中。

  • Our first word is authority.

    我們的第一個詞是權威。

  • Four syllables, second syllable stress, and we have a Flap T in there.

    四個音節,第二個音節重音,我們有一個翻轉T在那裡。

  • Au-thor-ity.

    Au-thor-ity。

  • Let's watch it up-close and in slow motion so we can really study the mouth movement.

    讓我們近距離慢動作觀看,這樣才能真正研究出嘴巴的動作。

  • Authority. It's a noun, and it means power.

    權力。這是一個名詞,是權力的意思。

  • The power to give orders, make decisions.

    下達命令、做出決定的權力。

  • For example, the owner of company has the authority to hire and fire people.

    比如,公司老闆有用人和解僱的權力。

  • The parents have the authority in the family.

    父母在家庭中擁有權威。

  • They get to make the decisions.

    他們可以做決定。

  • We decide when kids go to bed.

    我們決定孩子什麼時候睡覺。

  • Power. It's also confidence.

    權力。這也是信心。

  • When you know a lot about something, when you're respected in that field, you have authority.

    當你對某件事情很瞭解,當你在那個領域受到尊重,你就有了權威。

  • He's the leading authority on penguins.

    他是企鵝方面的權威。

  • He knows so much about them, we trust what he says about them. He's the leading authority.

    他對他們的情況非常瞭解,我們相信他所說的關於他們的情況。 他是權威人士。

  • Or you could say, he's an authority on, with the preposition 'on'.

    或者你也可以說,他是一個權威,用介詞 "上"。

  • He's an authority on penguins.

    他是企鵝方面的權威。

  • An authority on penguins.

    一位企鵝方面的權威人士。

  • He spoke with authority.

    他說話很有權威。

  • That means, he had confidence that what he was saying

    那就是說,他有信心他所說的話

  • would be trusted and that everyone would believe and respect these words.

    會得到信任,每個人都會相信和尊重這些話。

  • He said it with authority.

    他說得很權威。

  • It's power, it's confidence, but we also use it to refer to people who have authority.

    是權力,是自信,但我們也用它來指有權力的人。

  • Have you ever noticed the word 'authority' used in the news?

    你有沒有注意到新聞中的 "權威 "一詞?

  • Local authorities are investigating the issue.

    當地政府正在調查這個問題。

  • This would probably mean police.

    這可能是指警察。

  • He complained to the authorities about his neighbor's dog.

    他向有關部門投訴他鄰居的狗。

  • Now, let's go to Youglish to look at some more sample sentences.

    現在,讓我們去Youglish再看一些例句。

  • He said he has the authority, that is, he has the power to do something.

    他說他有權力,即他有權力做一些事情。

  • The next sentence:

    下一句話。

  • Is a real authority.

    是一個真正的權威。

  • So, referring to the person.

    所以,指的是人。

  • He IS an authority in a particular field.

    他是某一領域的權威。

  • He is seen as one of the most knowledgeable people in the modern art scene.

    他被看作是現代藝術界最有見識的人之一。

  • Our next sentence:

    我們的下一句話。

  • May lack the authority.

    可能缺乏權威。

  • That is, they may lack the power to do something.

    也就是說,他們可能缺乏做事的能力。

  • Might want to do something but not be able to do it because of the laws.

    可能想做一件事,但因為法律的原因,不能做。

  • The laws have not given that person or group the power to make that decision, the power to act.

    法律並沒有賦予這個人或團體做出這個決定的權力,行動的權力。

  • They may lack authority.

    他們可能缺乏權威。

  • The next sentence:

    下一句話。

  • Question authority. Have you heard this before?

    問題權威。你聽說過這個問題嗎?

  • It means to challenge the power of somebody.

    它的意思是挑戰某人的權力。

  • Maybe to break the rules: challenge authority.

    也許要打破規則:挑戰權威。

  • For example, a college professor is giving a lecture.

    比如,一個大學教授在講課。

  • She's an authority on the subject.

    她是這方面的權威。

  • A student might say, excuse me, I'm not sure that's right, have you thought about this?

    學生可能會說,不好意思,我不知道這樣做對不對,你想過嗎?

  • Questioning authority.

    質疑權威。

  • Some people would never do that, and some people think it's very important to do that.

    有些人不會這麼做,有些人認為這麼做非常重要。

  • Question authority.

    質疑權威。

  • Our next sentence:

    我們的下一句話。

  • An authority on.

    以下方面的權威:

  • Confidence, knowledge, believed to know a lot about something, respected in that way.

    自信,知識,相信自己對某件事情很瞭解,受人尊敬,這樣。

  • An authority on youth culture.

    一個青年文化的權威。

  • Knows a lot about that, her opinions and what she says about it is respected.

    懂得很多,她的觀點和她說的都是尊重。

  • Authority.

    權力:

  • I want to take a second to shout-out Cambly who is sponsoring this video.

    我想花一秒鐘的時間來喊出Cambly誰是贊助這個視頻。

  • Cambly is a platform, it's an app, that you can use to connect directly with teachers

    Cambly是一個平臺,是一個應用,你可以用它來直接和老師聯繫。

  • and they're offering you a free 15-minute, one-on-one lesson, Just use the code rachel-english.

    他們為你提供了一個免費的15分鐘,一對一的課程, 只要使用代碼rachel -english。

  • I know some of you are here for test prep vocabulary learning.

    我知道有些人是為了考前詞彙學習而來。

  • You can actually go to Cambly and search for a teacher who specializes in test prep.

    其實你可以去康普利搜索一下專門的備考老師。

  • Type in the test that you're preparing for and you'll find teachers.

    輸入你要準備的考試,你就能找到老師。

  • You can find teachers who are available right now.

    你可以找到現在就有的老師。

  • You can read about them, see their rating, and take a lesson.

    你可以看一下他們的資料,看看他們的評價,上一課。

  • If you find a teacher you love, they have deal for 43% off an annual lesson package,

    如果你找到了你喜歡的老師,他們有優惠,年課包43%的折扣。

  • just use the code rachel-english10.

    只要使用代碼rachel -english10。

  • Check them out, find a teacher to connect with,

    看看他們,找個老師聯繫一下。

  • and thank you to Cambly for sponsoring this video.

    並感謝Cambly贊助這個視頻。

  • Ok, we're going to move on to the next word, that is 'available'.

    好了,我們要繼續說下一個詞,那就是 "可用"。

  • And to give you guys a heads up, we're looking at benefit, concept, and consistent next.

    而且給大家提個醒,我們接下來要看效益、概念、一致。

  • Available. Just like 'authority' it's a four-syllable word, with second syllable stress,

    可以使用。 就像'權威'一樣,它是一個四音節的詞,第二音節重音。

  • and we have a schwa in the first syllable. Uh, uh, uh, authority.

    而我們的第一個音節有一個分音符。 呃,呃,呃,權威。

  • Uh, uh, uh, available.

    呃,呃,呃,可用。

  • Do you hear how the rhythm is the same? Da-da-da-da.

    你聽到了嗎? 節奏是怎麼一樣的?噠-噠-噠-噠

  • Authority. Available.

    權力。現有。

  • Let's watch this up-close.

    讓我們近距離觀察一下。

  • It's an adjective. It means easy or possible to get, to find.

    這是一個形容詞。 它的意思是容易或可能得到,找到。

  • Just before the big storm, emergency supplies were not available anywhere.

    就在大風暴來臨之前,應急物資無處可尋。

  • It was not possible to find emergency supplies, they were all sold out.

    找不到應急物資,都賣光了。

  • The opposite of available is 'unavailable'.

    可用的反義詞是 "不可用"。

  • We also use it with people.

    我們對人也用。

  • Someone is able to talk with someone, or meet with someone, or not.

    有人能與人交談,或與人見面,或不與人交談。

  • I need to call my boss, but she's not available until after 2pm.

    我要打電話給我的老闆,但她下午兩點以後才有空。

  • It's not possible to get her on the phone before that.

    在此之前,不可能讓她打電話。

  • Hi, is Rachel there? Sorry, she's not available right now.

    嗨,瑞秋在嗎?抱歉,她現在沒空。

  • It can also mean not being used, not occupied.

    也可以是不使用、不佔用的意思。

  • If you're sitting at a conference and someone says, is that seat available?

    如果你坐在會議上,有人說,那個座位有空嗎?

  • You can say, yes, it's available, you can sit here.

    你可以說,是的,它是可用的,你可以坐在這裡。

  • Or, no, it's not available. My friend is sitting here. She's in the bathroom. Sorry.

    或者說,不,沒有。我的朋友坐在這裡。她在浴室裡。對不起,我的朋友坐在這裡,她在浴室裡。

  • It also means free or ready to do something: I'm available to babysit most weekends.

    它還意味著有空或準備做一些事情:我在大多數週末都可以做保姆。

  • That means I'm free. I would like to do that. I'm available.

    這意味著我是自由的。我想這樣做。我是有空的。

  • And finally, we also use it to mean not involved in a romantic relationship.

    最後,我們還用它來表示不涉及戀愛關係。

  • Your friend Jack is so cute. Is he available?

    你的朋友傑克真可愛他有空嗎?

  • No, he's been dating someone for a long time.

    不,他已經和別人約會很久了。

  • Possible. Free or easy to get.

    可能的。免費或容易獲得。

  • For a person: able to speak with someone or do something with or for someone.

    為人:能與人交談,或與人一起或為人做事。

  • Not occupied, like the chair, and not dating someone.

    不被佔用,就像椅子一樣,也不和人約會。

  • Let's go to Youglish and check out some more sentences.

    我們再去優衣庫看看一些句子吧。

  • Made benefits available.

    提供了福利。

  • Made them easy or possible to get.

    使他們容易或可能得到。

  • Our next sentence:

    我們的下一句話。

  • And it is also available in 17 different languages.

    而且它還提供17種不同的語言。

  • Available in 17 different languagespossible to get in 17 different languages.

    可提供17種不同的語言---------------------------------------------------17種不同的語言。

  • Our next clip:

    我們的下一個片段。

  • The teachers who are available.

    有的老師。

  • That is, the teachers who are able to take on new students.

    也就是能帶新學生的老師。

  • Our next clip:

    我們的下一個片段。

  • When he's available, when the doctor is free to see patients, for what time can she make an appointment.

    他什麼時候有空,醫生什麼時候有空給病人看病,什麼時間可以預約。

  • Oh, when is he available? Thursday next week?

    哦,他什麼時候有空?下週四?

  • Available. Easy to get, free, not busy, not occupied.

    有的。易得、免費、不忙、不佔。

  • Next is 'benefit'. Three syllables, first-syllable stress, be-ne-fit.

    下一個是 "受益"。三個音節,第一音節重音,be-ne-fit。

  • Let's look up-close.

    讓我們近距離看看。

  • Benefit. A noun: it's a good or helpful effect or result.

    益處。名詞:是一種好的或有幫助的效果或結果。

  • One of the benefits of solar is lowering your energy bill.

    太陽能的好處之一是降低你的能源賬單。

  • It's also something extra that an employer can offer in addition to salary.

    這也是僱主在工資之外可以提供的額外的東西。

  • For example, the benefits at my new job are great: full health coverage, 401k, 6 weeks paid vacation.

    例如,我新工作的福利很好:全額醫療保險、401k、6周帶薪休假。

  • It can also be a social event to raise money:

    它也可以是一個社交活動來籌集資金。

  • We're having a benefit to raise money for the local homeless shelter.

    我們要為當地的無家可歸者收容所籌款。

  • There's going to be dinner and dancing.

    會有晚餐和舞蹈。

  • Have you ever heard the phrase 'the benefit of the doubt?'

    你有沒有聽過 "疑罪從無 "這句話?

  • If someone gives you the benefit of the doubt, then they believe you in a given situation.

    如果有人給你好處,那麼在特定情況下,他們就會相信你。

  • For example, some people think he's lying, but I'm giving him the benefit of the doubt.

    比如說,有人認為他在撒謊,但我給他的好處是。

  • 'Benefit' is also a verb, and it means to be helpful or useful.

    '益'也是一個動詞,它的意思是有幫助或有用。

  • The new park really benefits the families in the neighborhood.

    新公園真正惠及了附近的家庭。

  • How did you benefit from your experience at your last job?

    你在上一份工作中的經歷讓你受益匪淺?

  • That means, what did your last job help you learn?

    也就是說,你的上一份工作幫助你學到了什麼?

  • Benefit: a helpful result; something in addition to a salary in a job.

    效益:一種有益的結果;在工作中除了工資以外的東西。

  • Now, let's go to Youglish for some more phrases.

    現在,我們再去優衣庫找一些短語。

  • For the benefit of our viewers.

    為了我們觀眾的利益。

  • A helpful result. The interviewer believes this man has experiences, ideas, opinions to share

    一個有益的結果。面試官認為這個人有經驗、有想法、有觀點可以分享

  • that would benefit people watching. That would be helpful to them.

    這將有利於人們觀看。那會對他們有所幫助。

  • Our next sentence:

    我們的下一句話。

  • The enormous benefit. This partnership has been extremely helpful to them.

    巨大的好處。這種夥伴關係對他們的幫助極大。

  • And our next sentence:

    而我們的下一句話。

  • He's going to benefit from those decisions.

    他將從這些決定中獲益。

  • He will have a positive impact from these decisions.

    他將從這些決定中產生積極的影響。

  • Helpful, positive.

    有幫助,積極。

  • And now, our next clip:

    現在,我們的下一個片段。

  • The retirement plan.

    終身俸計劃;

  • That is a benefit of some jobs. In addition to your wages, you might get a retirement plan.

    這也是一些工作的好處。除了工資之外,你還可能得到一個退休計劃。

  • I hope this video benefits you in some way.

    希望這段視頻能讓你受益匪淺。

  • Has a positive impact.

    具有積極的影響。

  • Concept. A noun. Two syllables. Can you tell which syllable is stressed?

    概念。一個名詞。兩個音節。你能看出哪個音節是重音嗎?

  • Concept. It's the first syllable.

    概念。這是第一個音節。

  • Let's look up-close.

    讓我們近距離看看。

  • An idea of what something is or how it works.

    對某物是什麼或如何運作的想法。

  • Maybe someone is explaining a new invention to you and you say,

    也許有人在向你解釋一項新發明,你說。

  • I get the concept.

    我明白這個概念。

  • I have an idea of how it works. Or, she doesn't get the concept of how to write an essay.

    我對它的工作原理有一個概念。或者,她不明白如何寫論文的概念。

  • She doesn't understand that you need an introduction, then a body, and a conclusion.

    她不明白,你需要一個引子,然後是一個主體,還有一個結論。

  • She doesn't get the concept of how writing an essay works.

    她不懂寫論文的概念。

  • Or maybe someone thinks they have a really great idea of a new way to approach nutrition in school cafeterias.

    或者有人認為他們有一個非常好的想法,以一種新的方式來處理學校食堂的營養問題。

  • Someone could say, that's not a new concept.

    有人會說,這不是一個新概念。

  • They've been doing that in Europe for years.

    他們在歐洲已經這樣做了很多年。

  • That means it's not a new idea.

    這意味著這不是一個新的想法。

  • Or maybe, if I like the way a history teacher explains something in a video, I might think,

    或者說,如果我喜歡歷史老師在視頻中的解釋方式,我可能會思考。

  • I'm going to borrow that concept in my next video.

    我打算在下一個視頻中借用這個概念。

  • Concept. An ideawhat something is or how it works.

    概念。一個概念--某物是什麼或如何運作。

  • Let's go to Youglish.

    我們去優衣庫吧。

  • That idea was coupled with the concept.

    這個想法加上概念。

  • That means paired together, with the idea of the free market.

    這意味著搭配在一起,與自由市場的理念。

  • With an understanding of the free market and how it works. That concept.

    隨著對自由市場及其運作方式的瞭解。這個概念。

  • Our next sentence:

    我們的下一句話。

  • Consider a concept more broadly.

    更廣泛地考慮一個概念。

  • That means take this idea, and how we think it works,

    也就是說,把這個想法,以及我們認為它是如何運作的。

  • and ask ourselves to expand that, to look beyond how we think it works and ask ourselves:

    並要求自己把它擴大化,超越我們認為的工作方式,問自己。

  • Could it work like this? Could it work like that?

    能否像這樣工作?能不能像這樣工作?

  • Expand our concept of it.

    拓展我們對它的概念。

  • The next sentence.

    下一句話。

  • It's the same concept, but with lots of bells and whistles.

    這是同樣的概念,但有很多的鐘聲和口哨。

  • It's the same idea, it works the same way, but with extra things.

    同樣的想法,同樣的方法,但是多了一些東西。

  • 'Bells and whistles' is an idiom, this means extra things, things you don't necessarily need,

    '鐘鳴鼎食'是一個成語,這個意思是指額外的東西,你不一定需要的東西。

  • but some people might want.

    但有些人可能想。

  • For example, a toaster.

    比如說,麵包機。

  • I bought a toaster recently for my family, we hadn't had one before,

    最近我給家裡買了一臺麵包機,我們以前沒有過麵包機。

  • and I couldn't decide, did I just want something basic and simple

    我無法決定,我只是想要一些基本和簡單的東西。

  • or did I want one with more bells and whistles like a digital clock?

    或者我想要一個更多的鐘聲和口哨聲,如數字時鐘?

  • I went with the simple one.

    我選擇了簡單的那個。

  • Our next clip:

    我們的下一個片段。

  • There was no concept of stopping bullying.

    沒有停止欺凌的概念。

  • No idea about itno one was considering it, or thinking about how that might work,

    不知道--沒有人考慮過,也沒有人考慮過這樣做的可能性。

  • everyone was just accepting that it was okay, and that they didn't need to do anything about it.

    每個人都只是接受它是好的,他們不需要做任何事情。

  • There was no concept of stopping it.

    沒有阻止的概念。

  • And our last word, consistent. An adjective, three syllables with middle syllable stress.

    而我們最後一個詞,一致。一個形容詞,三個音節,中間音節重音。

  • Make sure that first syllable doesn't even have a vowel in it. Kn. The N absorbs the schwa. Kn.

    確保第一個音節裡連元音都沒有。Kn。N吸收了這個音節。Kn.

  • Consistent. Also notice I'm not releasing the T at the end. I'm not saying 'consistent'.

    一致的。同時注意到我沒有在最後釋放T。我沒有說'一致'。

  • I'm saying 'consistent' and making that a stop. That's the most common pronunciation you'll hear.

    我說的是 "一致",而且是句號。這是你最常聽到的發音。

  • Let's watch this up-close.

    讓我們近距離觀察一下。

  • If I wanted to give you a definition of just one word, it would be 'same'.

    如果我想給你一個詞的定義,那就是 "一樣"。

  • Acting the same way. We need to be more consistent in how we discipline the kids.

    表現出同樣的方式。我們需要在管教孩子的方式上更加一致。

  • Sometimes we ignore them, sometimes we yell at them, sometimes we try to reason with them.

    有時我們不理他們,有時我們對他們大吼大叫,有時我們試圖和他們講道理。

  • I think we need to come up with our concept of parenting.

    我覺得我們需要提出我們的育兒觀念。

  • And be more consistent with it.

    而且更要與之保持一致。

  • We need to be consistent in our approach to parenting.

    我們在育兒的方法上要保持一致。

  • I threw in the word 'approach' there which is a word we learned in our last Band 1 vocabulary video.

    我在那裡拋出了 "方法 "這個詞,這是我們在上一個Band 1詞彙視頻中學習的單詞。

  • You can find the link to that video here.

    你可以在這裡找到該視頻的鏈接。

  • Now, I'm going to use it as an adverb by throwing on LY:

    現在,我要把它作為副詞使用,扔在LY上。

  • Their Pad Thai is consistently the best I've had.

    他們的泰式炒飯一直是我吃過的最好的。

  • It's the same .

    這是同樣的...

  • Every time I have it, it's the best.

    每次我吃到的,都是最好的。

  • If it's inconsistent, then that means sometimes it's great and sometimes it's not.

    如果它不一致,那就意味著有時很好,有時不好。

  • You don't really want a product that's inconsistent. You want people to be able to rely on that.

    你不會真的想要一個不穩定的產品。你希望人們能夠依賴這一點。

  • Notice, it's IN, inconsistent.

    注意,是in,不一致。

  • Earlier we had 'available' and 'unavailable',

    早前我們有 "可用 "和 "不可用"。

  • UN, as opposites.

    聯合國,作為對立面。

  • But here, it's not UN, it's IN.

    但在這裡,它不是聯合國,而是IN。

  • Inconsistent. Unavailable. Inconsistent.

    不一致。無法提供。不一致。

  • Consistent also means the same over time.

    始終如一也是指在一段時間內保持一致。

  • The pain has been consistent since the accident.

    自事故發生後,疼痛一直持續。

  • It's been the same.

    一直都是一樣的。

  • It hasn't gotten any better.

    它沒有變得更好。

  • Your symptoms are consistent with the flu.

    你的症狀符合流感。

  • That means your symptoms are the same symptoms that someone would have if they have the flu.

    也就是說,你的症狀和別人得了流感的症狀是一樣的。

  • We think you have the flu based on your symptoms.

    根據你的症狀,我們認為你得了流感。

  • His story about what happened is not consistent with what she said.

    他講述的事情和她說的不一致。