初級 英國腔 69 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
Hello. This is Jack from tofluency.com. And in this video, you're going to learn about
the present perfect, so keep watching!
Daniela from Italy asks, "What's the different between the present perfect simple and the
present perfect continuous?"
Thank you for your question. The first thing to know when looking at the difference between
the present perfect simple and the present perfect continuous is that it can be quite
complex and it can also be flexible. So, there are times when you can use both tenses; there
are times that the different tenses only make a small difference. And also, there are lots
of little situations when we use one or when we use the other.
But in this video, I'm going to focus on the two main differences. I do have a free download
that you can get that goes into this in more depth, but in this video, I'm just going
to focus on the two main differences.
The first way to think about the difference between these two tenses is whether you are
focusing on an action or a result. So, here is one example, "I've been reading all day"
- this is the present perfect continuous. The second example is "I've read 100 pages
today" - this is the present perfect simple.
Looking at the first example, the present perfect continuous - I've been reading all
day - what we can say about it is this: it focuses on the act of reading. The action:
'been reading'. So, when you're using the present perfect continuous here, a lot of
the time we are focusing on the action - I've been reading all day.
However, in the second example, "I've read 100 pages today" this is the present perfect
simple and it focuses on the result - so, we're focusing on the 100 pages, the result
of the action. So, that is the first difference and, as I said, there is a download with more
examples.
The second difference is about continuous and non-continuous verbs. Because we can use
both tenses for something that started in the past but continues in the present. And
as I say here, we can use both depending on the verb.
Here are two examples: "I've known him for a long time""I've been helping him for a long
time." So, both are talking about something that started in the past and continue in the
present. But, in one example we use the present perfect simple and in the other we use the
present perfect continuous.
Looking at the first example, "I've known him for a long time" - 'to know' is a non-continuous
verb. For example, we don't say, "I am knowing him" instead we say "I know him." And that
is why we don't say "I have been knowing him for a long time" instead we say "I have known
him for a long time." So, because 'to know' is a non-continuous verb, we use this in the
present perfect simple. An action that started in the past, but continues in the present.
The second example, "I've been helping him for a long time" is the present perfect continuous.
'To help' is a continuous verb. "I've been helping him for a long time." So this is when
we use it in the present perfect continuous. Now, some verbs can be used in both tenses.
For example, you can say, "I've lived here for 5 years." Or "I've been living here for
5 years." So, with some verbs, we can use them in both tenses.
That has given you an overview of the difference between the present perfect simple and the
present perfect continuous. But do not go just yet... because I have a free worksheet
for you. It's going to summarize the difference between these two tenses, give you more examples,
and there's also an exercise for you to do. So, click the link to download that and I'll
see you next time!
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

現在完成簡單式與連續式 (Present Perfect Simple vs Continuous - The Difference between these Two Tenses (+ FREE PDF))

69 分類 收藏
洪子雯 發佈於 2019 年 9 月 9 日
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔