Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • Hello guys!

  • And welcome to this English course on nouns.

  • In today's video, we're going to talk about singular and plural nouns.

  • When you speak English, it is very important to know the difference between a singular

  • noun and a plural noun.

  • Ok?

  • So I will explain to you the different rules.

  • And we will practice together.

  • Let's get started.

  • Ok guys, the first you need to know, is that a singular noun means one.

  • So, for example, I can say, 'cat'.

  • 'a cat' 'one cat'

  • 'school' 'a school'

  • 'one school' 'team'

  • Now don't forget, 'team' is a collective noun.

  • It's a group of people, but still, it is a singular noun.

  • We talk about 'a team', or 'one team.

  • 'lady' 'monkey'

  • 'tomato' 'a tomato'

  • 'one tomato' Or 'piano'.

  • Now, if we talk about plural nouns, it means more than one.

  • So for example, two, three, four, or many.

  • If we take our words again, 'a cat' becomes 'cats'.

  • 'two cats' 'three cats'

  • 'many cats' 'school'' becomes 'schools'.

  • 'team' becomes 'teams'.

  • Ok, so you just add an 's'.

  • Now 'lady' becomes 'ladies.

  • 'monkey' becomes 'monkeys'.

  • But, two different rules.

  • As you can see, 'lady' is consonant + 'y'.

  • Now when you have consonant + 'y', in an English word, the plural will be 'ies'.

  • 'lady' 'ladies'

  • But when you have vowel + 'y' like 'monkey', it just becomes 'monkeys'.

  • You simply add an 's'.

  • Ok, 'monkey' becomes 'monkeys'.

  • 'tomato' becomes 'tomatoes'.

  • 'piano' 'pianos' Again, two different rules.

  • Now 'tomato' becomes 'tomatoes'.

  • You add 'es'.

  • And with most words ending in 'o', so consonant + 'o', you will add 'es'.

  • But sometimes, you will only add 's'.

  • Like 'piano', 'pianos'.

  • There is no particular rule for this.

  • You just need to know the words that only end with an 's'.

  • Ok, let's move on to some pronunciation now.

  • So, when it comes to pronunciation, we have three different sounds.

  • The first sound is /s/.

  • The second sound is /z/.

  • And the third sounds is /Iz/.

  • So let's review some words together and be really careful, what sound do you hear?

  • 'cats' 'cats'

  • What can you hear?

  • /s/ Can you repeat after me.

  • 'cats' 'cats'

  • The second word is 'schools'.

  • 'schools' What sound can you hear?

  • Of course, /z/.

  • Repeat after me.

  • 'schools' 'schools'

  • The third words is 'teams'.

  • What sound can you hear?

  • Again, /z/.

  • Repeat after me.

  • 'teams' 'teams'

  • Then we have 'ladies'.

  • 'ladies' /z/

  • Repeat after me.

  • 'ladies' 'ladies'

  • Then 'monkeys'.

  • /z/ again.

  • Repeat after me.

  • 'monkeys'.

  • 'monkeys' Then we have 'tomatoes'.

  • Again, it's the /z/ sound.

  • 'tomatoes' 'tomatoes'

  • And finally, 'pianos'.

  • /z/ 'pianos'

  • 'pianos' Let's move on to other rules now.

  • Ok guys, let's now talk about nouns that end in 's', 'sh', 'x', 'ch',

  • or 'z'.

  • Now to make the plural form of these nouns, you will add 'es'.

  • And the sound will be /Iz/.

  • Let's review some words together.

  • 'bus' becomes 'buses'.

  • 'bush' 'bushes' 'fox' 'foxes'

  • 'beach' 'beaches' 'quiz' 'quizzes'

  • Can you repeat after me?

  • 'buses' 'buses' 'bushes' 'bushes'

  • 'foxes' 'foxes' 'beaches' 'beaches'

  • 'quizzes' 'quizzes' Let's move on.

  • Ok, guys.

  • Moving on to nouns that end in 'f' or 'fe'.

  • For example, 'roof' becomes 'roofs'.

  • 'safe' 'safes' So you simply add an 's'.

  • Then we have 'leaf' that becomes 'leaves'.

  • Wait a minute.

  • What happened?

  • Well, ya, sometimes in English, a word ending in 'f' becomes a word ending in 'ves'

  • in plural.

  • That's not a rule.

  • But some words end in 'ves', you just have to learn them I'm afraid.

  • Another word, 'wife'.

  • And again, 'ves'.

  • 'wives' 'shelf' 'shelves'

  • Again, this 'ves' ending.

  • Now let's focus on pronunciation.

  • 'roofs' So it's an /s/ sound.

  • Can you repeat after me?

  • 'roofs' 'roofs'

  • Good job.

  • 'safes' 'safes'

  • Have you heard the /s/ sound?

  • 'safes' Then we have 'leaves'.

  • And this time it's a /z/ sound.

  • Repeat after me.

  • 'leaves' 'leaves'

  • Great.

  • Moving on.

  • 'wives' 'wives'

  • And finally, 'shelves'

  • 'shelves' Great job guys.

  • Let's move on to practice now.

  • Well students, let's now practice together.

  • I'm going to give you a singular noun, and I want you to try and find the plural form

  • of this singular noun.

  • Ok?

  • Let's give it a try.

  • The first word is 'baby'.

  • 'baby' Don't forget, it ends with consonant + 'y'.

  • Do you remember the rule?

  • It's 'babies' with 'ies'.

  • Very nice.

  • 'baby' 'babies' The second word is 'toy'.

  • Hmmm, vowel + 'y'.

  • So this time, 'toys'.

  • You simply add an 's'.

  • Then we have 'wish'.

  • Wish is a word that ends in 'sh'.

  • Remember the rule.

  • 'wishes' You add 'es'.

  • 'taxi' becomes 'taxis'.

  • You simply add an 's'.

  • 'choice' 'choices' Simply add an 's' as well.

  • Then we have the word 'wolf'.

  • Aha!

  • It's a word ending in 'f'.

  • Is it a word with 'ves'?

  • It is.

  • 'wolves' And finally,

  • 'photo' Now remember the words ending in 'o'?

  • You can add 'es' or simply 's'.

  • Well with photo, you simply add an 's'.

  • 'photos' Now if we focus on pronunciation now.

  • Repeat the words after me.

  • 'babies' The sound is /z/

  • 'babies' 'toys'

  • 'toys' 'wishes'

  • Remember this /Iz/ sound?

  • Repeat after me.

  • 'wishes' 'taxis'

  • 'taxis' 'choices'

  • 'choices' 'wolves'

  • 'wolves' And finally,

  • 'photos' 'photos' Excellent job guys.

  • Now let's move on to some example sentences.

  • I have some example sentences for you guys.

  • Using singular and plural nouns.

  • I would like you to repeat the sentences after me.

  • And be really careful to use proper pronunciation.

  • Let's get started.

  • First, 'I want a dog.'

  • 'I like dogs.'

  • Repeat after me, guys.

  • 'I want a dog.'

  • 'I like dogs.'

  • The second sentence.

  • 'I don't want a fox.'

  • 'I don't like foxes.'

  • After me, guys.

  • 'I don't want a fox.'

  • 'I don't like foxes.'

  • Great, moving on the to the third sentence.

  • 'I bought a watch.'

  • 'I have many watches.'

  • Repeat after me.

  • 'I bought a watch.'

  • 'I have many watches.'

  • Good job.

  • Sentence four now.

  • 'I have a new stereo.'

  • 'Now, I have two stereos.'

  • After me.

  • 'I have a new stereo.'

  • 'Now, I have two stereos.'

  • Excellent!

  • And finally, 'There's a knife.'

  • 'There are six knives in the kitchen.'

  • Repeat after me.

  • 'There's a knife.'

  • 'There are six knives in the kitchen.'

  • Amazing job guys.

  • Very nice.

  • I hoped this has helped.

  • I hope you now understand better, singular and plural nouns in English.

  • Now, I haven't talked about all the pronunciation rules,

  • But I hope you have a good sense now of how pronounce plural forms.

  • Make sure you watch my next video if you want to know more about nouns in English.

  • Thank you very much for watching guys.

  • Thank you for watching my video, guys!

  • If you've liked this video, please show me your support.

  • Click 'like'.

  • Subscribe to the channel.

  • Put your comments below and share the video.

  • See you.

Hello guys!

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級

英語語法課程|單數和複數名詞#2 (English Grammar Course | Singular and Plural Nouns #2)

  • 5 1
    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字