B1 中級 51520

 You've probably seen an email or an internet post about how weird and random English spelling seems to be. But what if I told you that it actually makes perfect sense? In fact, that's spelling's job: Making sense. Think of spelling a word as peeling back the layers of an onion. The first layer is a word's sense and meaning. Often there are multiple layers of meaning. Another layer is the word's structure. Think of the center of the onion as a word's base element, its essential kernel of meaning. A free-base element, like O-N-E, or T-W-O, can stand on its own as a word, like one, or two. A bound base, like the R-U-P-T of "erupt" or "rupture" needs another element in order to surface in a word. Two or more bases give us compounds, like "twofold" or "someone" or "bankrupt." Once we figure out a word's meaningful elements, We can peel back its history to shed a little more light on why it's spelled as it is. The word "two," for example, needs its "W" in order to mark its connection to words like "twice," "twelve," "twenty," "twin" and "between." A word's history is another layer of the onion. With that understanding, let's investigate the word "one." First we need to check in with what it means. Unique, single, solitary. "One's" historical layers include its relatives "only," "once," "eleven," and even "a," "an" and "any." But it's the morphological relatives - the ones that share the base O-N-E - That are really astonishing. There are the familiar ones, like "anyone," and "one-track" and "oneself" - those are obvious. But let's take a look at some unexpected derivations of the word "one." The word "alone" is built from the prefix A-L plus the base O-N-E. It's the same A-L prefix that we see in "always," "already," "almighty" and "almost." It means "all." the word "alone" means "all one." It was misanalysed in the middle ages as having the prefix "a," like in "asleep" and "awake" and "around," and a new base was born: L-O-N-E, which then developed into its own family. In the word "atone," we find the familiar preposition "at" compounded with the base O-N-E. See, when we atone for something we've done wrong, we attempt to make things whole again, to fix what's broken, to be at one again with whomever we hurt. But here's perhaps the best one of all: the word "onion," which is also frequently derided as irregular or crazy, for its spelling of "uh" with an O. But again, if we look into the word's structure, and its history, it's a mystery no more. When we look at the roots of an onion, we learn that it is written as O-N-E plus I-O-N, the same suffix we find in "tension," "action," "union" and thousands of other words in English. Unlike the many cloves in a head of garlic, an onion has a single bulb. It is marked by the state or condition of oneness. Like an onion, English is one - one single writing system shared across time and space. Its structure and its history have many layers, and peeling them apart can really add flavor to our language and spice up our understanding. See, spelling is never just about spelling, but about how written words make sense. It's almost enough to make you want to cry.

# 【TED-Ed】拼字的意義 Making sense of spelling - Gina Cooke

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VoiceTube 發佈於 2013 年 3 月 24 日

1. ## 1. 單字查詢

在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔！

2. ## 2. 單句重複播放

可重複聽取一句單句，加強聽力！

3. ## 3. 使用快速鍵

使用影片快速鍵，讓學習更有效率！

4. ## 4. 關閉語言字幕

進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦！

5. ## 5. 內嵌播放器

可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

6. ## 6. 展開播放器

可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位，觀看影片更舒適！

1. ## 英文聽力測驗

挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗！

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1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯，不妨使用「俚語字典」，或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔