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  • Hi. My name is Rebecca, and in today's lesson, I'm going to teach you about embedded questions

  • in the present simple tense and in the past simple tense, okay?

  • So what is an "embedded question"? An "embedded question" is a question that is hidden inside

  • another question or inside a sentence. And what happens is that when you have an embedded

  • question, you have to change the word order back to that of a sentence rather than that

  • of a question. And that's what makes it a little bit confusing or quite confusing for

  • many students because you've learned that when you have a question, you change the order.

  • But in an embedded question like the ones I'm about the show you, you have to change

  • the order back more or less to a regular sentence order. So let's look at some examples. You'll

  • understand better, okay?

  • All right, so let's take this present simple question. "Where does he live?" Right? "Where

  • does he live?" Well, that is correct the way it is. But if you add before that one of these

  • expressions like "can you tell me", "do you know", "could you tell me", "would you know",

  • "would you happen to know" -- if you add one of these types of questions before the question,

  • then you're going to have to change something here. So let's look at this one, and let's

  • look at the embedded question version.

  • "Where does he live", or "Can you tell me where he lives?" Right? You see what happened?

  • We lost that word "does", and we came back to "he lives" with an S, right? It was like

  • it would be if it was a sentence. So "Do you know where he lives?" Okay? "Could you tell

  • me where he lives?" "Would you know where he lives?" "Would you mind telling me where

  • he lives?" Okay? Something like that. The mistake that's made is that students sometimes

  • say, "Can you tell me where does he live?" Right? So they take the question from up here,

  • and they leave it the same even with the tag. But you can't do that. You need to change it.

  • Let's look now at a past simple question, okay? A question in the past simple tense

  • might be, "Where did he work?" Right? So you have to use the word "did" in that question.

  • But in an embedded question in the past simple tense, it would sound like this, "Could you

  • tell me where he worked?" Right? "Could you tell me where he worked?" Not "where did he

  • work"; not, "Could you tell me where did he work"; but, "Could you tell me where he worked?"

  • Just as where you're saying the sentence. Okay?

  • Let's look at a few more examples. Now this also applies not only when you have these

  • kinds of questions -- expressions before, but also with certain kinds of sentences like,

  • "I know where he lives", or "I don't know where he lives", or "I don't remember where

  • he worked" Okay? So even in certain kinds of sentences, when you have that embedded

  • question, you change the order into something like this, okay? All right.

  • Let me give you a few examples, and then you can hopefully understand a little better.

  • So if you said -- if you take the regular question, "How do birds fly?" Right? "How

  • do birds fly?" Well, if you wanted to change that into an embedded question, you'd say,

  • "Do you know how birds fly?" Okay? "Do you know how birds fly?"

  • Next one, "When does the concert begin?" Right? Regular question, "When does the concert begin?"

  • "When does the concert begin" becomes, "Could you tell me when the concert begins?" Okay?

  • So that's an embedded question.

  • Next one, "Why did they miss class today?" Right? That's in the past tense, past simple.

  • "Why did they miss class today?" "Could you tell me why they missed class today?" Right?

  • Here we have the embedded version.

  • Last one, "What time did you finish work?" "Could you tell me what time you finished

  • work?" Okay?

  • I know it takes some getting used to. It's a little bit confusing, so if you'd like to

  • have some more practice, please go to our website, www.engvid.com. There, you'll find

  • a quiz on this and many other topics in English, and you can practice this. It is an important

  • point because if you make that mistake of saying this question with the embedded question,

  • then it's really completely wrong. So practice this a lot, and I'm sure you'll get it. Okay?

  • All the best with your English.

Hi. My name is Rebecca, and in today's lesson, I'm going to teach you about embedded questions

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【英文文法】問問題也要有技巧 (Grammar: How to ask questions correctly in English - Embedded Questions)

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    Elaine 發佈於 2014 年 03 月 31 日
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