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  • Since we all inhabit the earth all of us are considered earthlings

  • There is no sexism no racism or speciesism in the term earthling

  • It encompasses each and every one of us, warm or cold blooded mammal

  • vertebrae or invertebrate, bird, reptile,

  • Amphibian fish and human alike

  • Humans therefore being not the only species on the planet share this world with millions of other living creatures as we all evolve here together

  • However it is the human earthling who tends to dominate the earth

  • oftentimes treating other fellow Earthlings and living beings as mere objects

  • This is what is meant by speciesism

  • By analogy with racism and sexism, the term speciesism

  • Is a prejudice or attitude of bias in favour of the interests of members of one's own species and

  • against those of members of other species

  • If a being suffers there can be no moral justification for refusing to take that suffering into consideration

  • No matter what the nature of the being the principle of equality requires that one's suffering can be counted equally with the like suffering

  • of any other being

  • Racists violate the principle of equality by giving greater weight to the interests of members of their own race

  • When there's a clash between their interests and the interests of those of another race?

  • Sexist violate the principle of equality by favouring the interests of their own sex

  • Similarly speciesists allow the interests of their own species to override the greater interests of members of other species

  • In each case the pattern is identical

  • Among the numbers of the human family we recognize the moral imperative of respect

  • Every human is a somebody out of something

  • morally disrespectful treatment occurs when those who stand at the power end of a power relationship treat

  • The less powerful as if they were mere objects

  • The rapist does this to the victim of rape the child invested to the child molested the master to the slave

  • In each in all such cases humans who have power exploit those who lack it

  • Might the same be true of how humans treat other animals or other earthlings

  • Undoubtedly there are differences since humans and animals are not the same in all respects

  • But the question of sameness wears another face

  • Granted these animals do not have all the desires we humans have granted

  • They do not comprehend everything we humans comprehend

  • Nevertheless we and they do have some of the same desires and do comprehend some of the same things

  • The desires for food and water shelter and companionship

  • freedom of movement and avoidance of pain these desires are shared by non-human animals and human beings

  • As for comprehension like humans many non-human animals understand the world in which they live and move

  • Otherwise they could not survive

  • So beneath the many differences there is sameness

  • Like us these animals embody the mystery and wonder of consciousness like

  • Us they are not only in the world they are aware of it

  • Like us. They are the psychological centers of a life that is uniquely their own

  • In these fundamental respects humans stand on all fours so to speak with hogs and cows chickens and turkeys

  • What these animals are do from us how we morally ought to treat them are questions whose answer begins with the recognition of our psychological

  • kinship with them

  • So the following film demonstrates in five ways just how animals have come to serve mankind at least we forget

  • Nobel prize-winner Isaac Bashevis singer wrote in his best-selling novel enemies a love story the following

  • As often as Herman who witnessed the slaughter of animals and fish he always had the same thought in

  • Their behavior toward creatures all men were Nazis the smugness with which man could do with other species as he pleased

  • exemplified the most extreme racist theories

  • The principle of might is right

  • The comparison here to the Holocaust is both intentional and obvious

  • one group of living beings anguishes beneath the hands of another

  • Though some well argued the suffering of animals cannot possibly compare with that of former Jews or slaves. There is in fact a parallel and

  • For the prisoners and victims of this mass murder

  • their Holocaust is far from over

  • In his book the outermost House author Henry Beston wrote

  • We need another and a wiser and perhaps more mystical concept of animals

  • Remote from Universal nature and living by complicated artifice, man

  • in Civilization surveys the creatures through the glass of his knowledge and sees thereby a feather magnified and

  • the whole image and Distortion

  • We patronize them for their incompleteness for

  • their tragic fate of having taken form so far below ourselves

  • and

  • Therein we err and greatly err

  • For the animals shall not be measured by man

  • In a world older and more complete than ours. They move finished and complete gifted

  • With extensions of the senses we have lost or never tamed

  • Living By Voices we shall never hear

  • They are not brethren they're not underlings

  • There are other nations

  • Caught with ourselves in the net of life and time

  • Fellow prisoners of the splendor and travail of the earth

  • For most of us our relationship with animals involves the owning of a pet or two

  • So where do our pets come from

  • Of course one of the most obvious ways animals serve man is as companions

  • For these pets it starts with a breeder

  • Then not all breeders are considered professional

  • In fact in this profession just about anyone and everyone can be a breeder

  • For pet stores most of their animals are acquired from puppy mills even if they may not know it

  • Puppy mills are low-budget commercial enterprises that breed dogs for sale to pet shops and other buyers

  • They are often backyard operations that expose animals to filthy overcrowded conditions with no veterinary care or socialization

  • Dogs from puppy mills often exhibit physical and psychological problems as they grow up

  • Strays if they are lucky

  • Will be picked up and taken to a shelter or pound

  • Where they can only hope to find a new home again?

  • An estimated 25 million animals become homeless every year

  • And as many as 27% of purebred dogs are among the homeless

  • Of these 25 million homeless animals an average of 9 million die on the streets from disease starvation

  • Exposure

  • Injury or some other hazard of street life

  • many others are strays some of whom were presumably dumped in the streets by their caretakers the

  • Remaining 16 million die in pounds or shelters that have no room for them and are forced to kill them

  • Sadly on top of all this almost 50% of the animals brought to shelters are turned in by their caretakers

  • Many people claim they don't visit shelters because it's depressing for them

  • But the reason animals are crowded in such dreary places these is because of people's refusal to spay or neuter their pets

  • Several pet owners feel particularly men for some reason that neutering a pet emasculates the owner somehow

  • Or they may just want their children to someday experience the miracle of life so to speak

  • Another case pet owners like these unknowingly take part in the euthanasia of over 60,000 animals per day

  • Euthanasia generally

  • Defined as the act of killing painlessly for reasons of Mercy

  • Is usually administered by an injection in the leg for dogs and?

  • sometimes in the stomach for cats

  • It is a quick and painless procedure for the animals and by far the most humane

  • But not always the most affordable

  • Due to the increase of euthanasia in shelters and the growing constant demand for drugs like youth - saw

  • Some shelters with budget constraints are forced to use gas chambers instead

  • In a gas chamber animals are packed very tightly and to take as long as 20 minutes to die

  • It is by far less merciful

  • more traumatic and painful, but

  • The procedure is less expensive

  • Perhaps some of the tough questions, we should ask ourselves about animals that we keep as companions are

  • Can we keep animals as companions and still address their needs is?

  • Our keeping companion animals in their best interest, or are we exploiting them?

  • The answers to these questions may lie in the attitudes of the human caretakers and their abilities to provide suitable environments for companion animals

  • Most human beings are speciesists

  • This film shows that ordinary human beings not a few exceptionally cruel or heartless humans, but the overwhelming

  • majority of people take an active part

  • acquiesce in and allow their taxes to pay for practices that require the sacrifice of the most important interests of members of other species in

  • Order to promote the most trivial interests of our own species

  • The hope for the animals of tomorrow is to be found in the human culture, which learns to feel beyond itself

  • We must learn empathy

  • We must learn to seed the eyes of an animal and feel that their life has value because they are alive

  • What happens in slaughterhouses is a variation on the theme of the exploitation of the weak path a strong

  • More than 10,000 times a minute in excess of six billion times a year just in the United States

  • Life is literally drained from so-called food animals

  • Having the greater power humans decide when these animals will die where they will die and how they will die

  • The interests of these animals themselves play no role whatsoever in the determination of their fate

  • Killing an animal is in itself a troubling Act

  • It has been said that if we had to kill our own meat. We would all be vegetarians

  • Certainly very few people ever visit a slaughterhouse and films of slaughterhouse operations are not popular on television

  • People might hope that the meat that they buy came from an animal who died without pain

  • But they don't really want to know about it

  • Yet those who by their purchases

  • Require animals to be killed do not deserve to be shielded from this or any other aspect of the production of the meat they buy

  • So where does our food come from

  • For those of us living on a meat diet the process these animals undergoes as follows

  • For beef the animals are all branded in this instance on the face

  • Dehorning usually follows never with anesthetic, but rather a large pair of pliers

  • In transportation animals are packed so tightly into trucks. They are practically on top of one another

  • Heap freezing temperatures fatigue trauma and health conditions will kill some of these animals in route to the slaughterhouses

  • Milking cows are kept chained to their stalls all day long receiving no exercise

  • Pesticides and antibiotics are also used to increase their milk productivity

  • Eventually milking cows like this one collapse from exhaustion

  • Normally cows can live as long as 20 years

  • But milking cows generally die within 4

  • At which point their meat is used for fast-food restaurants

  • At this slaughterhouse the branded and dehorned cattle are brought into a stall

  • The captive bolt gun which was designed to reduce animals unconscious without causing pain

  • Fires a steel bolt that is powered by compressed air or a blank cartridge right into the animals brain

  • The various methods of slaughter are used in this Massachusetts facility the cattle is hoisted up and his or her throat is slit

  • Along with the meat their blood will be used as well

  • Though the animal has received a captive bolt to the head which is supposed to have rendered him or her senseless as

  • You can see the animal is still conscious

  • This is not uncommon

  • Sometimes they are still alive even after they have been bled and are well on their way down the assembly line to be butchered

  • This is the largest Glatt Kosher meat plant in the United States

  • Glatt the Yiddish word for smooth means the highest standard of cleanliness

  • And the rules for kosher butchering require minimal suffering

  • The use of electric prods on immobilized animals is a violation

  • Converting frightened animals for the slaughterers convenience is also a violation

  • The inversion process causes cattle to aspirate blood or breathe it in after incision

  • Ripping the trachea and esophagi from their throats is another egregious violation since kosher animals are not to be touched

  • until bleeding stops

  • And by dumping struggling and dying steers through metal chutes onto blood soaked floors

  • With their breathing tubes and gullets dangling out

  • This sacred task is neither clean or compassionate

  • Shackling and hoisting is ruled yet another violation nor does it correspond to the kosher way of treating animals

  • If this was kosher death was neither quick nor merciful

  • Veal taken from their mothers within two days of birth are tied at the neck and kept restricted to keep muscles from developing

  • Fed an iron-deficient liquid diet denied bedding Water and light

  • After four months of this miserable existence they are slaughtered

  • Thousand factory farms are breeding machines kept continually pregnant by means of artificial insemination

  • Large pig market factories will manufacture as they like to call it between 50,000 and 600,000 pigs a year each

  • Tail docking is a practice derived from the lack of space and stressful living conditions

  • So as to keep pigs from biting each other's tails off

  • This is done without anesthetic

  • Ear clipping is a similar procedure also administered without anesthetic

  • As well as teeth cutting

  • Castration is also done without painkillers or anesthetic and will supposedly produce a more fatty grade of meat

  • The elected prods are used for obvious reasons handling

  • Electrocution is another method of slaughter as seen here

  • Throat slitting however is still the least expensive way to kill an animal

  • After knife sticking pigs are shackled suspended on a bleed whale and immersed in scalding tanks to remove their bristle

  • Many are still struggling as they are dunked upside down in tanks of steaming water, but they are submerged and drowned

  • In regard to poultry

  • Americans currently consume as much chicken in a single day as they did in an entire year in 1930

  • The largest broiler companies in the world now slaughter more than eight point five million birds in a single week

  • Debeaking prevents feather pecking and cannibalism in frustrated chickens

  • Caused by overcrowding in single areas where they are unable to establish a social order

  • Today done with infant chicks the procedure is carried out very quickly about 15 Birds a minute

  • Such haste means the temperature and sharpness of the blade varies resulting in sloppy cutting and serious injury to the bird

  • As for their living conditions anywhere from sixty to ninety thousand birds can be crowded together in a single building

  • The suffering for these animals is unrelenting

  • as a way of life

  • Although their beaks are severed they attempt to peck each other

  • For hens they live in a laying warehouse crammed inside so-called battery cages

  • Many lose their feathers and develop sores from rubbing against the wire cage

  • Crowding prevents them from spreading their wings and the hens cannot even fulfill minimal natural instincts

  • During transportation all animals suffer and many die

  • And they suffocate when other animals pile on top of them in overcrowded poorly loaded cages

  • Chickens are slaughtered in numerous ways some may be clubbed to death or have their heads cut off

  • The most are brought through the assembly lines of factory farms

  • Dangled upside down on a conveyor belt the throats are slit, and they're left to bleed to death

  • Others may be placed headfirst in tubes to restrict their movement while they slowly bleed to death

  • Surely if slaughterhouses had glass walls would not all of us be vegetarians

  • Our houses do not have glass walls

  • The architecture of slaughter is opaque

  • Designed the interest of tonight to ensure that we will not see even if we want to work

  • And he wants to look younger

  • It was Emerson who observed more than a hundred years ago you

  • Have dined and however scrupulously the slaughterhouse is concealed in the graceful distance of miles there?

  • is complicity

  • And for those who think eating seafood is healthier than land animals

  • Just remember how much irretrievable waste and contaminated sediments are dumped into our oceans?

  • In the past oil nuclear and chemical industries have done little for the protection of marine environments

  • And jumping on or under the seabed has always proved a convenient place to dispose of

  • inconvenient wastes

  • Today's commercial fishers intensify this situation on massive scales

  • They use vast factory trawlers the size of football fields and advanced electronic equipment to track and catch fish

  • Huge Nets stretch across the ocean swallowing up everything in their path

  • These factory trawlers coupled with our increased appetites for seafood

  • Are emptying the oceans of sea life at an alarming pace?

  • Already 13 of the 17 major global fisheries are depleted or in serious decline

  • The other four overexploited or fully exploited

  • The recent outbreak of Pfiesteria a microorganism

  • 1000 times more potent than cyanide

  • spawned from millions of gallons of raw hog feces and urine

  • Poured into rivers lakes and oceans turning their ecosystems into unflushed toilets is proving the most alarming

  • Threatening sea life and humans alike Pfiesteria