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  • CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: On Sunday, Kurt (ph) got a text from his wife that said she`d seen a tornado about a mile away.

  • Five minutes later she sent him another that said their house was gone.

  • They weren`t the only one this happened to. The storm system that ripped through parts of the Midwestern United States on Sunday led to reports of more than 60 tornadoes.

  • Authorities say at least seven people were killed, hundreds more were injured.

  • The enhanced Fujita scale rates tornadoes based on how much damage they cause.

  • The one that hit the city of Washington, Illinois was classified as an EF4.

  • That means its winds were between 170 and 190 miles per hour.

  • It left people relieved to be alive, but struggling to recover.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It`s on the ground! It`s on the ground!

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The tornado warning has been issued until 3 P.M. Eastern standard time for the following counties.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Get to the center most portion of your home and take cover. I`m hearing things right now. Check ...

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes. UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I think - we may need to take shelter right now ourselves.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes. We do. UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We need to go up here.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We do. Yes. UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We will be back when we can.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Right. We`ll be right back.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Let`s go. UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Let`s go!

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Our father`s watching (inaudible)

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I go outside. And I heard this. It`s like a train. Like a loud train. I said this isn`t right.

  • I said it`s not thunder, it`s not - and it just kept coming. Kept coming, getting louder.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The garage is sitting there with the truck. It`s gone - it`s laying there.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: It was tearing it apart like it was jut cardboard box. I mean the siding, which is getting ripped apart.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This is the clothing I owe now.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: A lot of people have a pile of rubble still, and I mean I don`t have anything.

  • My whole - it`s gone. I don`t know where it went.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We`ll make it through it. And we`re just so grateful that the Lord preserved so many lives here.

  • AZUZ: Moving now to a milestone on Wall Street. Yesterday, the Dow Johnson Industrial Average topped 16,000.

  • People used the Dow as indicator of how the entire stock market is doing, and this is the first time it`s ever been over 16,000.

  • The Dow ended the day lower than that. But still, good news for investors. Experts say, the Federal Reserve or Fed is a big part of why the stock market is doing well.

  • The Fed is the country`s Central Bank. It`s responsible for creating and maintaining the country`s fiscal or economic policies.

  • And recently, many of its policies have been aimed at helping support the U.S. economy.

  • So, some analysts are debating whether this is a boost or a bubble.

  • RICHARD QUEST, INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT: These are not normal times.

  • CHRISTINE ROMANS, CHIEF BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT: That`s right. QUEST: This is what the important thing to bear in mind is.

  • We`re not watching a Dow that`s hitting 16,000 in normal economic circumstances.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Because corporate earnings are fantastic. ROMANS: It`s not doing it on its own.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: No, it`s doing it because we are (inaudible) exceptional printing money accommodative policy.

  • Jana and Yan (ph) had talked about it. This is not a normal economy. It`s not a normal market. It`s been artificially (inaudible).

  • ROMANS: And some conservatives say, it`s a sugar high being helped by the Fed it`s helping the richest Americans, people who invest in stocks but it hasn`t really resolved in a lot of jobs growth yet,

  • and that`s something - you know, Janet Yellen would like some jobs growth.

  • QUEST: And do watch out for that correction, which may not come until the Fed actually starts tapering, but come it will.

  • There is no doubt about it, and that`s when the investor has to hold in ...

  • ROMANS: But let`s look at tapering, I think. So people who might think why are they talking about tapering? It`s the training wheels on the economy, and the Fed has training wheels on the economy. Those training wheels will come off. Will the bike wobble?

  • QUEST: Yes. UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What expensive training wheels! ROMANS: They certainly are.

  • AZUZ: Teachers, we have an explainer available on the stock market. You can check it out at cnnstudentnews.com

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s time for "The Shoutout."

  • How many years are in a score?

  • If you think you know it, then shout it out!

  • Is it four, 15, 20 or 75?

  • You`ve got three seconds, go!

  • A score means 20. So, four score and seven years means 87 years.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

  • If four score and seven years sounds familiar, it should - it`s the start of the Gettysburg Address, one of the most famous speeches in American history.

  • President Lincoln gave it 150 years ago today.

  • In honor of that anniversary, we`re sharing five things to know about the Gettysburg Address.

  • Number one, it was short. Just 273 words total.

  • The first speaker that day, Edward Everett, talked for two hours.

  • When President Lincoln stepped forward to give his speech, it only lasted two minutes.

  • Next, the legacy of the speech. Lincoln talked about the founding principles of the country:

  • liberty and equality. And about the need to preserve democracy.

  • "Government of the people, by the people, for the people." Another famous line, "The world will little note nor long remember what we say here."

  • That might have been a little misleading: historians say President Lincoln saw a chance to talk to Americans about the significance of the Civil War.

  • They say he put a lot of thought into the exact words he chose.

  • Number four, the event: the speech happened at the dedication for the National Cemetery of Gettysburg.

  • It was the site of one of the fiercest battles of the Civil War. And the Union`s victory marked a turning point in that conflict.

  • Finally the reaction: it wasn`t all positive. One Pennsylvania newspaper referred to the Gettysburg Address as "silly remarks".

  • The paper retracted that statement this month.

  • While opinion may have been split in 1863, the past 150 years have ensured that the Gettysburg address will always hold a place of significance in American history.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See, if you can I.D. me.

  • I`m home to Victoria Land in the Weddell Sea.

  • I don`t have an official population, although researchers set up camps inside my borders.

  • I was established as a continent at 1840.

  • I`m Antarctica. The coldest, driest and windiest continent on the planet.

  • AZUZ: It`s summertime in Antarctica. Well, that`s relative.

  • Let`s say it`s the time of year when temperatures might get a degree or two above freezing near the coast.

  • But scientists say that could have been enough to melt some of the sea ice around a tremendous iceberg.

  • It started years ago with a crack in the Pine Island Glacier.

  • Now, any iceberg headed towards shipping lanes could be a problem. There was a movie about that a few years ago.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Iceberg!

  • AZUZ: But this isn`t any iceberg. It`s the size of Singapore. It`s twice the size of Atlanta. It`s enormous.

  • And intrepid explore could probably name it and colonize it if the whole melting thing weren`t a factor.

  • It is. But scientists say that could take up to a year.

  • So, if this iceberg drifts in the shipping lanes, it could be threatening and rerouting sailors for months before it dissolves into the sea.

  • What can be done about it? The same thing that can be done about any iceberg. Track it.

  • Chart (ph) its path. Until anyone who might be in that pass to steer clear.

  • It`s Tiger Tuesday on our "Roll Call". It`s time for us to scratch three more schools off our list:

  • in New York, we`ve got the Tigers from Mamaroneck Avenue School.

  • Then we jumped down to the Mansfield High Tigers from Mansfield, Texas

  • and we`re bringing it home with Mountain Home, the Mountain Home High School Tigers from Mountain Home, Idaho.

  • Shifting gears now to talk NASCAR. Richard Petty, the king won seven titles. Dale Earnhardt, the intimidator, also won seven.

  • Jimmie Johnson has been known for a while as five time.

  • That`s a reference to the five spring cup titles he`s won.

  • Time for a name change. Johnson took home his sixth championship this past weekend.

  • That`s sixth titles in eight years.

  • Easy to understand why some people are calling Jimmie Johnson one of the best stock car drivers ever, and of the best athletes in the world.

  • Former NFL quarterback and now sport analyst Donovan McNabb doesn`t agree.

  • He doesn`t consider Johnson or any drivers to be athletes.

  • Johnson responded saying yes, I am, and so is every other driver in one of these race cars.

  • What do you say? Are NASCAR drivers athletes?

  • If you are 13 old, head to our blog at cnnstudentnews.com.

  • If you are already on Facebook, Facebook.com/cnnstudentnews.

  • Usually, when you say someone walks on water, you mean it figuratively.

  • Not here. This is an annual project for students in an architecture class.

  • Technical name, "Materials and Methods of Construction." General name, "Students Walk on Water" or the y try to with these shoes they made for the attempt.

  • The lake is 175 feet across. First one at the other side gets 500 bucks.

  • Anyone who gets across gets an "A". Otherwise your grade is based on how far you get.

  • The class might be a required course, or it could be an elective.

  • But if you`re in a design, the challenge is guaranteed to what your appetite.

  • Float an idea, see if it holds water, and then hit the lake, boy, and see.

  • That`s all the time we have for now. We`ll sure be back with you tomorrow. For more CNN STUDENT NEWS. See you then.

  • END

CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: On Sunday, Kurt (ph) got a text from his wife that said she`d seen a tornado about a mile away.

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November 19, 2013 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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