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  • Our shared history is filled with tales of kings and queens from a Norman conqueror to

  • a regal empress. Among them no British ruler is shrouded in as much mystery as King Arthur. We all

  • know the tales of Excalibur, Camelot and the Holy Grail. But did the fabled ruler REALLY

  • exist?

  • Richard Earl of Cornwall was the younger brother of King Henry III and one of the wealthiest

  • men in Europe. Around 1233 he eagerly exchanged three of his manors for a small seemingly

  • undesirable piece of land on the north Cornish coast. It was the island of Tintagel, a harsh

  • rocky headland entirely unsuitable for building on. So why was the earl of Cornwall so keen

  • to own it?

  • A century earlier in the 1130s a cleric named Geoffrey of Monmouth has written a book chronicling

  • 2000 years of the nation's rulers. He called it the Historia Regum Britanniae or History

  • of the Kings of Britain. One of the tome's most remarkable tales was about a king by

  • the name of Uther Pendragon who fell madly in love with Igraine, the most beautiful woman

  • in Britain. To keep her from Uther's advances, her husband Gorlois Duke of Cornwall sent

  • Igraine away to Tintagel. Even two or three guards could hold this island against an entire

  • army. But Uther Pendragon would not be stopped so easily.

  • He sought the help of the prophet Merlin who gave the king a magical potion so that he

  • appeared to be Gorlois himself. In this disguise Uther travelled to Tintagel, fooled the guards

  • and won over his love. And so, says Geoffrey, King Arthur was conceived on Tintagel Island.

  • According to legend, Arthur was crowned king at just fifteen and went on to lead the defence

  • of Britain against Saxon invaders in the mid- to late- 400s, securing his place in the ranks

  • of heroic kings. We now know that Geoffrey's stories are mostly made up but nevertheless

  • they thrilled and inspired people across Medieval England, one of whom was Richard Earl of Cornwall.

  • Having bought the legendary landscape he set about doing what kings and earls do best.

  • He built a castle. Unfortunately the terrain made construction difficult. The resulting

  • structure was small and had no military value. The garderobes (or toilets) had to be rebuilt

  • several times as they kept falling into the sea. Still, Richard wanted the castle, maybe

  • to cement his place in the myth as a worthy successor to King Arthur or simply because

  • he admired him as a symbol and chivalry.

  • He died in 1272 and by around 1300 the castle was already crumbling in the face of the fierce

  • Cornish weather. But the remains can still be explored today. Many other historic places

  • in England are also associated with the legend of King Arthur. Carlisle Castle is thought

  • to be a possible locations of the Court of Camelot while Arthur's Stone in Herefordshire

  • supposedly marks the place where the king slew a giant. King Arthur's Round Table in

  • Cumbria is said to have been his jousting arena and some even thought that Stonehenge

  • was built by Merlin for Arthur's Uncle Aurelius as a war memorial. Many people are still drawn

  • to these places and especially to Tintagel.

  • So did King Arthur really exist? Hard evidence is lacking but one thing's for sure: thanks

  • to the influence of one wealthy fan, Arthur's tale remains deeply ingrained in the fabric

  • of Britain's past, resting somewhere between fact and fiction in the realm... of legend.

Our shared history is filled with tales of kings and queens from a Norman conqueror to

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亞瑟王真的存在嗎?| 動畫歷史 (Did King Arthur Really Exist? | Animated History)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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