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  • We've all heard stories of far-off primitive tribes hurling virgins into the mouth of a

    我們都有聽過這種故事:偏遠部落將處女丟入火山口,

  • fiery volcano in their attempt to appease some particularly capricious God.

    以取悅反覆無常的神明,

  • What is that unfortunate girl's fate though as she falls to her fiery death?

    掉入死亡火焰後,那不幸的女孩命運會如何?

  • What is it like to die inside a burning pit of lava and sulfur?

    生命在燃燒的熔岩和硫磺坑消逝是什麼感覺?

  • Hello and welcome to another episode of The Infographics Show- today we're taking a look

    大家好歡迎收看最新一集的 Infographic Show,

  • at what happens to your body when you fall into a volcano.

    今天要來探討人體掉進火山口後會有什麼變化,

  • Falling into a volcano is not going to be a pleasant fate for anyone, yet in 2007 a

    掉進火山口對大家而言絕對不是一件好事,

  • Maasai porter fell into the rim of an active volcano and managed to survive, albeit with

    然而 2007 年一位馬賽搬運工跌進活火山的邊緣,雖然有嚴重燒傷,

  • some severe burns.

    卻存活下來,

  • Fortunately for that porter, the reason he survived is that the particular volcano he

    那位搬運工很幸運,他能存活是因為掉落到的火山口

  • fell into has what's known as natrocarbonatite lava, which is rich in sodium and potassium

    以擁有鈉碳酸鹽聞名,鈉碳酸鹽有豐富的鈉與鉀碳酸礦物質

  • carbonate minerals, and nyerereite, which is a unique combination that makes the laval

    以及直碳鈉鈣石 (尼雷爾石),這些元素獨特的組合

  • cool very quickly when coming in contact with air.

    讓熔岩接觸到空氣後很快就會冷卻,

  • This laval burns at around 510 degrees Celcius, or half the temperature of normal lava, and

    冷卻後的熔岩燃燒溫度大約攝氏 510 度,是正常情況下的一半,

  • because the porter fell near the lava, and not directly on it, he was able to survive.

    搬運工是跌到熔岩附近,而不是直接掉到熔岩裡,所以不至於死,

  • But what happens to our sacrificed virgin as she's hurled into a fiery mouth of doom

    但那些被犧牲的處女被扔進象徵厄運的火口

  • like an unwitting Gollum trying to save his Precious?

    就像魔戒裡的咕嚕想要奪回珍貴的魔戒,卻不小心掉進火山裡,會發生什麼事呢?

  • First it's likely that as she falls through the air she'll quickly suffocate from the

    首先在墜落時她很快就會

  • noxious gases produced by the volcano.

    因火山產生的有毒氣體窒息,

  • If not immediately suffocated however she'll likely completely sear her lungs as she inhales

    即使沒有立刻窒息,當她絕望尖叫時

  • the superheated gas amidst her desperate screaming.

    所吸入的高熱氣體會徹底烤焦肺部,

  • With lungs burnt to a crisp and noxious gas coursing through her bloodstream, our sacrificed

    肺臟被燒成脆片、有毒氣體流過血液,

  • virgin will be near death already before even hitting the lava below.

    被獻祭的處女甚至在接觸到底下岩漿之前就已經命在旦夕了,

  • Depending on the type of volcano and the shape of the rim she's hurled into, her body will

    即使還沒真正碰到岩漿,她的身體在接近時就可能會起火,

  • next likely burst into flames as she approaches the lava, but before she physically hits it.

    依據火山種類以及火山口形狀而定,

  • That's because radiant heat can superheat the air above and around the volcano mouth,

    岩漿的輻射熱能使上方火山口周圍的空氣變得非常高溫,

  • making it reach temperatures so high that human flesh immediately ignites.

    讓人體會立刻開始燃燒,

  • Just seconds after being hurled into the mouth of a volcano, our sacrificed virgin has turned

    被扔進火山後沒幾秒,

  • into a fiery human comet, though the worst is unfortunately still to come.

    被犧牲的貞潔女孩已經變成一個燃燒的人體彗星,但不幸的是最壞情況還沒來臨,

  • Despite what you've seen in the movies, most lava is incredibly dense- anywhere from two

    跟電影看到的不同,大多數的岩漿密度非常高,

  • to three times as dense as water.

    是水的兩到三倍,

  • This is after all, liquid rock we're talking about.

    就是我們所謂的液體岩石,

  • That means that a human body is going to float on its surface, and because lava is also anywhere

    人類會在它的表面漂流,

  • from thousands to millions of times more viscous than water, a human body impacting the surface

    因為岩漿的黏性是水的幾千到幾百萬倍,

  • is unlikely to deform it enough to sink beneath the surface.

    人體碰擊到表面上後不太可能並沉到表面底下並讓岩漿變形,

  • Our virgin, if she's miraculously still alive, is then going to impact the surface lava with

    如果貞節女孩奇蹟似地還沒死去,她撞擊到岩漿表面的

  • so much force that she will break most bones in her body, and remain 'stuck' on the surface-

    力道會非常強大,使得骨頭斷裂,然後她會一直黏在表面上,

  • although variations in lava and temperature across different volcanoes may possibly see

    不過不同的岩漿與火山溫度

  • her sink a few inches below.

    可能會讓她下沉幾吋,

  • If she hadn't burst into flames from the radiant heat during her fall, she certainly will now

    如果她在墜落時沒有因為輻射熱而起火,

  • as she rests on the lava itself.

    現在她在岩漿長眠時就一定會,

  • With temperatures reaching up to 2200 degrees Fahrenheit (1204 Celsius), she will immediately

    岩漿的溫度高達華氏 2200 度 (攝氏 1204 度),

  • burst into flames hot enough to reduce her body to ash within seconds.

    她會立刻起火燃燒,溫度極高,幾秒內就會化成灰燼。

  • For anyone hoping to recover any remains for a proper burial, there'll be nothing left

    任何人想找到殘骸以舉辦合乎禮儀的葬禮

  • but ash floating in the wind to collect.

    除了風中飄動的灰燼之外什麼也不會找到,

  • Any metal fillings, jewelry, or medical implants will also be incinerated- although a titanium

    任何金屬填充、珠寶、醫療植入物都會被火山高溫燒成灰,

  • medical implant may possibly survive, given titanium's melting point of 3,034 degrees

    不過鈦金屬的植入物可能不會被焚化,因為鈦的熔點高達華氏 3,034 度,

  • fahrenheit (1688 Celsius).

    也就是攝氏 1688 度,

  • So if you hurled your aging Aunt May into the mouth of a volcano, you might have her

    所以如果你把你和梅嬸一樣老的阿姨扔進火山口,

  • hip implant left to remember her by.

    可能只剩下她的人工髖關節可以用來緬懷,

  • It's clear after our investigation that movies like Terminator 2 and Lord of the Rings lied

    經過調查,我們清楚發現魔鬼終結者與魔戒等電影

  • to us.

    呈現不正確的資訊,

  • A fall into a fiery volcano won't mean a dramatic, emotional goodbye, but rather result in an

    掉進火山口並不是個讓人感動的戲劇化道別,

  • instant fireball and a smattering of ashes moments later, with just your bones burning

    人體馬上會變成火球,骨頭燃燒後

  • for a minute or so after that.

    很快變成零碎灰燼。

  • What other places, and what would they do to your body, would you like to know about?

    你想知道在火山以外的其他地方,在監獄裡的囚犯會遭受什麼樣的刑罰嗎?

  • Also, be sure to check out our other video called Spend A Billion in 24 hours or lose

    也請一定要看看另一個影片:「挑戰在一天內花錢十億,

  • it all challange!

    或是輸個精光!」

  • Thanks for watching, and, as always, don't forget to like, share, and subscribe.

    謝謝觀看,也不要忘記按讚、分享、與訂閱,

  • See you next time!”

    下回見!

We've all heard stories of far-off primitive tribes hurling virgins into the mouth of a

我們都有聽過這種故事:偏遠部落將處女丟入火山口,

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 岩漿 火山 熔岩 魔戒 燃燒 表面

當你掉進火山時,你的身體會發生什麼? (What Happens To Your Body When You Fall Into a Volcano?)

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    Mackenzie 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字