字幕列表 影片播放 列印所有字幕 列印翻譯字幕 列印英文字幕 Julian Huguet: Would you like some snacks? Participant 1: Ooo yum! Julian Huguet: 你想不想吃點零食? 受試者1: Ooo yum(好吃的狀聲詞)! JH: Yes exactly! Would you like any snacks or any? Participant 2: Yes all of them! JH: 沒錯! 你想要吃點零食還是...? 受試者2: 當然，我要全部 JH: By all means! JH: 儘管拿吧! [title music] JH: In order to be happy, you need to be successful. Thank you. If you work hard, if you're good JH:為了要快樂，你需要獲得成功. 謝謝你. 如果你努力工作 enough eventually your efforts are going to be recognized and rewarded. Well what if I 如果你夠好，最終你的努力將會被發現而且獲得獎賞. 那如果 told you you had it backwards.That being successful doesn't make lead to happiness, but rather, 我告訴你事實正好相反. 獲得成功並不會導致快樂，反倒是 happiness leads to success. You need a minute to process that? It's fine. I'll wait. 快樂會帶來成功. 你需要幾分鐘來消化這個訊息? 沒關係，我可以等你. It's true! Happy people are better at problem solving, figuring out new options, and being creative! 這是真的! 快樂的人會有較好的問題解決能力，想出更好的選項以及更有創意 Statistically happy people perform better with marriage, friendships, income, work performance, 根據統計，快樂的人在婚姻、友誼、收入、工作表現以及健康上表現得更好! and health! I kid you not, someone somewhere figured that out. I don't know them, but here. 我沒有騙你，某個人在某個地方提出了這個觀點. 我不認識他們，但我在這裡認識的. We wanted to see if we could prove it ourselves here in our lab. We gathered a selection of 我們想要了解，我們可不可以在實驗室中證實這個觀點. 我們找了一群挑選過的 volunteers and we split them into two groups, a control group and an experimental group. 自願者，並且把他們分成兩個族群，控制組以及實驗組. For the experimental group we tried to change their mood with something called positive affectivity. 在實驗組中，我們想使用正向情感去改變他們的心情. That's science for we affected them positively. JH: Would you like some snacks? Would you 這是一個影響他們變得正向的科學方法. JH: 想要來點零食嗎? like some snacks or any. Participant 1: Yes, all of them! [laughs] 想要來點零食或者其它的嗎? 受試者1: 當然，我要全部! (笑~) JH: By all means! We have a video queued up for you that we'd like you to check out. JH: 儘管拿吧! 我們有個影片給你看，希望你可以看一下 JH: We'd also like to thank you for coming in and sharing your time with us so we'd like JH: 我們同時也謝謝你願意過來而且花時間跟我們在一起，所以我們 to offer you a gift card. Participant 3: Sweet! 要給你一張禮物卡. 受試者3: 好耶! JH: Yeah! JH: A gift card for you as another token of JH: 沒錯! JH: 為了表達感謝，我們要給你一張禮物卡. our appreciation. JH: For our control group we gave them nothing. JH: 至於控制組，我們沒有給任何東西 [crickets chirping] JH: Then we gave everybody the same problem JH: 然後我們給每個人同樣的問題解決練習. solving exercise. We gave everybody ten minutes. JH: We have a little puzzle for you. 我們給每個人10分鐘的時間. JH: 我們要給你個小小的謎題. P1: Okay! JH: So we have this cork board and a candle, 實驗者1: 好! JH: 我們這邊有一個軟木塞板以及蠟燭 and a box. Inside this box are tacks and matches. Your puzzle, should you choose to accept it, 還有一個盒子. 盒子裡面有大頭針以及火柴. 你的問題是，如果你接受的話， is keeping this cork board upright, you have to somehow affix this candle to the board 是讓軟木塞板保持直立，想辦法讓蠟燭附著在板子上 in such a way that when you light it and let it run down completely none of the wax will 當你點燃或者熄滅蠟燭時，不會有任何的蠟滴在桌子 drip on the table, on the support, on the floor, anything like that. Does that make 或者檯子或地上等等. 這樣你明白了嗎? sense? Participant 4: Yeah 受試者4: 有 P3: Anywhere on the cork board? JH: Mhm. 受試者3: 在軟木塞板的任何地方? JH: Mhm(表示同意的意思) P2: Am I okay to still eat? JH: Absolutely! Good luck! 受試者2: 我可以繼續吃嗎? JH: 當然可以! 祝你好運! Participant 5: When should I begin? JH: Now! So would the group we put in a good 受試者5: 我什麼時候可以開始? JH: 現在! mood perform better than the control group? Let's find out! 被我們放進有好心情的群族會表現的比控制組還好嗎? 讓我們來看看! P2: I don't know how long this is gonna take. P1: There's not gonna be wind or anything 受試者2: 我不知道這個會花多久的時間. 受試者1: 這裡不會有風或者任何... like it's just..nothing crazy like that? JH: No, we're not gonna submit it through 瘋狂的事情? JH: 沒有，我們不會提出任何 like structural test or anything no it's okay. P4: I need like Jeopardy music or something like that. 像是結構測試或什麼的，別擔心. 受試者4: 我需要Jeopardy(危險邊緣，美國智力競賽節目)之類的音樂. P5: But it's okay to drip on the board. 受試者5: 滴在板子上是可以的. JH: The board itself? The cork board? No. P5: No? JH: 板子上嗎? 軟木塞板? 不行. 受試者5: 不行?! JH: No P5: What it's gonna dissipate? JH: 不行. 受試者5: 什麼! 它是會消失嗎? P1: Can I tear this? JH: Yup! 受試者1: 我可以撕掉這個嗎? JH: 可以! P5: What's going on right there? P2: I can use the box too right? 受試者5:這裡是怎麼回事? 受試者2: 我也可以使用這個盒子對吧? P2: Yay! JH: Success! Let me see that candle burning! 受試者2: 耶!! JH: 成功了! 讓我看一下燃燒的蠟燭! Yeah you got it! Way to go! JH: You melted the wax and stuck it directly 沒錯你解決了! 幹的好! JH: 你熔化了蠟然後直接黏在 on the cork board. It's creative, I will give you that. It's not the answer. 軟木塞板上. 我會跟你說，這個方法創意性十足. 但這不是答案. P6: What do you mean? JH: Well if you were to light this and the 受試者6: 什麼意思? JH: 如果你點燃蠟燭 candle were to meltdown. P6: Eventually, yeah but that's gonna happen 蠟燭就會熔化. 受試者6: 沒錯，不管你做什麼 however you do it. JH: Not necessarily! 它最終還是會熔化. JH: 不見得! P6: Okay. JH: You got it! 受試者6: 好吧. JH: 你解開了! P5: I got it? JH: Woah, that was close. That was a buzzer 受試者5: 我解開了? JH:哇，這很驚險. 在結束前解開. beater! JH: It's definitely interesting. JH: 這個非常的有趣. JH: I think it's safe in saying, the simplest solution we've seen all day. JH: 我想我可以很肯定的說，這是一整天下來我們看到最簡單的解決方法. JH: This satisfies all the requirements we gave you! JH: 這個符合了我們給你的所有要求! P1: Yes! JH: Definitely! 受試者1: 好耶! JH: 絕對符合! JH: Congratulations let me very carefully. P4: I don't want to burn the place down! JH:恭喜! 讓我小心的處理. 受試者4: 我不想要把這個地方燒了! JH: Well, what do we have here? P7: Nothing. [laughs] JH: 好吧，在這裡有什麼東西? 受試者7: 沒有(笑~) JH: I wouldn't say that! JH: Do you feel like you're better at coming JH: 我不會這樣說! JH: 當你在心情好的時候， up with options, different options, when you're in a good mood? 面對緊接而來的問題或不同的選項，你會感覺比較好? P4: I would say so, my mind is just more expanded when I'm in a good mood. It kinda helps me 受試者4: 我同意，當我心情好的時候，我的想法會更開闊. 這好像是幫助我 to just breathe and think about it more instead of just trying to force it to get done. 就只要深呼吸然後思考更多這個問題，而不是逼迫我去把這件事情完成. JH: Do you think success leads to happiness or happiness leads to success. JH: 你覺得成功會帶來快樂還是快樂會帶來成功? P5: Ah, the age old question. Success is when preparation meets opportunity, so to answer 受試者5: 哈，這是個老問題. 當準備良好搭配上機會就是成功，所以關於你的問題 your question I think its not relevant in terms of success. Everybody has their own opinions 我認為這個與成功無關. 每個人都有一個自己對成功的定義! on what success is! JH: Does success lead to happiness or does JH: 你覺得成功會帶來快樂還是快樂會帶來成功? happiness lead to success. P1: Obviously if you're happy then you're 受試者1: 顯然的如果你是快樂的 probably gonna be more successful and everybody has different definition of success. So if 你可能會更成功，而每個人都有自己一套對成功的定義. 所以 you're happy and you're doing what you love, hey you're successful. So it just depends 你是快樂的，而且是從是你所熱愛的事情，那你就是成功的. 所以這取決於 on your own definition of success, so I think happiness has to come first. 你怎麼定義成功這個名詞，在我看來快樂會帶來成功. JH: Do you think success leads to happiness or happiness leads to success? JH: 你覺得成功會帶來快樂還是快樂會帶來成功? P8: If you're happier, you probably think more clearly, more optimistically and then 受試者8: 如果你是快樂的，你的想法可能會比較清晰也比較樂觀，然後 you have better chances at success. JH: What are the results? We found that the 你就有較高的機率會成功. JH: 結果是什麼呢? 我們發現 group we subjected to positive affectivity on average solved it 14% faster than the control 受到正向情感的實驗組在解決問題速度上比實驗組快了14%. group. Now there's no way to know for sure if the people we brought in for our experimental 現在我們無法切確的知道這些實驗組的人 group were just naturally better problem solvers to begin with. Plus we had a very small sample 是不是本身問題解決能力就比較好. 在加上我們受試者的 size, so the results aren't bulletproof. But, take it for what it's worth! In fact I'll 樣本數非常小，所以這個結論並不是肯定的. 但是，它還是有它的價值存在! even let you in on a little secret. I'm not a real scientist! Felt good to get that off 事實上，我要跟你說一個小祕密. 我其實不是一個真正的科學家! 說出來的 my chest. So, go on then, be happy! [off camera]: What if we're not happy? 感覺真好. 所以，開心點! (工作人員): 那如果我們不快樂呢? JH: Well it's funny you should ask that because I actually have four episodes down here that JH: 好吧，有趣的是你應該問這個問題，事實上我有四部影片在這理 can help you flip the switch. I'm Julian and this has been The Science of Happiness. 可以幫助你轉換心情. 我是Julian，然後這是快樂科學 SoulPancake Subscribe!