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  • Hi guys! Dan for BBC Learning English here. In this session, we'll be taking a look at

  • advanced learner mistakes. Are you ready? Here we go!

  • So, sometimes in English, we use a WH word clause as the object of a verb. For example:

  • 'He realised what he was doing,' - or - 'I can't believe what you have done.' Now, advanced

  • learners generally make two mistakes here. The first is that they invert the auxiliary

  • verb and the subject, like you would do with a normal question. Let me show you.

  • 'He realised what was he doing,' - and - 'I can't believe what have you done.'

  • Remember that these whos, whats, wheres, whens and whys are not question words, but relative

  • pronouns, and so the clause which comes after follows normal sentence order. Come and see.

  • So: Not 'He realised what was he doing,' but 'what he was doing.' Not 'I can't believe

  • what have you done,' but 'what you have done.'

  • Now, this problem is simpler with a tense which has an auxiliary and main verb form,

  • but the second problem is that learners forget to use an affirmative verb form when talking

  • about the present or past simple. For example: 'I don't know where did he go last night,'

  • - or - 'They want to see what does he do.' Now, remember these are not questions. When

  • we make an affirmative sentence with the present or past simple, we only use one verb - and

  • these clauses act the same. So: 'I don't know where did he go last night,' becomes 'I don't

  • know where he went last night.' And 'They want to see what does he do,' becomes 'They

  • want to see what he does.' Have you got it? Good!

  • 'The life is beautiful!' 'What makes me sad is the poverty.'

  • Ok guys, this one is an old one, but still a tricky one. Many advanced learners still

  • use the definite article when talking in general about a plural or uncountable noun. Remember

  • that in English, when we are talking in general and we mean all of a thing, we don't use 'the'.

  • 'Life is beautiful' 'What makes me sad is poverty.'

  • That doesn't mean we can't use 'the'. But when we do, it means we are being specific and

  • only referring to one thing. For example: 'I'm reading about the life of Michael Jackson.'

  • Having said that, if you want to generalise about a SINGULAR COUNTABLE noun, then using

  • 'the' as the definite article is the correct thing to do. So: 'Life would be much less

  • interesting without the tiger' (or tigers...general) 'The car is probably the most important invention

  • in mankind's history.' (or cars...general) Have you got it? Good!

Hi guys! Dan for BBC Learning English here. In this session, we'll be taking a look at

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級

文法:高級學習者的錯誤 - BBC英語大師班 (Grammar: Advanced Learner Mistakes - BBC English Masterclass)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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