B2 中高級 美國腔 632 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
The royal couple of Haiti rode into their coronation to thunderous applause.
After receiving his ornate crown and scepter,
Henry Christophe ascended his throne, towering 20 meters in the air.
But little did the cheering onlookers know that the first king of Haiti
would also be its last.
Enslaved at birth on the island of Grenada,
Christophe spent his childhood being moved between multiple Caribbean islands.
Just 12 years old in 1779,
he accompanied his master to aid the American revolutionaries
in the Battle of Savannah.
This prolonged siege would be Christophe's first encounter with violent revolution.
There are few surviving written records
about Christophe's life immediately after the war.
Over the next decade,
we know he worked as a mason and a waiter at a hotel
in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, as Haiti was then known.
In 1791, when the colony's slaves rose up in rebellion,
Christophe got another opportunity to fight for freedom.
Led by Toussaint Louverture, the rebels fought against plantation owners,
as well as British and Spanish forces seeking control of the island.
Christophe quickly rose through the ranks,
proving himself the equal of more experienced generals.
By 1793,
Louverture had successfully liberated all of Saint-Domingue's enslaved people,
and by 1801 he'd established the island as a semi-autonomous colony.
But during this time, Napoleon Bonaparte had assumed power in France,
and made it his mission to restore slavery and French authority
throughout the empire.
French attempts to reinstate slavery met fierce resistance,
with General Christophe even burning the capital city
to prevent military occupation.
Finally, the rebellion and an outbreak of yellow fever
forced French soldiers to withdraw— but the fight was not without casualties.
Louverture was captured, and left to die in a French prison;
a fate that Christophe's nine-year-old son would share only a few years later.
Following the revolution,
Christophe and generals Jean-Jacques Dessalines and Alexandre Pétion
rose to prominent positions in the new government.
In 1804, Dessalines was proclaimed the emperor of independent Haiti.
But his desire to hold exclusive power alienated his supporters.
Eventually, Dessalines' rule incited a political conspiracy
that ended in his assassination in 1806.
The subsequent power struggle led to a Civil War, which split the country in two.
By 1807, Christophe was governing as president of the north in Cap-Haïtien,
and Pétion was ruling the south from Port-au-Prince.
Pétion tried to stay true to the revolution's democratic roots
by modeling his republic after the United States.
He even supported anti-colonial revolutionaries in other nations.
These policies endeared him to his people,
but they slowed trade and economic growth.
Christophe, conversely, had more aggressive plans for an independent Haiti.
He redistributed land to the people, while retaining state control of agriculture.
He also established trade with many foreign nations,
including Great Britain and the United States,
and pledged non-interference with their foreign policies.
He even built a massive Citadel in case the French tried to invade again.
To accomplish all of this, Christophe instituted mandatory labor,
and to strengthen his authority, he crowned himself king in 1811.
During his reign, he lived in an elegant palace called Sans Souci
along with his wife and their three remaining children.
Christophe's kingdom oversaw rapid development of trade, industry, culture,
and education.
He imported renowned European artists to Haiti's cultural scene,
as well as European teachers, in order to establish public education.
But while the king was initially popular among his subjects,
his labor mandates were an uncomfortable reminder
of the slavery Haitians fought to destroy.
Over time, his increasingly authoritarian policies lost support,
and his opponents to the south gained strength.
In October 1820, his reign finally reached its tragic conclusion.
Months after a debilitating stroke left him unable to govern,
key members of his military defected to southern forces.
Betrayed and despondent, the king committed suicide.
Today, the traces of Christophe's complicated history
can still be found in the crumbling remains of his palaces,
and in Haiti's legacy as the first nation to permanently abolish slavery.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

首位也是最後的海地國王 (The first and last king of Haiti - Marlene Daut)

632 分類 收藏
Harry Huang 發佈於 2020 年 2 月 4 日
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔