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  • There is a big boom in private education all over the world,

    私立學校在世界上正快速發展,

  • you see it in schooling numbers. So...

    你可以由學校數量看出來。所以...

  • the numbers of people going to private primary

    就讀私立小學的人數

  • has gone up from 10 to 17% over the last 15 years.

    在過去 15 年已由 10 %上升至 17 %。

  • Secondary has gone up from nine to 27%

    私立中學就讀率由 9 %上升至 27 %,

  • and then if you look in particular countries,

    並且如果你觀察特定國家,

  • you find ,for instance in China, the big increase

    會發現像是中國就有比其他地區更多的

  • in people going to elite private schools

    人就讀菁英私立學校

  • but also huge business in terms of people getting

    但同時也有一大部分的人選擇

  • online tuition, parents are finding ways to spend money

    線上家教,家長們想盡辦法要花錢

  • on the great competition to improve their children's brains.

    爭先恐後地訓練孩子的大腦。

  • Yes. So the resurgence is happening for a few different

    是的。這個現象的興起是由於幾個不同的

  • reasons. One of them is that incomes are going up,

    原因。其中一個是收入增加,

  • the birthrates are going down.

    以及出生率下降。

  • So in families all over the world there is more money

    所以對全世界的家庭來說,他們有更多錢

  • to spend on each child.

    可以花在每個孩子身上。

  • If you look at the Chinese one child policy,

    如果你看中國的一胎化政策,

  • you can get six people, four grandparents,

    一個家庭裡會有六個人,四個祖父母

  • two parents, all of them willing to invest in the education

    和兩個父母,他們全部都願意投資教育

  • of one child. And at the same time,

    在同一個孩子身上。同時

  • you've had the whole of the world economy changing so that

    世界經濟改變的現象導致

  • there are fewer unskilled jobs everywhere.

    各地不須專業的工作變少。

  • Almost all decent jobs require you

    幾乎所有的好工作都要求你

  • to have a qualification of some sort.

    要有某些證照。

  • So the great advantage of private education

    所以私立教育的一大好處

  • is that it's fantastically good getting children in school.

    就是能理想地讓孩子待在學校。

  • So in countries where people are moving around a lot

    所以在人們頻繁搬家的那些國家,

  • which is most of the developing world

    通常是發展中國家,

  • and where populations are growing swiftly

    以及人口快速發展的地區,

  • where you get this huge swift urbanization.

    那裏有極度快速的都市化現象。

  • Governments just can't keep up!

    政府沒辦法維持現狀!

  • So you'll get governments like Pakistan which

    所以就有像巴基斯坦這種政府,

  • you know in Punjab which is a massive state struggling with fast growing cities

    在旁遮普這個受城市快速發展所苦的大省

  • has partnered up with the private sector to send

    與私立學校合作

  • poor kids who would otherwise not be getting schooling

    讓原本沒辦法接受教育的貧窮孩子

  • at all into private schools.

    進入私立學校就讀。

  • And they're doing that with over two million kids.

    他們幫助了超過兩百萬位小孩。

  • And private schools can also be really really good

    而私立學校可以提供真的很好的教育

  • because you know often parents are willing to spend

    因為你知道通常父母願意花費

  • masses of money and you get

    大把金錢來換取

  • a really high quality of education.

    高品質的教育。

  • It is a dilemma for society.

    這對社會來說是個進退兩難的困境。

  • Governments need to concern themselves about equality

    政府必須考量到平等

  • and about social mobility, things that the private sector

    以及社會的流動性,這些都是私立學校

  • discourages rather than encourages.

    造成反面效果而非正面效果的。

  • The problem with private schools is that they do tend

    私立學校的問題在於他們會

  • to increase inequality. When parents are allowed to spend

    增加不平等現象。當父母能夠花

  • money on their children, they will spend as much as they can,

    錢在孩子身上,他們毫不手軟,

  • so obviously rich kids go to better schools.

    所以很明顯地富有家庭的小孩能夠上比較好的學校。

  • You see China which is increasingly putting controls

    你看看中國,目前正逐步增加

  • on the expansion in the school's business.

    對辦學事業的費用控制。

  • It's clearly pretty uncomfortable about it.

    很顯然這是個令人憂心的現象。

  • Rather than trying to shut it down,

    政府沒有試著減少私立學校的數量,

  • governments need to be trying to work with it.

    反而必須試著跟私立學校合作。

  • Now there is a cost. If you allow the private sector

    這些都是有代價的。如果你要私立學校

  • to operate, you are gonna get a higher level of inequality.

    繼續營運,你就會得到更多不平等對待。

  • But I think that that is a price worth paying

    但我認為這是值得的

  • for the liberty, for the resources, for the better brains,

    為了自由、資源、學識、

  • for the innovation, for the quality of education,

    創新、教育品質,

  • and the breath of education that you get if you allow the private sector to operate.

    以及如果私立學校繼續營運你會得到的學習風氣。

  • So I think governments must look

    所以我認為政府應該

  • at the private sector as a potential partner,

    將私立學校視為潛在的合作夥伴,

  • not as they do in some places as an enemy.

    而非像某些地區一樣將它們視為敵人。

There is a big boom in private education all over the world,

私立學校在世界上正快速發展,

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私立教育對社會有益嗎?| 經濟學家》雜誌 (Is private education good for society? | The Economist)

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    Silvia W. 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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