Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • There's a saying in Hong Kong kung fu movies: “Wai faai bat po.”

    香港武打片有句話說:唯快不破

  • It means "only speed is unbreakable."

    意思是:只要快速,就無法被擊敗

  • Wai faai bat po.”

    唯快不破

  • That's in Cantonese, a language with tones, which English speakers have trouble distinguishing.

    這句是廣東話,一個有聲調的語言。英語系的人通常無法輕易分辨聲調,所以當美國人用錯誤的聲調

  • So when an American says that phrase with the wrong tones— “wifi bat po”—you get a Cantonese meme.

    說這句話的時候 "WIFI 不破",就成了一個廣東話的笑話。

  • "It became kinds of a joke that people will send to each other. It's like oh, this badass wi-fi is so good."

    這成為了一個廣為流傳的笑話,大家互相開玩笑地說,這個WIFI很厲害。

  • Wai faai bat po.” -"It's quite funny."

    唯快不破,真的很好笑。

  • If English is your first language though, you might be more familiar with a different joke: “Supplies!”

    如果英文是你的母語,你應該聽過另一個笑話:"Supplies!" (surprise)

  • That's the notion that East Asians mix up their Rs and Ls in English: “Oh herro prease.”

    有個概念是東亞人常常會把英文的R和L發音搞混。"Oh herro prease" (oh hello please)

  • It's a running gag in "Lost in Translation," an Oscar-winning film about two Americans who are sad in Japan.

    在【愛情,不用翻譯】:奧斯卡得獎影片,故事講述兩個在日本的悲傷美國人的故事,這個發音的哽貫穿了整個劇情。

  • Lat pack. You know lat pack?”

    "Lat pack. You know lat pack?"

  • Rat? Rat pack.”

    "Rat? Rat pack."

  • The movie makes communication with the locals seem hopeless.

    這部電影讓和日本人溝通看似非常困難。

  • Lip my stocking.” “Hey? Lip them?”

    "Hey. Lip (Rip) my stocking." "Hey? Lip them?"

  • And at one point Scarlett Johansson's character asks: "Why do they switch the Rs and the L's here?"

    史嘉雷喬韓森扮演的角色問到:為什麼他們老是把R和L調對?

  • "Oh, for yucks."

    "喔,不為什麼"

  • This movie may be a bit rude, but it's not a terrible question to ask.

    這部電影有點無理,但是這不是一個爛問題。

  • Because if you're genuinely curious, a foreign accent gives us a chance to learn something about another language.

    如果你真感到好奇,從一個外國人的角度來研究口音,可以幫助我們學習其它語言。

  • So this trope has been applied to Japanese, Korean, and Chinese speakers.

    這個例子可以用在日文、韓文和中文系國家。

  • "McFry!" "Herro." "Fa ra ra ra ra."

    "McFry! (McFly)" "Herro (Hello)" "Fa ra ra ra ra (Fa la la la la)"

  • But, all of these languages deal with Rs and Ls in different ways.

    但是,這些語言對於R和L的發音都不一樣。

  • First though, we need to talk about the R sound in English.

    首先,我們來看R在英文裡的發音。

  • It turns out that there isn't just one way to pronounce it.

    其實,R有很多種發音方式。

  • "Oh it's incredibly varied."

    喔,它的種類非常多。

  • Eleanor Lawson uses ultrasound to study English phonetics.

    艾倫娜羅森利用超音波來研究發音。

  • "You have trilled R's which are sort of a rrr sound. You can probably hear my tapped R. So I do a ara sound. Varied. You can have a retroflex R where your tongue essentially curls upside down under your palatal arch."

    我們有顫音的R,聽起來是...你可以聽到這個拍打的R音,所以我發了ara這個音。我們還有個卷舌的R,簡單來說就是將你的舌頭翻捲,碰觸上顎。

  • "Run. Run." She says the bunched R, which is common in North American English, is particularly complex.

    "Run. Run." 她更進一步指出,在北美英文裡常出現的捲縮R,更是複雜。

  • "Nurse. Nurse."

    "Nurse. Nurse."

  • Say the word fur, Fur.

    那假設是 fur 這個字,"Fur."

  • How would you tell someone where to put their tongue to make that R?

    你會如何解釋,在發這個R音的時候,舌頭的位置在哪?

  • The middle of the tongue rises up in the mouth, while the root of the tongue is pulling backwards.

    舌頭的中間部位抬起,同時舌頭的根部向後拉。

  • You might have some lip rounding as well.

    也許你還會噘起嘴唇。

  • R sounds like this, where the airflow isn't blocked by the tongue or the lips, are called theapproximatesin phonetics.

    這類的R音,就是空氣從裡向外,沒有被舌頭和嘴唇阻擋到,叫"相似音"。

  • "So forming all of these structures at the same time could be very difficult for someone who is not used to producing that."

    要把舌頭和嘴唇同時到位,對於不習慣的人來說是很困難的。

  • The R sound is one of the last consonants that English-speaking kids learn to say.

    R是英文裡最後一個子音,也是孩子最慢學到的音。

  • It takes up to 5 adorable years for them to figure it out.

    有些孩子需要花上5年的時間才能學會。

  • Purple. And red!”

    "Purple. And red"

  • And the L sound in English can change depending on its position in a word.

    L音則是會隨著字的拼法而有所不同。

  • Say the wordladleorlevel.”

    像是"ladle"或是"level"這兩個字,

  • That first L is a "clear L." You can probably feel your tongue touching the top of the mouth, right behind your front teeth as inled.”

    第一個L是"陽聲"。你可以感覺得到舌頭碰觸上排牙齒後方,和"led"一樣。

  • But the L at the end of the word is a “dark L," where the tip of the tongue might not even touch the top of your mouth at all.

    但是,在尾端的L則是"陰聲",舌頭的尖端不會碰觸到上顎。

  • "A dark L is where the back of the tongue is moving up toward the soft palate and it gives it an o-ish sound like an O."

    發陰聲的L,舌頭的尾端會推向喉嚨,所以聽起來類似O的音。

  • Level.” “Level.”

    "Level." "Level."

  • So the English R and L are complicated, but still, "Lat Pack," rrr, llll, they seem like pretty different sounds.

    總結,英文的R和L很複雜,但是"Lat pack",rrrr,llll...它們聽起來是完全不同的音。

  • It might help to look at Spanish.

    從西班牙文的角度來看,也許有幫助。

  • Say the word "salero."

    像是 "Salero" 這個字

  • Salero. Salt Shaker. Salero, salero.”

    "Salero,鹽罐,Salero"

  • This R is made with a flap of the tongue on the ridge behind the front teeth.

    這個R,是將舌頭近前端的部分碰觸上顎和牙齒銜接處

  • That's not too far away from where the L is pronounced.

    非常類似L的發音

  • "Hora. Varios. Oruga. Pare. Salero."

    "Hora. Varios. Oruga. Pare. Salero."

  • Japanese has that R sound. It doesn't have the lll inlakeor the rrr inred.”

    日文的R就是如此。但是它沒有Lake的lll音,或是red的rrr音。

  • "We have ra ri ru re ro, which sounds kind of similar to both L and R."

    我們有 ra, ri, ru, re, ro,發音似L和R的綜合體。

  • Those are the 5 syllables in Japanese that contain the tongue-flap sound: “ra ri ru re ro."

    日文的這五個音,就是彈舌的R音。Rai, ri, ru, re, ro.

  • Try saying them: “ra ri ru re ro.”

    試著說說看吧

  • When they're converted into the Latin alphabet, they're spelled like this, with the letter R.

    當它們用拉丁字母來拼音時,使用的是R

  • But the Japanese R soundrais actually closer to our L soundlathan it is to the English "ra."

    但是日文的R音,其實比較接近L音,la,而非英文的ra。

  • "My name is Mariko and for all of my English-speaking friends, their intuition to say is marie-ko. And how I explain to them is just imagine my name spelled with M-a-l-i-k-o and then you should be fine."

    我叫Mariko。我的英語系朋友們都很直覺的發成Marie-Ko。我解釋給他們的方式是,想像我的名字拼法是M-a-l-i-k-o,這樣就對了。

  • When words migrate from English to Japanese, both Rs and Ls become Japanese Rs.

    當英文轉移到日文,R和L兩者都被日文的R給取代了。

  • Garasu.”

    玻璃

  • Karendaa.”

    月曆

  • Boringu.”

    保齡球

  • Raito.”

  • There are thousands of these loan words that Japanese speakers have to relearn with rrrs and llls, which are two sounds that Japanese ears weren't tuned to distinguish in the first place.

    日文裡有上千個這種外來字,日本語系的人必須重新用rrr和lll學習,因為他們的耳朵打從一開始就無法判斷兩者的差異。

  • Like Japanese, Korean doesn't have the English rrr sound. They have this letter. It's "rieul."

    同日文,韓文也沒有英文的rrr音。他們有個字母,riel

  • "Leer?"

    "Leer?"

  • "Ri-eul."

    "Ri-eul."

  • "Ri-er."

    "Ri-er."

  • "Eul."

    "Eul."

  • "ul. Ri-ul."

    "ul. Ri-ul."

  • "Like my tongue is going straight up to the roof of my mouth, eul."

    我的舌頭是平平的向上碰觸我的上顎,eul。

  • "Rieul." It takes on a different sound depending on its position within the word.

    Rieul 這個字母的發音會隨著字的拼法而改變。

  • So when it's followed by a vowel, it has the flap sound like a Japanese R.

    它後面如果是母音,它的發音會類似日文彈舌的R。

  • Duriseo. Duriseo."

    “Duriseo. Duriseo"

  • That also means it's written with the letter “R” when converted into Latin script. “Duriseo.”

    這也代表轉化成拉丁拼音時,是使用R,“Duriseo.”

  • But when it's at the end of a word "jebal" or is followed by a consonant "deullida," it sounds more like an L sound and it's transcribed in the Latin alphabet as “L.”

    但是當它是在字尾的時候,或是後面接了子音,它聽起來比較接近英文的L,拉丁字母拼音時,使用的是L。

  • So it's pretty unlikely that Korean speakers would sayherrosince their L sound can map on to the English L.

    所以,韓國人比較不可能會說herro,因為韓文有明確的L音。

  • But thedark L” doesn't exist in Korean.

    但是陰聲的L並不存在於韓文。

  • So when they're new to English, Koreans might use their own L sound in spots where we would use a dark L, near the end of words.

    所以當韓國人初學英文時,他們會用韓文的L,來替代英文字尾部的陰聲L。

  • As the story unfolds, someone may change the world.”

    隨著故事的展開,某人會改變這世界。

  • There are at least 8 major Chinese languages, but we'll look at Mandarin and Cantonese.

    中國有至少八個常用語言,但是我們只看普通話和廣東話。

  • They both have a clear L sound, and it's restricted to the beginning of syllables.

    它們都有明確的L音,但是限於字發音的開頭。

  • "Leng. It's like 'pretty.'"

    Leng,意思是漂亮。

  • "La. 'Drag.'"

    La,拖。

  • So the notion that they would switchfa la la" intofa ra ra,” it's just wrong and the makers of a Christmas story should feel bad.

    所以,認為他們會將fa la la發成 fa ra ra是錯誤的概念,製作【聖誕故事】電影的人應該感到羞愧。

  • Like Korean, Mandarin and Cantonese don't have the dark L sound as inpull.”

    同韓文,普通話和廣東話沒有Pull裡的L陰聲。

  • But when they come across an L near the end of a word in English, they tend to pronounce it more like a vowel.

    所以當他們遇到英文字尾的L時,他們會發成母音。

  • "A hundred years old, 90 years old. I said we should respect this kind of people."

    像是一百歲或九十歲的高齡老人,我覺得我們應該尊敬這種人。

  • "He chose the coldest possible. Really."

    他選了他能選的最冷的地方,真的。

  • Mandarin does have an R sound.

    普通話有R音

  • At the beginning of a syllable, it sounds like this: "Zrr. Zrr. So like actually, maybe the R sounds more like the S in "treasure."

    在一開頭的音節,它聽起來像 Zrr ,所以其實這個R可能聽起來比較像 treasure 的S。

  • "Zrr, rènxìng.”

    Zrr,任性。

  • And at the end of a syllable: "Er. It means son."

    如果是在音節的結尾呢:Er,就是兒子的意思。

  • Cantonese, on the other hand, doesn't have an R sound at all.

    另一方面,廣東話完全沒有R這個音。

  • So when speaking English, they sometimes use a W sound or an L sound.

    所以當他們講英文時,有時會發成W或L。

  • "We just tried very hard to prove ourselves."

    我們都努力證明自己的實力。

  • Our ability to produce sounds in a new language, depends in part on whether those sounds are meaningfully distinct in our first language.

    在新的語言裡,我們製造新聲音的能力,部分取決於這些聲音在我們的母語中是否有意義上的區別。

  • So a Japanese speaker hearing lll and rrr, it's a lot like an English speaker hearing tones in Chinese.

    所以一個日語人士聽到L或R時,就很像英語母語者聽到中文的腔調一樣。

  • "Leng. Leng. Leng. Leng."

    Leng,靚,零,領。

  • "Ma. Ma. Ma. Ma. Yeah, I know, people's mind is just blown away."

    媽,麻,馬,罵,對我知道大家聽完都覺得更困惑了。

  • We all carry the rules of our native language with us when we learn new languages.

    當我們在學新語言時,我們都帶著母語的發音規則。

  • "Accent is your identity. So I don't want to sound like an American person or British person."

    口音是身份的一部份,所以我不想要聽起來像美國人或英國人。

  • So if you hear a foreign accent, remember that it's a unique hybrid.

    所以當你聽到外國口音時,要記得這是特別的混種發音。

  • It's like a lion with stripes, something you can only get if you're brave enough to venture beyond the comfort of your mother tongue.

    就像有條紋的獅子一樣,只有你勇敢的走出母語的安全區來場冒險,才能得到。

  • If you enjoy this video, you're probably the kind of person who likes learning about complex topics thorough digestible, interactive lessons, like the course on logic from Brilliant.

    如果你喜歡這部影片,你可能是一個喜歡透過易吸收的互動式課程來學習複雜主題的人,而 Brilliant 正好有提供邏輯的課程。

  • Brilliant is a problem-solving website that teaches you to think like a scientist.

    Brilliant 是一個解決問題的網站,教你如何像科學家一樣思考。

  • They have courses on everything from calculus to astronomy and daily problems in math and science.

    他們的課程主題從微積分到天文學,還有每天都會遇到的數學和科學問題。

  • To learn more about Brilliant, go to Brilliant.org/vox and sign up for free.

    想知道更多關於 Brilliant 的資訊,你可以到 Brilliant.org/vox 並免費加入會員。

  • The first 200 people to visit that link will get 20% off the annual premium subscription, which gives you access to all the daily problems and unlocks all of the courses.

    前兩百位點選連結的人可以得到一年份高級會員的八折訂閱優惠,這包含了每日問題的權限以及解鎖所有課程。

  • Brilliant wasn't involved in the making of this video, but their support makes videos like this one possible.

    Brilliant 並沒有參與製作這部影片,但他們的支持讓製作這部影片成為可能。

  • So go check 'em out.

    所以你可以去看看。

There's a saying in Hong Kong kung fu movies: “Wai faai bat po.”

香港武打片有句話說:唯快不破

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 美國腔 Vox 發音 舌頭 日文 廣東話 韓文

為什麼有些亞洲人的口音會在英語中互換L和R? (Why some Asian accents swap Ls and Rs in English)

  • 8956 264
    Courtney Shih 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字