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  • On Earth Day 2019, Google posted this video about the "urgency of radically addressing

    在2019年的地球日,谷歌發佈了這段視頻,內容是關於 "亟待從根本上解決

  • sustainability officer. Now she works to make Google a global leader in "reducing or even

    可持續發展官。現在,她致力於使谷歌成為全球領先的 "減少或甚至是

  • by 2017, they got that up to 100 percent. They've also managed to lower their total

    到2017年,他們把這個比例提高到了100%。他們還設法降低他們的總

  • energy use with some help from a branch of artificial intelligence called machine learning.

    在人工智能的一個叫做機器學習的分支的幫助下,能源使用。

  • A computer program takes in lots of data and trains itself to operate the centers as efficiently

    一個計算機程序會接收大量數據,並訓練自己高效地操作中心。

  • as possible. Here's energy use under human supervision, and when the AI is in charge.

    儘可能的。這是人類監督下的能源使用情況,而當人工智能負責。

  • The more data the AI trains on, the better it gets at reducing energy use. But here's

    人工智能訓練的數據越多,它在減少能源使用方面就越好。但這裡的

  • the thing: This same technology can be used to automate lots of other tasks, like fossil

    同樣的技術也可以用來自動化很多其他任務,比如化石。

  • fuel discovery and extraction. And while Google is using AI to increase the efficiency of

    燃料的發現和提取。而谷歌在利用人工智能提高效率的同時,也在利用

  • its operation, it's also using it to try and get as much oil and gas out of the ground

    它的操作,它也在使用它,試圖從地下獲取儘可能多的石油和天然氣。

  • as possible. In 2018, Google hired Darryl Willis, a veteran of British Petroleum, to

    儘可能的。2018年,谷歌聘請了英國石油公司的資深人士達里爾-威利斯(Darryl Willis)擔任。

  • lead its new oil, gas, and energy division. Willis explained "our plan is to be the partner

    上司其新的石油、天然氣和能源部門。Willis解釋說:"我們的計劃是成為合作伙伴。

  • of choice for the energy industry." They've already signed a deal with Total, one of the

    能源行業的首選。"他們已經與道達爾公司簽訂了協議,道達爾公司是一家。

  • world's biggest oil companies, to develop AI that will streamline oil and gas exploration

    世界上最大的石油公司,將開發人工智能,以簡化石油和天然氣勘探。

  • and production. And Google's not alone. Microsoft and Amazon are also teaming up with the fossil

    和生產。而谷歌並不孤單。微軟和亞馬遜也在與化石合作。

  • fuel industry. Big Tech has entered the oil business.

    燃料行業。大科技已經進入石油行業。

  • On June 15, 1957, the citizens of Tulsa, Oklahoma

    1957年6月15日,俄克拉荷馬州塔爾薩市的市民。

  • buried a rather odd time capsule, a brand new Plymouth Belvedere. Sealed inside

    埋藏了一個相當奇怪的時間膠囊,一個全新的普利茅斯Belvedere。密封在裡面

  • among commemorative plates, ash trays, t-shirts, and books that captured the spirit of the

    紀念盤、灰盤、T恤衫和書籍中,捕捉到的精神。

  • times, was a 16mm film reel. It showed a martian visiting the United States and learning that

    次,是一卷16毫米膠片。它顯示了一個火星人訪問美國,並得知...

  • oil and competition made the nation prosper. Also included in the capsule were gasoline

    石油和競爭使國家繁榮。囊中還包括汽油

  • and motor oil. In 1957, it seemed like a very real possibility that these products wouldn't

    和機油。在1957年,這些產品似乎很有可能不

  • be around in 50 years when the Belvedere was scheduled to be disinterred. Newspapers around

    50年後,當Belvedere計劃被安葬時,它還會存在。周圍的報紙

  • the country were reporting that America's oil production would soon fall off. And as

    國家報告說,美國的石油產量很快就會下降。而作為

  • that cartoon martian learned, discoveries of new reserves were rare. "Only one well

    那位卡通火星人瞭解到,新儲量的發現十分罕見。"只有一個井

  • in nine finds any oil at all. And only one in almost a thousand makes a major discovery."

    九分之一的石油發現。而幾乎每一千人中只有一人有重大發現。"

  • Oil has always been really hard to find. America's first oil well was drilled in 1859 near a

    石油一直都很難找到。美國的第一口油井是1859年在附近的一個油田裡鑽出來的。

  • particularly greasy creek in Pennsylvania. It was obvious there was oil seeping up from

    賓夕法尼亞州的一條特別油膩的小溪。很明顯,有油滲出從

  • the ground here, but it took Edwin Drake over a year and all his money to find a measly

    但埃德溫-德雷克花了一年多的時間和所有的錢才找到了一個微不足道的地方。

  • little pocket of black gold. Still, his discovery triggered an oil boom and a Pennsylvania paper

    黑金的小口袋。不過,他的發現還是引發了石油熱潮和賓夕法尼亞州的紙業。

  • was soon explaining that the substance could "illuminate, lubricate, make candles, and cure

    很快就解釋說,這種物質可以 "照明、潤滑、製作蠟燭和治療"。

  • most diseases from which humanity suffers." Not all of that proved true, but 100 years

    人類所患的大多數疾病"。並非所有這些都被證明是正確的,但100年後,

  • later, petroleum had given the world "fabrics, toothbrushes, tires, insecticide, cosmetics,

    後來,石油給了世界 "布料、牙刷、輪胎、殺蟲劑、化妝品"。

  • weed killers, a whole galaxy of things to make a better life on Earth." And of course,

    除草劑,整個銀河系的東西 讓地球上的生活更美好。"當然了 And of course,

  • fuel. The energy needs of the world have risen a lot since 1859. And from very early on there

    燃料。自1859年以來,世界的能源需求上升了很多。而從很早開始

  • were fears that fossil fuels couldn't meet this demand. In 1909, some thought oil and

    是擔心化石燃料不能滿足這種需求。在1909年,有人認為石油和

  • gas would run out around 1937. In 1937, US oil supplies were supposed to disappear by

    天然氣將在1937年左右耗盡。在1937年,美國的石油供應應該會在1937年消失。

  • 1952. And so on, and so on, as fossil fuels became more and more essential in every day

    1952.以此類推,隨著化石燃料在日常生活中變得越來越重要。

  • life, predictions of a crash kept coming. But somehow, the oil kept flowing. "I couldn't

    生活中,崩潰的預測不斷出現。但不知何故,石油一直在流動。"我不能...

  • imagine how this ever-increasing supply of oil was achieved. Until I found out that there's

    想象一下,這種不斷增加的石油供應是如何實現的。直到我發現

  • not just one but thousands of oil companies all competing with each other to discover

    不僅僅是一個,而是成千上萬的石油公司都在相互競爭,以發現。

  • and develop new sources of oil." From the earliest days, competing companies invested

    並開發新的油源。"從最早的時候開始,競爭公司就投資了

  • in better technology to extract fossil fuels, better drills, better pumps, and they developed

    更好的技術來開採化石燃料,更好的鑽頭,更好的泵,他們開發了

  • better techniques for finding new oil reserves, creating seismic vibrations to see underneath

    更好的技術來尋找新的石油儲量,創造地震振動來觀察下面的情況。

  • the ground, using satellite LIDAR to reveal hidden structures, detecting subtle changes

    地面,利用衛星激光雷達揭示隱藏的結構,探測微妙的變化。

  • in the Earth's gravity and magnetism. Thanks in part to these advances, by 2007, when a

    在地球的引力和磁力方面。部分歸功於這些進展,到2007年,當一個。

  • very rusty Belvedere was exhumed, global oil production was still on the rise. In the US,

    非常生疏的貝爾維德雷被挖出,全球石油產量仍在上升。在美國。

  • it did look like oil was finally petering out, until investment in new technology, fracking

    它看起來像石油終於停滯不前,直到新技術的投資,水力壓裂。

  • and horizontal wells in vast shale formations, brought it roaring back. Today, once again,

    和巨大的頁岩層中的水平井,讓它轟然倒塌。今天,再一次。

  • if we just rely on current reserves and current tech, oil production will start to falter,

    如果我們只是依靠現有的儲備和現有的技術,石油生產將開始動搖。

  • but if new technology lets us squeeze more out of the reserves we already have and find

    但如果新技術能讓我們從已有的儲量中榨取更多,並發現

  • new sources of oil, we'll be able to meet the growing demand. It's just a matter of

    新的石油來源,我們將能夠滿足日益增長的需求。這只是一個問題

  • finding the next technological leap. Of course, there's a problem with using fossil fuels

    尋找下一個技術飛躍。當然,使用化石燃料也有一個問題。

  • to meet the world's energy needs. Climate change. Oil, gas and coal are a time capsule

    以滿足世界能源需求。氣候變化。石油、天然氣和煤炭是一個時間膠囊。

  • of a different sort, sealing ancient carbon deep below the Earth. When humans open that

    是另一種類型的,將古老的碳封存在地球深處。當人類打開那扇門時

  • time capsule and burn those fossil fuels, carbon reenters the atmosphere as the greenhouse

    燃燒化石燃料,碳就會以溫室氣體的形式重新進入大氣層

  • gas CO2. Since 1859, CO2 levels have shot up and so has the planet's temperature. If

    氣體二氧化碳。自1859年以來,二氧化碳含量急劇上升,地球的溫度也隨之上升。如果

  • we keep going like this, if we burn all the fossil fuels we currently have access to,

    如果我們繼續這樣下去,如果我們燒 所有的化石燃料,我們目前可以獲得。

  • models suggest that the Earth could warm somewhere between 6.4 and 9.5 degrees. And so climate

    模型顯示,地球可能會升溫6.4到9.5度之間。是以,氣候

  • activists say there's only one thing to do. "Keep it in the ground. Keep it in the ground.

    活動家說,只有一件事要做。"讓它在地面上。讓它在地面上。

  • Keep it in the ground. Keep it in the ground." That's easier chanted than done. Currently,

    把它埋在地裡把它埋在地裡。"這話說起來容易念起來難。目前。

  • the world relies on fossil fuels for 85 percent of its energy needs. Keeping it in the ground

    世界85%的能源需求都依賴於化石燃料。把它留在地下

  • will require a huge shift to renewables and lower energy use in general. And big tech

    將需要向可再生能源和降低能源使用總體上的巨大轉變。而大科技

  • companies have publicly rushed to be part of this effort. "Sustainability has been a

    的公司都公開趕來參與其中。"可持續發展一直是一個

  • core value since our founding." "There had been pockets of sustainability living within

    自我們成立以來的核心價值。""曾有一些可持續發展的口袋活在裡面。

  • Amazon's business since the very beginning." "One of the problems we can help solve is

    亞馬遜的業務自始至終都是如此。""我們能幫助解決的問題之一是

  • energy consumption." "We can invent our way out of this problem." "Innovation is the key

    能源消耗。""我們可以發明我們的方式來解決這個問題。""創新是關鍵

  • to solving this problem." "We can put artificial intelligence and digital technology to use

    來解決這個問題。""我們可以將人工智能和數字技術用於

  • to help our customers in every part of the economy become more sustainable themselves."

    以幫助我們經濟各個環節的客戶自己變得更加可持續發展。"

  • It turns out that same artificial intelligence technology is just what oil companies need

    事實證明,同樣的人工智能技術正是石油公司所需要的。

  • to stay profitable. See the fossil fuel industry has amassed lots and lots of valuable data

    以保持盈利。看到化石燃料行業已經積累了很多很多有價值的數據。

  • as they've mapped Earth's crust in search of reserves. Take this patch of ocean floor

    因為他們已經繪製了地殼圖來尋找儲量就拿這塊洋底來說

  • in the North Sea. In 1989, Dutch geologists painstakingly mapped the different rock layers

    在北海。1989年,荷蘭地質學家精心繪製了不同岩層的地圖。

  • using seismic scans. Researchers at IBM recently fed all that seismic data into a machine learning

    使用地震掃描。IBM的研究人員最近將所有的地震數據輸入到一個機器學習中。

  • algorithm and after about 10 minutes of training, the AI was able to label the rock layers nearly

    算法,經過大約10分鐘的訓練,人工智能幾乎可以對岩層進行標註。

  • as accurately as human experts. Another group at Georgia Tech used machine learning to quickly

    和人類專家一樣準確。佐治亞理工學院的另一個小組使用機器學習來迅速

  • identify structures important to oil discovery. You could imagine how an AI could train itself

    識別對石油發現重要的結構。你可以想象一個人工智能如何訓練自己

  • with all kinds of data to pinpoint the best places to drill. And once drilling begins,

    用各種數據來確定最佳鑽井地點。而一旦開始鑽探。

  • AI can streamline extraction to make it cheaper. That kind of efficiency can help the oil and

    人工智能可以簡化開採,使其成本更低。這種效率可以幫助石油和

  • gas industry compete with renewables and so it's no surprise that they spent an estimated

    燃氣行業與可再生能源的競爭,是以他們花費了約1.5億歐元的資金,這並不奇怪。

  • 1.75 billion dollars on AI in 2018. Google, Microsoft, and Amazon are competing for a

    2018年在人工智能上投入17.5億美元。谷歌、微軟和亞馬遜正在爭奪一個

  • piece of that pie. Google has signed agreements with several fossil fuel companies. Microsoft

    一塊餡餅。谷歌已經與多家化石燃料公司簽署了協議。微軟

  • has teamed up with Exxon and Chevron, and just hired Daryl Willis away from Google.

    已與埃克森和雪佛龍合作,並剛剛從谷歌聘請了達里爾-威利斯。

  • And Amazon, who already provides cloud services to BP and Shell is marketing its ability to

    而已經為英國石油公司和殼牌公司提供雲服務的亞馬遜,則在推銷自己的能力。

  • accelerate and optimize exploration, drilling, and production of oil and gas. While they

    加快和優化石油和天然氣的勘探、鑽探和生產。當他們

  • talk up their commitment to sustainability, big tech is making sure the world can keep

    談到他們對可持續發展的承諾,大科技正在確保世界能夠保持可持續發展。

  • burning plenty of fossil fuel. "And if you have both of these things, any goal is possible.

    燃燒大量的化石燃料。"而如果你擁有這兩樣東西,任何目標都是可能的。

  • It's destination unlimited."

    這是目的地無限。"

On Earth Day 2019, Google posted this video about the "urgency of radically addressing

在2019年的地球日,谷歌發佈了這段視頻,內容是關於 "亟待從根本上解決

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B1 中級 中文 Vox 石油 化石 燃料 能源 智能

谷歌和亞馬遜現在都在做石油生意

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 08 月 07 日
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