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  • Hi. I'm Carl Azuz for CNN 10.

    嗨,我是 CNN 10 的 Carl Azuz。

  • Yesterday, a student tweeted and asked me to keep everyone updated on the new coronavirus.


  • He said he went to New York's Lakeland Central School District, which is closed because of virus concerns.

    他說他去了紐約的 Lakeland 中央學區,但已經因為疫情而關閉了。

  • And yesterday on the U.S. West Coast, the governor of Washington state told school districts there to get ready for possible closures.


  • This is just one effect of the quickly spreading virus.


  • Thursday night's NBA game between the Brooklyn Nets and the Golden State Warriors is scheduled to be played without fans.

    星期四晚上,由布魯克林籃網對上金州勇士隊的 NBA 比賽,已經決議要在沒有觀眾的情形下開打。

  • Saudi Arabia just announced it was closing movie theaters across the country.


  • And India says anyone who's traveling there after visiting hard-hit countries like China and Italy will be quarantined for at least two weeks.


  • The World Health Organization, part of the United Nations, has declared that the new coronavirus is a pandemic, meaning it has spread worldwide.


  • The group says this is the first time that a coronavirus, a type of disease that can cause respiratory problems, has caused a pandemic.


  • But it added that several countries have shown the virus can be suppressed and controlled.


  • Around the country tonight, some workplaces are telling their employeesstay home because of the coronavirus outbreak.


  • Tech giants Amazon, Microsoft, Google, and Facebook are asking employees in Seattle to work from home when possible with the encouragement of local officials.

    科技巨擘 Amazon、微軟、Google 與臉書都要他們在西雅圖的員工可以的話就在家上班,當地官員也如此呼籲。

  • We are encouraging employers to maximize telecommuting.


  • Other employers are preparing to make that move.


  • NASA and JPMorgan Chase are preparing by conducting one-day telework practice runs.

    NASA 與摩根大通也都準備好要施行一天的遠距離辦公測試。

  • In New York state, a few thousand people have been asked to self-quarantine.


  • Teleworking, teleconferencing, refraining from travel, getting much of our work done at home could soon be much more commonplace.


  • The University of Washington in Seattle said classrooms will be shuttered for the next two weeks.


  • In many of our classrooms, there is incredibly close proximity.


  • Meanwhile, some schools like St. John Vianney in Holmdel, New Jersey, can offer students their lessons, textbooks and assignments online, and are prepared to go into virtual days if the school needs to close.

    同時,一些學校,如新澤西的 St. John Vianney 提供線上教學、教材與作業,為未來關閉校園的可能做好準備。

  • Is America ready to telework?


  • I think that we're already seeing over the past 15 years, a lot of companies, even very large companies, companies that might surprise you like IBM, which has a huge portion of its workforce working at home already.

    在過去十五年間以來,我們可以看到許多公司,甚至是大公司,像是 IBM,有許多的職員都是在家上班的。

  • But for many, that means a shift in workplace culture.


  • Employees will need to be outfitted at home with the computers and other equipment they'll need, and they have to be trained on how to use them.


  • Luckily, this stuff is very, very intuitive.


  • You know, obviously, there's a number of different software solutions out there to enable telework or virtual conferencing.


  • Very simple to set up.


  • Workplace analysts acknowledge there are many businesses like carmakers, factories, food services, banks with retail branches where employees working remotely is out of the question.


  • But in other sectors, they say, the psychological advantages of working from home could lead to better productivity.


  • Employees feel less stressed.


  • The freedom of being able to walk around at home and grab a snack can build creativity.


  • The downsides?


  • Sometimes employees feel isolated or lose focus on the mission.


  • People who are not used to working in a remote location at home falling victim to the fact that they're at home and they get to work in bunny slippers, which they might mistake for the opportunity to sort of goof off and maybe miss some deadlines.


  • Stephen Ward, whose cybersecurity firm has about half its people working from home, has a formula for keeping those employees focused and motivated.

    Stephen Ward 是網路安全公司的老闆,該公司有一半的員工都在家上班,他有個秘訣讓員工保持專注與動力。

  • Use your calendar.


  • You know, set tasks for yourself, get up and take a shower.


  • Simply, just going through that process of like not working in your pajamas is a good idea.


  • How does a virus spread?


  • There are plenty of ways.


  • It could be a sneeze, a handshake, to name a few.


  • Then there's our habitswashing our hands, not touching our face.


  • Even the climate may play a role in determining how far and how fast an infection spreads.


  • Scientists have summed up how far an infection can spread with a number.


  • It's called R naught (R0)

    這叫做 R naught(在此簡稱 R0 )

  • A number greater than one indicates it'll grow, less than one indicates the outbreak will die out.

    數字大於 1 表示病毒會繼續成長,小於 1 則表示疫情會消散。

  • Scientists determine the number with a formula that brings together all the environmental and biological factors.


  • This is how it looks in reality.


  • An infection is introduced to human from animal, let's say, the bigger the R0 number, the more people of virus can infect.

    動物傳染疾病給人類,R0 的數字越大,越多人可能得到該傳染病。

  • So an R0 of two means that patients zero will on average infect two other people who in turn can infect another two people and so on.

    R0 數字若等於 2,這表示第一個帶原者平均會傳染給兩人,那兩人也會再分別傳染給另外兩個人,以此類推。

  • An infection like measles sits higher of the spectrum with an R0 of between 12 and 18.

    傳染病麻疹的 R0 的數字大約落於 12-18 之間。

  • At the lower end is something like Ebola with an R0 number of 1.5 to 2.5.

    數字較低的傳染病則像是伊波拉病毒,大概在 1.5-2.5 之間。

  • And while the flu varies from year to year, one study reports it averages to 1.2.

    流感的數字每年都不一樣,一個研究指出平均數字是 1.2。

  • But as various factors change, so too does the R0.

    許多元素都會改變,R0 也會。

  • Take SARS.

    拿 SARS 來舉例。

  • When it first emerged, SARS spread rapidly with a high R0, but people were only contagious once symptoms started showing.

    當 SARS 第一次出現時,它快速散播,有著相當高的 R0 值,但人們只有在有症狀時才會傳染。

  • Once people were informed about the symptoms, they started coming to the hospital earlier.


  • People could check themselves into hospital before infecting other people, pushing the R0 number below one.

    因此人們可以在感染其他人之前趕快就醫,讓 R0 值降到 1 以下。

  • And that is how a virus can spread.


  • Our next topic today concerns the issue of slavery.


  • It's not a thing of the past.


  • That's part of the mission statement of CNN's Freedom Project which aims to increase international awareness about modern day slavery and to take steps to stop it.

    這是 CNN 自由計畫的宗旨之一,也就是提升大家對於現代奴役的意識,並努力阻止它的發生。

  • On March 11th, which has been called My Freedom Day, students worldwide raised their voices about these issues.

    3 月 11 日,又稱作我的自由日,世界各地的學生會為此發聲。

  • Here in Hong Kong, My Freedom Day feels a little bit different this year.


  • Instead of being at a school, I'm in the studio, where I've been talking to students by a video chat.


  • Because of the coronavirus outbreak, schools are closed here for at least two months, but that has not diminished their activism.


  • Freedom means to me being able to go out, being able to travel.


  • I have a lot of family friends overseas who have experienced xenophobia.


  • Especially in Italy, I had a—I had a family member travel there.


  • There were a lot of xenophobic remarks.


  • So I think freedom to me also means being able to be accepted anywhere.


  • I think a big freedom that's important to me is freedom of speech.


  • Even though schools been closed through these kind of online platforms we've been able to continue these discussions and maintain that freedom.


  • I think, at this current time, I think we should be very grateful for our opportunity and freedom to continue learning.


  • What you've learned about the problem of modern day slavery and how you're choosing to respond to it.


  • One big statistic that I actually saw recently in the news was one in 200 people is a slave, and that surprised me because I thought that was something that only happened 200 years ago and I just thought like it was astounding.


  • I think that in Hong Kong, we have a form of modern day slavery in the abuse of migrant workers and helpers.


  • Recently, we've done a mask drive where we donate them sanitizing products and masks to support them throughout this coronavirus period, especially when they don't get the support they need.


  • And due to the coronavirus, a lot of migrant workers have been asked by their employers to stay at home during these 24 hours instead of going out.


  • The lines between, you know, getting their rest and, you know, continuing to work becomes quite blurred.


  • I mean, how optimistic are you that we could end modern day slavery?


  • To be perfectly honest I do feel very optimistic about the situation.


  • I think that our world now is much more aware of human rights.


  • Education is kind of the first step forward that I think we'll be able to make.


  • Obviously, I would hope that we would be able to end it, but I think that the more realistic first step is educating youth and motivating them to try to make a change in their lifetime.


  • Like, our generation seems quite responsible but also motivated to want to make a change and that's why I would like to keep that hope and that optimism that this can be, like, have a difference.


  • 10 out of 10.


  • For "10 out of 10": two.

    在這個單元 -- 2!

  • As in two whittle baby cheetahs.


  • Their populations are believed to be decreasing in Africa but they're on the up and up at the Columbus Zoo.

    獵豹在非洲的數量不斷減少,但在 Columbus 動物園多了兩隻。

  • One of the new cubs is a female who weighed about three-quarters of a pound at birth, the other a male tipped the scales at a pound.

    其中一隻母幼豹出生時重約 3/4 磅,另一隻公幼豹則重約 1 磅。

  • The zoo says it's raised many cheetah cubs before and some have bonded with their human caretakers, allowing them to monitor the animals health during births like this one.


  • We have no intention of "cheetah-ing" you out of puns here, it's become a "habitat" of ours.


  • "Cats" the reason some of you love to watch and chasing some down helps us make strides in creative writing.


  • So there's "savannah" way we'd sprint away without "cubbing" up with three or "carni-four" or more.


  • After all, we're always on the hunt.


  • I'm Carl Azuz.

    我是 Carl Azuz。

  • Cheetahs are joined by the Golden Eagles on today's show.


  • That's the mascot of Lewistown Junior High School in Lewistown, Montana.

    也就是位於 Lewistown, Montana 的 Lewistown 中學的吉祥物。

  • Thank you for leaving a YouTube comment for CNN [10].

    謝謝你們在 YouTube 頻道留言!

Hi. I'm Carl Azuz for CNN 10.

嗨,我是 CNN 10 的 Carl Azuz。

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【CNN10】在家工作之優缺點、我的自由日 (Good News Bad News - Virtual Work And School | March 12, 2020)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 03 月 23 日