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It is such a, sort of, instrumental part of our cooking vocabulary in terms of the utensils.
I was like, huh, that's interesting.
There are people out there who live without chopsticks.
Chopsticks are a pair of two long sticks used to eat things with one hand.
Holding chopsticks is a little bit like holding a pencil except that you have two of them, and you kinda move them together in a pincher movement.
Most of them are made out of wood.
They are also made out of plastic, bamboo, jade, gold, silver, and even ivory, though I think that's not so cool these days anymore.
Chopsticks are really well designed for eating small bits of food.
They're good for picking up noodles.
If you're really skilled, you can eat rice, you can pick up dumplings, little pieces of meat.
There're definitely some no-nos with chopsticks.
You should not use the chopsticks like drumsticks which I know is very, very tempting.
You definitely don't wanna stick chopsticks into a bowl of rice face-up.
And the reason for that is it actually looks like a bowl of incense, so it, sort of, echos death.
Chopsticks are used in a huge portion of the world across much of Asia.
About 1.5 billion people are covered in the chopsticks sphere.
Different cultures have slightly different variations of chopsticks.
Chinese chopsticks will tend to be long and round, Korean chopsticks, which are flatter, and often made of metal.
And Japanese chopsticks tend to be round, and very, very pointy.
While chopsticks are actually really commonplace in American society today.
There was definitely a time in the late 1800s where this idea that Asian men, because they ate rice with sticks, were of a different quality than American men who ate proper meat with knife and fork.
But, when China and the United States began their diplomatic engagement in the 1970s, Richard Nixon, Henry Kissinger had to practice eating with chopsticks.
What's been really interesting to see is that as Asian cuisine has moved from the east into the west, chopsticks have become part of the experience.
There's evidence of chopsticks as long ago as the Shang dynasty, which was about 3,000 years ago, and they loved tripods during the Shang dynasty.
So, when you cook with these big tripods, chopsticks were actually really useful.
Because it was a way for you to stir and to reach without getting burned as the water was boiling in these really big pots.
Chinese culture has knives and has forks, that uses them in many cases for cooking, but in terms of what moved into the dining room, it was the chopsticks.
One of the things about Asian cooking is that it often comes in very small pieces.
And I think part of that has to do with the fact that it's actually a lot more energy efficient to cook little pieces quickly, but also then, you don't have to cut them.
So, you kind of have the circular influence where the type of food that is cooked allows people to use chopsticks, and then the fact that you have chopsticks sort of influences the kind of food that you can cook.
At the same time, chopsticks reflect the communal nature of eating food.
You will have these dishes that you put in the middle, it's very family style.
You kinda go in with your chopsticks, and then you put it on your rice, and then you eat individually.
There's actually a famous, sort of, legend where everyone has these really, really, really long chopsticks, like, way too long for them to feed themselves.
And so, in hell, everyone starves because they can't pick up food and put it in their mouths.
But in heaven, people take the same chopsticks, and then feed each other.
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【TED】為什麼有 15 億人用筷子吃飯? (Why 1.5 billion people eat with chopsticks | Small Thing Big Idea, a TED series)

3926 分類 收藏
ccmavis 發佈於 2020 年 1 月 29 日    Nina 翻譯    adam 審核
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