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  • Hello everybody welcome back to Let's Talk and you are here with me Meera. Today we're

  • going to talk about a lot about the word with the worddown”. Now as you can seedown

  • is actually a preposition and I'm sure you're confused that what is, what are phrasal verbs

  • with down. Usually on our channel and I personally like to take lessons of phrasal verbs where

  • I actually have the verb with me and I help you, you know experiment with different prepositions

  • but today I'm going to change the cycle and sort of like reverse it completely where I

  • have actually chosen the preposition which isdownand we are going to try to figure

  • out which all verbs or what all verbs actually can go along with this preposition and what

  • phrasal verbs we come up with but I've actually sorted out few words right here. Can you think

  • of any words that go with the word down, prepositiondown”? “Walking down”, “cycling

  • down”, “crying downokay any words that do you have in your mind? Write to me

  • in your comments if at all they are not a part of this board here but let's take a look

  • at this board now because I have some words for you. Okay as you can see down is a preposition

  • and all the arrows are going up it actually down is nothing but a direction which is in

  • the decreasing. In the decreasing action that means most of the things that are related

  • with the word down are actually going to mean decrease or fall or something to do with this

  • direction, okay? Let's start with the first word that I havebring down”. This phrasal

  • verb actually means to cause fall of something. Now this phrasal verb is used quite often

  • politically for example it would people might say the citizens are hell-bent upon bringing

  • down the government or the college students are hell-bent upon bringing down the university

  • rules, okay? So bring down means nothing but to cause fall. To cause fall of something

  • or to cause fall of someone. Now that's one word with the preposition down and it makes

  • total sense to me. Another world that I have issettle”. Now I'm sure you must have

  • heard this phrasal verb together quite often, have you used it? I think you have, because

  • settle downhas two meanings okay, one is to calm down. I have a sister of mine who's

  • so nervous and so anxious and so, she get anxiety attacks so often that I have to settle

  • her down before I explain anything to her or motivate her. So I would say, hush there,

  • settle down now we will think about a solution. That means I'm just asking her to calm down,

  • okay? To calm down. But like I said it has two different meanings one is to calm down

  • and the second one, any guesses? Okay it actually means to just start a family and just you

  • know become a mature person that way what the society thinks it is, but settle down

  • is nothing but to start a family, okay? So I'm thinking of settling down now and since

  • I already have a good job, mmm I'm thinking of settling down. It’s something that people

  • say. Or you can say that my brother is planning to settle down and start a family. There's

  • no problem if you want to join the same meaning back to back where you mention the phrasal

  • verb settle down and also mentioned to start a family it just means the same and youre

  • just enhancing your sentence. So calm down and start a family. “Simmer downthe

  • next verb that I have is to simmer, simmer down now this phrasal verb I use quite often

  • to just you know probably if someone is really hyper or really angry that way, I would suggest

  • that person to simmer down that means to reduce the anger specifically guys, okay? It actually

  • means in a way it also means to calm down but it actually means to reduce your angle,

  • okay? So okay, so I would say before you say anything simmer down and then talk to people

  • otherwise you might end up saying the wrong things in the wrong way, okay? That's why

  • simmering down is important before you say anything to your loved ones. Alright guys

  • next up is the verbbreak”. A lot of confusion here but don't worry they're just

  • two simple plain meanings to it tobreak down”. When something breaks down what actually

  • comes to your mind just imagine just close your eyes for a second and here this example

  • out, I got late because my bike broke down. Of course it's a past tense but what did you

  • think of? What did you think the meaning was over here? To stop functioning, anything that

  • just stops, okay? That means break down. Stop functioning

  • and like I said there's another meaning to it. Again close your eyes listen to this example

  • and tell me what it means my sister broke down because her favorite jean, pair of jeans

  • got lost. Another example I always break down when I see romantic movies or when I watch

  • romantic movies. Alright open your eyes and tell me what did you imagine? What could be

  • the meaning of it? Break down means to lose control emotionally you guys. That happens

  • to me a lot, does it happen to you? Tell me? Lose control emotionally, also means break

  • down and of course the word come, has to come since I have explained about you know calming

  • down in so many different ways butcalm downspecifically means to calm down whether

  • you're angry, nervous or you're getting a panic attack or anxiety attack you can just

  • offer someone some few you know wise words or any advice that you have or suggestion

  • and tell that person I request you to calm down, relax, take a deep breath, we will solve

  • the problem, okay? No matter what the problem is you must calm down, okay? Now this is simply

  • but nothing to stop being emotionally stressed, okay? Stop being emotionally stressed as simple

  • as that, okay? I think I need to add another ‘S’ over here. It's so weird to actually

  • write on the board because sometimes you don't understand the spelling but I did and I corrected

  • it immediately. Okay now moving oncut down”. Okay now let me give you an example

  • imagine the meaning and tell me what you think of, my friend needs to cut down on his smoking

  • habit. What did you think of? The meaning of cut down? Alright one more example, I think

  • I'm going to cut down on my carbs, I'm dieting. What could it mean? Nothing but to reduce

  • something, okay? To reduce, to cut down is to reduce on the carbs, on the smoking, on

  • the alcohol anything that is not good for you or not good to your health for your health

  • you cut down on it alright? Now the next up we have, burn, “burn down”. A very, very

  • obvious phrasal verb is it can anybody tell me what this actually means? To burn down

  • something right, to actually burn down things to ashes, to destroy something by fire or

  • destroy something to ashes, okay? To destroy by fire. Okay now that actually means to,

  • so for example if I have to say that the shop next to our house got burned down that means

  • something actually happened that small place caught fire and the whole place was burned

  • down to ashes. It's nothing it's the literal meaning of the phrase to burn down something.

  • And the last phrasal verb for the day you guys is toturn down”. Again two meanings,

  • what could be the first one? Let me give you an example, I turned down the company's offer.

  • What do you think that is? To reject something. To turn down an offer literally means to reject

  • something, okay? To reject. I turned down the company's offer or I turn down the proposal

  • or she turned my proposal down that means probably a guy asked a girl out or to marry

  • him and the girl said no, that too means to turn down to reject something. There's another

  • meaning like I said probably you are playing loud music in your apartment or in your flat

  • and your neighbors come to you and say that could you please turn down the music it's

  • getting too loud. That means to reduce or to lower, okay? To lower the voice, to lower

  • the noise, means to turn down as well. Two meanings, one word, one phrasal verb. I'll

  • be back very soon with a new and interesting lesson just for you guys. Until then keep

  • practicing, keep smiling, spread a lot of love this is me Meera, ciao.

Hello everybody welcome back to Let's Talk and you are here with me Meera. Today we're

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提高英語口語流利度,使用 "短語動詞--向下"|英語口語練習課件 (Improve your English Speaking Fluency with ‘Phrasal Verbs - Down’ | English Speaking Practice Lesso)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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