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字幕列表 影片播放

  • Today we're looking at the difference between the light L and the dark L. Alright, it's

    今天我們要來比較「明 L」,(↗ ▁▂▃▅▇ ↗) 和「暗 L」。(ㄅㄤ╲) 好了!那

  • not the evil L, it's just the dark L. Honestly!

    不是闇黑 L,就只是暗 L。(ㄅㄤ╲) 真是的!

  • Welcome back to another lesson. If you haven't met me before, my name is Tom and I teach

    歡迎回到另一個課程。 如果你沒見過我,我的名字是 Tom,而且我在教

  • fresh modern British English so that you can take your English to the next level and achieve

    新的現代英式英語, 那麼你能把自己的英語提升到下個水平,並實現

  • your life goals. Today we're looking at L and how it can be pronounced in two different

    你的生活目標。 今天我們要來看 L ,和怎麼用兩種不同方式

  • ways.


  • Let's start with the light L. Now we find the light L before a vowel sound and also

    我們從明 L開始。 現在我們在母音前發現明 L,也

  • usually found at the beginning of words for example 'look'. Now how do we make this sound?

    通常能在字的開頭找到,舉例:「look」。 我們現在要怎麼來發這個音?

  • Well, the tongue is the most important thing. So place the tip of your tongue on the alveolar


  • ridge, that is the top of your mouth. Now I place mine just behind my top teeth. There,

    (alveolar ridge),就是在你嘴巴上端。現在我把我的放到上排牙齒後;這裡,

  • ok? So I place the tip of my tongue just behind my top teeth and I blow air out like that.

    好嗎?所以我只是把舌尖放到上排牙齒後, 並像這樣吹(吐)出氣。

  • Now it's a voiced sound so you should feel a vibration in your throat. And then to release

    這是有聲的,所以你應該能感覺到你的喉嚨在震動, 然後釋放聲音,

  • the sound you release your tongue. So 'look' 'listen'. Examples of words with the light

    放鬆你的舌頭:「look」;「listen」。 示範用明 L 的字:

  • L 'long' 'lemon' 'learn' 'language' 'unless' 'follow'. The dark L is usually found at the

    long;lemon;learn;language;unless;follow。 暗 L 通常會在字尾

  • end of words certainly before a consonant or as the final sound of a word. For example

    找到,而且肯定會在子音前, 或作為字的最後一個音。例如:

  • 'help'. Now to make this sound our tongue is really important again. Now what we do

    「help」。現在來發這個音, 我們的舌頭一樣很重要。現在我們的舌頭

  • here it's not touching anything and I bring it back, so to create the sound I withdraw

    不要碰任何東西, 而我會把舌頭帶(移動)回來,發個我

  • the tongue into my mouth like this. So for example 'help' Ok, it sounds strange when

    把舌頭移回嘴巴裡的聲音,像這樣:/l/; 那麼例如:「help」。好!當我唸很慢時

  • I slow it down. So my tongue is coming towards the back of my mouth and that's creating the


  • sound 'help'. So the movement of my tongue there is really important, it's coming backwards

    「help」;所以我舌頭的動作在這裡非常重要, 向後移動,

  • and then finishing kind of pointing upwards. It's not touching anything, ok? That's really

    然後做出舌尖向上的那種姿勢。 它沒碰到任何東西,好嗎?那真的非常

  • important, it's not touching the alveolar ridge or my teeth, it's just in my mouth,

    重要,它沒有碰到齒槽脊(alveolar ridge)或我的牙齒, 就只是在我嘴巴裡

  • moves backwards and then upwards to finish the sound. So back and then up. So 'fall'.

    往後移動,然後往上來結束發音, 所以往後再往上:「fall」。

  • It's important to note that not all British accents use the dark L. Most notably a cockney

    這很重要:注意不是所有的英式腔調都會用暗 L, 最明顯的是 cockney 腔(Tom的腔調)

  • accent doesn't really use the dark L. There are various other sounds that might be used

    沒有真的在用暗 L, 而是可能會用其他各種音

  • instead of it so for example instead of saying 'school' it'll be 'school'. Or 'full' will

    代替;所以例如不說:「school」, 用「school」代替;或「full」會變

  • be 'full'. So it kind of disappears. I always think of it as having the same mouth shape

    「full」。所以這是種消失的音, 我都會把它想成嘴形是跟

  • as a /w/. School, I end my mouth in the same shape as a /w/ sound but I'm not saying /w/

    發 /w/ 一樣:School; 我用跟 /w/ 同樣的嘴形結尾,但我不說 /w/,

  • I'm just making that shape. So 'school' 'pool' 'full'. So the dark L will change and adapt

    只是做個形狀。 'school' 'pool' 'full' 所以暗 L 會改變,來適應

  • depending on what vowel sounds there are in a cockney accent. But anyway, let's get back

    在這裡的 cockney 腔的母音,但不管怎樣,我們回去

  • to looking at a dark L and a light L and comparing the two sounds together. Now what's important

    看暗 L 和明 L,把兩種聲音放在一起比較。 現在有什麼重要的

  • to notice is the change of the L sound. So for example take a word like 'tall'. I'm using

    要注意,就是:L 音的變化。 那麼抓個字來舉例,像是:「tall」;我在這裡用

  • the dark L sound there 'tall' because it's at the end of the word but if I make it a

    暗 L 音:「tall」,因為那在字尾;但如果我唸

  • superlative 'tallest' suddenly I've added -est e is a vowel so the L sound of tall has

    最高級:「tallest」,我突然加 -est, e 是母音,所以現在 tall 的 L 音

  • now gone from a dark L to a light L. So it's not tallest it's 'tallest'. So I am now using

    會從暗 L 變明 L,所以不是 tallest(暗), 是 tallest(明),所以我現在在用

  • the light L sound. So be aware that even if it's the same word 'tall' to 'tallest', more

    明 L 音。 所以要知道,就算是同個字——「tall」變「tallest」

  • or less the same word, there is a change of sound depending on you know, what's around

    ——或多或少相同的字,有沒有發音變化, 其實取決於你大概知道那個

  • the main word. So we are using the vowel sound there of -est so it becomes 'tallest'. It's

    主要的字是什麼。我們在用母音 -est(母音 e), 所以變成「tallest」。

  • also important to look at words together. So for example 'email address'. Email we said

    把字一起看也很重要,那麼舉例:「email address」。Email,我們用

  • was a dark L sound 'email' but if the next word begins with a vowel sound that L turns

    暗 L 音:「email」;但如果下個字開頭是母音,L 從

  • from a dark L to a light L. So it's now 'email address'. So it's not 'email address' it's

    暗 L 轉到明 L,所以是:「email address」; 所以不是:「email address」,是:

  • 'email address'. So i"m using the light L to blend those two words together. So yeah

    「email address」,我在用明 L 把那兩個字混在一起。 那麼沒錯!

  • it's not just about looking at the word individually, you have to look at the other words around


  • it to help you to understand whether i's a dark L or a light L.

    來幫你了解這是暗 L 還是明 L。

  • Another example might be 'fall over'. 'I fell over yesterday'. So we have fell with the

    另一個例子應該是:「fall over」。 I fell over yesterday. 所以我們的 fell 有

  • dark L but now we've got over which begins with a vowel, it's now 'fell over' so I'm

    暗 L,但現在我們發現到是母音開頭, 所以是「fell over」;所以我

  • using the light L to blend those two words together. Alright let's do a little practice

    在用明 L 把那兩個字混在一起。 好了!我們來練習一下

  • sentence to use both the light L and the dark L. Listen to me first and then repeat afterwards.

    句子,來用明 L 和暗 L。 先聽我說,然後才覆誦。

  • Ok, here we go. 'I love language lessons said the tall girl at school.' Alright, so let's

    好!我們來: 「I love language lessons said the tall girl at school.」。 好了,所以我們來

  • have a look at what Ls we are using there. So I love, the light L. Language, light L

    看我們在這裡用的 L。 那麼 I love:明 L。 Language:一樣明 L。

  • again. Lessons, again the light L. Said the tall, dark L. Girl, dark L. At school, dark

    Lessons:還是明 L。 說 tall:暗 L。 Girl:暗 L。 在 school:又是暗 L。

  • L again. So you've got three light Ls, three dark Ls. I love language lessons said the

    所以你練習了三個明 L 和三個暗 L。 I love language lessons said the

  • tall girl at school.' Ok, your turn to practise.

    tall girl at school. 好!換你練習。

  • Ok, alright let's do it one more time together 'I love language lessons said the tall girl

    好!好了!我們來一起練更多次。 I love language lessons said the tall girl

  • at school.' Practise guys, that's the only way you are going to improve is if you practise.

    at school. 夥伴,要練習!唯一能讓你進步的方法就是練習。

  • Do it in a voice recorder, do it into the mirror, do it wherever you need to but practise

    說給錄音機;說給鏡子;說, 不管你到底要在哪裡說,只是練習、

  • practise practise.


  • Guys, if you have enjoyed this lesson and you want more English resources then please

    夥伴!如果你喜歡本課程, 而且你想有更多英語資源,請

  • check out my Patreon page. Over at Patreon I offer extra English resources so it could

    看看我的 Patreon 專頁, 我在 Patreon 提供額外的英語資源,那是

  • be live English lessons it could be Skype lessons with me. So please feel free to go

    直播的英語課程,能用 Skype 跟我一起上課, 所以請自由

  • over there, check it out, see what English resources are available and which level of


  • support you would feel most comfortable with. I'd love you to check it out, that would be

    的支持會讓你覺得最輕鬆。 我很希望你能去看看,那會

  • fantastic. Guys if you've enjoyed that video please give it a big thumbs up, make sure

    棒透了!夥伴!如果你喜歡本影片, 請給個大「讚」,並確保

  • you subscribe and you hit that notification bell so that you don't miss a single video.


  • Thank you so much for watching as always, this is Tom, the Chief Dreamer saying goodbye.

    非常感謝你總是會來看影片,我是 Tom——首席夢想家 (the Chief Dreamer),說再見!

Today we're looking at the difference between the light L and the dark L. Alright, it's

今天我們要來比較「明 L」,(↗ ▁▂▃▅▇ ↗) 和「暗 L」。(ㄅㄤ╲) 好了!那


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