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  • Welcome to a new edition of CNN 10.

  • We are your source for objective explanations of the day's news on your host.

  • Coral A Zeus.

  • It's great to be with you this Tuesday.

  • The partial shutdown of the U.

  • S government, which has directly affected about 25% of its workforce, is now 32 days old.

  • The previous record was 21 days.

  • The main reason why this one's gone on so long is because Democrats and Republicans air so dug in.

  • They've been unwilling to compromise on what they want for President Donald Trump and other Republicans.

  • That's $5.7 billion in funding to build a barrier between the US and Mexico.

  • For Democrats, that's a wall they don't want to be built and don't want to approve the money for.

  • On Saturday, President Trump made a speech and an offer from the White House in exchange for funding for the border wall or barrier.

  • He said that people who were illegally brought into the U.

  • S.

  • As Children would be allowed to stay for an additional three years without the threat of being deported, sent back to their home countries.

  • Some others who were temporarily allowed to stay in the U.

  • S.

  • Because of instability in their home countries, were also included in the president's offer.

  • Republican leaders say this is a reasonable and fair compromise that could end the partial government shutdown, But some other Republicans say it goes too far in helping people who were in the U.

  • S illegally.

  • House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and other Democrats said the offer was unacceptable, partly because it includes proposals that Democrats have already rejected and partly because it didn't include permanent protections for undocumented immigrants, something Democrats want.

  • Negotiations between Republicans and Democrats have continued throughout the shutdown, but an end to it is still nowhere in sight.

  • On Monday, President Trump and vice president Mike Pence attended a wreath laying service at the Martin Luther King Junior Memorial on the National Mall.

  • It was one of several events across America held in honor of the renowned civil rights leader on the day named after him.

  • Martin Luther King Jr Day is a federal holiday that was first observed in 1986.

  • It's held on the third Monday of each January because the date is near his birthday of January 15th 1929.

  • Despite the fact that it's not a workday for federal staff and many other Americans, they're encouraged to make it a day on instead of a date off.

  • The holiday was designated as a national day of service in 1994 with volunteering and working on community projects, all part of the event.

  • Yesterday, observances took place from Columbia, South Carolina to Memphis, Tennessee, and from San Antonio, Texas.

  • Toe Ebeneezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia, where Dr Martin Luther King Jr and his father both served as pastors for his work in civil rights.

  • The younger Dr King became Time magazine's Man of the Year.

  • He won the Nobel Peace Prize, and he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom nine years after he was assassinated in 1960 way.

  • Have a Super Moon because it's full on It's close to the earth.

  • It is a wolf moon because it's the January full moon and it's a blood moon because it's a total eclipse.

  • So we have a super wolf blood moon eclipse, according to some folks.

  • 12th trivia oyster can produce a parole by covering a grain of sand with what substance maker crea scarab or Arab when a tiny intruder, like a grain of sand, enters an oyster and covers it with maker that forms a pearl.

  • But if you like eating oysters, you're not going to chip a tooth on a pearl, the kind that produced gyms are in a different family than the kind we eat.

  • Still, they're valuable, and not just cause they're edible.

  • Live oysters can filter 50 gallons of water a day.

  • Their shells make great fertilizer, and the parts that restaurants throw away can be used to shore up New York City.

  • What if I told you that over 200 years ago some of the best oysters in the world were being harvested here?

  • When Europeans first arrived in New York Harbor waster wreaths everywhere 200,000 acres of oyster reef, They were once a big part of the culture of New York for the food culture of New York, Oysters used to be sold on basically like hot dark arts.

  • What happened to them?

  • We ate them early.

  • New York boomed on an oyster economy, but it turns out thes oyster Reeves had a much more important role.

  • Uh huh.

  • We had a tragedy happened in Superstorm Sandy.

  • People lost their lives.

  • There were waves hitting structures because this rich, greedy mosaic of protected wetlands is no longer there.

  • That's something a team of designers and engineers are trying to solve.

  • Funded by a federal disaster relief grant and designed by Escape a landscape architecture firm, the Living Breakwaters project is meant to safeguard part of New York City's post Line.

  • It's a roughly two mile long chain of breakwaters that are designed ecological way to create fish habitat.

  • It is reducing risk and the incredible wave action that was faced by communities.

  • And a major component of the project is the small and briny oyster oysters, our ecosystem engineers in the harbor.

  • They help took all glamorous and create reefs.

  • They filter water, they clean water that waster Reese, actually reduce the impact of storms and storm surges and things like that when you add a complex three dimensional shoreline that is both oyster reefs and salt marsh and all of that working together.

  • In other words, before New Yorkers polluted in over harvested their harbor, oyster reefs used to provide a natural protection against big waves like the ones produced by Hurricane Sandy without the oyster reason.

  • With the whole shoreline has fundamentally changed.

  • New York is more vulnerable toe storms.

  • That's why, since 2014 nonprofit 1,000,000,000 Oyster Project has been working to restore the city's oyster reefs, the group starts by collecting restaurants, discarded oyster shells, drying them and then seating them with oyster larvae.

  • Once back in the water, those shells become the habitat for other oysters to build on.

  • So far, about 28 million oysters have been installed in various sites around the harbor.

  • And while the water quality of the harbor has improved, the number of oysters in the water is only a tiny portion of what it used to be, and they're still not safe to eat.

  • But something recently changed for restoration.

  • To be successful, you need recruitment of wild oyster from the system, meaning wild baby oysters need to be able to find these reef installations in orderto latch on and establish a home for themselves.

  • That's something we've seen in very small numbers periodically over the years.

  • So we started looking in earnest at all of our sites around the city and its true for just about everywhere we have oysters and this year, there's just a lot more natural recruitment.

  • Wait, that's so cool.

  • So that's Ah, a really exciting sign.

  • A large scale arrival of wild baby oysters is good news for the living breakwaters project.

  • Oysters air Not going to keep the water out of New York, but oysters that, combined with breakwaters, could be an integrated solution for these breakwaters.

  • Air seated with oysters and the oysters will glom rate on the structure attached onto it, grow and form their own kind of layer of complexity on top.

  • It's also a social enterprise in the sense that we're engaging school Children and teachers through the 1,000,000,000 oyster project.

  • So these guys are basically forming a reef, right?

  • They're building more and more structure.

  • The Living breakwaters project will be in construction through 2020.

  • But rebuilding an entire ecosystem contained time or thinks that by 2050 the habitat around the breakwaters will be fully revitalized.

  • I think New Yorkers need to get into this new paradigm of being a coastal city again, living with water, embracing our watery context, not fortifying ourselves off, but understanding what it means to live with this kind of risk and really preparing for being smart about Uh huh.

  • Whether you love gazing at the sunrise or the sunset, this hotel could let you see 16 of them per day.

  • It's the world's first space hotel.

  • Or is it spaces?

  • First World Hotel.

  • Right now, it's neither.

  • The low orbit sleeper is just a proposal at this point, But if it gets built, developers say, you could be staying in it in the year 2021.

  • That is, if you have nine and 1/2 $1,000,000 to spend on a 12 day space station.

  • Well, it's not exactly a breath of fresh air.

  • It's where all the stars stay.

  • There's plenty of space available.

  • It's great for weight loss.

  • And if everything air locks up properly, there's nothing atmosphere on Carla Zeus and that CNN.

Welcome to a new edition of CNN 10.

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紀念馬丁-路德-金| 2019年1月22日 (Remembering Martin Luther King Jr. | January 22, 2019)

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