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  • Arguably the most natural and powerful form of learning

    可以說是最自然,最強大的學習形式

  • is through experience,

    通過經驗,

  • or more precisely through reflection on doing.

    或者更確切地說是通過反思做事。

  • Also called experiential learning,

    也稱為體驗學習,

  • it's what prima ballerinas do

    這就是芭蕾舞女演員所做的

  • after their performance at the national opera.

    在國家歌劇院表演之後。

  • But it also happens to boys that are sad

    但這也發生在悲傷的男孩身上

  • because their father got angry

    因為他們的父親生氣了

  • when they played football in the living room.

    當他們在客廳踢足球時。

  • By the age of one,

    到一歲時

  • we all had our own painful encounter with

    我們都有自己的痛苦遭遇

  • experiential learning

    體驗式學習

  • when we tried to walk, failed,

    當我們嘗試走路時失敗了

  • fell and cried like, well a baby

    跌倒哭了,像個嬰兒...

  • And even though this was an unpleasant and

    即使這是令人不快的

  • discouraging exercise that lasted for months

    持續數月的令人沮喪的運動

  • in the end

    到底

  • we all made it.

    我們都做到了。

  • How is that possible?

    那怎麼可能?

  • As soon as we fell and the first shock was over,

    我們一摔倒,第一場震撼就結束了,

  • our brain unconsciously began to make sense

    我們的大腦在不知不覺中開始變得有意義

  • out of all of the information available

    在所有可用信息中

  • to identify how this embarrassment occurred.

    確定這種尷尬是如何發生的。

  • It remembers that when we pushed ourselves up,

    它記得當我們挺身而出時,

  • everything was fine:

    一切都很好:

  • our feet on the floor,

    我們的腳在地板上

  • our arms in position and our head

    我們的手臂就位,我們的頭

  • and shoulders up right.

    並正確地肩膀。

  • Ready to go!

    準備好出發!

  • When our upper leg muscles

    當我們的大腿肌肉

  • pulled our left foot 12.3% to the front

    將我們的左腳向前拉12.3%

  • at an angle of 23 degree,

    以23度角

  • our arms didn't compliment the movement

    我們的手臂不稱讚運動

  • and the ventricles in the inner ear,

    還有內耳的心室

  • responsible for static balance,

    負責靜態平衡,

  • got confused for a second.

    一秒鐘感到困惑。

  • When at the same moment the cat ran by,

    當貓跑過來的時候

  • our eyes sent an alarming signal to the hippocampus

    我們的眼睛向海馬發出了令人震驚的信號

  • and we completely lost it

    我們完全失去了它...

  • Outch!

    天啊!

  • Unconsciously this is how our brain analyses

    不知不覺,這就是我們的大腦分析的方式

  • the relationship of events within our body

    我們體內事件之間的關係

  • or in the environment.

    或在環境中。

  • It happens all the time as we learn to walk,

    當我們學會走路時,它一直在發生,

  • talk,

    談論,

  • kiss,

    吻,

  • function in a fancy office

    在高檔辦公室中工作

  • or dance the salsa.

    或跳舞莎莎舞。

  • Once we understand the connections between

    一旦我們了解了之間的聯繫

  • what went wrong,

    什麼地方出了錯,

  • we know what we need to change

    我們知道我們需要改變的地方

  • when we try the next time.

    當我們下次嘗試時。

  • Experiential Learning

    體驗式學習

  • can also be used explicitly to learn a new skill

    也可以明確用於學習新技能

  • or to become better at what we already love doing.

    或在我們已經喜歡做的事情上變得更好。

  • Here is how it works:

    下面是它的工作原理:

  • First get yourself into a situation to experience.

    首先讓自己陷入一種要體驗的情況。

  • After, reflect on what happened.

    之後,反思發生了什麼。

  • Then try to understand the relationships

    然後嘗試了解關係

  • to form an abstract concept

    形成一個抽象的概念

  • - if I do A,

    -如果我做A,

  • I get B.

    我得到B。

  • Last, decide what to do differently next time.

    最後,決定下次要做什麼。

  • Then do it again.

    然後再做一次。

  • Experiential learning is also believed to be responsible

    經驗學習也被認為是負責任的

  • for the fact that musicians

    對於音樂家

  • generally fare better at most tests,

    通常在大多數測試中效果都更好,

  • regardless of what they measure.

    不管他們衡量什麼。

  • People that practice an instrument

    練習樂器的人

  • not only engage their brain in motor,

    不僅使他們的大腦參與運動,

  • visual and auditory areas,

    視覺和聽覺區域

  • but they also learn by reflecting on what they're doing

    但他們也可以通過反思自己在做什麼來學習

  • with a fast feedback loop

    快速反饋迴路

  • – a wrong tone on the violin sounds too terrible

    –小提琴的音調聽起來太糟糕了

  • to remain unnoticed.

    保持不被注意。

  • While playing they therefore not only learn to make music,

    因此,他們在演奏時不僅學會做音樂,

  • but also that progress in general comes through practice,

    但總的來說,進步來自實踐,

  • reflection,

    反射,

  • understanding,

    理解,

  • and repetition.

    和重複。

  • You can use it with your friends

    您可以與朋友一起使用

  • or colleagues when working on a project.

    或同事進行項目時。

  • Silicon Valley start-ups do it

    矽谷初創企業做到這一點

  • when they tell their developers to get out of the building!

    當他們告訴開發人員離開大樓時!

  • After the interaction with real potential customers,

    與真正的潛在客戶互動後,

  • the team gets together,

    團隊聚在一起

  • analyses the feedback

    分析反饋

  • and decides what to do next.

    並決定下一步該怎麼做。

  • Tell us, what do you think?

    告訴我們你的想法?

  • Is learning through reflecting on doing

    通過反思來學習

  • only good when acquiring new hands-on skills

    只有在掌握新的動手技能時才有用

  • or is it also suitable to study science,

    還是也適合學習科學,

  • math,

    數學,

  • the humanities

    人文學科

  • or abstract art?

    還是抽象藝術?

Arguably the most natural and powerful form of learning

可以說是最自然,最強大的學習形式

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B1 中級 中文 學習 反思 抽象 反饋 大腦 運動

體驗式學習。我們都是如何自然學習的 (Experiential Learning: How We All Learn Naturally)

  • 19 3
    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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