字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 I want to speak really English from your first lesson. Sign up for your free lifetime account at English Class 101 dot com. Hi, everybody. My name is Alicia. In this lesson, I'm going to talk about the difference between adjectives that end in E. D and adjectives that end in i N G. We'll talk about how to decide when to use thes and when not to use thes. We'll also do a short quiz at the end of the lesson to check your understanding. Let's get started. Okay, So first, let's begin with adjectives that end in E. D. So these are adjectives that we use to describe a feeling or an emotion in a person, or we can also use thes for animals. So if you want to talk about your pets, you can use E D adjectives to talk about an emotion or a feeling you think they might be experiencing. So let's look at some examples of E d adjective, some common e d ending adjectives here. I'm so tired, tired ends and e. D. I'm tired here. Another one. He looks excited ends and e. D. The dog seems scared. Ends and E. D. And are you bored? Here? We see the e. D ending. So each of thes example sentences includes an E d adjective because it's referring to someone's feeling or someone's emotion or, in this case, a dog's emotion. And here I've included the word seems, because maybe we can't completely understand an animal's emotion, but we can say something like the dog. It seems scared if you like, so make sure to use E D. Ending adjectives for feelings and for emotions. Okay, now, though, let's take a look at adjectives that end in I N g i N G ending adjectives. So we use I n g ending adjectives when we want to describe the characteristics or the features of something. So our trip was exciting. So here we're talking about the trip, So travel. Essentially, our trip was exciting. There's no emotion here in the next example. Work today was tiring, tiring, So work is tthe e item were describing thes air, the characteristics of work tiring, tiring of the characteristic. I hope this lesson isn't boring. I hope this lesson isn't boring. This ends and I n g a characteristic of this lesson. Then Children are exhausting. Children are exhausting. This ends in an I N G as well. This is one example where I think people might experience some confusion here. I've said Children are exhausting. Please note the sentence. Children are exhausted or the Children are exhausted is a very different sentence from Children are exhausting in this sentence. Children are exhausting. It means that to the speaker. So if I'm a speaker, it means Children make me feel exhausted. So the Children, maybe they have a lot of energy. It takes a lot of time and energy and effort to play with kids to play with Children, so their characteristics that's so exhausting is a characteristic of them. Their characteristic is that they are exhausting. So maybe someone who is tired might say this. Children are exhausting. And then I could say I feel exhausted. So please be careful. Uh, Children. The Children are exhausted, and Children are exhausting in this example, create very different sentences. The sentence the Children are exhausted means the Children in the situation are tired. They feel exhausted. That's the Children's emotion at that point in time. So please be careful of your choice in situations like this. Okay, so to recap, I n g adjectives air used to describe the characteristics or the features of something or someone, as in this example, e D. Ending. Adjectives are used to describe our feelings or our emotions, and we can also use them to talk about the feelings and emotions of animals. Okay, so let's try to put this together in a quiz I've prepared a few examples on will choose the correct form of the adjective in the blank. So 1st 1 the movie Waas excited or exciting here we're talking about a movie. It's not a person, it's not an emotion. So exciting is the correct answer. The movie was exciting is correct. Next one, your brother looks, we have your brother looks tired or your brother looks tiring. Here. We're talking about the speaker's brother, your brother, and we're imagining something about his feelings or his his emotional state. So we should use tired. Your brother looks tired, is correct here. Next one. The news tonight is worried or the news tonight is worrying. Here the focus is the news. So some information. This is not a person's emotion or a person's feeling, so we should use worrying. The news tonight is worrying. It causes me to worry next one. This book is so bored or this book is so boring Here again, the focus is on an object. This book in this case so we'll use boring. This book is so boring. Okay, next one. There are two blanks here. So let's choose the correct form. We have work. Today was something. I'm something In the first sentence, the focus is work. Work today Waas something So not a person. Not a feeling, not an emotion. So it's a characteristic work. Today was exhausting. Work today was exhausting in the 2nd 1 However, I'm so referring to a person's feelings. I am here. We should use exhausted work. Today was exhausting. I'm exhausted. Finally, as we saw with this example about Children, let's look at this sentence. My boss is I have the word terrified or my boss is terrifying, depending on your choice. In this case, the meaning of the sentence will change significantly if we choose. My boss is terrified. It means that's my boss's emotion. So terror refers to strong fear, being very, very afraid of something. So my boss is terrified means my boss is experiencing fear, a strong amount of fear, a strong degree of fear. My boss is terrified. So this is kind of a negative situation about your boss's emotions. If however we say my boss is terrifying, it means the boss. The characteristic of the boss is that the boss, he or she is scary is a very, very scary person. So the speaker feels terrified. Perhaps so the boss causes that feeling of terror in the speaker. So please be careful. My boss is terrified and my boss is terrifying, are both grammatically correct sentences, but they have very different meanings. So this is one example where it's very important to make the right choice between the e d ending adjective and the i N g ending adjective. So both are Okay. I hope you don't have a terrifying boss, and I hope your boss isn't terrified of a just in case. This is one example to be cautious of. Okay, so that's a quick introduction to when and how to use e d adjectives and I n g ending adjectives. If you have any questions or if you want to practice or make some example. Sentences. Please feel free to do so in the comments section below this video. If you like the video, please make sure to give it a thumb's up. Subscribe to our channel, and you can check us out in English class 11 dot com for some other good resource is thanks very much for watching this lesson, and I will see you again soon. Bye bye.